|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrews hah, a "ring" inserted in the nostrils of animals to which a cord was fastened for the purpose of restraining them (2 Kings 19:28; Isaiah 37:28, 29; Ezek. 29:4; 38:4). "The Orientals make use of this contrivance for curbing their work-beasts...When a beast becomes unruly they have only to draw the cord on one side, which, by stopping his breath, punishes him so effectually that after a few repetitions he fails not to become quite tractable whenever he begins to feel it" (Michaelis). So God's agents are never beyond his control.
(2.) Hakkah, a fish "hook" (Job 41:2, Hebrews Text, 40:25; Isaiah 19:8; Habakkuk 1:15).
(3.) Vav, a "peg" on which the curtains of the tabernacle were hung (Exodus 26:32).
(4.) Tsinnah, a fish-hooks (Amos 4:2).
(5.) Mazleg, flesh-hooks (1 Samuel 2:13, 14), a kind of fork with three teeth for turning the sacrifices on the fire, etc.
(6.) Mazmeroth, pruning-hooks (Isaiah 2:4; Joel 3:10).
(7.) `Agmon (Job 41:2, Hebrews Text 40:26), incorrectly rendered in the Authorized Version. Properly a rush-rope for binding animals, as in Revised Version margin.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A piece of metal, or other hard material, formed or bent into a curve or at an angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining anything; as, a hook for catching fish; a hook for fastening a gate; a boat hook, etc.
2. (n.) That part of a hinge which is fixed to a post, and on which a door or gate hangs and turns.
3. (n.) An implement for cutting grass or grain; a sickle; an instrument for cutting or lopping; a billhook.
4. (n.) See Eccentric, and V-hook.
5. (n.) A snare; a trap.
6. (n.) A field sown two years in succession.
7. (n.) The projecting points of the thigh bones of cattle; -- called also hook bones.
8. (v. t.) To catch or fasten with a hook or hooks; to seize, capture, or hold, as with a hook, esp. with a disguised or baited hook; hence, to secure by allurement or artifice; to entrap; to catch; as, to hook a dress; to hook a trout.
9. (v. t.) To seize or pierce with the points of the horns, as cattle in attacking enemies; to gore.
10. (v. t.) To steal.
11. (v. i.) To bend; to curve as a hook.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) chakkah, is rendered "fishhook" in Job 41:1 the Revised Version (British and American) (the King James Version "hook"). the Revised Version (British and American) is correct here and should have used the same translation for the same word in Isaiah 19:8 Habakkuk 1:15, instead Of retaining AV's "angle." Similarly in Amos 4:2, tsinnah, and ciroth dughah, appear to be synonyms for "fishhook," although the former may mean the barb of a fisher's spear. In the New Testament "fishhook" occurs in Matthew 17:27 (agkistron).
(2) The "flesh-hook." (mazlegh, mizlaghah) of Exodus 27:3, etc., was probably a small pitchfork, with two or three tines.
(3) The "pruning-hook" (mazmerah), used in the culture of the vine (Isaiah 18:5), was a sickle-shaped knife, small enough to be made from the metal of a spear-point (Isaiah 2:4 Joel 3:10 Micah 4:3).
(4) waw, is the name given the supports of certain hangings of the tabernacle (Exodus 26:32, etc.). Their form is entirely obscure.
(5) chach, is rendered "hook" in 2 Kings 19:28 = Isaiah 37:29 Ezekiel 29:4; Ezekiel 38:4, and Ezekiel 19:4, 9 the Revised Version (British and American) (the King James Version "chain"). A ring (compare Exodus 35:22), put in the nose of a tamed beast and through which a rope is passed to lead him, is probably meant.
(6) 'aghmon, is rendered "hook" in Job 41:2 the King James Version, but should be "a rope" of rushes or rush-fiber as in the Revised Version (British and American), or, simply, "a rush" (on which small fish are strung).
(7) choach, is "hook" in Job 41:2 the Revised Version (British and American) (the King James Version "thorn," perhaps right) and 2 Chronicles 33:11 the Revised Version margin (text chains," Ay "thorns,"). On both verses see the commentaries
(8) shephattayim, is "hooks" in Ezekiel 40:43 (the Revised Version margin "ledges"), but the meaning of this word is completely unknown, and "hook" is a mere guess.
Burton Scott Easton
Hook (10 Occurrences)
Matthew 17:27 But, lest we cause them to stumble, go to the sea, cast a hook, and take up the first fish that comes up. When you have opened its mouth, you will find a stater coin. Take that, and give it to them for me and you." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Samuel 2:13 And the priest's custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand; (Root in KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
1 Samuel 2:14 And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither. (Root in KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
2 Kings 19:28 Because of your raging against me, and because your arrogance has come up into my ears, therefore will I put my hook in your nose, and my bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way by which you came." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 33:11 Wherefore the LORD brought upon them the captains of the host of the king of Assyria, who took Manasseh with hooks, and bound him with fetters, and carried him to Babylon. (Root in JPS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 41:1 "Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook, or press down his tongue with a cord? (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 41:2 Can you put a rope into his nose, or pierce his jaw through with a hook? (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 19:8 And the fishers shall mourn, and all they that cast fish-hook into the Nile shall lament, and they that spread net upon the waters shall languish. (DBY RSV NIV)
Isaiah 37:29 Because of your raging against me, and because your arrogance has come up into my ears, therefore will I put my hook in your nose and my bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way by which you came. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Habakkuk 1:15 He takes up all of them with the hook. He catches them in his net, and gathers them in his dragnet. Therefore he rejoices and is glad. (WEB BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)