|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Suspicion of a wife's purity, one of the strongest passions (Numbers 5:14; Proverbs 6:34; Cant. 8:6); also an intense interest for another's honour or prosperity (Psalm 79:5; 1 Corinthians 10:22; Zechariah 1:14).
Jealousy, Image of
An idolatrous object, seen in vision by Ezekiel (Ezek. 8:3, 5), which stood in the priests' or inner court of the temple. Probably identical with the statue of Astarte (2 Kings 21:7).
The name of the offering the husband was to bring when he charged his wife with adultery (Numbers 5:11-15).
Jealousy, Waters of
Water which the suspected wife was required to drink, so that the result might prove her guilt or innocence (Numbers 5:12-17, 27). We have no record of this form of trial having been actually resorted to.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
(n.) The quality of being jealous; earnest concern or solicitude; painful apprehension of rivalship in cases nearly affecting one's happiness; painful suspicion of the faithfulness of husband, wife, or lover.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
jel'-us-i (qin'ah; zelos): Doubtless, the root idea of both the Greek and the Hob translated "jealousy" is "warmth," "heat." Both are used in a good and a bad sense-to represent right and wrong passion.
When jealousy is attributed to God, the word is used in a good sense. The language is, of course, anthropomorphic; and it is based upon the feeling in a husband of exclusive right in his wife. God is conceived as having wedded Israel to Himself, and as claiming, therefore, exclusive devotion. Disloyalty on the part of Israel is represented as adultery, and as provoking God to jealousy. See , e.g., Deuteronomy 32:16, 21 1 Kings 14:22; Psalm 78:58 Ezekiel 8:3; Ezekiel 16:38, 42; 23:25; 36:05:00; 38:19:00.
When jealousy is attributed to men, the sense is sometimes good, and sometimes bad. In the good sense, it refers to an ardent concern for God's honor. See , e.g., Numbers 25:11 (compare 1 Kings 19:10 2 Kings 10:16); 2 Corinthians 11:2 (compare Romans 10:2). In the bad sense it is found in Acts 7:9 Romans 13:13 1 Corinthians 3:3; 2 Corinthians 12:20 James 3:14, 16.
The "law of jealousy" is given in Numbers 5:11-31. It provided that, when a man suspected his wife of conjugal infidelity, an offering should be brought to the priest, and the question of her guilt or innocence should be subjected to a test there carefully prescribed. The test was intended to be an appeal to God to decide the question at issue.
See ADULTERY; SACRIFICE.
E. J. Forrester
JEALOUSY, IMAGE OF
JEALOUSY, WATER OF
See ADULTERY, (2).
WATER OF BITTERNESS (OR OF JEALOUSY)
See ADULTERY, (2).
Jealousy (54 Occurrences)
Acts 5:17 But the high priest rose up, and all those who were with him (which is the sect of the Sadducees), and they were filled with jealousy, (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 7:9 "The patriarchs, moved with jealousy against Joseph, sold him into Egypt. God was with him, (WEB ASV YLT)
Acts 13:45 But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with jealousy, and contradicted the things which were spoken by Paul, and blasphemed. (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 17:5 But the jealousy of the Jews was aroused, and, calling to their aid some ill-conditioned and idle fellows, they got together a riotous mob and filled the city with uproar. They then attacked the house of Jason and searched for Paul and Silas, to bring them out before the assembly of people. (WEY ASV DBY)
Romans 10:19 But I ask, didn't Israel know? First Moses says, "I will provoke you to jealousy with that which is no nation, with a nation void of understanding I will make you angry." (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Romans 11:11 I ask then, did they stumble that they might fall? May it never be! But by their fall salvation has come to the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Romans 11:14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy those who are my flesh, and may save some of them. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS)
Romans 13:13 Let us walk properly, as in the day; not in reveling and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and lustful acts, and not in strife and jealousy. (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 3:3 for you are still fleshly. For insofar as there is jealousy, strife, and factions among you, aren't you fleshly, and don't you walk in the ways of men? (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 10:22 Or do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he? (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 13:4 Love is patient and kind. Love knows neither envy nor jealousy. Love is not forward and self-assertive, nor boastful and conceited. (WEY)
2 Corinthians 7:7 but also by the fact that he had felt comforted on your account, and by the report which he brought of your eager affection, of your grief, and of your jealousy on my behalf, so that I rejoiced more than ever. (WEY)
2 Corinthians 7:11 For mark the effects of this very thing--your having sorrowed with a godly sorrow--what earnestness it has called forth in you, what eagerness to clear yourselves, what indignation, what alarm, what longing affection, what jealousy, what meting out of justice! You have completely wiped away reproach from yourselves in the matter. (WEY)
2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with a godly jealousy. For I married you to one husband, that I might present you as a pure virgin to Christ. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Corinthians 12:20 For I am afraid that by any means, when I come, I might find you not the way I want to, and that I might be found by you as you don't desire; that by any means there would be strife, jealousy, outbursts of anger, factions, slander, whisperings, proud thoughts, riots; (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Galatians 5:20 enmity, strife, jealousy, outbursts of passion, intrigues, dissensions, factions, envyings; (WEY NAS RSV NIV)
James 3:14 But if you have bitter jealousy and selfish ambition in your heart, don't boast and don't lie against the truth. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
James 3:16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition are, there is confusion and every evil deed. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
