|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) The intellectual or rational faculty in man; the understanding; the intellect; the power that conceives, judges, or reasons; also, the entire spiritual nature; the soul; -- often in distinction from the body.
2. (n.) The state, at any given time, of the faculties of thinking, willing, choosing, and the like; psychical activity or state; as: (a) Opinion; judgment; belief.
3. (v.) Choice; inclination; liking; intent; will.
4. (v.) Courage; spirit.
5. (v.) Memory; remembrance; recollection; as, to have or keep in mind, to call to mind, to put in mind, etc.
6. (n.) To fix the mind or thoughts on; to regard with attention; to treat as of consequence; to consider; to heed; to mark; to note.
7. (n.) To occupy one's self with; to employ one's self about; to attend to; as, to mind one's business.
8. (n.) To obey; as, to mind parents; the dog minds his master.
9. (n.) To have in mind; to purpose.
10. (n.) To put in mind; to remind.
11. (v. i.) To give attention or heed; to obey; as, the dog minds well.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
mind (nous, dianoia, sunesis):
1. No Precision in the Terms Used:
We look in vain in the Old Testament and New Testament for anything like scientific precision in the employment of terms which are meant to indicate mental operations.
In the Old Testament lebh is made to stand for the various manifestations of our intellectual and emotional nature. We are often misled by the different renderings in the different versions, both early and late.
Sometimes nephesh or "soul" is rendered by "mind" (Deuteronomy 18:6 the King James Version, "desire of his soul" or "mind"); sometimes ruah or "spirit" (Genesis 26:35, "grief of mind," ruah). Here Luther renders the term Herzeleid ("grief of heart"), and the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) animum. Sometimes lebh is used, as in Isaiah 46:8, "bring it to mind" (literally, "heart"), or in Psalm 31:12, "I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind" (literally, "heart"), as in Septuagint, kardia, and in Vulgate, a corde, Luther, im Herzen, new Dutch translated, uit de gedachtenis (i.e. "memory").
In the Apocrypha this precision is equally lacking. Thus we read in The Wisdom of Solomon 9:15, "For the corruptible body (soma) presseth down the soul (psuche) and the earthly tabernacle weigheth down the mind (nous) that museth upon many things." But these distinctions are alien to the letter and spirit of revelation, a product of the Greek and not of the Hebrew mind.
In the New Testament the words nous and dianoia are used, but not with any precision of meaning.
Here too several terms are rendered by the same word. Thus the Hebrew ruach is rendered by nous in 1 Corinthians 2:16 ("mind of the Lord," with reference to Isaiah 40:13, where "ruach YHWH (spirit of Yahweh)" occurs). Nous evidently means here the organ of spiritual perception-a word borrowed from the Septuagint, where it is sometimes made to stand for lebh (Job 7:17 Isaiah 41:22); sometimes for ruah (Isaiah 40:13). In Luke 24:45 -the solitary text, where nous occurs in the Gospels-it is rendered "understanding" in the King James Version, "mind" in the Revised Version (British and American).
2. Ethical Sense:
For a true solution we must turn to the Epistles of Paul, Colossians 2:18, "puffed up by his fleshly mind," sometimes in direct contrast to it, as in Romans 7:25, `with my mind I serve the law of God; with the flesh the law of sin.' In Titus 1:15 it is brought into parallelism with conscience ("Their mind and their conscience are defiled"). Phrases like "a reprobate mind," "corrupted in mind" occur elsewhere (Romans 1:28 1 Timothy 6:5). From this state of "reprobation" and "corruption" man must be saved. Hence, the necessity of complete transformation and renewal of the inner man (Romans 12:2), "transformed by the renewing of your mind (nous)."
3. Dianoia and Nous:
Another word, with possibly a deeper meaning, is sometimes employed, namely, dianoia, which literally means "meditation," "reflection." It is found as synonymous with nous in a good sense, as e.g. in 1 John 5:20 (He "hath given us an understanding, that we know him that is true"). Evidently the sense here is the same as in Romans 12:2, a renovated mind capable of knowing Christ. It may also bear a bad sense, as in Ephesians 4:18, where the Gentiles are represented as having "a darkened understanding," or in parallelism with sarx: "the desires of the flesh and of the mind" (Ephesians 2:3), and with nous: `walking in vanity of mind (nous) and a darkened understanding (dianoia)' in Ephesians 4:18. At times also "heart" and "mind" are joined to indicate human depravity (Luke 1:51 "He hath scattered the proud in the imagination (dianoia) of their heart"). It is interesting also to know that the Great Commandment is rendered in Matthew 22:37 -"Thou shall love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul (psuche), and with all thy understanding (dianoia) (English Versions of the Bible, "mind")"-though Mark has two renderings in one of which dianoia occurs, and in the other sunesi Colossians 1:9). It also stands alone in the sense of an "understanding enlightened from above" (2 Timothy 2:7 King James Version: "The Lord give thee understanding (sunesis) in all things"). The history of these terms is interesting, but not of great theological significance.
