|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) The objects of commerce; whatever is usually bought or sold in trade, or market, or by merchants; wares; goods; commodities.
2. (n.) The act or business of trading; trade; traffic.
3. (v. i.) To trade; to carry on commerce.
4. (v. t.) To make merchandise of; to buy and sell.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
: There seem to be 4 distinct meanings of the word according to the Revised Version (British and American), namely: (1) The products, i.e. goods or things sold or exchanged, and so merchandise in the present-day usage:
(a) cachar is translated thus in Proverbs 31:18 Isaiah 23:18;
(b) cachar is translated thus in Isaiah 45:14; these two are from a root meaning "to travel around as a peddler";
(c) rekhullah, translated thus in Ezekiel 26:12, from a root meaning "to travel for trading purposes";
(d) ma`arabh, translated thus in Ezekiel 27:9, 27, 33, 34, from a root meaning "to intermix, to barter";
(e) markoleth, translated thus in Ezekiel 27:24 (the above 5 Hebrew words are all used to designate the goods or wares which were bartered);
(f) `amar, occurring in Deuteronomy 21:14; Deuteronomy 24:7, translated in the King James Version "make merchandise of," but in the Revised Version (British and American) "deal with as a slave," or the Revised Version margin "deal with as a chattel";
(g) emporia, translated "merchandise" in Matthew 22:5;
(h) emporion, likewise in John 2:16 (the same Greek word is used in 2 Peter 2:3 for the American Standard Revised Version "make merchandise of you");
(i) gomos, "merchandise," margin "cargo."
(2) The process of trade itself, i.e. the business: rekhullah has in it the root meaning of "itinerant trading", and so in Ezekiel 28:16 the correct translation is not "merchandise," as in the King James Version, but "traffic," "abundance of thy traffic," i.e. doing a thriving business: "trade was good."
(3) The place of trading, i.e. emporium, mart, etc.: cechorah in Ezekiel 27:15 is translated "mart." In John 2:16 reference is made to the "house of merchandise."
(4) The profits of trading: In Proverbs 3:14, cachar is translated "gaining." Referring to wisdom, "For the gaining of it is better than the gaining of silver, and the profit thereof than fine gold"; the King James Version "merchandise."
William Edward Raffety
MOUNT OF OLIVES
See OLIVES, MOUNT OF; JERUSALEM.
MOUNT OF THE AMALEKITES
("Hill-country of the Amalekites" (Judges 12:15)): The Amalekites are usually connected with the valley (Numbers 14:25 Judges 7:12), but appear from this passage to have had a settlement in the hill country of Ephraim.
MOUNT OF THE AMORITES
("Hill-country of the Amorites" (Deuteronomy 1:7, 20, 24; compare Numbers 13:29 Joshua 10:6, etc.)): The region intended is that afterward known as the hill country of Judah and Ephraim, but sometimes "Amorites" is used as a general designation for all the inhabitants of Canaan (Genesis 15:16 Joshua 24:8, 18, etc.).
MOUNT OF THE VALLEY
Zereth-shahar is said to be situated in or on the "mount of the valley" (behar ha`emeq (Joshua 13:19)). Cheyne (EB, under the word) says "i.e. on one of the mountains East of the Jordan valley (compare Josephus 13 27), and not impossibly on that described at length in BJ, VII, vi, 1-3." To the Northwest of this mountain is Wady ec-Cara, wherein there may be a reminiscence of Zereth-shahar. There is no certainty.
