|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) A town of Issachar (Joshua 19:18), where the kings of Israel often resided (1 Kings 18:45; 21:1; 2 Kings 9:30). Here Elijah met Ahab, Jehu, and Bidkar; and here Jehu executed his dreadful commission against the house of Ahab (2 Kings 9:14-37; 10:1-11). It has been identified with the modern Zerin, on the most western point of the range of Gilboa, reaching down into the great and fertile valley of Jezreel, to which it gave its name.
(2.) A town in Judah (Joshua 15:56), to the south-east of Hebron. Ahinoam, one of David's wives, probably belonged to this place (1 Samuel 27:3).
(3.) A symbolical name given by Hosea to his oldest son (Hosea 1:4), in token of a great slaughter predicted by him, like that which had formerly taken place in the plain of Esdraelon (Comp. Hosea 1:4, 5).
Jezreel, Blood of
The murder perpetrated here by Ahab and Jehu (Hosea 1:4; Comp. 1 Kings 18:4; 2 Kings 9:6-10).
Jezreel, Day of
The time predicted for the execution of vengeance for the deeds of blood committed there (Hosea 1:5).
Jezreel, Ditch of
(1 Kings 21:23; Comp. 13), the fortification surrounding the city, outside of which Naboth was executed.
Jezreel, Fountain of
Where Saul encamped before the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 29:1). In the valley under Zerin there are two considerable springs, one of which, perhaps that here referred to, "flows from under a sort of cavern in the wall of conglomerate rock which here forms the base of Gilboa. The water is excellent; and issuing from crevices in the rocks, it spreads out at once into a fine limpid pool forty or fifty feet in diameter, full of fish" (Robinson). This may be identical with the "well of Harod" (Judges 7:1; Comp. 2 Samuel 23:25), probably the `Ain Jalud, i.e., the "spring of Goliath."
Jezreel, Portion of
The field adjoining the city (2 Kings 9:10, 21, 36, 37). Here Naboth was stoned to death (1 Kings 21:13).
Jezreel, Tower of
One of the turrets which guarded the entrance to the city (2 Kings 9:17).
Jezreel, Valley of
Lying on the northern side of the city, between the ridges of Gilboa and Moreh, an offshoot of Esdraelon, running east to the Jordan (Joshua 17:16; Judges 6:33; Hosea 1:5). It was the scene of the signal victory gained by the Israelites under Gideon over the Midianites, the Amalekites, and the "children of the east" (Judges 6:3). Two centuries after this the Israelites were here defeated by the Philistines, and Saul and Jonathan, with the flower of the army of Israel, fell (1 Samuel 31:1-6).
This name was in after ages extended to the whole of the plain of Esdraelon (q.v.). It was only this plain of Jezreel and that north of Lake Huleh that were then accessible to the chariots of the Canaanites (Comp. 2 Kings 9:21; 10:15).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
jez'-re-el, jez'-rel (yizre`e'l, "God soweth"):
(1) A city on the border of the territory of Issachar (Joshua 19:18).
It is named with Chesulloth and Shunem (modern Iksal and Solam). It remained loyal to the house of Saul, and is mentioned as part of the kingdom over which Abner set Ishbosheth (2 Samuel 2:9). From Jezreel came the tidings of Saul and Jonathan's death on Gilboa, which brought disaster to Mephibosheth (2 Samuel 4:4). The city plays no important part in the history till the time of Ahab. Attracted, doubtless, by the fine position and natural charms of the place, he made it one of his royal residences, building here a palace (1 Kings 21:1). This was evidently on the eastern wall; and the gate by which Jehu entered was over-looked by the quarters of Queen Jezebel (2 Kings 9:30 f). The royal favor naturally enhanced the dignity of the city, and "elders" and "nobles" of Jezreel are mentioned (1 Kings 21:8, etc.). Under the influence of Jezebel, an institution for the worship of Baal was founded here, from which, probably, the men were drawn who figured in the memorable contest with Elijah on Carmel (2 Kings 10:11). "The tower in Jezreel" was part of the defenses of the city. It commanded a view of the approach up the valley from Beth-shean-the way followed by the hordes of the East, who, from time immemorial, came westward for the rich pasture of the plain (2 Kings 9:17). It was necessary also to keep constant watch, as the district East of the Jordan was always more unsettled than that on the West; and danger thence might appear at any moment. The garden of Naboth seems to have lain to the East of the city (2 Kings 9:21), near the royal domain, to which Ahab desired to add it as a garden of herbs (1 Kings 21:1). See NABOTH. This was the scene of the tragic meetings between Elijah and Ahab (1 Kings 21:17), and between Jehu and Joram and Ahaziah (2 Kings 9:21). Joram had returned to Jezreel from Ramoth-gilead to be healed of his wounds (2 Kings 9:15). By the gateway the dogs devoured Jezebel's body (2 Kings 9:31). Naboth had been stoned to death outside the city (1 Kings 21:13). Josephus lays the scene by the fountain of Jezreel, and here, he says, the dogs licked the blood washed from the chariot of Ahab (Ant., VIII, xv, 6). This accords with 1 Kings 21:19; but 22:38 points to the pool at Samaria.
