|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (a.) Having the heaves.
2. (superl.) Heaved or lifted with labor; not light; weighty; ponderous; as, a heavy stone; hence, sometimes, large in extent, quantity, or effects; as, a heavy fall of rain or snow; a heavy failure; heavy business transactions, etc.; often implying strength; as, a heavy barrier; also, difficult to move; as, a heavy draught.
3. (superl.) Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive; hard to endure or accomplish; hence, grievous, afflictive; as, heavy yokes, expenses, undertakings, trials, news, etc.
4. (superl.) Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with care, grief, pain, disappointment.
5. (superl.) Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid; as, a heavy gait, looks, manners, style, and the like; a heavy writer or book.
6. (superl.) Strong; violent; forcible; as, a heavy sea, storm, cannonade, and the like.
7. (superl.) Loud; deep; -- said of sound; as, heavy thunder.
8. (superl.) Dark with clouds, or ready to rain; gloomy; -- said of the sky.
9. (superl.) Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey; -- said of earth; as, a heavy road, soil, and the like.
10. (superl.) Not raised or made light; as, heavy bread.
11. (superl.) Not agreeable to, or suitable for, the stomach; not easily digested; -- said of food.
12. (superl.) Having much body or strength; -- said of wines, or other liquors.
13. (superl.) With child; pregnant.
14. (adv.) Heavily; -- sometimes used in composition; as, heavy-laden.
15. (v. t.) To make heavy.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
hev'-i, hev'-i-nes (kabhedh, de'aghah; lupe):
Heavy (heave, to lift) is used literally with respect to material things, as the translation of kobhedh, "heaviness" (Proverbs 27:3, "a stone is heavy"); of kabhedh, "to be weighty" (1 Samuel 4:18 2 Samuel 14:26 Lamentations 3:7); of `amac, "to load" (Isaiah 46:1 the King James Version; compare Matthew 26:43 Mark 14:40 Luke 9:32, "Their eyes were heavy"); bareomai, "to be weighed down."
It is used
(1) for what is hard to bear, oppressive, kabhedh (Exodus 18:18 Numbers 11:14 1 Samuel 5:6, 11 Psalm 38:4 Isaiah 24:20); motah, a "yoke" (Isaiah 58:6, the Revised Version (British and American) "bands of the yoke"); qasheh, "sharp," "hard" (1 Kings 14:6, "heavy tidings"); barus, "heavy" (Matthew 23:4);
(2) for sad, sorrowful (weighed down), mar, "bitter" (Proverbs 31:6, the Revised Version (British and American) "bitter"); ra`, "evil" (Proverbs 25:20); ademoneo, literally, "to be sated," "wearied," then, "to be very heavy," "dejected" (Matthew 26:37, of our Lord in Gethsemane, "(he) began to be sorrowful and very heavy," the Revised Version (British and American) "sore troubled"); "ademonein denotes a kind of stupefaction and bewilderment, the intellectual powers reeling and staggering under the pressure of the ideas presented to them" (Mason, The Conditions of our Lord's Life on Earth); compare Mark 14:33;
(3) morose, sulky, as well as sad, car, "sullen," "sour," "angry" (1 Kings 20:43; 1 Kings 21:4, "heavy and displeased");
(4) dull, kabhedh (Isaiah 6:10, "make their ears heavy"; Isaiah 59:1, "neither (is) his ear heavy");
(5) "tired" seems to be the meaning in Exodus 17:12, "Moses' hands were heavy" (kabhedh); compare Matthew 26:43 and parallels above.
Heavily is the translation of kebhedhuth, "heaviness" (Exodus 14:25), meaning "with difficulty"; of qadhar, "to be black," "to be a mourner" (Psalm 35:14 the King James Version, the Revised Version (British and American) "I bowed down mourning"); of kabhedh (Isaiah 47:6).