Merchandise (34 Occurrences)
Matthew 22:5 But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his merchandise, (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Mark 11:16 He would not allow anyone to carry a container through the temple. (See NAS NIV)
John 2:16 And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father's house an house of merchandise. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
2 Peter 2:3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Revelation 18:11 The merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, for no one buys their merchandise any more; (WEB KJV ASV WBS)
Revelation 18:12 merchandise of gold, silver, precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple, silk, scarlet, all expensive wood, every vessel of ivory, every vessel made of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble; (WEB KJV ASV WBS)
Revelation 18:13 and cinnamon, and spice, and incense, and ointment, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and cattle, and sheep; and 'merchandise' of horses and chariots and slaves; and souls of men. (ASV)
Deuteronomy 21:14 And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled her. (KJV WBS)
Deuteronomy 24:7 If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you. (KJV WBS)
Nehemiah 10:31 and if the peoples of the land bring wares or any grain on the Sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy of them on the Sabbath, or on a holy day; and that we would forego the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt. (See NIV)
Nehemiah 13:16 There lived men of Tyre also therein, who brought in fish, and all manner of wares, and sold on the Sabbath to the children of Judah, and in Jerusalem. (See NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 13:20 So the merchants and sellers of all kind of ware lodged without Jerusalem once or twice. (See NAS)
Job 6:27 Yes, you would even cast lots for the fatherless, and make merchandise of your friend. (WEB ASV)
Proverbs 3:14 For the merchandise of it is better than the merchandise of silver, and the gain thereof than fine gold. (KJV JPS WBS YLT)
Proverbs 31:18 She perceives that her merchandise is profitable. Her lamp doesn't go out by night. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Isaiah 23:18 Her merchandise and her wages will be holiness to Yahweh. It will not be treasured nor laid up; for her merchandise will be for those who dwell before Yahweh, to eat sufficiently, and for durable clothing. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Isaiah 45:14 Thus says Yahweh: "The labor of Egypt, and the merchandise of Ethiopia, and the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over to you, and they shall be yours. They will go after you. They shall come over in chains; and they will bow down to you. They will make supplication to you:'Surely God is in you; and there is none else. There is no other god. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 10:17 Gather from the land thy merchandise, O dweller in the bulwark, (YLT)
Ezekiel 26:12 They shall make a spoil of your riches, and make a prey of your merchandise; and they shall break down your walls, and destroy your pleasant houses; and they shall lay your stones and your timber and your dust in the midst of the waters. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 27:9 The old men of Gebal and the wise men of it were in you your repairers of ship seams: all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you to deal in your merchandise. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 27:12 Tarshish 'is' thy merchant, Because of the abundance of all wealth, For silver, iron, tin, and lead, They have given out thy remnants. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 27:13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech, they were your traffickers; they traded the persons of men and vessels of brass for your merchandise. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 27:14 They of the house of Togarmah traded for your wares with horses and war horses and mules. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 27:15 The men of Dedan were thy merchants; many isles were the merchandise of thine hand: they brought thee for a present horns of ivory and ebony. (KJV WBS)
Ezekiel 27:16 Aram 'is' thy merchant, Because of the abundance of thy works, For emerald, purple, and embroidery, And fine linen, and coral, and agate, They have given out thy remnants. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 27:17 Judah, and the land of Israel, they were your traffickers: they traded for your merchandise wheat of Minnith, and confections, and honey, and oil, and balm. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 27:19 Vedan and Javan traded with yarn for your wares: bright iron, cassia, and calamus, were among your merchandise. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 27:22 Merchants of Sheba and Raamah -- they 'are' thy merchants, For the chief of all spices, And for every precious stone, and gold, They have given out thy remnants. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 27:25 The ships of Tarshish were your caravans for your merchandise: and you were replenished, and made very glorious in the heart of the seas. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 27:27 Your riches, and your wares, your merchandise, your mariners, and your pilots, your repairers of ship seams, and the dealers in your merchandise, and all your men of war, who are in you, with all your company which is in the midst of you, shall fall into the heart of the seas in the day of your ruin. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 27:33 When your wares went forth out of the seas, you filled many peoples; you did enrich the kings of the earth with the multitude of your riches and of your merchandise. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 27:34 In the time that you were broken by the seas in the depths of the waters, your merchandise and all your company did fall in the midst of you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 28:5 By the abundance of thy wisdom, Through thy merchandise, Thou hast multiplied thy wealth, And high is thy heart through thy wealth. (YLT)
Ezekiel 28:16 By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire. (KJV WBS YLT)