|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) The existing system of things; the world of matter, or of matter and mind; the creation; the universe.
2. (n.) The personified sum and order of causes and effects; the powers which produce existing phenomena, whether in the total or in detail; the agencies which carry on the processes of creation or of being; -- often conceived of as a single and separate entity, embodying the total of all finite agencies and forces as disconnected from a creating or ordering intelligence.
3. (n.) The established or regular course of things; usual order of events; connection of cause and effect.
4. (n.) Conformity to that which is natural, as distinguished from that which is artificial, or forced, or remote from actual experience.
5. (n.) The sum of qualities and attributes which make a person or thing what it is, as distinct from others; native character; inherent or essential qualities or attributes; peculiar constitution or quality of being.
6. (n.) Hence: Kind, sort; character; quality.
7. (n.) Physical constitution or existence; the vital powers; the natural life.
8. (n.) Natural affection or reverence.
9. (n.) Constitution or quality of mind or character.
10. (v. t.) To endow with natural qualities.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
nat'-u-ral, na'-tur (leach; psuchikos, phusikos, phusis):
1. As Used in the Old Testament:
"Natural" is the translation of leach, "freshness or vigor" (Deuteronomy 34:7). Of Moses it is said, "His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated."
"Nature" in the sense of a system or constitution does not occur in the Old Testament. The world and men, each individual, were conceived as being the direct creation of a supra-mundane God, and conserved by His power and Spirit. The later conception of "nature" came in through Greek influences.
In the Apocrypha, we find "nature" in the sense of innate character or constitution (The Wisdom of Solomon 7:20, "the natures (phuseis) of living creatures"; The Wisdom of Solomon 13:1, "Surely vain are all men by nature" (phusei), 3 Maccabees 3:29, "mortal nature" (phusis)).
2. As Used in the New Testament:
In the New Testament "nature" (phusis) is frequently found in the latter sense (Romans 1:26, "against nature"; Romans 2:14, "by nature"; Romans 2:27; Romans 11:24, also "contrary to nature"; 1 Corinthians 11:14, "Doth not even nature itself teach you?"; Galatians 2:15; Galatians 4:8 Ephesians 2:3; in 2 Peter 1:4, we have "that ye might be partakers of the divine nature," the Revised Version margin "or, a"); phusis occurs also in James 3:7, "every kind of beasts," the Revised Version margin "Greek: nature," also "mankind" (3:7), the Revised Version margin "Greek: the human nature." "Natural" (Romans 11:21, 24) is the translation of kata phusin, "according to nature." Paul in 1 Corinthians speaks of "the natural man" (2:14, the American Revised Version margin "or unspiritual, Greek: physical") and of a "natural body" (1 Corinthians 15:44 twice), the Greek word being psuchikos, "of the soul" (psuche), the animal, natural, principle, as contrasted with what pertains to the higher principle of the spirit (pneuma). In 1 Corinthians 15:46 the contrast is expressed, "Howbeit that is not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural," the American Revised Version margin "Greek: physical." The "natural man" is the man in whom the spirit is unquickened, the "natural body" is that corresponding to the psychical or soul-nature, the "spiritual body" that corresponding to the Spirit as the dominant principle of the life. In Jude 1:10, we have phusikos, "naturally" "naturally, as brute beasts," the Revised Version (British and American) "naturally, like the creatures without reason"; genesis, "origin," "birth," is translated "natural" (James 1:23, "his natural face," the Revised Version margin "Greek: the face of his birth"); and "nature" (James 3:6, "the course of nature" the Revised Version (British and American) "the wheel of nature" margin "or birth") ("wheel" probably means "circle of nature" (the whole creation; see COURSE)); gnesios, "genuine" ("true to right nature") "legitimate," "sincere," is translated "naturally" (Philippians 2:20, "who will naturally care for your state," the Revised Version (British and American) "truly," margin "Greek: genuinely").
W. L. Walker
See NATURAL, NATURE.
