|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty.
2. (n.) Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart.
3. (n.) Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth.
4. (n.) Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish.
5. (n.) See Pains, labor, effort.
6. (n.) To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.
7. (n.) To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture; as, his dinner or his wound pained him; his stomach pained him.
8. (n.) To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve; as a child's faults pain his parents.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
pan (chul, chil, chebhel, chalah, chalchalah, ka'-ebh, ke'ebh, metsar, makh'obh, `amal, tsir; basanizo, ponos, odin): These words signifying various forms of bodily or mental suffering are generally translated "pain"; 28 out of the 34 passages in which the word is used are in the poetical or prophetical books and refer to conditions of mental disquiet or dismay due to the punishment of personal or national sin. There is only one instance where the word is used as a historic record of personal physical pain: the case of the wife of Phinehas (1 Samuel 4:19), but the same word tsir is used figuratively in Isaiah 13:8; Isaiah 21:3 Daniel 10:16, and translated "pangs" or "sorrows." In other passages where we have the same comparison of consternation in the presence of God's judgments to the pangs of childbirth, the word used is chebhel, as in Isaiah 66:7 Jeremiah 13:21; Jeremiah 22:23; Jeremiah 49:24. In some of these and similar passages several synonyms are used in the one verse to intensify the impression, and are translated "pain," "pangs," and "sorrows," as in Isaiah 13:8.
The word most commonly used by the prophets is some form of chul or chil, sometimes with the addition "as of a woman in travail," as in Psalm 48:6 Isaiah 26:18 Jeremiah 6:24; Jeremiah 22:23 Micah 4:10. This pain is referred to the heart (Psalm 55:4) or to the head (Jeremiah 30:23; compare Jeremiah 30:5, 6). In Ezekiel 30:4, it is the penal affliction of Ethiopia, and in 30:16, the King James Version "Sin (Tanis) shall have great pain" (the Revised Version (British and American) "anguish"); in Isaiah 23:5 Egypt is sorely pained at the news of the fall of Tyre. Before the invading host of locusts the people are much pained (Joel 2:6 the King James Version). Pain in the sense of toil and trouble in Jeremiah 12:13 is the translation of chalah a word more frequently rendered grieving or sickness, as in 1 Kings 14:1 Proverbs 23:35 Songs 2:5 Jeremiah 5:3. The reduplicated form chalchalah is especially used of a twisting pain usually referred to the loins (Isaiah 21:3 Ezekiel 30:4, 9 Nahum 2:10).
Pain in the original meaning of the word (as it has come down to us through the Old French from the Latin poena) as a penalty inflicted for personal sin is expressed by the words ka'ebh or ke'abh in Job 14:22; Job 15:20, and in the questioning complaint of the prophet (Jeremiah 15:18). As a judgment on personal sin pain is also expressed by makh'obh in Job 33:19 Jeremiah 51:8, but this word is used in the sense of afflictions in Isaiah 53:3 in the expression "man of sorrows." The Psalmist (Psalm 25:18) praying for deliverance from the afflictions which weighed heavily on him in turn uses the word `amal, and this word which primarily means "toil" or "labor," as in Ecclesiastes 1:3, or "travail" as in Isaiah 53:11, is translated "painful" in Psalm 73:16, as expressing Asaph's disquiet due to his misunderstanding of the ways of Providence. The "pains of hell" (Psalm 116:3 the King James Version), which got hold of the Psalmist in his sickness, is the rendering of the word metsar; the same word is translated "distress" in Psalm 118:5. Most of these words have a primary physical meaning of twisting, rubbing or constricting.
In the New Testament, odin is translated "pain" (of death, the Revised Version (British and American) "pang") in Acts 2:24. This word is used to express any severe pain, such as that of travail, or (as in Aeschylus, Choephori, 211) the pain of intense apprehension. The verb from this, odunomai, is used by the Rich Man in the parable to describe his torment (the Revised Version (British and American) "anguish") (Luke 16:24). The related verb sunodino is used in Romans 8:22 and is translated "travailing in pain together." In much the same sense, the word is used by Euripides (Helena, 727).
In Revelation 12:2 the woman clothed with the sun (basanizomene) was in pain to be delivered; the verb (basanizo) which means "to torture" is used both in Matthew 8:6 in the account of the grievously tormented centurion's servant, and in the description of the laboring of the apostles' boat on the stormy Sea of Galilee (Matthew 14:24). The former of these seems to have been a case of spinal meningitis. This verb occurs in Thucydides vii.86 (viii.92), where it means "being put to torture." In the two passages in Revelation where pain is mentioned the word is ponos, the pain which affected those on whom the fifth vial was poured (16:10), and in the description of the City of God where there is no more pain (21:4). The primary meaning of this word seems to be "toil," as in Iliad xxi.525, but it is used by Hippocrates to express disease (Aphorisma iv.44).
