|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
The most powerful of all carnivorous animals. Although not now found in Palestine, they must have been in ancient times very numerous there. They had their lairs in the forests (Jeremiah 5:6; 12:8; Amos 3:4), in the caves of the mountains (Cant. 4:8; Nahum 2:12), and in the canebrakes on the banks of the Jordan (Jeremiah 49:19; 50:44; Zechariah 11:3).
No fewer than at least six different words are used in the Old Testament for the lion.
(1.) Gor (i.e., a "suckling"), the lion's whelp (Genesis 49:9; Jeremiah 51:38, etc.).
(2.) Kephir (i.e., "shaggy"), the young lion (Judges 14:5; Job 4:10; Psalm 91:13; 104:21), a term which is also used figuratively of cruel enemies (Psalm 34:10; 35:17; 58:6; Jeremiah 2:15).
(3.) 'Ari (i.e., the "puller" in pieces), denoting the lion in general, without reference to age or sex (Numbers 23:24; 2 Samuel 17:10, etc.).
(4.) Shahal (the "roarer"), the mature lion (Job 4:10; Psalm 91:13; Proverbs 26:13; Hosea 5:14).
(5.) Laish, so called from its strength and bravery (Job 4:11; Proverbs 30:30; Isaiah 30:6). The capital of Northern Dan received its name from this word.
(6.) Labi, from a root meaning "to roar," a grown lion or lioness (Genesis 49:9; Numbers 23:24; 24:9; Ezek. 19:2; Nahum 2:11).
The lion of Palestine was properly of the Asiatic variety, distinguished from the African variety, which is larger. Yet it not only attacked flocks in the presence of the shepherd, but also laid waste towns and villages (2 Kings 17:25, 26) and devoured men (1 Kings 13:24, 25). Shepherds sometimes, single-handed, encountered lions and slew them (1 Samuel 17:34, 35; Amos 3:12). Samson seized a young lion with his hands and "rent him as he would have rent a kid" (Judges 14:5, 6). The strength (Judges 14:18), courage (2 Samuel 17:10), and ferocity (Genesis 49:9) of the lion were proverbial.
Lions (50 Occurrences)
Hebrews 11:33 who, through faith subdued kingdoms, worked out righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 9:8 They had hair like women's hair, and their teeth were like those of lions. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 9:17 Thus I saw the horses in the vision, and those who sat on them, having breastplates of fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of lions. Out of their mouths proceed fire, smoke, and sulfur. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 17:36 Thy servant smote both the lion and the bear; and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath taunted the armies of the living God.' (See RSV)
2 Samuel 1:23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives. In their death, they were not divided. They were swifter than eagles. They were stronger than lions. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, son of a valiant man, great in exploits, of Kabzeel: he it was that smote two lions of Moab; and he went down and smote a lion in the midst of a pit on a snowy day. (DBY)
1 Kings 7:29 and on the panels that were between the ledges were lions, oxen, and cherubim; and on the ledges there was a pedestal above; and beneath the lions and oxen were wreaths of hanging work. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 7:36 On the plates of its stays, and on its panels, he engraved cherubim, lions, and palm trees, according to the space of each, with wreaths all around. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 10:19 There were six steps to the throne, and the top of the throne was round behind; and there were stays on either side by the place of the seat, and two lions standing beside the stays. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 10:20 Twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other on the six steps: there was nothing like it made in any kingdom. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 17:25 So it was, at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they didn't fear Yahweh: therefore Yahweh sent lions among them, which killed some of them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 17:26 Therefore they spoke to the king of Assyria, saying, "The nations which you have carried away, and placed in the cities of Samaria, don't know the law of the god of the land. Therefore he has sent lions among them, and behold, they kill them, because they don't know the law of the god of the land." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 11:22 Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, a fighting-man of Kabzeel, had done great acts; he put to death two young lions going into their secret place; and he went down into a hole and put a lion to death in time of snow. (BBE DBY)
1 Chronicles 12:8 Of the Gadites there separated themselves to David to the stronghold in the wilderness, mighty men of valor, men trained for war, that could handle shield and spear; whose faces were like the faces of lions, and they were as swift as the roes on the mountains; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 9:18 And there were six steps to the throne, with a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and stays on either side by the place of the seat, and two lions standing beside the stays. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
2 Chronicles 9:19 Twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other on the six steps: there was nothing like it made in any kingdom. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 4:10 The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, the teeth of the young lions, are broken. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 38:39 "Can you hunt the prey for the lioness, or satisfy the appetite of the young lions, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 38:41 Who gives in the evening the meat he is searching for, when his young ones are crying to God; when the young lions with loud noise go wandering after their food? (BBE)
Psalms 22:13 They open their mouths wide against me, lions tearing prey and roaring. (WEB BBE NIV)
Psalms 22:21 Save me from the lion's mouth; yea, from the horns of the wild-oxen do Thou answer me. (See NIV)