Numbers 5:14 and the spirit of jealousy comes on him, and he is jealous of his wife, and she is defiled: or if the spirit of jealousy comes on him, and he is jealous of his wife, and she isn't defiled: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:15 then the man shall bring his wife to the priest, and shall bring her offering for her: the tenth part of an ephah of barley meal. He shall pour no oil on it, nor put frankincense on it, for it is a meal offering of jealousy, a meal offering of memorial, bringing iniquity to memory. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:18 The priest shall set the woman before Yahweh, and let the hair of the woman's head go loose, and put the meal offering of memorial in her hands, which is the meal offering of jealousy. The priest shall have in his hand the water of bitterness that brings a curse. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:25 The priest shall take the meal offering of jealousy out of the woman's hand, and shall wave the meal offering before Yahweh, and bring it to the altar. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:29 "'This is the law of jealousy, when a wife, being under her husband, goes astray, and is defiled; (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:30 or when the spirit of jealousy comes on a man, and he is jealous of his wife; then he shall set the woman before Yahweh, and the priest shall execute on her all this law. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 25:11 "Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, has turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, in that he was jealous with my jealousy among them, so that I didn't consume the children of Israel in my jealousy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 29:20 Yahweh will not pardon him, but then the anger of Yahweh and his jealousy will smoke against that man, and all the curse that is written in this book shall lie on him, and Yahweh will blot out his name from under the sky. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 32:16 They moved him to jealousy with strange gods. They provoked him to anger with abominations. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Deuteronomy 32:21 They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God. They have provoked me to anger with their vanities. I will move them to jealousy with those who are not a people. I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
1 Kings 14:22 Judah did that which was evil in the sight of Yahweh, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins which they committed, above all that their fathers had done. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Job 5:2 For resentment kills the foolish man, and jealousy kills the simple. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
Psalms 78:58 For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their engraved images. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 79:5 How long, Yahweh? Will you be angry forever? Will your jealousy burn like fire? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Proverbs 6:34 For jealousy arouses the fury of the husband. He won't spare in the day of vengeance. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 27:4 Wrath is cruel, and anger is overwhelming; but who is able to stand before jealousy? (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ecclesiastes 4:4 And I saw all labour, and all success of work, that it is man's jealousy of his neighbour. This also is vanity and pursuit of the wind. (DBY)
Ecclesiastes 9:6 Their love and their hate and their envy are now ended; and they have no longer a part for ever in anything which is done under the sun. (See NIV)
Song of Songs 8:6 Set me as a seal on your heart, as a seal on your arm; for love is strong as death. Jealousy is as cruel as Sheol. Its flashes are flashes of fire, a very flame of Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 11:13 And the envy of Ephraim will be gone, and those who make trouble for Judah will come to an end: Ephraim will have no more envy of Judah, and there will be an end of Judah's hate for Ephraim. (See NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 26:11 Jehovah, thy hand is lifted up, but they do not see: yet they shall see thy jealousy for the people, and be ashamed; yea, the fire which is for thine adversaries shall devour them. (DBY)
Isaiah 42:13 The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies. (KJV JPS DBY WBS)
Ezekiel 5:13 And mine anger shall be accomplished, and I will satisfy my fury upon them, and I will comfort myself; and they shall know that I Jehovah have spoken in my jealousy, when I have accomplished my fury upon them. (DBY RSV)
Ezekiel 8:3 He put forth the form of a hand, and took me by a lock of my head; and the Spirit lifted me up between earth and the sky, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerusalem, to the door of the gate of the inner court that looks toward the north; where there was the seat of the image of jealousy, which provokes to jealousy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 8:5 Then said he to me, Son of man, lift up your eyes now the way toward the north. So I lifted up my eyes the way toward the north, and see, northward of the gate of the altar this image of jealousy in the entry. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 16:38 I will judge you, as women who break wedlock and shed blood are judged; and I will bring on you the blood of wrath and jealousy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 16:42 So will I cause my wrath toward you to rest, and my jealousy shall depart from you, and I will be quiet, and will be no more angry. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 23:25 I will set my jealousy against you, and they shall deal with you in fury; they shall take away your nose and your ears; and your residue shall fall by the sword: they shall take your sons and your daughters; and your residue shall be devoured by the fire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 35:11 therefore, as I live, says the Lord Yahweh, I will do according to your anger, and according to your envy which you have shown out of your hatred against them; and I will make myself known among them, when I shall judge you. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 36:5 therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh: Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the nations, and against all Edom, that have appointed my land to themselves for a possession with the joy of all their heart, with despite of soul, to cast it out for a prey. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 36:6 Therefore prophesy concerning the land of Israel, and tell the mountains and to the hills, to the watercourses and to the valleys, Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I have spoken in my jealousy and in my wrath, because you have borne the shame of the nations: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 38:19 For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Zephaniah 1:18 Neither their silver nor their gold will be able to deliver them in the day of Yahweh's wrath, but the whole land will be devoured by the fire of his jealousy; for he will make an end, yes, a terrible end, of all those who dwell in the land. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Zephaniah 3:8 "Therefore wait for me," says Yahweh, "until the day that I rise up to the prey, for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour on them my indignation, even all my fierce anger, for all the earth will be devoured with the fire of my jealousy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Zechariah 1:14 So the angel who talked with me said to me, "Proclaim, saying,'Thus says Yahweh of Armies: "I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Zechariah 8:2 Thus says Yahweh of Armies: "I am jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I am jealous for her with great wrath." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV NIV)