|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (v. i.) To lean or tip to one side, as a ship; as, the ship heels apart; the boat heeled over when the squall struck it.
2. (n.) The hinder part of the foot; sometimes, the whole foot; -- in man or quadrupeds.
3. (n.) The hinder part of any covering for the foot, as of a shoe, sock, etc.; specif., a solid part projecting downward from the hinder part of the sole of a boot or shoe.
4. (n.) The latter or remaining part of anything; the closing or concluding part.
5. (n.) Anything regarded as like a human heel in shape; a protuberance; a knob.
6. (n.) The part of a thing corresponding in position to the human heel; the lower part, or part on which a thing rests
7. (n.) The after end of a ship's keel.
8. (n.) The lower end of a mast, a boom, the bowsprit, the sternpost, etc.
9. (n.) In a small arm, the corner of the but which is upwards in the firing position.
10. (n.) The uppermost part of the blade of a sword, next to the hilt.
11. (n.) The part of any tool next the tang or handle; as, the heel of a scythe.
12. (n.) Management by the heel, especially the spurred heel; as, the horse understands the heel well.
13. (n.) The lower end of a timber in a frame, as a post or rafter. In the United States, specif., the obtuse angle of the lower end of a rafter set sloping.
14. (n.) A cyma reversa; -- so called by workmen.
15. (v. t.) To perform by the use of the heels, as in dancing, running, and the like.
16. (v. t.) To add a heel to; as, to heel a shoe.
17. (v. t.) To arm with a gaff, as a cock for fighting.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
hel (`aqebh): "The iniquity of my heels" (Psalm 49:5 the King James Version) is a literal translation, and might be understood to indicate the Psalmist's "false steps," errors or sins, but that meaning is very doubtful here. the Revised Version (British and American) gives "iniquity at my heels." the Revised Version margin gives a still better sense, "When the iniquity of them that would supplant me compasseth me about, even of them that trust in. riches"-treacherous enemies ever on the watch to trip up a man's heels (compare Hosea 12:3). Of Judah it was said, "Thy heels (shall) suffer violence" (Jeremiah 13:22) through being "made bare" (the King James Version), and thus subject to the roughness of the road as she was led captive.
(1) Of the partial victory of the evil power over humanity, "Thou shalt bruise (m "lie in wait for") his heel" (Genesis 3:15), through constant, insidious suggestion of the satisfaction of the lower desires. Or if we regard this statement as a part of the Protevangelium, the earliest proclamation of Christ's final, and complete victory over sin, the destruction of "the serpent" ("He shall bruise thy head"), then the reference is evidently to Christ's sufferings and death, even to all that He endured in His human nature.
(2) Of the stealthy tactics of the tribe of Dan in war, "An adder in the path, that biteth the horse's heels" (Genesis 49:17), by which it triumphed over foes of superior strength.
(3) Of violence and brutality, "Who. hath lifted up his heel against me" (Psalm 41:9 John 13:18), i.e. lifted up his foot to trample upon me (compare Joshua 10:24).
M. O. Evans
Heel (8 Occurrences)
John 13:18 I don't speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen. But that the Scripture may be fulfilled,'He who eats bread with me has lifted up his heel against me.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 3:15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will bruise your head, and you will bruise his heel." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 25:26 After that, his brother came out, and his hand had hold on Esau's heel. He was named Jacob. Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 27:36 And he saith, 'Is it because 'one' called his name Jacob that he doth take me by the heel these two times? my birthright he hath taken; and lo, now, he hath taken my blessing;' he saith also, 'Hast thou not kept back a blessing for me?' (YLT)
Genesis 49:19 "A troop will press on Gad, but he will press on their heel. (WEB JPS ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Job 18:9 A snare will take him by the heel. A trap will catch him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 41:9 Yes, my own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, who ate bread with me, has lifted up his heel against me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 12:3 In the womb he took his brother by the heel; and in his manhood he contended with God. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)