Heaviness has always the sense of anxiety, sorrow, grief, etc.; de'aghah, "fear," "dread," "anxious care" (Proverbs 12:25, "Heaviness in the heart of a man maketh it stoop," the Revised Version margin "or care"); kehah, "to be feeble," "weak" (Isaiah 61:3, "the spirit of heaviness"); panim, "face," "aspect" (Job 9:27 the King James Version, "I will leave off my heaviness," the Revised Version (British and American) "(sad) countenance"; compare 2 Esdras 5:16; The Wisdom of Solomon 17:4; Ecclesiasticus 25:23); ta'aniyah, from 'anah, "to groan," "to sigh" (Isaiah 29:2, the Revised Version (British and American) "mourning and lamentation"); tughah, "sadness," "sorrow" (Psalm 119:28 Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 14:13); ta`anith, "affliction of one's self," "fasting" (Ezra 9:5, the Revised Version (British and American) "humiliation," margin "fasting"); katepheia, "dejection," "sorrow" (literally, "of the eyes") (James 4:9, "your joy (turned) to heaviness"); lupe, "grief" (Romans 9:2, the Revised Version (British and American) "great sorrow"; 2 Corinthians 2:1, the Revised Version (British and American) "sorrow"); lupeomai (1 Peter 1:6, the Revised Version (British and American) "put to grief"); for nush, "to be sick," "feeble" (Psalm 69:20, the Revised Version margin "sore sick"), and ademoneo (Philippians 2:26 the Revised Version (British and American) "sore troubled"), the King James Version has "full of heaviness." "Heaviness," in the sense of sorrow, sadness, occurs in 2 Esdras 10:7, 8, 24; Tobit 2:5; lupe (Ecclesiasticus 22:4, the Revised Version (British and American) "grief"; 30:21, "Give not thy soul to heaviness," the Revised Version (British and American) "sorrow"; 1 Maccabees 6:4); lupeo (Ecclesiasticus 30:9, the Revised Version (British and American) "will grieve thee"; penthos (1 Maccabees 3:51, etc.).
The Revised Version has "heavier work" for "more work" (Exodus 5:9); "heavy upon men" for "common among men" (Ecclesiastes 6:1); for "were heavy loaden" (Isaiah 46:1), "are made a load"; for "the burden thereof is heavy" (Isaiah 30:27), "in thick rising smoke."
W. L. Walker
Heavy (110 Occurrences)
Matthew 7:25 and the heavy rain falls, the swollen torrents come, and the winds blow and beat against the house; yet it does not fall, for its foundation is on rock. (WEY)
Matthew 7:27 The heavy rain descends, the swollen torrents come, and the winds blow and burst upon the house, and it falls; and disastrous is the fall." (WEY)
Matthew 11:28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. (KJV ASV WBS NAS RSV)
Matthew 13:15 for made gross was the heart of this people, and with the ears they heard heavily, and their eyes they did close, lest they might see with the eyes, and with the ears might hear, and with the heart understand, and turn back, and I might heal them. (See RSV)
Matthew 18:6 but whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to stumble, it would be better for him that a huge millstone should be hung around his neck, and that he should be sunk in the depths of the sea. (See NAS)
Matthew 23:4 For they bind heavy burdens that are grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not lift a finger to help them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 25:5 Now the bridegroom tarrying, they all grew heavy and slept. (DBY)
Matthew 26:37 And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. (KJV WBS YLT)
Matthew 26:43 He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 4:37 But a heavy squall came on, and the waves were now dashing into the boat, so that it was fast filling. (WEY)
Mark 9:42 Whoever will cause one of these little ones who believe in me to stumble, it would be better for him if he was thrown into the sea with a millstone hung around his neck. (See NAS)
Mark 14:33 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; (KJV WBS YLT)
Mark 14:40 Again he returned, and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy, and they didn't know what to answer him. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 9:32 Now Peter and those who were with him were heavy with sleep, but when they were fully awake, they saw his glory, and the two men who stood with him. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Luke 11:46 And he said, To you also woe, doctors of the law, for ye lay upon men burdens heavy to bear, and yourselves do not touch the burdens with one of your fingers. (DBY)
Acts 23:14 They went to the High Priests and Elders and said to them, "We have bound ourselves under a heavy curse to take no food till we have killed Paul. (WEY)
Acts 27:10 "Sirs," he said, "I perceive that before long the voyage will be attended with danger and heavy loss, not only to the cargo and the ship but to our own lives also." (WEY)
Acts 27:41 But coming to a place where two seas met, they stranded the ship, and her bow sticking fast remained immovable, while the stern began to go to pieces under the heavy hammering of the sea. (WEY)
Acts 28:27 for made gross was the heart of this people, and with the ears they heard heavily, and their eyes they did close, lest they may see with the eyes, and with the heart may understand, and be turned back, and I may heal them. (See RSV)
