|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) A stronghold of the Canaanites in the mountains north of Lake Merom (Joshua 11:1-5). Jabin the king with his allied tribes here encountered Joshua in a great battle. Joshua gained a signal victory, which virtually completed his conquest of Canaan (11:10-13). This city was, however, afterwards rebuilt by the Canaanites, and was ruled by a king with the same hereditary name of Jabin. His army, under a noted leader of the name of Sisera, swept down upon the south, aiming at the complete subjugation of the country. This powerful army was met by the Israelites under Barak, who went forth by the advice of the prophetess Deborah. The result was one of the most remarkable victories for Israel recorded in the Old Testament (Joshua 19:36; Judges 4:2; 1 Samuel 12:9). The city of Hazor was taken and occupied by the Israelites. It was fortified by Solomon to defend the entrance into the kingdom from Syria and Assyria. When Tiglath-pileser, the Assyrian king, invaded the land, this was one of the first cities he captured, carrying its inhabitants captive into Assyria (2 Kings 15:29). It has been identified with Khurbet Harrah, 2 1/2 miles south-east of Kedesh.
(2.) A city in the south of Judah (Joshua 15:23). The name here should probably be connected with the word following, Ithnan, HAZOR-ITHNAN instead of "Hazor and Ithnan."
(3.) A district in Arabia (Jeremiah 49:28-33), supposed by some to be Jetor, i.e., Ituraea.
(4.) "Kerioth and Hezron" (Joshua 15:25) should be "Kerioth-hezron" (as in the R.V.), the two names being joined together as the name of one place (e.g., like Kirjath-jearim), "the same is Hazor" (R.V.). This place has been identified with el-Kuryetein, and has been supposed to be the home of Judas Iscariot. (see KERIOTH.)
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ha'-zor (chatsor; Nasor; Codex Sinaiticus, Asor, 1 Maccabees 11:67):
(1) The royal city of Jabin (Joshua 11:1), which, before the Israelite conquest, seems to have been the seat of a wide authority (Joshua 11:11). It was taken by Joshua, who exterminated the inhabitants, and it was the only city in that region which he destroyed by fire (11:11-13). At a later time the Jabin Dynasty appears to have recovered power and restored the city (Judges 4:2). The heavy defeat of their army at the hands of Deborah and Barak led to their final downfall (Judges 4:23). It was in the territory allotted to Naphtali (Joshua 19:36). Hazor was one of the cities for the fortification of which Solomon raised a levy (1 Kings 9:15). Along with other cities in Galilee, it was taken by Tiglathpileser III (2 Kings 15:29). In the plain of Hazor, Jonathan the Maccabee gained a great victory over Demetrius (1 Maccabees 11:67). In Tobit 12 it is called "Asher" Septuagint Aser), and Kedesh is said to be "above" it. Josephus (Ant., V, v, 1) says that Hazor was situated over the lake, Semechonitis, which he evidently identifies with the Waters of Merom (Joshua 11:13). It must clearly be sought on the heights West of el-Chuleh. Several identifications have been suggested, but no certain conclusion can be reached. Some (Wilson and Guerin) favor Tell Harreh to the Southeast of Qedes, where there are extensive ruins. Robinson thought of Tell Khureibeh, 2 1/2 miles South of Qedes, where, however, there are no ruins. We may take it as certain that the ancient name of Hazor is preserved in Merj el-Chadireh, Southwest of Qedes, and North of Wady `Uba, and in Jebel Chadireh, East of the Merj, although it has evidently drifted from the original site, as names have so often done in Palestine. Conder suggests a possible identification with Chazzur, farther South, "at the foot of the chain of Upper Galilee. in position more appropriate to the use of the chariots that belonged to the king of Hazor" (HDB, under the word).
(2) A town, unidentified, in the South of Judah (Joshua 15:23).
(3) A town in the South of Judah (Joshua 15:25).
(4) A town in Benjamin (Nehemiah 11:33) now represented by Khirbet Chazzar, not far to the East of Neby Samwil.
(5) A place in Arabia, smitten by Nebuchadnezzar (Jeremiah 49:28, 33).
Hazor (19 Occurrences)
Joshua 11:1 It happened, when Jabin king of Hazor heard of it, that he sent to Jobab king of Madon, to the king of Shimron, to the king of Achshaph, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 11:10 Joshua turned back at that time, and took Hazor, and struck its king with the sword: for Hazor used to be the head of all those kingdoms. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 11:11 They struck all the souls who were in it with the edge of the sword, utterly destroying them. There was no one left who breathed. He burnt Hazor with fire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 11:13 But as for the cities that stood on their mounds, Israel burned none of them, except Hazor only. Joshua burned that. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 12:19 the king of Madon, one; the king of Hazor, one; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 15:23 Kedesh, Hazor, Ithnan, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 15:25 Hazor Hadattah, Kerioth Hezron (the same is Hazor), (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 19:36 Adamah, Ramah, Hazor, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 19:37 Kedesh, Edrei, En Hazor, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 4:2 Yahweh sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, who reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose army was Sisera, who lived in Harosheth of the Gentiles. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 4:17 However Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite; for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 12:9 "But they forgot Yahweh their God; and he sold them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the army of Hazor, and into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the king of Moab; and they fought against them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 13:23 It happened after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baal Hazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 9:15 This is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised, to build the house of Yahweh, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglath Pileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel Beth Maacah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 11:33 Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 49:28 Of Kedar, and of the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon struck. Thus says Yahweh: Arise, go up to Kedar, and destroy the children of the east. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 49:30 Flee, wander far off, dwell in the depths, you inhabitants of Hazor, says Yahweh; for Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has taken counsel against you, and has conceived a purpose against you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 49:33 Hazor shall be a dwelling place of jackals, a desolation forever: no man shall dwell there, neither shall any son of man sojourn therein. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)