Psalms 34:10 The young lions do lack, and suffer hunger, but those who seek Yahweh shall not lack any good thing. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 35:17 Lord, how long will you look on? Rescue my soul from their destruction, my precious life from the lions. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 57:4 My soul is among lions. I lie among those who are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 58:6 Break their teeth, God, in their mouth. Break out the great teeth of the young lions, Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 74:4 Sending out their voices like lions among your worshippers; they have put up their signs to be seen. (BBE)
Psalms 104:21 The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their food from God. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 4:8 Come with me from Lebanon, my bride, with me from Lebanon. Look from the top of Amana, from the top of Senir and Hermon, from the lions' dens, from the mountains of the leopards. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 5:29 Their roaring will be like a lioness. They will roar like young lions. Yes, they shall roar, and seize their prey and carry it off, and there will be no one to deliver. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 15:9 For the waters of Dimon shall be full of blood: for I will bring more upon Dimon, lions upon him that escapeth of Moab, and upon the remnant of the land. (KJV WBS)
Isaiah 30:6 The burden of the beasts of the South. Through the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the lioness and the lion, the viper and flying serpent, they carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the humps of camels, to a people that shall not profit them. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 2:15 The young lions have roared on him, and yelled; and they have made his land waste: his cities are burned up, without inhabitant. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 50:17 Israel is a hunted sheep; the lions have driven him away: first, the king of Assyria devoured him; and now at last Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has broken his bones. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 51:38 They shall roar together like young lions; they shall growl as lions' cubs. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 19:2 and say, What was your mother? A lioness: she couched among lions, in the midst of the young lions she nourished her cubs. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 19:6 He went up and down among the lions; he became a young lion, and he learned to catch the prey; he devoured men. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 38:13 Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions of it, shall tell you, Have you come to take the spoil? have you assembled your company to take the prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away livestock and goods, to take great spoil? (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Daniel 6:7 All the presidents of the kingdom, the deputies and the satraps, the counselors and the governors, have consulted together to establish a royal statute, and to make a strong decree, that whoever shall ask a petition of any god or man for thirty days, except of you, O king, he shall be cast into the den of lions. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 6:12 Then they came near, and spoke before the king concerning the king's decree: Haven't you signed an decree, that every man who shall make petition to any god or man within thirty days, except to you, O king, shall be cast into the den of lions? The king answered, The thing is true, according to the law of the Medes and Persians, which doesn't alter. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 6:16 Then the king commanded, and they brought Daniel, and cast him into the den of lions. Now the king spoke and said to Daniel, Your God whom you serve continually, he will deliver you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 6:19 Then the king arose very early in the morning, and went in haste to the den of lions. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 6:20 When he came near to the den to Daniel, he cried with a lamentable voice; the king spoke and said to Daniel, Daniel, servant of the living God, is your God, whom you serve continually, able to deliver you from the lions? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 6:22 My God has sent his angel, and has shut the lions' mouths, and they have not hurt me; because as before him innocence was found in me; and also before you, O king, have I done no hurt. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 6:24 The king commanded, and they brought those men who had accused Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and broke all their bones in pieces, before they came to the bottom of the den. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 6:27 He delivers and rescues, and he works signs and wonders in heaven and in earth, who has delivered Daniel from the power of the lions. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joel 1:6 For a nation hath come up on my land, Strong, and there is no number, Its teeth 'are' the teeth of a lion, And it hath the jaw-teeth of a lioness. (See RSV)
Nahum 2:11 Where is the den of the lions, and the feeding place of the young lions, where the lion and the lioness walked, the lion's cubs, and no one made them afraid? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nahum 2:13 "Behold, I am against you," says Yahweh of Armies, "and I will burn her chariots in the smoke, and the sword will devour your young lions; and I will cut off your prey from the earth, and the voice of your messengers will no longer be heard." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Zephaniah 3:3 Her princes in the midst of her are roaring lions. Her judges are evening wolves. They leave nothing until the next day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Zechariah 11:3 A voice of the wailing of the shepherds! For their glory is destroyed: a voice of the roaring of young lions! For the pride of the Jordan is ruined. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)