|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) One of the elements, a heavy, pliable, inelastic metal, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished. It is both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity, and is used for tubes, sheets, bullets, etc. Its specific gravity is 11.37. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic weight, 206.4. Symbol Pb (L. Plumbum). It is chiefly obtained from the mineral galena, lead sulphide.
2. (n.) An article made of lead or an alloy of lead
3. (n.) A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea.
4. (n.) A thin strip of type metal, used to separate lines of type in printing.
5. (n.) Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs; hence, pl., a roof covered with lead sheets or terne plates.
6. (n.) A small cylinder of black lead or plumbago, used in pencils.
7. (v. t.) To cover, fill, or affect with lead; as, continuous firing leads the grooves of a rifle.
8. (v. t.) To place leads between the lines of; as, to lead a page; leaded matter.
9. (v. t.) To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact connection; as, a father leads a child; a jockey leads a horse with a halter; a dog leads a blind man.
10. (v. t.) To guide or conduct in a certain course, or to a certain place or end, by making the way known; to show the way, esp. by going with or going in advance of. Hence, figuratively: To direct; to counsel; to instruct; as, to lead a traveler; to lead a pupil.
11. (v. t.) To conduct or direct with authority; to have direction or charge of; as, to lead an army, an exploring party, or a search; to lead a political party.
12. (v. t.) To go or to be in advance of; to precede; hence, to be foremost or chief among; as, the big sloop led the fleet of yachts; the Guards led the attack; Demosthenes leads the orators of all ages.
13. (v. t.) To draw or direct by influence, whether good or bad; to prevail on; to induce; to entice; to allure; as, to lead one to espouse a righteous cause.
14. (v. t.) To guide or conduct one's self in, through, or along (a certain course); hence, to proceed in the way of; to follow the path or course of; to pass; to spend. Also, to cause (one) to proceed or follow in (a certain course).
15. (v. t.) To begin a game, round, or trick, with; as, to lead trumps; the double five was led.
16. (v. i.) To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preeminence; to be first or chief; -- used in most of the senses of lead, v. t.
17. (v. t.) To tend or reach in a certain direction, or to a certain place; as, the path leads to the mill; gambling leads to other vices.
18. (n.) The act of leading or conducting; guidance; direction; as, to take the lead; to be under the lead of another.
19. (n.) precedence; advance position; also, the measure of precedence; as, the white horse had the lead; a lead of a boat's length, or of half a second.
20. (n.) The act or right of playing first in a game or round; the card suit, or piece, so played; as, your partner has the lead.
21. (n.) An open way in an ice field.
22. (n.) A lode.
23. (n.) The course of a rope from end to end.
24. (n.) The width of port opening which is uncovered by the valve, for the admission or release of steam, at the instant when the piston is at end of its stroke.
25. (n.) the distance of haul, as from a cutting to an embankment.
26. (n.) The action of a tooth, as a tooth of a wheel, in impelling another tooth or a pallet.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
led (`ophereth): Lead was one of the first metals to be used in the free state, probably because it was so easily obtained from its ores. Lead was found in ancient times in Egypt and the Sinaitic peninsula. There is no lead found in Palestine proper, but in Northern Syria and Asia Minor it occurs in considerable quantities, usually associated with silver. These sources no doubt furnished an important supply in Bible times. It was also brought by the Phoenicians from Spain (Tarshish) (Ezekiel 27:12) and the British Isles.
Lead was used, as it still is, all along the Mediterranean shores for sinkers. Pieces of Egyptian fishnets probably dating from 1200 B.C. are now preserved in the British Museum, with their lead sinkers still attached. Since lead was the heaviest metal known to the ancients, gold excepted, it was generally used for fish-lines and sounding lines (compare Acts 27:28), especially in the dense waters of the Mediterranean. Moses mentioned the sinking qualities of lead in the sea in his simile of the sinking of Pharaoh's hosts "as lead in the mighty waters" (Exodus 15:10).
Lead was used by the ancients for binding stones together. In most of the ancient ruins of Syria the Arabs have dug holes at the seams between stones in walls and columns in order to remove the iron, bronze, or lead thus used. In the museum of the Syrian Protestant College, Beirut, there are several specimens of cast-lead sarcophagi dating from the time of Christ.
In Job 19:23, 14, lead is mentioned as used in the engraving of permanent records. Two inferences might he drawn from this passage: either that the letters were cut with a chisel (pen) and then the cutting was filled with lead, or that sheets of lead were used as tablets on which to grave the record with an iron tool. Lead is frequently referred to along with iron, brass, silver and tin (Numbers 31:22 Ezekiel 22:18, 20; Ezekiel 27:12). The use of lead for plumblines is implied in Amos 7:7, 8 Zechariah 4:10; as a weight in Zechariah 5:7, 8. That Old Testament writers understood the use of lead for purifying gold is shown by Jeremiah 6:29 and Ezekiel 22:18-22 (compare Malachi 3:2, 3).
