|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Who is like Jehovah?, the son of Imlah, a faithful prophet of Samaria (1 Kings 22:8-28). Three years after the great battle with Ben-hadad (20:29-34), Ahab proposed to Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, that they should go up against Ramoth-Gilead to do battle again with Ben-hadad. Jehoshaphat agreed, but suggested that inquiry should be first made "at the word of Jehovah." Ahab's prophets approved of the expedition; but Jehoshaphat, still dissatisfied, asked if there was no other prophet besides the four hundred that had appeared, and was informed of this Micaiah. He was sent for from prison, where he had been confined, probably on account of some prediction disagreeable to Ahab; and he condemned the expedition, and prophesied that it would end, as it did, in disaster. We hear nothing further of this prophet. Some have supposed that he was the unnamed prophet referred to in 1 Kings 20:35-42.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
mi-ka'-ya, mi-ki'-a (mikhayahu, "who is like Yah?"; Meichaias): A frequently occurring Old Testament name occasionally contracted to MICA or MICAH (which see). In the King James Version it is usually spelled "Michaiah."
(1) The mother of Abijah (2 Chronicles 13:2, the King James Version "Michaiah"). The parallel passage (1 Kings 15:2; compare 2 Chronicles 11:20) indicates that Michaiah here is a corruption of MAACAH (which see) (so the Septuagint).
(2) The father of Achbor (2 Kings 22:12, the King James Version "Michaiah").
See MICAH, (5).
(3) A prince of Judah sent by Jehoshaphat to teach in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:7, the King James Version "Michaiah").
(4) The son of Zaccur, a priestly processionist at the derivation of the wall (Nehemiah 12:35, the King James Version, "Michaiah").
(5) A priestly processionist at the dedication of the wall (Nehemiah 12:41; wanting in the Septuagint (Septuagint)).
(6) The canonical prophet.
See MICAH, (7), and special article.
(7) The son of Imlah, the chief character of an important episode near the end of the reign of Ahab (1 Kings 22:4-28 parallel 2 Chronicles 18:3-27). In the Hebrew, his name appears once in the contracted form "Micah" (2 Chronicles 18:14). Ahab had suggested to his victor, Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, that they should undertake a joint campaign against Ramoth-gilead. Jehoshaphat politely acquiesced, but asked that the mind of Yahweh should first be ascertained. Ahab forthwith summoned the official prophets to the number of 400, into the royal presence. Obsequious to their master, they, both by oracular utterance and by the symbolic action of their leader, Zedekiah, the son of Chenaanah, gave the king a favorable answer. Their ready chorus of assent seems to have made Jehoshaphat suspicious, for he pleaded that further guidance be sought. Micaiah, for whom Ahab, then, with evident reluctance, sent, at first simply repeated the favorable response of the 400; but adjured by the king to speak the whole truth, he dropped his ironical tone, and in sad earnest described a vision of disaster. Ahab endeavored to lessen the effect of this oracle by pettishly complaining that Micaiah was always to him a prophet of evil. The latter thereupon related an impressive vision of the heavenly court, whence he had seen a lying spirit dispatched by Yahweh to the prophets in order to bring about Ahab's delusion and downfall. In answer to a rude challenge from Zedekiah, who acted as spokesman for the 400, Micaiah confidently appealed to the issue for proof of the truth of his prediction, and was promptly commuted to prison by the king.
The narrative is exceedingly vivid and of the utmost interest to students of Issraelite prophecy. Several of its details have given rise to discussion, and the questions: How far were the prophet's visions objective? How far did he admit the inspiration of his opponents? Is the Divine action described consistent with the holy character of Yahweh? have occasioned difficulty to many. But their difficulty arises largely either because of their Christian viewpoint, or because of their hard and mechanical theory of prophetic inspiration. Micaiah's position was a delicate one. Foreboding or foreseeing disaster, he did his best to avert it. This he could do only by weaning the king from the influence of the 400 time-serving prophets. He sought to gain his end; first, by an ironical acquiescence in their favorable answer; then, by a short oracle forecasting disaster especially to Ahab; and, these means having failed, by discrediting in the most solemn manner the courtly prophets opposed to him. Thus regarded, his vision contains no admission of their equal inspiration; rather is it an emphatic declaration that these men were uttering falsehood in Yahweh's name, thereby endangering their country's safety and their king's life. Their obsequious time-service made them fit forerunners of the false prophets denounced by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 23:9-40) and by Ezekiel (Ezekiel 13:1-15). The frank anthropomorphism of the vision need be no stumbling-block if allowed to drop into its proper place as the literary device of a prophet intensely conscious of his own inspiration and as whole-heartedly patriotic as those opposed to him.