4. The Great Commandment:
It seems to us that Godet's interpretation of the Great Commandment in Luke 10:27 is somewhat far-fetched. He considers the heart as "the central focus from which all rays of the moral life go forth, and that in their three principal directions: the powers of feeling, or the affections, nephesh (`soul') in the sense of feeling; the active powers, the impulsive aspirations, the might (`with all thy might'), the will; and in the intellectual powers, analytical or contemplative, dianoia (`with all thy mind'). The difference between the heart, which resembles the trunk and the three branches, feeling, will, understanding, is emphatically marked in the Alexandrian variation, by the substitution of the preposition en (`in') for ek (`with,' `from') in the three last members. Moral life proceeds from the heart and manifests itself without, in the three forms of activity. The impulse God-ward proceeds from the heart, and is realized in the life through the will, which consecrates itself actively to the accomplishment of His will; and through the mind, which pursues the track of His thought in all His works" (Godet, Commentary on the Gospel of Luke, II, 38, 39).
J. I. Marais
Mind (615 Occurrences)
Matthew 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily. (Root in KJV ASV BBE NIV)
Matthew 5:23 If then you are making an offering at the altar and there it comes to your mind that your brother has something against you, (BBE)
Matthew 13:15 For this people's mind is stupefied, their hearing has become dull, and their eyes they have closed; to prevent their ever seeing with their eyes, or hearing with their ears, or understanding with their minds, and turning back, so that I might heal them.' (WEY)
Matthew 16:9 Do you still not see, or keep in mind the five cakes of bread of the five thousand, and the number of baskets you took up? (BBE)
Matthew 16:12 Then they saw that it was not the leaven of bread which he had in mind, but the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. (BBE)
Matthew 16:23 But he turned, and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me, for you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of men." (WEB ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS NIV)
Matthew 21:29 He answered,'I will not,' but afterward he changed his mind, and went. (WEB NIV)
Matthew 22:37 Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:63 Saying, Sir, we have in mind how that false man said, while he was still living, After three days I will come again from the dead. (BBE DBY)
Mark 3:21 Hearing of this, His relatives came to seize Him by force, for they said, "He is out of his mind." (WEY DBY NIV)
Mark 5:15 They came to Jesus, and saw him who had been possessed by demons sitting, clothed, and in his right mind, even him who had the legion; and they were afraid. (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 6:19 But Herodias kept it in her mind against him, and wished to kill him, and could not: (DBY)
Mark 8:33 But he, turning around, and seeing his disciples, rebuked Peter, and said, "Get behind me, Satan! For you have in mind not the things of God, but the things of men." (WEB ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS NIV)
Mark 12:30 you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.' This is the first commandment. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 12:33 And to have love for him with all the heart, and with all the mind, and with all the strength, and to have the same love for his neighbour as for himself, is much more than all forms of offerings. (BBE)
Mark 14:72 And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
Luke 1:29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. (KJV ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Luke 1:54 His help he has given to Israel, his servant, so that he might keep in mind his mercy to Abraham and his seed for ever, (BBE)
Luke 1:66 And all who had word of them kept them in their minds and said, What will this child be? For the hand of the Lord was with him. (Root in BBE NAS)
Luke 1:72 To do acts of mercy to our fathers and to keep in mind his holy word, (BBE YLT)
Luke 2:19 But Mary treasured up all these things, often dwelling on them in her mind. (WEY DBY)
Luke 8:35 People went out to see what had happened. They came to Jesus, and found the man from whom the demons had gone out, sitting at Jesus' feet, clothed and in his right mind; and they were afraid. (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 10:27 He answered, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 12:6 Are not five sparrows given in exchange for two farthings? and God has every one of them in mind. (BBE)
Luke 12:29 And seek not ye what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink, neither be ye of doubtful mind. (KJV ASV BBE WBS RSV)
Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Keep in mind, my son, that when you were living, you had your good things, while Lazarus had evil things: but now, he is comforted and you are in pain. (BBE)
Luke 17:32 Keep in mind Lot's wife. (BBE)
Luke 22:61 And the Lord, turning, gave Peter a look. And the words of the Lord came to Peter's mind, how he had said, This night, before the hour of the cock's cry, you will be false to me three times. (BBE)
Luke 23:42 And he said, Jesus, keep me in mind when you come in your kingdom. (BBE)
Luke 24:6 He is not here, he has come back to life: have in mind what he said to you when he was still in Galilee, saying, (BBE)
Luke 24:45 Then he opened their minds, that they might understand the Scriptures. (Root in WEB WEY ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
John 6:6 This he said to test him, for he himself knew what he would do. (See NIV)
