|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(Hebrews homer), cement of lime and sand (Genesis 11:3; Exodus 1:14); also potter's clay (Isaiah 41:25; Nahum 3:14). Also Hebrews `aphar, usually rendered "dust," clay or mud used for cement in building (Leviticus 14:42, 45).
Mortar for pulverizing (Proverbs 27:22) grain or other substances by means of a pestle instead of a mill. Mortars were used in the wilderness for pounding the manna (Numbers 11:8). It is commonly used in Palestine at the present day to pound wheat, from which the Arabs make a favourite dish called kibby.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A strong vessel, commonly in form of an inverted bell, in which substances are pounded or rubbed with a pestle.
2. (n.) A short piece of ordnance, used for throwing bombs, carcasses, shells, etc., at high angles of elevation, as 45, and even higher; -- so named from its resemblance in shape to the utensil above described.
3. (n.) A building material made by mixing lime, cement, or plaster of Paris, with sand, water, and sometimes other materials; -- used in masonry for joining stones, bricks, etc., also for plastering, and in other ways.
4. (v. t.) To plaster or make fast with mortar.
5. (n.) A chamber lamp or light.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
mor'-ter (medhokhah (Numbers 11:8), makhtesh (Proverbs 27:22)): A hollowed stone or vessel in which grain or other substance was pounded or beaten with a pestle. The Israelites used a mortar in which to beat the manna in the wilderness (Numbers 11:8), and Proverbs 27:22 declares, "Though thou shouldst bray a fool in a mortar with a pestle.... yet will not his foolishness depart from him," i.e. it is inherent and ineradicable. Some have supposed an allusion to an oriental mode of punishment by pounding the criminal to death in a mortar, but this is unlikely. In illustration of Proverbs 27:22 such proverbs are quoted as "Though you beat that loose woman in a mortar, she will not leave her ways." See also BRAY. For "mortar" (the King James Version "morter").
Mortar (16 Occurrences)
Genesis 11:3 They said one to another, "Come, let's make bricks, and burn them thoroughly." They had brick for stone, and they used tar for mortar. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 1:14 and they made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field, all their service, in which they ruthlessly made them serve. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:41 and he shall cause the inside of the house to be scraped all over, and they shall pour out the mortar, that they scraped off, outside of the city into an unclean place. (WEB JPS ASV DBY)
Leviticus 14:42 They shall take other stones, and put them in the place of those stones; and he shall take other mortar, and shall plaster the house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Leviticus 14:45 He shall break down the house, its stones, and its timber, and all the house's mortar. He shall carry them out of the city into an unclean place. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Numbers 11:8 The people went around, gathered it, and ground it in mills, or beat it in mortars, and boiled it in pots, and made cakes of it. Its taste was like the taste of fresh oil. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 27:22 Though you grind a fool in a mortar with a pestle along with grain, yet his foolishness will not be removed from him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 41:25 "I have raised up one from the north, and he has come; from the rising of the sun, one who calls on my name; and he shall come on rulers as on mortar, and as the potter treads clay. (WEB JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 43:9 Take great stones in your hand, and hide them in mortar in the brick work, which is at the entry of Pharaoh's house in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah; (WEB JPS ASV NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 13:10 Because, even because they have seduced my people, saying, Peace; and there is no peace; and when one buildeth up a wall, behold, they daub it with untempered 'mortar': (ASV DBY WBS)
Ezekiel 13:11 say unto them that daub it with untempered 'mortar', that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and ye, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it. (ASV DBY WBS)
Ezekiel 13:14 So will I break down the wall that ye have daubed with untempered 'mortar', and bring it down to the ground, so that the foundation thereof shall be uncovered; and it shall fall, and ye shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and ye shall know that I am Jehovah. (ASV DBY WBS)
Ezekiel 13:15 Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall, and upon them that have daubed it with untempered 'mortar'; and I will say unto you, The wall is no more, neither they that daubed it; (ASV DBY WBS)
Ezekiel 22:28 And her prophets have daubed for them with untempered 'mortar', seeing false visions, and divining lies unto them, saying, Thus saith the Lord Jehovah, when Jehovah hath not spoken. (ASV DBY WBS)
Nahum 3:14 Draw water for the siege. Strengthen your fortresses. Go into the clay, and tread the mortar. Make the brick kiln strong. (WEB JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Zephaniah 1:11 Wail, you inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the people of Canaan are undone! All those who were loaded with silver are cut off. (See NAS RSV)