The record ends very abruptly, giving no account of Micaiah's vindication when at length the course of events brought about the fulfillment of his prediction. The closing words, "Hear, ye peoples, all of you" (1 Kings 22:28 parallel 2 Chronicles 18:27), a quotation of Micah 1:2, are an evident interpolation by some late scribe who confused the son of Imlah with the contemporary of Isaiah.
For fuller treatment see EB, HDB, and commentaries on Kings and Chronicles.
John A. Lees
Micaiah (27 Occurrences)
1 Kings 22:8 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, Micaiah the son of Imlah; but I hate him; for he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil." Jehoshaphat said, "Don't let the king say so." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:9 Then the king of Israel called an officer, and said, "Quickly get Micaiah the son of Imlah." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:13 The messenger who went to call Micaiah spoke to him, saying, "See now, the the prophets declare good to the king with one mouth. Please let your word be like the word of one of them, and speak good." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:14 Micaiah said, "As Yahweh lives, what Yahweh says to me, that I will speak." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:15 When he had come to the king, the king said to him, "Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth Gilead to battle, or shall we forbear?" He answered him, "Go up and prosper; and Yahweh will deliver it into the hand of the king." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:19 Micaiah said, "Therefore hear the word of Yahweh. I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne, and all the army of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left. (WEB ASV NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:24 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and struck Micaiah on the cheek, and said, "Which way did the Spirit of Yahweh go from me to speak to you?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:25 Micaiah said, "Behold, you will see on that day, when you go into an inner chamber to hide yourself." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:26 The king of Israel said, "Take Micaiah, and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 22:28 Micaiah said, "If you return at all in peace, Yahweh has not spoken by me." He said, "Listen, all you people!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Kings 22:12 The king commanded Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Micaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king's servant, saying, (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 13:2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem: and his mother's name was Micaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam. (WEB JPS ASV NAS)
2 Chronicles 17:7 Also in the third year of his reign he sent his princes, even Ben Hail, and Obadiah, and Zechariah, and Nethanel, and Micaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah; (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:7 The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh: but I hate him; for he never prophesies good concerning me, but always evil: the same is Micaiah the son of Imla. Jehoshaphat said, Don't let the king say so. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:8 Then the king of Israel called an officer, and said, Get quickly Micaiah the son of Imla. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:12 The messenger who went to call Micaiah spoke to him, saying, Behold, the words of the prophets declare good to the king with one mouth: let your word therefore, please be like one of theirs, and speak good. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:13 Micaiah said, As Yahweh lives, what my God says, that will I speak. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:14 When he was come to the king, the king said to him, Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth Gilead to battle, or shall I forbear? He said, Go up, and prosper; and they shall be delivered into your hand. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:18 Micaiah said, "Therefore hear the word of Yahweh: I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne, and all the army of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left. (WEB ASV NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:23 Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near, and struck Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of Yahweh from me to speak to you? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:24 Micaiah said, Behold, you shall see on that day, when you shall go into an inner chamber to hide yourself. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:25 The king of Israel said, Take Micaiah, and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king's son; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 18:27 Micaiah said, If you return at all in peace, Yahweh has not spoken by me. He said, Hear, you peoples, all of you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 12:35 and certain of the priests' sons with trumpets: Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph; (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 12:41 and the priests, Eliakim, Maaseiah, Miniamin, Micaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets; (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 36:11 When Micaiah the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan, had heard out of the book all the words of Yahweh, (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 36:13 Then Micaiah declared to them all the words that he had heard, when Baruch read the book in the ears of the people. (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT NAS NIV)