|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
One whose business it is to cultivate the ground. It was one of the first occupations, and was esteemed most honourable (Genesis 9:20; 26:12, 14; 37:7, etc.). All the Hebrews, except those engaged in religious services, were husbandmen. (see AGRICULTURE.)
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The master of a family.
2. (n.) A farmer; a cultivator or tiller of the ground.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
huz'-band-man, huz'-band-ri: Husbandman, originally a "householder" or "master of the house," is now limited in its meaning to "farmer" or "tiller of the soil." In this sense it is the correct translation of the various Biblical words: ish 'adahamah, literally, "man of the soil" (Genesis 9:20); 'ikkar, literally, "digger," "a farmer" (2 Chronicles 26:10 Jeremiah 31:24; Jeremiah 51:23 Amos 5:16 Joel 1:11); gubh, "to dig" (2 Kings 25:12); yaghabh, "to dig" (Jeremiah 52:16); georgos, "cultivator" (Matthew 21:33 John 15:1 James 5:7).
It is a common practice in Palestine and Syria today for a rich man to own lands in many different parts of the country. He sets farmers over these different tracts who, with the helpers, do the plowing, planting, reaping, etc.; or he lets out his lands to farmers who pay him an annual rental or return to him a certain percentage of the crop. Much of the plain of Esdraelon, for example, was until recently owned by Beirut proprietors and farmed in this way. The writer while riding on the plain near ancient Dan, was surprised to overtake an acquaintance from Beirut (3 days' journey away), who had just dismounted at one of his farms to inspect it and to receive the annual account of his farmer. The pride with which the husbandman pointed out the abundant harvest will not be forgotten. All the difficulties of the owner with his husbandmen described by Jesus are often repeated today.
Figurative: Jesus said "I am the true vine, and my father is the husbandman" (John 15:1). He sows, cultivates, prunes and expects fruits from His church. In the parable of the Householder (Matthew 21:33), the wicked husbandmen were the Jews. The church is referred to as "God's husbandry" in 1 Corinthians 3:9 (m "tilled land").
James A. Patch
Husbandman (7 Occurrences)
John 15:1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
2 Timothy 2:6 The husbandman that laboureth must be first partaker of the fruits. (KJV DBY WBS YLT)
James 5:7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain. (KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Genesis 4:2 And she further bore his brother Abel. And Abel was a shepherd, but Cain was a husbandman. (DBY)
Genesis 9:20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Jeremiah 51:23 I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Zechariah 13:5 But he shall say, I am no prophet, I am an husbandman; for man taught me to keep cattle from my youth. (KJV WBS)