|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Hebrew yathed, "piercing," a peg or nail of any material (Ezek. 15:3), more especially a tent-peg (Exodus 27:19; 35:18; 38:20), with one of which Jael (q.v.) pierced the temples of Sisera (Judges 4:21, 22). This word is also used metaphorically (Zechariah 10:4) for a prince or counsellor, just as "the battle-bow" represents a warrior.
(2.) Masmer, a "point," the usual word for a nail. The words of the wise are compared to "nails fastened by the masters of assemblies" (Ecclesiastes 12:11, A.V.). The Revised Version reads, "as nails well fastened are the words of the masters," etc. Others (as Plumptre) read, "as nails fastened are the masters of assemblies" (Comp. Isaiah 22:23; Ezra 9:8). David prepared nails for the temple (1 Chronicles 22:3; 2 Chronicles 3:9). The nails by which our Lord was fixed to the cross are mentioned (John 20:25; Colossians 2:14).
Nail of the finger (Hebrews tsipporen, "scraping"). To "pare the nails" is in Deuteronomy 21:12 (marg., "make, " or "dress, " or "suffer to grow") one of the signs of purification, separation from former heathenism (Comp. Leviticus 14:8; Numbers 8:7). In Jeremiah 17:1 this word is rendered "point."
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) the horny scale of plate of epidermis at the end of the fingers and toes of man and many apes.
2. (n.) The basal thickened portion of the anterior wings of certain hemiptera.
3. (n.) The terminal horny plate on the beak of ducks, and other allied birds.
4. (n.) A slender, pointed piece of metal, usually with a head, used for fastening pieces of wood or other material together, by being driven into or through them.
5. (n.) A measure of length, being two inches and a quarter, or the sixteenth of a yard.
6. (n.) To fasten with a nail or nails; to close up or secure by means of nails; as, to nail boards to the beams.
7. (n.) To stud or boss with nails, or as with nails.
8. (n.) To fasten, as with a nail; to bind or hold, as to a bargain or to acquiescence in an argument or assertion; hence, to catch; to trap.
9. (n.) To spike, as a cannon.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
nal: (1) As denoting the finger-nail, the Hebrew word is tsipporen (Deuteronomy 21:12), the captive woman "shall shave her head, and pare her nails." The latter was probably intended to prevent her from marring her beauty by scratching her face, an act of self-mutilation oriental women are repeatedly reported to have committed in the agony of their grief. Aramaic Tephar (Daniel 4:33, "his nails like birds' claws"). (2) As pin or peg (for tents, or driven into the wall) the word is yathedh (in Judges 4:21 the Revised Version (British and American), "tent-pin"); in Isaiah 22:23, "a nail in a sure place" is a peg firmly driven into the wall on which something is to be hung (22:24); compare Ecclesiastes 12:11, where the word is masmeroth, cognate with macmer below. (3) For nails of iron (1 Chronicles 22:3) and gold (2 Chronicles 3:9), and in Isaiah 41:7 and Jeremiah 10:4, the word is macmer. (4) In the New Testament the word is helos, used of the nails in Christ's hands (John 20:25), and "to nail" in Colossians 2:14 ("nailing it to the cross") is proseloo.
In a figurative sense the word is used of the hard point of a stylus or engraving tool: "The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the point (literally, "claw," "nail") of a diamond: it is graven upon the tablet of their heart, and upon the horns of your altars" (Jeremiah 17:1).
Nail (9 Occurrences)
John 20:25 The other disciples therefore said to him, "We have seen the Lord!" But he said to them, "Unless I see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 23:13 and a nail thou hast on thy staff, and it hath been, in thy sitting without, that thou hast digged with it, and turned back, and covered thy filth; (YLT)
Judges 4:21 Then Jael Heber's wife took a nail of the tent, and took an hammer in her hand, and went softly unto him, and smote the nail into his temples, and fastened it into the ground: for he was fast asleep and weary. So he died. (KJV WBS)
Judges 4:22 And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, and said unto him, Come, and I will show thee the man whom thou seekest. And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail was in his temples. (KJV WBS)
Judges 5:26 She put her hand to the nail, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she smote Sisera, she smote off his head, when she had pierced and stricken through his temples. (KJV WBS)
Ezra 9:8 Now for a little moment grace has been shown from Yahweh our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Isaiah 22:23 I will fasten him like a nail in a sure place. He will be for a throne of glory to his father's house. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Isaiah 22:25 "In that day," says Yahweh of Armies, "the nail that was fastened in a sure place will give way. It will be cut down, and fall. The burden that was on it will be cut off, for Yahweh has spoken it." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Zechariah 10:4 From him will come forth the cornerstone, from him the nail, from him the battle bow, from him every ruler together. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)