|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrews `eseb, any green plant; herbage (Genesis 1:11, 12, 29, 30; 2:5; 3:18, etc.); comprehending vegetables and all green herbage (Amos 7:1, 2).
(2.) Yarak, green; any green thing; foliage of trees (2 Kings 19:26; Psalm 37:2); a plant; herb (Deuteronomy 11:10).
(3.) Or, meaning "light" In Isaiah 26:19 it means "green herbs;" in 2 Kings 4:39 probably the fruit of some plant.
(4.) Merorim, plural, "bitter herbs," eaten by the Israelites at the Passover (Exodus 12:8; Numbers 9:11). They were bitter plants of various sorts, and referred symbolically to the oppression in Egypt.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A plant whose stem does not become woody and permanent, but dies, at least down to the ground, after flowering.
2. (n.) Grass; herbage.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) yaraq, "green thing" (Exodus 10:15 Isaiah 15:6); a garden of herbs" (Deuteronomy 11:10 1 Kings 21:2); "(a dinner, the margin portion of) herbs" (Proverbs 15:17).
(2) `esebh; compare Arabic `ushb, "herbage," "grass," etc.; "herbs yielding seed" (Genesis 1:11); "herbage" for food (Genesis 1:30 Jeremiah 14:6); translated "grass" (Deuteronomy 11:15 Amos 7:2); "herbs" (Proverbs 27:25, etc.).
(3) deshe', translated "herb" (2 Kings 19:26 Proverbs 27:25 Isaiah 37:27; Isaiah 66:14 the King James Version), but generally GRASS (which see).
(4) chatsir, vegetation generally, but translated GRASS (which see).
(5) 'oroth, 'owroth (plural only), "green plants" or "herbs." In 2 Kings 4:39 the Talmud interprets it to mean "colewort," but it may mean any edible herbs which had survived the drought. In Isaiah 26:19 the expression "dew of herbs" is in the margin translated "dew of light" which is more probable (see DEW), and the translation "heat upon herbs" (Isaiah 18:4 the King James Version) is in the Revised Version (British and American) translated "clear heat in sunshine."
(6) botane (Hebrews 6:7).
(7) lachana = yaraq (Matthew 13:32).
See also BITTER HERBS.
E. W. G. Masterman
Herb (46 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:30 And if God so clothes the wild herbage which to-day flourishes and to-morrow is thrown into the oven, is it not much more certain that He will clothe you, you men of little faith? (Root in WEY DBY YLT)
Matthew 13:26 and when the herb sprang up, and yielded fruit, then appeared also the darnel. (YLT)
Matthew 13:32 which indeed is smaller than all seeds. But when it is grown, it is greater than the herbs, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in its branches." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Luke 11:42 But woe to you Pharisees! For you tithe mint and rue and every herb, but you bypass justice and the love of God. You ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 1:11 God said, "Let the earth put forth grass, herbs yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit after their kind, with its seed in it, on the earth;" and it was so. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 1:12 The earth brought forth grass, herbs yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, with its seed in it, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 1:29 God said, "Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is on the surface of all the earth, and every tree, which bears fruit yielding seed. It will be your food. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 1:30 To every animal of the earth, and to every bird of the sky, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is life, I have given every green herb for food;" and it was so. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 2:5 No plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for Yahweh God had not caused it to rain on the earth. There was not a man to till the ground, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Genesis 3:18 Thorns also and thistles will it bring forth to you; and you will eat the herb of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 9:3 Every moving thing that lives will be food for you. As the green herb, I have given everything to you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Exodus 9:22 Yahweh said to Moses, "Stretch forth your hand toward the sky, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, on man, and on animal, and on every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Exodus 9:25 The hail struck throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and animal; and the hail struck every herb of the field, and broke every tree of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Exodus 10:12 Yahweh said to Moses, "Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up on the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail has left." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Exodus 10:15 For they covered the surface of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened, and they ate every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left. There remained nothing green, either tree or herb of the field, through all the land of Egypt. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Numbers 22:4 And Moab said to the elders of Midian, Now will this company lick up all that is round about us, as an ox licks up the green herb of the field. Now Balak the son of Zippor was king of Moab at that time. (DBY)
Deuteronomy 11:10 For the land, where you go in to possess it, isn't as the land of Egypt, from whence you came out, where you sowed your seed, and watered it with your foot, as a garden of herbs; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Deuteronomy 29:23 ('with' brimstone and salt is the whole land burnt, it is not sown, nor doth it shoot up, nor doth there go up on it any herb, like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboim, which Jehovah overturned in His anger, and in His fury,) -- (YLT)