Revelation 11:19 Then the doors of God's sanctuary in Heaven were opened, and the Ark, in which His Covenant was, was seen in His sanctuary; and there came flashes of lightning, and voices, and peals of thunder, and an earthquake, and heavy hail. (WEY RSV)
Revelation 16:21 And heavy hail, that seemed to be a talent in weight, fell from the sky upon the people; and they spoke evil of God on account of the plague of the hail--because the plague of it was exceedingly severe. (WEY RSV)
Revelation 18:10 while they stand afar off because of their terror at her heavy punishment, and say, 'Alas, alas, thou great city, O Babylon, the mighty city! For in one short hour thy doom has come!' (WEY)
Genesis 48:10 But the eyes of Israel were heavy from age: he could not see. And he brought them nearer to him; and he kissed them, and embraced them. (DBY YLT)
Exodus 1:11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. They built storage cities for Pharaoh: Pithom and Raamses. (See RSV)
Exodus 5:9 let the service be heavy on the men, and let them work at it, and not be dazzled by lying words.' (YLT)
Exodus 9:18 Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as has not been in Egypt since the day it was founded even until now. Leviticus (See NAS RSV)
Exodus 9:24 So there was very severe hail, and lightning mixed with the hail, such as had not been in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. (See RSV)
Exodus 17:12 But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat on it. Aaron and Hur held up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side. His hands were steady until sunset. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Exodus 18:18 You will surely wear away, both you, and this people that is with you; for the thing is too heavy for you. You are not able to perform it yourself alone. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 11:14 I am not able to bear all this people alone, because it is too heavy for me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Numbers 20:20 He said, "You shall not pass through." Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand. (See NAS)
Deuteronomy 25:13 You shall not have in your bag diverse weights, a great and a small. (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 32:15 But Jeshurun grew fat, and kicked. You have grown fat. You have grown thick. You have become sleek. Then he forsook God who made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation. (See NIV)
Judges 1:35 and the Amorite is desirous to dwell in mount Heres, in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim, and the hand of the house of Joseph is heavy, and they become tributary; (YLT)
Judges 20:34 There came over against Gibeah ten thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and the battle was sore; but they didn't know that evil was close on them. (See NIV)
1 Samuel 4:17 He who brought the news answered, "Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been also a great slaughter among the people. Your two sons also, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead, and the ark of God has been captured." (See NIV)
1 Samuel 4:18 It happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell from off his seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck broke, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. He had judged Israel forty years. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 5:6 But the hand of Yahweh was heavy on them of Ashdod, and he destroyed them, and struck them with tumors, even Ashdod and its borders. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 5:7 all the inhabitants of the hill country from Lebanon to Misrephoth Maim, even all the Sidonians; them will I drive out from before the children of Israel: only allocate it to Israel for an inheritance, as I have commanded you. (See RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 5:11 They sent therefore and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines, and they said, "Send away the ark of the God of Israel, and let it go again to its own place, that it not kill us and our people." For there was a deadly confusion throughout all the city; the hand of God was very heavy there. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 6:19 He struck of the men of Beth Shemesh, because they had looked into the ark of Yahweh, he struck of the people fifty thousand seventy men; and the people mourned, because Yahweh had struck the people with a great slaughter. (See NIV)
1 Samuel 23:5 David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their livestock, and killed them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah. (See NIV)
2 Samuel 13:25 And the king saith unto Absalom, 'Nay, my son, let us not all go, I pray thee, and we are not too heavy on thee;' and he presseth on him, and he hath not been willing to go, and he blesseth him. (YLT)