The site of Jezreel must be sought in a position where a tower would command a view of the road coming up the valley from Beth-shean. It has long been the custom to identify it with the modern village, Zer`in, on the northwestern spur of Gilboa. This meets the above condition; and it also agrees with the indications in Eusebius, Onomasticon as lying between Legio (Lejjun) and Scythopolis (Beisan). Recently, however, Professor A.R.S. Macalister made a series of excavations here, and failed to find any evidence of ancient Israelite occupation. This casts doubt upon the identification, and further excavation is necessary before any certain conclusion can be reached. For the "fountain which is in Jezreel," see HAROD, WELL OF.
(2) A town in the uplands of Judah (Joshua 15:56), the home of Ahinoam (1 Samuel 27:3, etc.).
JEZREEL, VALE OF
See ESDRAELON, PLAIN OF.
Jezreel (37 Occurrences)
Joshua 15:56 Jezreel, Jokdeam, Zanoah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 17:16 The children of Joseph said, "The hill country is not enough for us. All the Canaanites who dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both those who are in Beth Shean and its towns, and those who are in the valley of Jezreel." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 19:18 Their border was to Jezreel, Chesulloth, Shunem, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 6:33 Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east assembled themselves together; and they passed over, and encamped in the valley of Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 25:43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they both became his wives. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 27:3 David lived with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 29:1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites encamped by the spring which is in Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 29:11 So David rose up early, he and his men, to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. The Philistines went up to Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 30:5 David's two wives were taken captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 2:2 So David went up there, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 2:9 and he made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 3:2 To David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 4:4 Now Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son who was lame of his feet. He was five years old when the news came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jezreel; and his nurse took him up, and fled: and it happened, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. His name was Mephibosheth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 4:12 Baana the son of Ahilud, in Taanach and Megiddo, and all Beth Shean which is beside Zarethan, beneath Jezreel, from Beth Shean to Abel Meholah, as far as beyond Jokmeam; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 18:45 It happened in a little while, that the sky grew black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 18:46 The hand of Yahweh was on Elijah; and he tucked his cloak into his belt and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 21:1 It happened after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 21:23 Yahweh also spoke of Jezebel, saying, "The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the rampart of Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 8:29 King Joram returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:10 The dogs will eat Jezebel on the plot of ground of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her." He opened the door, and fled. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:15 but king Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.) Jehu said, "If this is your thinking, then let no one escape and go out of the city, to go to tell it in Jezreel." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:16 So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there. Ahaziah king of Judah had come down to see Joram. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:17 Now the watchman was standing on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, "I see a company." Joram said, "Take a horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say,'Is it peace?'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:30 When Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her eyes, and attired her head, and looked out at the window. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:36 Therefore they came back, and told him. He said, "This is the word of Yahweh, which he spoke by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying,'The dogs will eat the flesh of Jezebel on the plot of Jezreel, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:37 and the body of Jezebel shall be as dung on the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel, so that they shall not say, "This is Jezebel."'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 10:1 Now Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria. Jehu wrote letters, and sent to Samaria, to the rulers of Jezreel, even the elders, and to those who brought up the sons of Ahab, saying, (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Kings 10:6 Then he wrote a letter the second time to them, saying, "If you are on my side, and if you will listen to my voice, take the heads of the men your master's sons, and come to me to Jezreel by tomorrow this time." Now the king's sons, being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, who brought them up. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 10:7 It happened, when the letter came to them, that they took the king's sons, and killed them, even seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent them to him to Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 10:11 So Jehu struck all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, with all his great men, his familiar friends, and his priests, until he left him none remaining. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 3:1 Now these were the sons of David, who were born to him in Hebron: the firstborn, Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second, Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:3 These were the sons of the father of Etam: Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash; and the name of their sister was Hazzelelponi; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 22:6 He returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which they had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 1:4 Yahweh said to him, "Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel on the house of Jehu, and will cause the kingdom of the house of Israel to cease. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 1:5 It will happen in that day that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 1:11 The children of Judah and the children of Israel will be gathered together, and they will appoint themselves one head, and will go up from the land; for great will be the day of Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 2:22 and the earth will respond to the grain, and the new wine, and the oil; and they will respond to Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)