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain. My speech shall condense as the dew, as the small rain on the tender grass, as the showers on the herb. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Kings 19:26 Therefore their inhabitants were of small power. They were dismayed and confounded. They were like the grass of the field, and like the green herb, like the grass on the housetops, and like grain blasted before it has grown up. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Job 5:25 And thou shalt know that thy seed is numerous, and thine offspring as the herb of the earth. (DBY YLT)
Job 8:12 Whilst it is yet in his greenness, and not cut down, it withereth before any other herb. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Job 38:27 To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth? (KJV JPS WBS)
Psalms 37:2 For they shall soon be cut down like the grass, and wither like the green herb. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Psalms 72:16 There shall be abundance of corn in the earth, upon the top of the mountains; the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon; and they of the city shall bloom like the herb of the earth. (DBY YLT)
Psalms 92:7 When the wicked flourish as a herb, And blossom do all workers of iniquity -- For their being destroyed for ever and ever! (YLT)
Psalms 102:4 Smitten as the herb, and withered, is my heart, For I have forgotten to eat my bread. (YLT)
Psalms 102:11 My days as a shadow 'are' stretched out, And I -- as the herb I am withered. (YLT)
Psalms 104:14 He causeth the grass to grow for the cattle, and herb for the service of man: that he may bring forth food out of the earth; (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Psalms 105:35 And did eat up all the herbs in their land, and devoured the fruit of their ground. (Root in KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Proverbs 19:12 The wrath of a king 'is' a growl as of a young lion, And as dew on the herb his good-will. (YLT)
Isaiah 15:6 For the Waters of Nimrim shall be desolate; for the grass is withered away, the herbage faileth, there is no green thing. (Root in JPS DBY WBS)
Isaiah 18:4 For so the LORD said unto me, I will take my rest, and I will consider in my dwelling place like a clear heat upon herbs, and like a cloud of dew in the heat of harvest. (Root in KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Isaiah 37:27 Therefore their inhabitants had little power. They were dismayed and confounded. They were like the grass of the field, and like the green herb, like the grass on the housetops, and like a field before its crop has grown. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Isaiah 66:14 And when ye see this, your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like an herb: and the hand of the LORD shall be known toward his servants, and his indignation toward his enemies. (KJV WBS)
Jeremiah 12:4 How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of the whole country wither? for the wickedness of those who dwell therein, the animals are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our latter end. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Jeremiah 14:6 The wild donkeys stand on the bare heights, they pant for air like jackals; their eyes fail, because there is no herbage. (Root in WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT RSV)
Daniel 4:15 but the stump of its roots leave in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field, and with the dew of the heavens is it wet, and with the beasts 'is' his portion in the herb of the earth; (YLT)
Daniel 4:25 and they are driving thee away from men, and with the beast of the field is thy dwelling, and the herb as oxen they do cause thee to eat, and by the dew of the heavens they are wetting thee, and seven times do pass over thee, till that thou knowest that the Most High is ruler in the kingdom of men, and to whom He willeth He giveth it. (YLT)
Daniel 4:32 and from men they are driving thee away, and with the beast of the field 'is' thy dwelling, the herb as oxen they do cause thee to eat, and seven times do pass over thee, till that thou knowest that the Most High is ruler in the kingdom of men, and to whom He willeth He giveth it. (YLT)
Daniel 4:33 In that hour the thing hath been fulfilled on Nebuchadnezzar, and from men he is driven, and the herb as oxen he eateth, and by the dew of the heavens his body is wet, till that his hair as eagles' hath become great, and his nails as birds.' (YLT)
Daniel 5:21 and from the sons of men he is driven, and his heart with the beasts hath been like, and with the wild asses 'is' his dwelling; the herb like oxen they cause him to eat, and by the dew of the heavens is his body wet, till that he hath known that God Most High is ruler in the kingdom of men, and whom He willeth He raiseth up over it. (YLT)
Hosea 10:4 They have spoken words, To swear falsehood in making a covenant, And flourished as a poisonous herb hath judgment, on the furrows of a field. (YLT)
Amos 7:2 and it hath come to pass, when it hath finished to consume the herb of the land, that I say: 'Lord Jehovah, forgive, I pray Thee, How doth Jacob arise -- for he 'is' small?' (YLT)
Micah 5:7 And the remnant of Jacob hath been in the midst of many peoples, As dew from Jehovah -- as showers on the herb, That waiteth not for man, nor stayeth for the sons of men. (YLT)
Zechariah 10:1 They asked of Jehovah rain in a time of latter rain, Jehovah is making lightnings, And rain 'in' showers He doth give to them. To each -- the herb in the field. (YLT)