|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
I.e., the "house-band," connecting and keeping together the whole family. A man when betrothed was esteemed from that time a husband (Matthew 1:16, 20; Luke 2:5). A recently married man was exempt from going to war for "one year" (Deuteronomy 20:7; 24:5).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The male spouse or (v. t.) To direct and manage with frugality.
2. (n.) A cultivator; a tiller; a husbandman.
3. (n.) One who manages or directs with prudence and economy; a frugal person; an economist.
4. (n.) A married man; a man who has a wife; -- the correlative to wife.
5. (n.) The male of a pair of animals.
6. (v. t.) To direct and manage with frugality; to use or employ to good purpose and the best advantage; to spend, apply, or use, with economy.
7. (v. t.) To cultivate, as land; to till.
8. (v. t.) To furnish with a husband.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
huz'-band ('ish; aner): In the Hebrew household the husband and father was the chief personage of an institution which was regarded as more than a social organism, inasmuch as the family in primitive Semitic society had a distinctively religious character and significance. It was through it that the cult of the household and tribal deities was practiced and perpetuated. The house-father, by virtue of being the family head, was priest of the household, and as such, responsible for the religious life of the family and the maintenance of the family altar. As priest he offered sacrifices to the family gods, as at first, before the centralization of worship, he did to Yahweh as the tribal or national Deity. We see this reflected in the stories of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and in the Book of Job. This goes far to explain such records as we have in Genesis 31:53; Genesis 32:9, and the exceptional reverence that was paid the paternal sepulchers (1 Samuel 20:6). Abraham was regarded as being the father of a nation. It was customary, it would seem, to assign a "father" to every known tribe and nation (Genesis 10). So the family came to play an important and constructive part in Hebrew thought and life, forming the base upon which the social structure was built, merging gradually into the wider organism of the clan or tribe, and vitally affecting at last the political and religious life of the nation itself.
The husband from the first had supreme authority over his wife, or wives, and children. In his own domain his rule was well-nigh absolute. The wife, or wives, looked up to him as their lord (Genesis 18:12). He was chief (compare Arabic sheik), and to dishonor him was a crime to be punished by death (Exodus 21:15, 17). He was permitted to divorce his wife with little reason, and divorces were all too common (Deuteronomy 22:13, 19, 28, 29 Isaiah 50:1 Jeremiah 3:8; Jeremiah 5:8 Malachi 2:16, etc.). The wife seems to have had no redress if wronged by him. Absolute faithfulness, though required of the wife, was apparently not expected or exacted of the husband, so long as he did not violate the rights of another husband. In general among Eastern people women were lightly esteemed, as in the Japhetic nations they came to be. Plato counted a state "disorganized" "where slaves are disobedient to their masters, and wives are on equality with their husbands." "Is there a human being," asks Socrates, "with whom you talk less than with your wife?" But from the first, among the Hebrews the ideal husband trained his household in the way they should go religiously, as well as instructed them in the traditions of the family, the tribe, and the nation (Genesis 18:19 Exodus 12:26; Exodus 13:8 Deuteronomy 6:7, etc.). It was due to this, in part at least, that, in spite of the discords and evils incident to polygamy, the Hebrew household was nursery of virtue and piety to an unusual degree, and became a genuine anticipation of the ideal realized later in the Christian home (1 Corinthians 7:2 Ephesians 5:25 1 Peter 3:7).
Used figuratively of the relation (1) between Yahweh and His people (Isaiah 54:5 Jeremiah 3:14 Hosea 2:19 f); (2) between Christ and His church (Matthew 9:15 2 Corinthians 11:2 Ephesians 5:25 Revelation 19:7; Revelation 21:2).
George B. Eager
JOSEPH, HUSBAND OF MARY
1. References in New Testament:
(For etymology, etc., of Joseph, see JOSEPH): Joseph, the carpenter (Matthew 13:55), was a "just man" (Matthew 1:19 the King James Version), who belonged to Nazareth (Luke 2:4). He was of Davidic descent (Matthew 1:20 Luke 2:4), the son of Heli (Luke 3:23) or Jacob (Matthew 1:16), the husband of Mary (Matthew 1:16), and the supposed father of Jesus (Matthew 13:55 Luke 3:23; Luke 4:22 John 1:45; John 6:42).
