|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Generally "Huram," one of the sons of Bela (1 Chronicles 8:5).
(2.) Also "Huram" and "Horam," king of Tyre. He entered into an alliance with David, and assisted him in building his palace by sending him able workmen, and also cedar-trees and fir-trees from Lebanon (2 Samuel 5:11; 1 Chronicles 14:1). After the death of David he entered into a similar alliance with Solomon, and assisted him greatly in building the temple (1 Kings 5:1; 9:11; 2 Chronicles 2:3). He also took part in Solomon's traffic to the Eastern Seas (1 Kings 9:27; 10:11; 2 Chronicles 8:18; 9:10).
(3.) The "master workman" whom Hiram sent to Solomon. He was the son of a widow of Dan, and of a Tyrian father. In 2 Chronicles 2:13 "Huram my father" should be Huram Abi, the word "Abi" (rendered here "my father") being regarded as a proper name, or it may perhaps be a title of distinction given to Huram, and equivalent to "master." (Comp. 1 Kings 7:14; 2 Chronicles 4:16.) He cast the magnificent brazen works for Solomon's temple in clay-beds in the valley of Jordan, between Succoth and Zarthan.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
hi'-ram (chiram; Septuagint Chiram, but Cheiram, in 2 Samuel 5:11 1 Chronicles 14:1): There is some confusion regarding the form of this name. In the books of Samuel and Kings the prevailing form is "Hiram" (chiram); but in 1 Kings 5:10, 18 margin (Hebrew 24, 32); 7:40 margin "Hirom" (chirom) is found. In Chronicles the form of the word is uniformly "Huram" (churam).
(1) A king of Tyre who lived on most friendly terms with both David and Solomon. After David had taken the stronghold of Zion, Hiram sent messengers and workmen and materials to build a palace for him at Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:11 1 Chronicles 14:1). Solomon, on his accession to the throne, made a league with Hiram, in consequence of which Hiram furnished the new king of Israel with skilled workmen and with cedar trees and fir trees and algum trees from Lebanon for the building of the Temple. In return Solomon gave annually to Hiram large quantities of wheat and oil (1 Kings 5:1 (Hebrew 15)ff; 2 Chronicles 2:3 (Hebrew 2)ff). "At the end of twenty years, wherein Solomon had built the two houses, the house of Yahweh and the king's house," Solomon made a present to Hiram of twenty cities in the land of Galilee. Hiram was not at all pleased with these cities and contemptuously called them "Cabul." His displeasure, however, with this gift does not seem to have disturbed the amicable relations that had hitherto existed between the two kings, for subsequently Hiram sent to the king of Israel 120 talents of gold (1 Kings 9:10-14). Hiram and Solomon maintained merchant vessels on the Mediterranean and shared mutually in a profitable trade with foreign ports (1 Kings 10:22). Hiram's servants, "shipmen that had knowledge of the sea," taught the sailors of Solomon the route from Ezion-geber and Eloth to Ophir, whence large stores of gold were brought to King Solomon (1 Kings 9:26 2 Chronicles 8:17 f).
Josephus (Apion, I, 17, 18) informs us, on the authority of the historians Dius and Menander, that Hiram was the son of Abibal, that he had a prosperous reign of 34 years, and died at the age of 53. He tells us on the same authority that Hiram and Solomon sent problems to each other to solve; that Hiram could not solve those sent him by Solomon, whereupon he paid to Solomon a large sum of money, as had at first been agreed upon. Finally, Abdemon, a man of Tyre, did solve the problems, and proposed others which Solomon was unable to explain; consequently Solomon was obliged to pay back to Hiram a vast sum of money. Josephus further states (Ant., VIII, ii, 8) that the correspondence carried on between Solomon and Hiram in regard to the building of the Temple was preserved, not only in the records of the Jews, but also in the public records of Tyre. It is also related by Phoenician historians that Hiram gave his daughter to Solomon in marriage.
(2) The name of a skillful worker in brass and other substances, whom Solomon secured from Hiram king of Tyre to do work on the Temple. His father was a brass-worker of Tyre, and his mother was a woman of the tribe of Naphtali (1 Kings 7:14), "a woman of the daughters of Dan" (2 Chronicles 2:14 (Hebrew 13); 1 Kings 7:13; 2 Chronicles 2:13 (Hebrew 12, 13)).
Jesse L. Cotton
Hiram (21 Occurrences)
2 Samuel 5:11 Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons; and they built David a house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:1 Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:2 Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:7 It happened, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, "Blessed is Yahweh this day, who has given to David a wise son over this great people." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:8 Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, "I have heard the message which you have sent to me. I will do all your desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:10 So Hiram gave Solomon timber of cedar and timber of fir according to all his desire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:11 Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram year by year. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:12 Yahweh gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him; and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 5:18 Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders and the Gebalites did fashion them, and prepared the timber and the stones to build the house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 7:13 King Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 7:40 Hiram made the basins, and the shovels, and the basins. So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he worked for king Solomon in the house of Yahweh: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 7:45 and the pots, and the shovels, and the basins: even all these vessels, which Hiram made for king Solomon, in the house of Yahweh, were of burnished brass. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 9:11 (now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire), that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 9:12 Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they didn't please him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 9:14 Hiram sent to the king one hundred twenty talents of gold. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 9:27 Hiram sent in the navy his servants, sailors who had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 10:11 The navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees and precious stones. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tarshish with the navy of Hiram: once every three years came the navy of Tarshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 14:1 Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and masons, and carpenters, to build him a house. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 2:3 Solomon sent to Huram the king of Tyre, saying, As you dealt with David my father, and sent him cedars to build him a house in which to dwell, even so deal with me. (See NIV)
2 Chronicles 8:2 that the cities which Huram had given to Solomon, Solomon built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there. (See NIV)