|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Hebrews goel, from root meaning to redeem. The goel among the Hebrews was the nearest male blood relation alive. Certain important obligations devolved upon him toward his next of kin.
(1.) If any one from poverty was unable to redeem his inheritance, it was the duty of the kinsman to redeem it (Leviticus 25:25, 28; Ruth 3:9, 12). He was also required to redeem his relation who had sold himself into slavery (Leviticus 25:48, 49).
God is the Goel of his people because he redeems them (Exodus 6:6; Isaiah 43:1; 41:14; 44:6, 22; 48:20; Psalm 103:4; Job 19:25, etc.).
(2.) The goel also was the avenger (q.v.) of blood (Numbers 35:21) in the case of the murder of the next of kin.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
(n.) A man of the same race or family; one related by blood.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
kinz'-man, kinz'-woom-an: Most frequently of the go'-el, the one who had a right to "redeem"; referring to the custom of avenging the blood of a slain kinsman; hence, a blood relative (Numbers 5:8 Ruth 2:20; Ruth 3:9, 12; 4:1, 3, 6, 8, 14; compare "performing the part of a kinsman," Ruth 3:13); in Ruth 2:1, better rendered "acquaintance." Also qarobh, one near, rendered "kinsman" (Psalm 38:11); probably better, "neighbor." Once, she'-er, "flesh kin," rendered "kinsman" (Numbers 27:11; compare Leviticus 18:6; Leviticus 25:49; Leviticus 20:19; Leviticus 21:2, rendered "kin"). suggenes, "of same race" (compare suggebeia, "kindred"), used of blood relationship of varying degrees of nearness (Luke 14:12 John 18:26 Acts 10:24 Romans 9:3; Romans 16:7, 11, 21). Rendered "kin" in Mark 6:4.
she'er, "kin by blood," or "by flesh" (compare above; also Leviticus 18:12; also compare 18:6, "near of kin" the King James Version); also same root, ferm. form, sha'-arah (Leviticus 18:17), is thy "kinswoman." In Proverbs 7:4, "Call understanding thy kinswoman" might be more accurately rendered, "thy familiar friend," the Revised Version margin (from modha`, "acquaintance"); compare similar rendering of modha`ath, under KINDRED. Luke 1:36 the Revised Version (British and American), "kinswoman" (suggenis), the King James Version "cousin" (suggenes); same is rendered "kinsfolk" (Luke 1:58 the Revised Version (British and American)).
Edward Bagby Pollard
Kinsman (29 Occurrences)
John 18:26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him? (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Romans 16:11 Greet Herodion, my kinsman. Greet them of the household of Narcissus, who are in the Lord. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Genesis 14:14 When Abram heard that his relative was taken captive, he led forth his trained men, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued as far as Dan. (See RSV)
Genesis 14:16 He brought back all the goods, and also brought back his relative, Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people. (See RSV)
Genesis 24:48 I bowed my head, and worshiped Yahweh, and blessed Yahweh, the God of my master Abraham, who had led me in the right way to take my master's brother's daughter for his son. (See NAS RSV)
Genesis 29:12 Jacob told Rachel that he was her father's brother, and that he was Rebekah's son. She ran and told her father. (See RSV)
Genesis 29:15 Laban said to Jacob, "Because you are my brother, should you therefore serve me for nothing? Tell me, what will your wages be?" (See RSV)
Leviticus 25:25 "'If your brother becomes poor, and sells some of his possessions, then his kinsman who is next to him shall come, and redeem that which his brother has sold. (WEB JPS ASV NAS)
Leviticus 25:26 If a man has no one to redeem it, and he becomes prosperous and finds sufficient means to redeem it; (See NAS)
Leviticus 25:49 or his uncle, or his uncle's son, may redeem him, or any that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be waxen rich, he may redeem himself. (See RSV)
Numbers 5:8 But if the man has no kinsman to whom restitution may be made for the guilt, the restitution for guilt which is made to Yahweh shall be the priest's; besides the ram of the atonement, by which atonement shall be made for him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Numbers 27:11 If his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his kinsman who is next to him of his family, and he shall possess it: and it shall be to the children of Israel a statute and ordinance, as Yahweh commanded Moses.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Deuteronomy 15:12 If your brother, a Hebrew man, or a Hebrew woman, is sold to you, and serves you six years; then in the seventh year you shall let him go free from you. (See NAS)
Judges 9:18 and you have risen up against my father's house this day, and have slain his sons, seventy men on one stone, and have made Abim'elech, the son of his maidservant, king over the citizens of Shechem, because he is your kinsman-- (DBY RSV)
Ruth 2:1 Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech, and his name was Boaz. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV)
Ruth 3:2 Now isn't Boaz our kinsman, with whose maidens you were? Behold, he winnows barley tonight in the threshing floor. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Ruth 3:9 He said, "Who are you?" She answered, "I am Ruth your handmaid. Therefore spread your skirt over your handmaid; for you are a near kinsman." (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NIV)
Ruth 3:12 Now it is true that I am a near kinsman; however there is a kinsman nearer than I. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV NIV)
Ruth 3:13 Stay this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform for you the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's part. But if he will not do the part of a kinsman for you, then will I do the part of a kinsman for you, as Yahweh lives. Lie down until the morning." (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS)
Ruth 4:1 Now Boaz went up to the gate, and sat down there. Behold, the near kinsman of whom Boaz spoke came by; to whom he said, "Ho, such a one! Turn aside, sit down here." He turned aside, and sat down. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NIV)
Ruth 4:3 He said to the near kinsman, "Naomi, who has come back out of the country of Moab, is selling the parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV NIV)
Ruth 4:6 The near kinsman said, "I can't redeem it for myself, lest I mar my own inheritance. Take my right of redemption for yourself; for I can't redeem it." (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NIV)
Ruth 4:8 So the near kinsman said to Boaz, "Buy it for yourself." He took off his shoe. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NIV)
Ruth 4:14 The women said to Naomi, "Blessed be Yahweh, who has not left you this day without a near kinsman; and let his name be famous in Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NIV)
1 Kings 16:11 And it came to pass, when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he slew all the house of Baasha: he left him not one male, neither of his kinsman, nor of his friends. (WBS)
2 Chronicles 36:10 And at the return of the year king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem. (See NAS)
Nehemiah 13:4 And before this, Eliashib the priest, who had the oversight of the chambers of the house of our God, a kinsman of Tobijah, (DBY)
Proverbs 7:4 Say unto wisdom: 'Thou art my sister', and call understanding thy kinswoman; (See NIV)
Amos 6:10 "When a man's relative carries him, even he who burns him, to bring bodies out of the house, and asks him who is in the innermost parts of the house,'Is there yet any with you?' And he says,'No;' then he will say,'Hush! Indeed we must not mention the name of Yahweh.' (See RSV)