(1) Before the Nativity.
The Gospels of Matthew and Mark alone give any detailed reference to Joseph and the birth of Jesus, and their accounts vary in part. Luke begins with the Annunciation to Mary at Nazareth (Luke 1:26-38). Overwhelmed with the tidings, Mary departed "with haste" "into the hill country,.... into a city of Judah," to seek communion with Elisabeth, with whom she had been coupled in the Annunciation by the angel Gabriel (Luke 1:39-55). After abiding with her about three months she returned "unto her own house" (Luke 1:56 the King James Version). The events recorded in Matthew 1:18-24 probably took place in the interval between this return and the birth of Jesus. During Mary's visit to Elisabeth, Joseph had likely remained in Nazareth. The abrupt and probably unexplained departure of his espoused wife for Judah (compare the phrase "with haste"), and her condition on her return, had caused him great mental distress (Matthew 1:18-20). Though his indignation was tempered with mercy, he was minded to put her away "privily," but the visitation of the angel in his sleep relieved him from his dilemma, and he was reconciled to his wife (Matthew 1:24). The narrative is then continued by Luke. While Joseph and Mary still abode in Nazareth, "there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be enrolled" (Luke 2:1). "And all went to enroll themselves, every one to his own city" (Luke 2:3). Being of the house and lineage of David, Joseph went up with Mary, who was "great with child," from Galilee, "out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem" (Luke 2:4, 5), and there Jesus was born (Luke 2:7; compare Matthew 2:1).
(2) After the Nativity.
(a) Luke's Account:
The two accounts now diverge considerably. According to Luke, the Holy Family remained for a time at Bethlehem and were there visited by the shepherds (Luke 2:8-20). After a sojourn of 40 days for the purification (compare Luke 2:21, 22 Leviticus 12), Joseph departed with his wife for Jerusalem "to present" the infant Jesus "to the Lord" and to offer up sacrifice according to the ancient law (Luke 2:24). There he was present at the prophesying of Simeon and Anna concerning Jesus, and received the blessing of the former (Luke 2:34). After "they had accomplished all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth" (Luke 2:39). Every year, at the Passover, they made this journey to Jerusalem (Luke 2:41). The care and solicitude of Joseph and Mary for the boy Jesus and their grief at His temporary loss aye also recorded (Luke 2:45, 48, 51). There is evidence that, though Mary "kept all these things in her heart," Joseph at least had no understanding then of the Divine nature of the charge committed to his care (Luke 2:50).
(b) Matthew's Account:
But according to Matthew it was from the Wise Men of the East that Jesus received homage at Bethlehem (Matthew 2:1-11). There is no further mention of the dedicatory journey to Jerusalem, or of the return to Nazareth. Instead, it is stated that on the departure of the Wise Men from Bethlehem, Joseph was warned in a dream of the impending wrath of Herod, and escaped with his wife and the infant Jesus into Egypt (Matthew 2:13, 14). Upon the death of Herod, an angel appeared to Joseph, and he returned to the land of Israel (Matthew 2:19-21). His original intention was to settle once more in Judea, but on learning that Archelaus, the son of Herod, was ruler there, "he withdrew into the parts of Galilee, and came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth" (Matthew 2:22, 23).
