|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) Originally, an officer who had the care of horses; a groom.
2. (n.) An officer of high rank, charged with the arrangement of ceremonies, the conduct of operations, or the like
3. (n.) One who goes before a prince to declare his coming and provide entertainment; a harbinger; a pursuivant.
4. (n.) One who regulates rank and order at a feast or any other assembly, directs the order of procession, and the like.
5. (n.) The chief officer of arms, whose duty it was, in ancient times, to regulate combats in the lists.
6. (n.) The highest military officer.
7. (n.) A ministerial officer, appointed for each judicial district of the United States, to execute the process of the courts of the United States, and perform various duties, similar to those of a sheriff. The name is also sometimes applied to certain police officers of a city.
8. (v. t.) To dispose in order; to arrange in a suitable manner; as, to marshal troops or an army.
9. (v. t.) To direct, guide, or lead.
10. (v. t.) To dispose in due order, as the different quarterings on an escutcheon, or the different crests when several belong to an achievement.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
mar'-shal: Not found in the King James Version, but in the Revised Version (British and American) the word represents two Hebrew words: (1) copher (Judges 5:14), translated "they that handle the marshal's staff." A difficulty arises because the usual meaning of copher is "scribe" or "writer" (so the King James Version). The revisers follow Septuagint and Greek authority which favor "marshal" as against "scribe." The office of marshal was to help the general to maintain discipline (compare 1 Maccabees 5:42). (2) Tiphcar (Jeremiah 51:27), a loan-word whose meaning is clear. Lenormant thinks it akin to a Babylonian-Assyrian word meaning "tablet-writer" (compare Delitzsch). Accordingly, the Revised Version margin renders Nahum 3:17 "thy scribes," though the Syriac has "thy warriors," as does the Targum in Jeremiah. We must await further light on both words.
George B. Eager
Marshal (2 Occurrences)
Jeremiah 51:27 Set up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz: appoint a marshal against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough canker worm. (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV)
Nahum 2:1 He who dashes in pieces has come up against you. Keep the fortress! Watch the way! Strengthen your waist! Fortify your power mightily! (See NIV)