2 Samuel 14:26 When he cut the hair of his head (now it was at every year's end that he cut it; because it was heavy on him, therefore he cut it); he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels, after the king's weight. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 12:4 "Your father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make you the grievous service of your father, and his heavy yoke which he put on us, lighter, and we will serve you." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 12:10 The young men who had grown up with him spoke to him, saying, "Thus you shall tell this people who spoke to you, saying,'Your father made our yoke heavy, but make it lighter to us;' you shall say to them,'My little finger is thicker than my father's waist. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 12:11 Now whereas my father burdened you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 12:14 and spoke to them according to the counsel of the young men, saying, "My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke. My father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 14:6 It was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door, that he said, "Come in, you wife of Jeroboam! Why do you pretend to be another? For I am sent to you with heavy news. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)
1 Kings 18:41 Elijah said to Ahab, "Get up, eat and drink; for there is the sound of abundance of rain." (See NAS NIV)
1 Kings 18:44 It happened at the seventh time, that he said, "Behold, a small cloud, like a man's hand, is rising out of the sea." He said, "Go up, tell Ahab,'Get ready and go down, so that the rain doesn't stop you.'" (See NAS)
1 Kings 18:45 And it came to pass in a little while, that the heaven grew black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. And Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel. (See NAS NIV)
1 Kings 20:21 The king of Israel went out, and struck the horses and chariots, and killed the Syrians with a great slaughter. (See NIV)
1 Kings 20:43 And the king of Israel went to his house heavy and displeased, and came to Samaria. (KJV ASV WBS)
2 Kings 6:14 And he sendeth thither horses and chariot, and a heavy force, and they come in by night, and go round against the city. (YLT)
2 Kings 18:17 And the king of Asshur sendeth Tartan, and the chief of the eunuchs, and the chief of the butlers, from Lachish, unto king Hezekiah, with a heavy force, to Jerusalem, and they go up and come in to Jerusalem, and they go up, and come in and stand by the conduit of the upper pool that 'is' in the highway of the fuller's field. (YLT)
1 Chronicles 10:3 And the battle 'is' heavy on Saul, and those shooting with the bow find him, and he is wounded by those shooting, (YLT NAS)
2 Chronicles 10:4 Your father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make you the grievous service of your father, and his heavy yoke which he put on us, lighter, and we will serve you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 10:10 The young men who had grown up with him spoke to him, saying, Thus you shall tell the people who spoke to you, saying, Your father made our yoke heavy, but make it lighter on us; thus you shall say to them, My little finger is thicker than my father's waist. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 10:11 Now whereas my father burdened you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 10:14 and spoke to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 13:17 Abijah and his people killed them with a great slaughter: so there fell down slain of Israel five hundred thousand chosen men. (See NIV)
2 Chronicles 21:14 behold, Yahweh will strike with a great plague your people, and your children, and your wives, and all your substance; (See NIV)
2 Chronicles 28:5 Therefore Yahweh his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria; and they struck him, and carried away of his a great multitude of captives, and brought them to Damascus. He was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel, who struck him with a great slaughter. (See NAS NIV)
Ezra 10:9 Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered themselves together to Jerusalem within the three days; it was the ninth month, on the twentieth day of the month: and all the people sat in the broad place before the house of God, trembling because of this matter, and for the great rain. (See NAS RSV)
Ezra 10:13 But the people are many, and it is a time of much rain, and we are not able to stand outside: neither is this a work of one day or two; for we have greatly transgressed in this matter. (See RSV)
Nehemiah 5:15 the former governors who 'are' before me have made themselves heavy on the people, and take of them in bread and wine, besides in silver forty shekels; also, their servants have ruled over the people -- and I have not done so, because of the fear of God. (YLT RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 5:18 Now that which was prepared for one day was one ox and six choice sheep; also fowls were prepared for me, and once in ten days store of all sorts of wine: yet for all this I didn't demand the bread of the governor, because the bondage was heavy on this people. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 15:27 because he has covered his face with his fatness, and gathered fat on his thighs. (See NAS)