(c) The Proper Sequence of the Two Narratives:
The narrative of Matthew would thus imply that the Holy Family had no connection with Nazareth previous to their return from Egypt. It has, however, been suggested by Ramsay that Matthew merely reports what was common knowledge, and that Luke, while quite cognizant of this, supplemented it in his own Gospel with details known only to the Holy Family, and in part to the mother alone (compare Sir W. Ramsay, Was Christ Born at Bethlehem? 78-79). A comparison of the two Gospel narratives makes it clear that the visitation of the Wise Men fell on a later date than that of the shepherds. The latter took place immediately after the Nativity (compare Luke 2:11, 15, 16, "is born.... this day," "let us now go," "and they came with haste"). On the other hand, when the Wise Men came to Jerusalem, Christ was already born (compare Matthew 2:1). Time was required for this journey to Jerusalem and the consultation of Herod with the chief priests (Matthew 2:4); and during this interval the events recorded in Luke 2:8-39 had taken place. That there was sufficient time for this is attested also by the fact that Herod's decree was directed against children up to two years of age (Matthew 2:16). Thus it was after the return of the Holy Family to Nazareth, and on a further visit to Bethlehem, implied by Matthew but not recorded by Luke, that the infant Jesus received the adoration of the Wise Men. Jesus being born in 6 B.C., this took place in 5 B.C., and as Herod died in 4 B.C., Joseph may have missed only one of the Passovers (compare Luke 2:41) by his flight into Egypt. (For a full discussion, compare Ramsay, op. cit.) As no mention is made of Joseph in the later parts of the Gospels where the Holy Family is referred to (compare Matthew 12:46 Luke 8:19), it is commonly supposed that he died before the commencement of the public ministry of Christ.
If a type is to be sought in the character of Joseph, it is that of a simple, honest, hard-working, God-fearing man, who was possessed of large sympathies and a warm heart. Strict in the observance of Jewish law and custom, he was yet ready when occasion arose to make these subservient to the greater law of the Spirit. Too practical to possess any deep insight into the Divine mysteries or eternal significance of events which came within his knowledge (compare Luke 2:50), he was quick to make answer to what he perceived to be the direct call of God (compare Matthew 1:24). Originally a "just man" (the King James Version), the natural clemency within his heart prevailed over mere justice, and by the promptings of the Holy Spirit that clemency was transferred into a strong and enduring love (compare Matthew 1:24). Joseph is known to us only as a dim figure in the background of the Gospel narratives, yet his whole-hearted reconciliation to Mary, even in the face of possible slanderings by his neighbors, his complete self-sacrifice, when he left all and fled into Egypt to save the infant Jesus, are indicative that he was not unworthy to fulfill the great trust which was imposed upon him by the Eternal Father.
3. References in Apocryphal Literature:
The Gospel of the Infancy according to James, a work composed originally in the 2nd century, but with later additions (compare Hennecke, Neutestamentliche Apokryphen, 47-63), gives a detailed account of the marriage of the aged Joseph with Mary, of their journey to Bethlehem, and of the birth of Jesus. A similar gospel, reputed to be by Thomas the philosopher, of later origin and Gnostic tendency (compare Hennecke, 63-73), narrates several fantastic, miraculous happenings in the domestic life of the Holy Family, and the dealings of Joseph with the teachers of the youthful Jesus. Other legends, from Syriac or Egyptian sources, also dealing with the Infancy, in which Joseph figures, are extant. The chief is The History of Joseph the Carpenter (compare Hennecke, Handbuch der neutestamentlichen Apokryphen, 95-105). This contains an account of the death and burial of Joseph at the age of 110, and of the entreaties of Mary to Christ to save him. Its aim was to show forth Christ as the Saviour, even at the last hour, and the rightful manner of Christian death. Joseph has received a high place in the Calendar of the Roman Catholic Saints, his feast being celebrated on March 19.