Nature (80 Occurrences)
Matthew 16:17 "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-jonah," said Jesus; "for mere human nature has not revealed this to you, but my Father in Heaven. (WEY)
Matthew 19:8 "Moses," He replied, "in consideration of the hardness of your nature permitted you to put away your wives, but it has not been so from the beginning. (WEY)
John 1:13 who were begotten as such not by human descent, nor through an impulse of their own nature, nor through the will of a human father, but from God. (WEY)
John 8:44 You are the children of your father the Evil One and it is your pleasure to do his desires. From the first he was a taker of life; and he did not go in the true way because there is no true thing in him. When he says what is false, it is natural to him, for he is false and the father of what is false. (See NAS RSV)
Acts 14:15 We also are but men, with natures kindred to your own; and we bring you the Good News that you are to turn from these unreal things, to worship the ever-living God, the Creator of earth and sky and sea and of everything that is in them. (Root in WEY NAS RSV)
Acts 17:29 Being then the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Divine Nature is like gold, or silver, or stone, engraved by art and design of man. (WEB WEY NAS)
Romans 1:3 concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh, (See NIV)
Romans 1:20 For, from the very creation of the world, His invisible perfections--namely His eternal power and divine nature--have been rendered intelligible and clearly visible by His works, so that these men are without excuse. (WEY NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 1:26 For this reason, God gave them up to vile passions. For their women changed the natural function into that which is against nature. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Romans 1:27 in just the same way--neglecting that for which nature intends women--burned with passion towards one another, men practising shameful vice with men, and receiving in their own selves the reward which necessarily followed their misconduct. (WEY)
Romans 2:14 (for when Gentiles who don't have the law do by nature the things of the law, these, not having the law, are a law to themselves, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Romans 2:27 Won't the uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfills the law, judge you, who with the letter and circumcision are a transgressor of the law? (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Romans 6:6 This we know--that our old self was nailed to the cross with Him, in order that our sinful nature might be deprived of its power, so that we should no longer be the slaves of sin; (WEY)
Romans 7:5 For whilst we were under the thraldom of our earthly natures, sinful passions-- made sinful by the Law--were always being aroused to action in our bodily faculties that they might yield fruit to death. (Root in WEY NIV)
Romans 7:18 For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwells no good thing. For desire is present with me, but I don't find it doing that which is good. (See NIV)
Romans 7:21 I find therefore the law of my nature to be that when I desire to do what is right, evil is lying in ambush for me. (WEY)
Romans 7:25 I thank God through Jesus Christ, our Lord! So then with the mind, I myself serve God's law, but with the flesh, the sin's law. (See NIV)
Romans 8:3 For what was impossible to the Law--powerless as it was because it acted through frail humanity--God effected. Sending His own Son in a body like that of sinful human nature and as a sacrifice for sin, He pronounced sentence upon sin in human nature; (WEY NIV)
Romans 8:4 in order that in our case the requirements of the Law might be fully met. For our lives are regulated not by our earthly, but by our spiritual natures. (Root in WEY NIV)
Romans 8:5 For if men are controlled by their earthly natures, they give their minds to earthly things. If they are controlled by their spiritual natures, they give their minds to spiritual things. (Root in WEY NIV)
Romans 8:8 Those who are in the flesh can't please God. (See NIV)
Romans 8:9 But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if it is so that the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if any man doesn't have the Spirit of Christ, he is not his. (See NIV)
Romans 8:12 Therefore, brethren, it is not to our lower natures that we are under obligation that we should live by their rule. (Root in WEY NIV)
Romans 8:13 For if you live after the flesh, you must die; but if by the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you will live. (See NIV)
Romans 8:38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither the lower ranks of evil angels nor the higher, neither things present nor things future, nor the forces of nature, (WEY)