Job 23:2 "Even today my complaint is rebellious. His hand is heavy in spite of my groaning. (WEB JPS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 33:7 Behold, my terror shall not make you afraid, neither shall my pressure be heavy on you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Job 39:11 Will you trust him, because his strength is great? Or will you leave to him your labor? (See NIV)
Psalms 32:4 For day and night your hand was heavy on me. My strength was sapped in the heat of summer. Selah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 38:2 For thy arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand falleth heavy upon me. (WBS)
Psalms 38:4 For my iniquities have gone over my head. As a heavy burden, they are too heavy for me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 65:3 Iniquities prevail against me: As for our transgressions, thou wilt forgive them. (See JPS)
Psalms 66:11 Thou broughtest us into a net, thou didst lay a heavy burden upon our loins; (DBY)
Psalms 88:7 Your wrath lies heavily on me. You have afflicted me with all your waves. Selah. (See RSV)
Psalms 144:14 Our oxen will pull heavy loads. There is no breaking in, and no going away, and no outcry in our streets. (WEB RSV NIV)
Proverbs 8:24 In there being no depths, I was brought forth, In there being no fountains heavy 'with' waters, (YLT)
Proverbs 23:20 Do not be among those who give themselves to wine-drinking, or among those who make themselves full with meat: (See NAS)
Proverbs 23:21 For those who take delight in drink and feasting will come to be in need; and through love of sleep a man will be poorly clothed. (See NAS)
Proverbs 25:20 As one who takes away a garment in cold weather, or vinegar on soda, so is one who sings songs to a heavy heart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 27:3 A stone is heavy, and sand is a burden; but a fool's provocation is heavier than both. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 31:6 Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts. (KJV WBS)
Ecclesiastes 1:13 I applied my heart to seek and to search out by wisdom concerning all that is done under the sky. It is a heavy burden that God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with. (WEB NIV)
Ecclesiastes 6:1 There is an evil which I have seen under the sun, and it is heavy on men: (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
Ecclesiastes 8:6 For there is a time and procedure for every purpose, although the misery of man is heavy on him. (WEB NAS RSV)
Isaiah 1:4 Ah, sinning nation, a people heavy 'with' iniquity, A seed of evil doers, sons -- corrupters! They have forsaken Jehovah, They have despised the Holy One of Israel, They have gone away backward. (YLT)
Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat. Make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and turn again, and be healed." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Isaiah 24:20 The earth will stagger like a drunken man, and will sway back and forth like a hammock. Its disobedience will be heavy on it, and it will fall and not rise again. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 30:27 Behold, the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning with his anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: his lips are full of indignation, and his tongue as a devouring fire: (KJV WBS)
Isaiah 32:2 And each hath been as a hiding-place 'from' wind, And as a secret hiding-place 'from' inundation, As rivulets of waters in a dry place, As a shadow of a heavy rock in a weary land. (YLT)
Isaiah 36:2 And the king of Asshur sendeth Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem, unto the king Hezekiah, with a heavy force, and he standeth by the conduit of the upper pool, in the highway of the fuller's field, (YLT)
Isaiah 44:22 I have put your evil doings out of my mind like a thick cloud, and your sins like a mist: come back to me; for I have taken up your cause. (See NAS)
Isaiah 46:1 Bel boweth down, Nebo stoopeth, their idols were upon the beasts, and upon the cattle: your carriages were heavy loaden; they are a burden to the weary beast. (KJV WBS)
Isaiah 47:6 I have been wroth against My people, I have polluted Mine inheritance And I give them into thy hand, Thou hast not appointed for them mercies, On the aged thou hast made thy yoke very heavy, (YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 59:1 Behold, Yahweh's hand is not shortened, that it can't save; neither his ear heavy, that it can't hear: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Isaiah 65:14 Behold, My servants shall sing for joy of heart, but ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, and shall wail for vexation of spirit. (See NAS)
Lamentations 3:7 He has walled me about, that I can't go forth; he has made my chain heavy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)