C. M. Kerr
Husband (154 Occurrences)
Matthew 1:16 Jacob became the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, from whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 1:19 Joseph, her husband, being a righteous man, and not willing to make her a public example, intended to put her away secretly. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 5:32 But I say to you that everyone who puts away his wife for any other cause but the loss of her virtue, makes her false to her husband; and whoever takes her as his wife after she is put away, is no true husband to her. (BBE)
Matthew 19:7 "Why then," said they, "did Moses command the husband to give her 'a written notice of divorce,' and so put her away?" (WEY BBE)
Matthew 19:9 And I say to you, Whoever puts away his wife for any other cause than the loss of her virtue, and takes another, is a false husband: and he who takes her as his wife when she is put away, is no true husband to her. (BBE)
Matthew 19:10 His disciples said to him, "If this is the case of the man with his wife, it is not expedient to marry." (See NIV)
Matthew 25:1 Then the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins, the friends of the bride, who took their lights, and went out with the purpose of meeting the husband. (BBE)
Matthew 25:5 Now the husband was a long time in coming, and they all went to sleep. (BBE)
Matthew 25:6 But in the middle of the night there is a cry, The husband comes! Go out to him. (BBE)
Mark 2:20 But the days will come when the husband will be taken away from them, and then they will go without food. (BBE)
Mark 7:22 The taking of goods and of life, broken faith between husband and wife, the desire of wealth, wrongdoing, deceit, sins of the flesh, an evil eye, angry words, pride, foolish acts: (BBE)
Mark 10:2 And the Pharisees, having come near, questioned him, if it is lawful for a husband to put away a wife, tempting him, (YLT)
Mark 10:12 If a woman herself divorces her husband, and marries another, she commits adultery." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 1:34 "How can this be," Mary replied, "seeing that I have no husband?" (WEY YLT RSV)
Luke 2:36 There was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher (she was of a great age, having lived with a husband seven years from her virginity, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 16:18 Everyone who divorces his wife, and marries another, commits adultery. He who marries one who is divorced from a husband commits adultery. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
John 3:29 He who has the bride is the husband: but the husband's friend, whose place is by his side and whose ears are open to him, is full of joy because of the husband's voice: such is my joy, and it is complete. (BBE)
John 4:16 Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come here." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 4:17 The woman answered, "I have no husband." Jesus said to her, "You said well,'I have no husband,' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 4:18 for you have had five husbands; and he whom you now have is not your husband. This you have said truly." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 5:9 But Peter asked her, "How is it that you have agreed together to tempt the Spirit of the Lord? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 5:10 She fell down immediately at his feet, and died. The young men came in and found her dead, and they carried her out and buried her by her husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 7:2 For the woman that has a husband is bound by law to the husband while he lives, but if the husband dies, she is discharged from the law of the husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 7:3 So then if, while the husband lives, she is joined to another man, she would be called an adulteress. But if the husband dies, she is free from the law, so that she is no adulteress, though she is joined to another man. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 9:10 Nor is that all: later on there was Rebecca too. She was soon to bear two children to her husband, our forefather Isaac-- (WEY)
1 Corinthians 7:2 But, because of sexual immoralities, let each man have his own wife, and let each woman have her own husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:3 Let the husband render to his wife the affection owed her, and likewise also the wife to her husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:4 The wife doesn't have authority over her own body, but the husband. Likewise also the husband doesn't have authority over his own body, but the wife. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:10 But to the married I command-not I, but the Lord-that the wife not leave her husband (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:11 (but if she departs, let her remain unmarried, or else be reconciled to her husband), and that the husband not leave his wife. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:13 The woman who has an unbelieving husband, and he is content to live with her, let her not leave her husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified in the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified in the husband. Otherwise your children would be unclean, but now they are holy. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:16 For how do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband? Or how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife? (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:34 There is also a difference between a wife and a virgin. The unmarried woman cares about the things of the Lord, that she may be holy both in body and in spirit. But she who is married cares about the things of the world-how she may please her husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 7:39 A wife is bound by law for as long as her husband lives; but if the husband is dead, she is free to be married to whoever she desires, only in the Lord. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 11:3 I would have you know, however, that of every man, Christ is the Head, that of a woman her husband is the Head, and that God is Christ's Head. (WEY YLT RSV)
