|Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia|
ha'-zar (chatsar, construct of chatser, "an enclosure," "settlement," or "village"): Is frequently the first element in Hebrew place-names.
Hazar-addar (Hebrew chatsar 'addar), a place on the southern boundary of Judah (Numbers 34:4), is probably identical with Hazron (Joshua 15:3), which, in this case, however, is separated from Addar (the King James Version "Adar"). It seems to have lain somewhere to the Southwest of Kadesh-barnea.
Hazar-enan (Hebrew chatsar 'enan, "village of springs": enan is Aramaic; Once (Ezekiel 47:17) it is called Enon), a place, unidentified, at the junction of the northern and eastern frontiers of the land promised to Israel (Numbers 34:9; compare Ezekiel 47:17; Ezekiel 48:1). To identify it with the sources of the Orontes seems to leave too great a gap between this and the places named to the South. Buhl (GAP, 66) would draw the northern boundary from Nahr el-Qasimiyeh to the foot of Hermon, and would locate Hazar-enan at Banias. The springs there lend fitness to the name; a condition absent from el-Chadr, farther east, suggested by von Kesteren. But there is no certainty.
Hazar-gaddah (Hebrew hatsar-gaddah), a place in the territory of Judah "toward the border of Edom in the South" (Joshua 15:21, 27). Eusebius, Onomasticon (s.v. "Gadda") places it in the uttermost parts of the Daroma, overlooking the Dead Sea. This might point to the site of Masada, or to the remarkable ruins of Umm Bajjaq farther south (GAP, 185).
Hazar-hatticon (the Revised Version (British and American) HAZER-HATTICON; Hebrew chatser ha-tikhon, "the middle village"), a place named on the ideal border of Israel (Ezekiel 47:16). The context shows that it is identical with Hazar-enan, for which this is apparently another name. Possibly, however, it is due to a scribal error. 5. Hazarmaveth:
Hazarmaveth (Hebrew chatsarmaweth), the name of a son of Joktan attached to a clan or district in South Arabia (Genesis 10:26 1 Chronicles 1:20). It is represented by the modern Chadramaut, a broad and fruitful valley running nearly parallel with the coast for about 100 miles, north of el-Yemen. The ruins and inscriptions found by Glaser show that it was once the home of a great civilization, the capital being Sabata (Genesis 10:7) (Glaser, Skizze, II, 20, 423).
Hazar-Shual (Hebrew chatsar shu`al), a place in the South of Judah (Joshua 15:28) assigned to Simeon (Joshua 19:3 1 Chronicles 4:28). It was reoccupied after the exile (Nehemiah 11:27). Sa`weh on a hill East of Beersheba has been suggested; but there is no certainty.
Hazar-susah (Hebrew chatsar cucah, Joshua 19:5), Hazar-susim (Hebrew chatsar cucim, 1 Chronicles 4:31). As it stands, the name means "station of a mare" or "of horses," and it occurs along with Beth-marcaboth, "place of chariots," which might suggest depots for trade in chariots and horses. The sites have not been identified.
Hazar (12 Occurrences)
Numbers 34:4 and your border shall turn about southward of the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass along to Zin; and the goings out of it shall be southward of Kadesh Barnea; and it shall go forth to Hazar Addar, and pass along to Azmon; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 34:9 and the border shall go forth to Ziphron, and the goings out of it shall be at Hazar Enan: this shall be your north border. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 34:10 "'You shall mark out your east border from Hazar Enan to Shepham; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 15:27 Hazar Gaddah, Heshmon, Beth Pelet, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 15:28 Hazar Shual, Beersheba, Biziothiah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 19:3 Hazar Shual, Balah, Ezem, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 19:5 Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:28 They lived at Beersheba, and Moladah, and Hazarshual, (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:31 and at Beth Marcaboth, and Hazar Susim, and at Beth Biri, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities to the reign of David. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 11:27 and in Hazar Shual, and in Beersheba and its towns, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 47:17 The border from the sea, shall be Hazar Enon at the border of Damascus; and on the north northward is the border of Hamath. This is the north side. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 48:1 Now these are the names of the tribes: From the north end, beside the way of Hethlon to the entrance of Hamath, Hazar Enan at the border of Damascus, northward beside Hamath, (and they shall have their sides east and west), Dan, one portion. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)