John 10:20 And a number of them said, He has an evil spirit and is out of his mind; why do you give ear to him? (BBE)
John 13:22 Then the eyes of the disciples were turned on one another, in doubt as to whom he had in mind. (BBE)
John 14:26 But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things, and will remind you of all that I said to you. (Root in WEB BBE YLT NIV)
John 14:28 Keep in mind how I said to you, I go away and come to you again. If you had love for me you would be glad, because I am going to the Father: for the Father is greater than I. (BBE)
John 15:18 If you are hated by the world, keep in mind that I was hated by the world before you. (BBE NIV)
John 15:20 Bear in mind what I said to you, 'A servant is not superior to his master.' If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you: if they have obeyed my teaching, they will obey yours also. (WEY BBE)
John 16:4 I have said these things to you so that when the time comes, what I have said may come to your mind. I did not say them to you at the first, because then I was still with you. (BBE)
John 16:21 When a woman is about to give birth she has sorrow, because her hour is come; but when she has given birth to the child, the pain is put out of her mind by the joy that a man has come into the world. (BBE)
Acts 1:14 All of these with one mind continued earnest in prayer, together with some women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and His brothers. (WEY BBE NAS)
Acts 2:30 But being a prophet, and having in mind the oath which God had given to him, that of the fruit of his body one would take his place as a king, (BBE)
Acts 2:46 Day by day, continuing steadfastly with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread at home, they took their food with gladness and singleness of heart, (See NAS)
Acts 4:24 And hearing it, they all, with one mind, made prayer to God and said, O Lord, maker of heaven and earth and the sea and all things in them: (BBE)
Acts 4:32 The multitude of those who believed were of one heart and soul. Not one of them claimed that anything of the things which he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common. (See NIV)
Acts 5:4 While you had it, was it not your property? and after you had given it in exchange, was it not still in your power? how has this purpose come into your mind? you have been false, not to men, but to God. (BBE)
Acts 5:33 But they, when they heard this, were cut to the heart, and minded to slay them. (Root in ASV BBE)
Acts 7:23 But when he was forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brothers, the children of Israel. (See NAS)
Acts 10:4 And he, looking on him in fear, said, What is it, Lord? And he said to him, Your prayers and your offerings have come up to God, and he has kept them in mind. (BBE)
Acts 10:17 Now while Peter was very perplexed in himself what the vision which he had seen might mean, behold, the men who were sent by Cornelius, having made inquiry for Simon's house, stood before the gate, (See NAS)
Acts 10:19 And, while Peter was turning the vision over in his mind, the Spirit said to him, See, three men are looking for you. (BBE)
Acts 11:16 And the words of the Lord came into my mind, how he said, The baptism of John was with water, but you will have baptism with the Holy Spirit. (BBE)
Acts 12:15 and they said unto her, 'Thou art mad;' and she was confidently affirming 'it' to be so, and they said, 'It is his messenger;' (See NAS NIV)
Acts 15:25 it seemed good to us, having come to one accord, to choose out men and send them to you with our beloved Barnabas and Paul, (See NAS)
Acts 17:11 Now these were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of the mind, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Acts 18:27 Then, as he had made up his mind to cross over into Greece, the brethren wrote to the disciples in Corinth begging them to give him a kindly welcome. Upon his arrival he rendered valuable help to those who through grace had believed; (WEY ASV YLT)
Acts 19:21 When matters had reached this point, Paul decided in his own mind to travel through Macedonia and Greece, and go to Jerusalem. "After that," he said, "I must also see Rome." (WEY)
Acts 20:19 Serving the LORD with all humility of mind, and with many tears, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews: (KJV ASV WBS)
Acts 20:31 So keep watch, having in mind that for three years without resting I was teaching every one of you, day and night, with weeping. (BBE)
Acts 20:35 In all things I have set you an example, showing you that, by working as I do, you ought to help the weak, and to bear in mind the words of the Lord Jesus, how He Himself said, "'It is more blessed to give than to receive.'" (WEY YLT)
Acts 25:18 But when they got up they said nothing about such crimes as I had in mind: (BBE)
Acts 26:24 As he thus made his defense, Festus said with a loud voice, "Paul, you are crazy! Your great learning is driving you insane!" (See NAS NIV)
Acts 26:25 But he said, "I am not crazy, most excellent Festus, but boldly declare words of truth and reasonableness. (See NAS)
Acts 28:27 For this people's mind has grown callous, their hearing has become dull, and their eyes they have closed; to prevent their ever seeing with their eyes, or hearing with their ears, or understanding with their minds, and turning back, so that I might cure them.' (WEY)
Romans 1:13 You may be certain, my brothers, that it has frequently been in my mind to come to you (but till now I was kept from it), so that I might have some fruit from you in the same way as I have had it from the other nations. (BBE)
Romans 1:20 for from the world's creation the invisible things of him are perceived, being apprehended by the mind through the things that are made, both his eternal power and divinity, so as to render them inexcusable. (DBY)