2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with a godly jealousy. For I married you to one husband, that I might present you as a pure virgin to Christ. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Galatians 4:27 For it is written, "Rejoice, you barren who don't bear. Break forth and shout, you that don't travail. For more are the children of the desolate than of her who has a husband." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ephesians 5:23 For the husband is the head of the wife, and Christ also is the head of the assembly, being himself the savior of the body. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ephesians 5:33 Nevertheless each of you must also love his own wife even as himself; and let the wife see that she respects her husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Timothy 2:12 and a woman I do not suffer to teach, nor to rule a husband, but to be in quietness, (YLT)
1 Timothy 2:15 Yet a woman will be brought safely through childbirth if she and her husband continue to live in faith and love and growing holiness, with habitual self-restraint. (WEY)
1 Timothy 3:2 The overseer therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, sensible, modest, hospitable, good at teaching; (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Timothy 3:12 Let servants be husbands of one wife, ruling their children and their own houses well. (Root in WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Timothy 5:9 A widow -- let her not be enrolled under sixty years of age, having been a wife of one husband, (YLT RSV NIV)
1 Timothy 5:10 She must have been true to her one husband, and well reported of for good deeds, as having brought up children, received strangers hospitably, washed the feet of God's people, given relief to the distressed, and devoted herself to good works of every kind. (WEY)
Titus 1:6 if anyone is blameless, the husband of one wife, having children who believe, who are not accused of loose or unruly behavior. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 21:2 I saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready like a bride adorned for her husband. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 3:6 When the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit, and ate; and she gave some to her husband with her, and he ate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 3:16 To the woman he said, "I will greatly multiply your pain in childbirth. In pain you will bring forth children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 16:3 Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her handmaid, after Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to Abram her husband to be his wife. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 18:12 And Sarah, laughing to herself, said, Now that I am used up am I still to have pleasure, my husband himself being old? (BBE RSV)
Genesis 19:31 And the older daughter said to her sister, Our father is old, and there is no man to be a husband to us in the natural way: (BBE)
Genesis 20:3 And God cometh in unto Abimelech in a dream of the night, and saith to him, 'Lo, thou 'art' a dead man, because of the woman whom thou hast taken -- and she married to a husband.' (YLT)
Genesis 29:32 Leah conceived, and bore a son, and she named him Reuben. For she said, "Because Yahweh has looked at my affliction. For now my husband will love me." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:34 She conceived again, and bore a son. Said, "Now this time will my husband be joined to me, because I have borne him three sons." Therefore was his name called Levi. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 30:15 She said to her, "Is it a small matter that you have taken away my husband? Would you take away my son's mandrakes, also?" Rachel said, "Therefore he will lie with you tonight for your son's mandrakes." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 30:18 Leah said, "God has given me my hire, because I gave my handmaid to my husband." She named him Issachar. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 30:20 Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good dowry. Now my husband will live with me, because I have borne him six sons." She named him Zebulun. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 4:25 Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me. (KJV BBE DBY WBS)
Exodus 4:26 So he let him go: then she said, A bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcision. (KJV BBE DBY WBS)
Exodus 21:3 If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he is married, then his wife shall go out with him. (See NAS)
Exodus 21:22 "If men fight and hurt a pregnant woman so that she gives birth prematurely, and yet no harm follows, he shall be surely fined as much as the woman's husband demands and the judges allow. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 19:20 And whosoever lieth carnally with a woman, that is a bondmaid, betrothed to an husband, and not at all redeemed, nor freedom given her; she shall be scourged; they shall not be put to death, because she was not free. (KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Leviticus 21:3 and for his virgin sister who is near to him, who has had no husband; for her he may defile himself. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 21:4 He shall not defile himself, being a chief man among his people, to profane himself. (See RSV)
Leviticus 21:7 "'They shall not marry a woman who is a prostitute, or profane; neither shall they marry a woman divorced from her husband: for he is holy to his God. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 21:14 A widow, or one whose husband has put her away, or a common woman of loose behaviour, may not be the wife of a priest; but let him take a virgin from among his people. (BBE)
Leviticus 22:13 But if a priest's daughter is a widow, or parted from her husband, and has no child, and has come back to her father's house as when she was a girl, she may take of her father's bread; but no outside person may do so. (BBE)
Numbers 5:13 and a man lies with her carnally, and it is hidden from the eyes of her husband, and is kept close, and she is defiled, and there is no witness against her, and she isn't taken in the act; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:14 If the spirit of doubt comes into her husband's heart, and he has doubts of his wife, with good cause; or if he has doubts of her without cause: (BBE NIV)