See METALS; REFINER.
James A. Patch
Lead (192 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen. (KJV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:38 and any one who does not take up his cross and follow where I lead is not worthy of me. (WEY)
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. (Root in KJV WEY DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Matthew 21:2 saying to them, Go into the village over against you, and immediately ye will find an ass tied, and a colt with it; loose them and lead them to me. (DBY)
Matthew 24:4 Jesus answered them, "Be careful that no one leads you astray. (Root in WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Matthew 24:5 For many will come in my name, saying,'I am the Christ,' and will lead many astray. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Matthew 24:11 Many false prophets will arise, and will lead many astray. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Matthew 24:24 For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones. (WEB ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Matthew 27:2 and having bound him, they did lead away, and delivered him up to Pontius Pilate, the governor. (YLT)
Mark 11:2 and says to them, Go into the village which is over against you, and immediately on entering into it ye will find a colt tied, upon which no child of man has ever sat: loose it and lead it here. (DBY)
Mark 13:5 Jesus, answering, began to tell them, "Be careful that no one leads you astray. (Root in WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Mark 13:6 For many will come in my name, saying,' I am he!' and will lead many astray. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Mark 13:11 When they lead you away and deliver you up, don't be anxious beforehand, or premeditate what you will say, but say whatever will be given you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Mark 13:22 For there will arise false christs and false prophets, and will show signs and wonders, that they may lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones. (WEB WEY ASV NAS RSV)
Mark 14:44 Now he who betrayed him had given them a sign, saying, "Whoever I will kiss, that is he. Seize him, and lead him away safely." (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:1 And immediately, in the morning, the chief priests having made a consultation, with the elders, and scribes, and the whole sanhedrim, having bound Jesus, did lead away, and delivered 'him' to Pilate; (YLT)
Mark 15:20 And when they had mocked him, they took off from him the purple, and put on him his garments. And they lead him out to crucify him. (ASV DBY)
Luke 6:39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? (KJV WEY DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Luke 11:4 And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. (KJV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 13:15 Therefore the Lord answered him, "You hypocrites! Doesn't each one of you free his ox or his donkey from the stall on the Sabbath, and lead him away to water? (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 19:30 saying, Go into the village over against you, in which ye will find, on entering it, a colt tied up, on which no child of man ever sat at any time: loose it and lead it here. (DBY)
Luke 21:13 It will turn out as a testimony for you. (See NAS)
Luke 23:1 And having risen, the whole multitude of them did lead him to Pilate, (YLT)
John 10:3 The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 18:28 They lead Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium: and it was early; and they themselves entered not into the Praetorium, that they might not be defiled, but might eat the passover. (ASV DBY)
John 21:18 Most certainly I tell you, when you were young, you dressed yourself, and walked where you wanted to. But when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will dress you, and carry you where you don't want to go." (See NIV)
Acts 13:11 Now, behold, the hand of the Lord is on you, and you will be blind, not seeing the sun for a season!" Immediately a mist and darkness fell on him. He went around seeking someone to lead him by the hand. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 14:12 And they called Barnabas Jupiter, and Paul Mercury, because he took the lead in speaking. (DBY YLT)
Acts 21:38 art not thou, then, the Egyptian who before these days made an uprising, and did lead into the desert the four thousand men of the assassins?' (YLT)
Acts 22:11 "And as I could not see because the light had been so dazzling, those who were with me had to lead me by the arm, and so I came to Damascus. (WEY)
Acts 23:17 and Paul having called near one of the centurions, said, 'This young man lead unto the chief captain, for he hath something to tell him.' (YLT NAS)
Acts 23:18 He therefore, having taken him with him, led him to the chiliarch, and says, The prisoner Paul called me to him and asked me to lead this youth to thee, who has something to say to thee. (DBY NAS)
Acts 27:28 So they hove the lead and found twenty fathoms of water; and after a short time they hove again and found fifteen fathoms. (WEY BBE)
Romans 2:4 Or do you despise the riches of his goodness, forbearance, and patience, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance? (Root in WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 12:10 as to brotherly love, kindly affectioned towards one another: as to honour, each taking the lead in paying it to the other: (DBY)
Romans 14:15 If your brother is pained by the food you are eating, your conduct is no longer controlled by love. Take care lest, by the food you eat, you lead to ruin a man for whom Christ died. (WEY)