Romans 11:24 For if you were cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree, and were grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree, how much more will these, which are the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree? (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 13:14 But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, for its lusts. (See NIV)
Romans 14:14 As one who lives in union with the Lord Jesus, I know and am certain that in its own nature no food is 'impure'; but if people regard any food as impure, to them it is. (WEY)
1 Corinthians 2:10 For us, however, God has drawn aside the veil through the teaching of the Spirit; for the Spirit searches everything, including the depths of the divine nature. (WEY)
1 Corinthians 5:5 are to deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus. (See NIV)
1 Corinthians 10:13 No temptation has you in its power but such as is common to human nature; and God is faithful and will not allow you to be tempted beyond your strength. But, when the temptation comes, He will also provide the way of escape; so that you may be able to bear it. (WEY DBY)
1 Corinthians 11:14 Doesn't even nature itself teach you that if a man has long hair, it is a dishonor to him? (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 15:53 For so it must be: this perishable nature must clothe itself with what is imperishable, and this mortality must clothe itself with immortality. (WEY RSV)
1 Corinthians 15:54 But when this perishable nature has put on what is imperishable, and this mortality has put on immortality, then will the words of Scripture be fulfilled, "Death has been swallowed up in victory." (WEY)
2 Corinthians 4:11 For we, alive though we are, are continually surrendering ourselves to death for the sake of Jesus, so that in this mortal nature of ours it may also be clearly shown that Jesus lives. (WEY)
2 Corinthians 4:16 Therefore we don't faint, but though our outward man is decaying, yet our inward man is renewed day by day. (See RSV)
2 Corinthians 7:5 For even after our arrival in Macedonia we could get no relief such as human nature craves. We were greatly harassed; there were conflicts without and fears within. (WEY)
Galatians 2:15 "We, being Jews by nature, and not Gentile sinners, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Galatians 4:8 However at that time, not knowing God, you were in bondage to those who by nature are not gods. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Galatians 4:23 But we see that the child of the slave-girl was born in the common course of nature; but the child of the free woman in fulfilment of the promise. (WEY)
Galatians 4:29 Yet just as, at that time, the child born in the common course of nature persecuted the one whose birth was due to the power of the Spirit, so it is now. (WEY)
Galatians 5:13 You however, brethren, were called to freedom. Only do not turn your freedom into an excuse for giving way to your lower natures; but become bondservants to one another in a spirit of love. (Root in WEY NIV)
Galatians 5:16 This then is what I mean. Let your lives be guided by the Spirit, and then you will certainly not indulge the cravings of your lower natures. (Root in WEY NIV)
Galatians 5:17 For the cravings of the lower nature are opposed to those of the Spirit, and the cravings of the Spirit are opposed to those of the lower nature; because these are antagonistic to each other, so that you cannot do everything to which you are inclined. (WEY NIV)
Galatians 5:19 Now you know full well the doings of our lower natures. Fornication, impurity, indecency, idol-worship, sorcery; (Root in WEY NIV)
Galatians 5:24 Against such things as these there is no law. Now those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified their lower nature with its passions and appetites. (WEY NIV)
Galatians 6:8 He who sows in the field of his lower nature, will from that nature reap destruction; but he who sows to serve the Spirit will from the Spirit reap the Life of the Ages. (WEY NIV)
Galatians 6:15 For neither circumcision nor uncircumcision is of any importance; but only a renewed nature. (WEY)
Ephesians 2:3 among whom we also all once lived in the lust of our flesh, doing the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ephesians 2:14 For He is our peace--He who has made Jews and Gentiles one, and in His own human nature has broken down the hostile dividing wall, (WEY)
Ephesians 4:18 with darkened understandings, having by reason of the ignorance which is deep-seated in them and the insensibility of their moral nature, no share in the Life which God gives. (WEY)
Ephesians 4:22 to put away, in regard to your former mode of life, your original evil nature which is doomed to perish as befits its misleading impulses, (WEY RSV)