Numbers 5:19 The priest shall cause her to swear, and shall tell the woman, "If no man has lain with you, and if you haven't gone aside to uncleanness, being under your husband, be free from this water of bitterness that brings a curse. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:20 But if you have gone astray, being under your husband, and if you are defiled, and some man has lain with you besides your husband:" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:27 When he has made her drink the water, then it shall happen, if she is defiled, and has committed a trespass against her husband, that the water that causes the curse will enter into her and become bitter, and her body will swell, and her thigh will fall away: and the woman will be a curse among her people. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:29 "'This is the law of jealousy, when a wife, being under her husband, goes astray, and is defiled; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:30 Or for a husband who, in a bitter spirit, has doubts in his heart about his wife; let him take her to the priest, who will put in force this law. (BBE)
Numbers 30:6 "If she is married to a husband, while her vows are on her, or the rash utterance of her lips, with which she has bound her soul, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Numbers 30:7 and her husband hear it, and hold his peace at her in the day that he hears it; then her vows shall stand, and her bonds with which she has bound her soul shall stand. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 30:8 But if her husband disallow her in the day that he hears it, then he shall make void her vow which is on her, and the rash utterance of her lips, with which she has bound her soul: and Yahweh will forgive her. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 30:9 But an oath made by a widow or one who is no longer married to her husband, and every undertaking she has given, will have force. (BBE)
Numbers 30:10 "If she vowed in her husband's house, or bound her soul by a bond with an oath, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 30:11 and her husband heard it, and held his peace at her, and didn't disallow her; then all her vows shall stand, and every bond with which she bound her soul shall stand. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 30:12 But if her husband made them null and void in the day that he heard them, then whatever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband has made them void; and Yahweh will forgive her. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 30:13 Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 30:14 But if her husband altogether hold his peace at her from day to day, then he establishes all her vows, or all her bonds, which are on her: he has established them, because he held his peace at her in the day that he heard them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 21:13 and she shall put the clothing of her captivity from off her, and shall remain in your house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month: and after that you shall go in to her, and be her husband, and she shall be your wife. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 22:22 If a man be found lying with a woman married to a husband, then they shall both of them die, the man who lay with the woman, and the woman: so you shall put away the evil from Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Deuteronomy 22:23 If there is a young lady who is a virgin pledged to be married to a husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her; (WEB KJV ASV WBS)
Deuteronomy 24:3 If the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorce, and give it in her hand, and send her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, who took her to be his wife; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 24:4 her former husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after that she is defiled; for that is abomination before Yahweh: and you shall not cause the land to sin, which Yahweh your God gives you for an inheritance. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 25:11 When men strive together one with another, and the wife of the one draws near to deliver her husband out of the hand of him who strikes him, and puts forth her hand, and takes him by the secrets; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 28:56 The tender and delicate woman among you, who would not adventure to set the sole of her foot on the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 13:6 Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, "A man of God came to me, and his face was like the face of the angel of God, very awesome; and I didn't ask him whence he was, neither did he tell me his name: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 13:9 God listened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel of God came again to the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah, her husband, wasn't with her. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 13:10 The woman made haste, and ran, and told her husband, and said to him, "Behold, the man has appeared to me, who came to me the other day." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 14:15 It happened on the seventh day, that they said to Samson's wife, "Entice your husband, that he may declare to us the riddle, lest we burn you and your father's house with fire. Have you called us to impoverish us? Is it not so?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 19:3 Her husband arose, and went after her, to speak kindly to her, to bring her again, having his servant with him, and a couple of donkeys: and she brought him into her father's house; and when the father of the young lady saw him, he rejoiced to meet him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 20:4 The Levite, the husband of the woman who was murdered, answered, "I came into Gibeah that belongs to Benjamin, I and my concubine, to lodge. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ruth 1:3 Elimelech, Naomi's husband, died; and she was left, and her two sons. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ruth 1:5 Mahlon and Chilion both died, and the woman was bereaved of her two children and of her husband. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)