Romans 1:28 Even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 7:15 And I have no clear knowledge of what I am doing, for that which I have a mind to do, I do not, but what I have hate for, that I do. (BBE)
Romans 7:16 But, if I do that which I have no mind to do, I am in agreement with the law that the law is good. (BBE)
Romans 7:18 For I am conscious that in me, that is, in my flesh, there is nothing good: I have the mind but not the power to do what is right. (BBE)
Romans 7:19 For the good which I have a mind to do, I do not: but the evil which I have no mind to do, that I do. (BBE)
Romans 7:20 But if I do what I have no mind to do, it is no longer I who do it, but the sin living in me. (BBE)
Romans 7:21 So I see a law that, though I have a mind to do good, evil is present in me. (BBE)
Romans 7:23 but I see a different law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity under the law of sin which is in my members. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ, our Lord! So then with the mind, I myself serve God's law, but with the flesh, the sin's law. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:5 For those who live according to the flesh set their minds on the things of the flesh, but those who live according to the Spirit, the things of the Spirit. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:6 For the mind of the flesh is death, but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:7 because the mind of the flesh is hostile towards God; for it is not subject to God's law, neither indeed can it be. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 8:27 He who searches the hearts knows what is on the Spirit's mind, because he makes intercession for the saints according to God. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 9:1 I say what is true in Christ, and not what is false, my mind giving witness with me in the Holy Spirit, (BBE)
Romans 11:34 "For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 12:2 Don't be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what is the good, well-pleasing, and perfect will of God. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 12:8 He who has the power of comforting, let him do so; he who gives, let him give freely; he who has the power of ruling, let him do it with a serious mind; he who has mercy on others, let it be with joy. (BBE)
Romans 12:16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Don't set your mind on high things, but associate with the humble. Don't be wise in your own conceits. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Romans 14:5 One man esteems one day as more important. Another esteems every day alike. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 14:13 Then let us not be judges of one another any longer: but keep this in mind, that no man is to make it hard for his brother, or give him cause for doubting. (BBE NIV)
Romans 15:5 Now the God of patience and of encouragement grant you to be of the same mind one with another according to Christ Jesus, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Romans 15:6 That ye may with one mind and one mouth glorify God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. (KJV WBS)
Romans 15:15 But I write the more boldly to you in part, as reminding you, because of the grace that was given to me by God, (Root in WEB KJV WEY DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 1:10 Now I beg you, brothers, through the name of our Lord, Jesus Christ, that you all speak the same thing and that there be no divisions among you, but that you be perfected together in the same mind and in the same judgment. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 2:9 But as it is written, "Things which an eye didn't see, and an ear didn't hear, which didn't enter into the heart of man, these God has prepared for those who love him." (See NIV)
1 Corinthians 2:16 "For who has known the mind of the Lord, that he should instruct him?" But we have Christ's mind. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 4:17 Because of this I have sent Timothy to you, who is my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, who will remind you of my ways which are in Christ, even as I teach everywhere in every assembly. (Root in WEB WEY DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 5:10 But I had not in mind the sinners who are outside the church, or those who have a desire for and take the property of others, or those who give worship to images; for it is not possible to keep away from such people without going out of the world completely: (BBE)
1 Corinthians 7:21 Were you a slave when God called you? Let not that weigh on your mind. And yet if you can get your freedom, take advantage of the opportunity. (WEY RSV)
1 Corinthians 7:32 But it is my desire for you to be free from cares. The unmarried man gives his mind to the things of the Lord, how he may give pleasure to the Lord: (BBE)
1 Corinthians 7:34 And the wife is not the same as the virgin. The virgin gives her mind to the things of the Lord, so that she may be holy in body and in spirit: but the married woman takes thought for the things of the world, how she may give pleasure to her husband. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 7:37 But if a father stands firm in his resolve, being free from all external constraint and having a legal right to act as he pleases, and in his own mind has come to the decision to keep his daughter unmarried, he will do well. (WEY BBE NIV)
1 Corinthians 10:1 For it is my desire, my brothers, that you may keep in mind how all our fathers were under the cloud, and they all went through the sea; (BBE)
1 Corinthians 11:3 But it is important for you to keep this fact in mind, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man, and the head of Christ is God. (BBE)