1 Corinthians 7:17 Only, as the Lord has distributed to each man, as God has called each, so let him walk. So I command in all the assemblies. (See RSV)
1 Corinthians 9:5 Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife, as well as other apostles, and as the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas? (KJV ASV WBS YLT)
1 Corinthians 9:27 but I hit hard and straight at my own body and lead it off into slavery, lest possibly, after I have been a herald to others, I should myself be rejected. (WEY DBY)
1 Corinthians 11:34 If any one is hungry, let him eat at home; so that your coming together may not lead to judgement. The other matters I will deal with whenever I come. (WEY)
Galatians 3:24 So that the Law has acted the part of a tutor-slave to lead us to Christ, in order that through faith we may be declared to be free from guilt. (WEY NAS NIV)
Ephesians 4:1 I therefore, the prisoner in the Lord, beg you to walk worthily of the calling with which you were called, (See RSV)
Colossians 1:10 to your walking worthily of the Lord to all pleasing, in every good work being fruitful, and increasing to the knowledge of God, (See RSV)
Colossians 2:8 Take care lest there be some one who leads you away as prisoners by means of his philosophy and idle fancies, following human traditions and the world's crude notions instead of following Christ. (Root in WEY DBY)
1 Thessalonians 2:12 So that your lives might be pleasing to God, who has given you a part in his kingdom and his glory. (See RSV)
1 Thessalonians 4:11 and that you make it your ambition to lead a quiet life, and to do your own business, and to work with your own hands, even as we instructed you; (WEB NAS NIV)
1 Thessalonians 5:12 Now we beg you, brethren, to show respect for those who labour among you and are your leaders in Christian work, and are your advisers; (Root in WEY DBY YLT)
1 Timothy 1:4 and the attention they bestow on mere fables and endless pedigrees, such as lead to controversy rather than to a true stewardship for God, which only exists where there is faith. And I make the same request now. (WEY)
1 Timothy 2:2 for kings and all who are in high places; that we may lead a tranquil and quiet life in all godliness and reverence. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Timothy 3:5 (and if any one his own house 'how' to lead hath not known, how an assembly of God shall he take care of?) (WBS)
1 Timothy 5:17 Let the elders who take the lead among the saints well be esteemed worthy of double honour, specially those labouring in word and teaching; (DBY YLT)
2 Timothy 2:16 But shun empty chatter, for they will proceed further in ungodliness, (See NAS RSV)
2 Timothy 2:23 But avoid foolish discussions with ignorant men, knowing--as you do--that these lead to quarrels; (WEY)
2 Timothy 3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts, (KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Hebrews 6:1 Therefore leaving elementary instruction about the Christ, let us advance to mature manhood and not be continually re-laying a foundation of repentance from lifeless works and of faith in God, (See NIV)
Hebrews 8:9 not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers, in the day that I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; for they didn't continue in my covenant, and I disregarded them," says the Lord. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 9:14 How much more will the blood of Christ, who, being without sin, made an offering of himself to God through the Holy Spirit, make your hearts clean from dead works to be servants of the living God? (See NIV)
James 1:20 For a man's anger does not lead to action which God regards as righteous. (WEY)
1 Peter 3:18 because also Christ once for sin did suffer -- righteous for unrighteous -- that he might lead us to God, having been put to death indeed, in the flesh, and having been made alive in the spirit, (YLT)
1 John 1:8 If we claim to be already free from sin, we lead ourselves astray and the truth has no place in our hearts. (WEY YLT)
1 John 2:26 These things I have written to you concerning those who would lead you astray. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NIV)
1 John 3:7 Little children, let no one lead you astray. He who does righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NIV)
1 John 5:16 If anyone sees his brother sinning a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will give him life for those who sin not leading to death. There is a sin leading to death. I don't say that he should make a request concerning this. (Root in WEB NAS NIV)
1 John 5:17 All unrighteousness is sin, and there is a sin not leading to death. (Root in WEB NAS NIV)
Revelation 2:20 Yet I have this against you, that you tolerate the woman Jezebel, who calls herself a prophetess and by her teaching leads astray My servants, so that they commit fornication and eat what has been sacrificed to idols. (Root in WEY DBY YLT NAS NIV)
Revelation 7:17 for the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne shepherds them, and leads them to springs of waters of life. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes." (Root in WEB KJV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
Revelation 13:10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints. (Root in KJV WEY DBY WBS)
Revelation 20:3 He closed the entrance and put a seal upon him in order that he might be unable to lead the nations astray any more until the thousand years were at an end. Afterwards he is to be set at liberty for a short time. (WEY YLT)
Revelation 20:8 and will go out to lead astray the nations in all the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, and assemble them for war, and they are like the sands on the seashore in number. (WEY YLT)