Ephesians 4:24 and put on the new man, who in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of truth. (See RSV)
Philippians 2:6 Although from the beginning He had the nature of God He did not reckon His equality with God a treasure to be tightly grasped. (WEY NIV)
Philippians 2:7 Nay, He stripped Himself of His glory, and took on Him the nature of a bondservant by becoming a man like other men. (WEY NIV)
Colossians 2:9 For it is in Christ that the fulness of God's nature dwells embodied, and in Him you are made complete, (WEY)
Colossians 2:11 In Him also you were circumcised with a circumcision not performed by hand, when you threw off your sinful nature in true Christian circumcision; (WEY NIV)
Colossians 2:13 And to you--dead as you once were in your transgressions and in the uncircumcision of your natural state--He has nevertheless given Life with Himself, having forgiven us all our transgressions. (See NIV)
Colossians 3:5 Therefore put to death your earthward inclinations--fornication, impurity, sensual passion, unholy desire, and all greed, for that is a form of idolatry. (See NIV)
Colossians 3:9 Don't lie to one another, seeing that you have put off the old man with his doings, (See RSV)
Colossians 3:10 and have put on the new man, who is being renewed in knowledge after the image of his Creator, (See RSV)
Hebrews 1:3 His Son is the radiance of his glory, the very image of his substance, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself made purification for our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; (See NAS RSV)
Hebrews 2:14 Since then the children referred to are all alike sharers in perishable human nature, He Himself also, in the same way, took on Him a share of it, in order that through death He might render powerless him who had authority over death, that is, the Devil, (WEY RSV)
Hebrews 2:16 For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. (KJV WBS)
Hebrews 6:17 In this way God, being determined to show more abundantly to the heirs of the promise the immutability of his counsel, interposed with an oath; (See NIV)
Hebrews 10:20 by the new and ever-living way which He opened up for us through the rending of the veil--that is to say, of His earthly nature-- (WEY)
James 3:2 For we often stumble and fall, all of us. If there is any one who never stumbles in speech, that man has reached maturity of character and is able to curb his whole nature. (WEY)
James 3:6 And the tongue is a fire. The world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature, and is set on fire by Gehenna. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
James 3:7 For brute nature under all its forms--beasts and birds, reptiles and fishes--can be subjected and kept in subjection by human nature. (WEY YLT)
James 3:15 That is not the wisdom which comes down from above: it belongs to earth, to the unspiritual nature, and to evil spirits. (WEY)
James 4:14 when, all the while, you do not even know what will happen to-morrow. For what is the nature of your life? Why, it is but a mist, which appears for a short time and then is seen no more. (WEY)
James 5:17 Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain, and it didn't rain on the earth for three years and six months. (WEB WEY NAS RSV)
1 Peter 3:4 Instead of that, it should be a new nature within--the imperishable ornament of a gentle and peaceful spirit, which is indeed precious in the sight of God. (WEY)
2 Peter 1:4 by which he has granted to us his precious and exceedingly great promises; that through these you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world by lust. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Peter 2:10 but chiefly those who walk after the flesh in the lust of defilement, and despise authority. Daring, self-willed, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignitaries; (See NIV)
2 Peter 2:18 For, uttering great swelling words of emptiness, they entice in the lusts of the flesh, by licentiousness, those who are indeed escaping from those who live in error; (See NIV)
1 John 2:16 For the things in the world--the cravings of the earthly nature, the cravings of the eyes, the show and pride of life--they all come, not from the Father, but from the world. (WEY)
1 John 3:9 Whoever is born of God doesn't commit sin, because his seed remains in him; and he can't sin, because he is born of God. (See RSV)
2 John 1:7 For many deceivers have gone out into the world--men who do not acknowledge Jesus as Christ who has come in human nature. Such a one is 'the deceiver' and 'the anti-Christ.' (WEY)
Jude 1:10 But these, whatever things they know not, they speak railingly against; but what even, as the irrational animals, they understand by mere nature, in these things they corrupt themselves. (DBY)