Genesis 31:26 And Laban saith to Jacob, 'What hast thou done that thou dost deceive my heart, and lead away my daughters as captives of the sword? (YLT)
Genesis 32:17 He commanded the foremost, saying, "When Esau, my brother, meets you, and asks you, saying,'Whose are you? Where are you going? Whose are these before you?' (See NIV)
Genesis 33:14 Please let my lord pass over before his servant, and I will lead on gently, according to the pace of the livestock that are before me and according to the pace of the children, until I come to my lord to Seir." (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Exodus 13:17 It happened, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God didn't lead them by the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, "Lest perhaps the people change their minds when they see war, and they return to Egypt;" (WEB DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 13:21 Yahweh went before them by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them on their way, and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light, that they might go by day and by night: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 14:25 and turneth aside the wheels of their chariots, and they lead them with difficulty, and the Egyptians say, 'Let us flee from the face of Israel, for Jehovah is fighting for them against the Egyptians.' (YLT)
Exodus 15:10 You blew with your wind. The sea covered them. They sank like lead in the mighty waters. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 15:13 "You, in your loving kindness, have led the people that you have redeemed. You have guided them in your strength to your holy habitation. (See NIV)
Exodus 32:34 Now go, lead the people to the place of which I have spoken to you. Behold, my angel shall go before you. Nevertheless in the day when I punish, I will punish them for their sin." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 33:12 And Moses said to the Lord, See, you say to me, Be this people's guide on their journey, but you have not made clear to me whom you will send with me. But you have said, I have knowledge of you by name, and you have grace in my eyes. (See NIV)
Exodus 33:15 He said to him, "If your presence doesn't go with me, don't carry us up from here. (See NAS)
Exodus 34:16 and you take of their daughters to your sons, and their daughters play the prostitute after their gods, and make your sons play the prostitute after their gods. (See NIV)
Leviticus 24:14 Lead the reviler outside the camp; and all that heard him shall lay their hands upon his head, and the whole assembly shall stone him. (DBY)
Numbers 14:8 If Yahweh delights in us, then he will bring us into this land, and give it to us; a land which flows with milk and honey. (See NIV)
Numbers 21:15 And the slope of the valleys that inclineth toward the seat of Ar, and leaneth upon the border of Moab.-- (See NIV)
Numbers 23:7 And he taketh up his simile, and saith: 'From Aram he doth lead me -- Balak king of Moab; From mountains of the east: Come -- curse for me Jacob, And come -- be indignant 'with' Israel. (YLT)
Numbers 27:17 who may go out before them, and who may come in before them, and who may lead them out, and who may bring them in; that the congregation of Yahweh not be as sheep which have no shepherd." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 31:22 however the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 1:38 Joshua the son of Nun, who stands before you, he shall go in there: encourage you him; for he shall cause Israel to inherit it. (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 3:28 But commission Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him; for he shall go over before this people, and he shall cause them to inherit the land which you shall see." (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 4:27 Yahweh will scatter you among the peoples, and you shall be left few in number among the nations, where Yahweh shall lead you away. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Deuteronomy 17:16 Only he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor lead back the people to Egypt, to multiply horses; for Jehovah hath said unto you, Ye shall not return again any more that way. (DBY)
Deuteronomy 20:9 And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people. (KJV WBS)
Deuteronomy 28:37 You shall become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all the peoples where Yahweh shall lead you away. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Deuteronomy 31:2 He said to them, "I am one hundred twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in: and Yahweh has said to me,'You shall not go over this Jordan.' (See NIV)
Deuteronomy 32:12 So the LORD alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Joshua 1:6 "Be strong and of good courage; for you shall cause this people to inherit the land which I swore to their fathers to give them. (See NIV)
Judges 4:6 She sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh Naphtali, and said to him, "Hasn't Yahweh, the God of Israel, commanded,'Go and draw to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun? (See NIV)
Judges 4:9 And she said, "I will surely go with you; nevertheless, the road on which you are going will not lead to your glory, for the LORD will sell Sis'era into the hand of a woman." Then Deb'orah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh. (DBY RSV)
Judges 5:2 "Because the leaders took the lead in Israel, because the people offered themselves willingly, be blessed, Yahweh! (Root in WEB ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 5:12 'Awake, awake, Deborah! Awake, awake, utter a song! Arise, Barak, and lead away your captives, you son of Abinoam.' (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)