Pain (172 Occurrences)
Matthew 4:24 Thus His fame spread through all Syria; and they brought all the sick to Him, the people who were suffering from various diseases and pains--demoniacs, epileptics, paralytics; and He cured them. (Root in WEY BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 8:6 "Sir," he said, "my servant at home is lying ill with paralysis, and is suffering great pain." (WEY BBE)
Matthew 8:12 But the sons of the kingdom will be put out into the dark, and there will be weeping and cries of pain. (BBE)
Matthew 9:35 And Jesus went about all the towns and small places, teaching in their Synagogues and preaching the good news of the kingdom and making well all sorts of disease and pain. (BBE)
Matthew 10:1 And he got together his twelve disciples and gave them the power of driving out unclean spirits, and of making well all sorts of disease and pain. (BBE)
Matthew 13:21 But having no root in himself, he goes on for a time; and when trouble comes or pain, because of the word, he quickly becomes full of doubts. (BBE)
Matthew 17:15 Lord have mercy on my son: for he is off his head, and is in great pain; and frequently he goes falling into the fire, and frequently into the water. (BBE)
Mark 4:17 And they have no root in themselves, but go on for a time; then, when trouble comes or pain, because of the word, they quickly become full of doubts. (BBE)
Mark 9:18 And wherever it takes him, it puts him down violently, streaming at the lips and twisted with pain; and his strength goes from him; and I made a request to your disciples to send it out, and they were not able. (BBE)
Luke 7:21 He immediately cured many of diseases, severe pain, and evil spirits, and to many who were blind He gave the gift of sight. (WEY BBE)
Luke 9:39 And see, a spirit takes him, and suddenly he gives a cry, twisted in pain and streaming at the lips, and when it goes away from him at last, he is marked as from blows. (BBE)
Luke 16:23 And in hell, being in great pain, lifting up his eyes he saw Abraham, far away, and Lazarus on his breast. (BBE)
Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Keep in mind, my son, that when you were living, you had your good things, while Lazarus had evil things: but now, he is comforted and you are in pain. (BBE)
Luke 16:28 For I have five brothers; and let him give them an account of these things, so that they may not come to this place of pain. (BBE)
John 16:21 A woman, when she is in labour, has sorrow, because her time has come. But when she has given birth to the babe, she no longer remembers the pain, because of her joy at a child being born into the world. (WEY BBE NAS NIV)
Acts 26:23 That the Christ would go through pain, and being the first to come back from the dead, would give light to the people and to the Gentiles. (BBE)
Romans 8:17 And if we are children, we have a right to a part in the heritage; a part in the things of God, together with Christ; so that if we have a part in his pain, we will in the same way have a part in his glory. (BBE)
Romans 8:18 I am of the opinion that there is no comparison between the pain of this present time and the glory which we will see in the future. (BBE)
Romans 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Romans 8:35 Who will come between us and the love of Christ? Will trouble, or pain, or cruel acts, or the need of food or of clothing, or danger, or the sword? (BBE)
Romans 9:2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart. (WEB ASV BBE DBY YLT)
1 Corinthians 12:26 And if there is pain in one part of the body, all the parts will be feeling it; or if one part is honoured, all the parts will be glad. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 15:56 The pain of death is sin; and the power of sin is the law: (BBE)
2 Corinthians 1:5 For as we undergo more of the pain which Christ underwent, so through Christ does our comfort become greater. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 1:23 But as for me, as my soul shall answer for it, I appeal to God as my witness, that it was to spare you pain that I gave up my visit to Corinth. (WEY)
2 Corinthians 2:2 For if I of all men give you pain, who then is there to gladden my heart, but the very persons to whom I give pain? (WEY RSV)
2 Corinthians 2:3 And I write this to you in order that when I come I may not receive pain from those who ought to give me joy, confident as I am as to all of you that my joy is the joy of you all. (WEY RSV)
2 Corinthians 2:4 For out of much trouble and pain of heart and much weeping I sent my letter to you; not to give you sorrow, but so that you might see how great is the love which I have to you. (BBE RSV)
2 Corinthians 2:5 But if any has caused sorrow, he has caused sorrow, not to me, but in part (that I not press too heavily) to you all. (See RSV)
2 Corinthians 7:8 For if I gave you pain by that letter, I do not regret it, though I did regret it then. I see that that letter, even though for a time it gave you pain, had a salutary effect. (WEY BBE)
2 Corinthians 12:7 And because the revelations were so very great, in order that I might not be overmuch lifted up, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, one sent from Satan to give me pain. (BBE)
Philippians 1:17 But those are preaching Christ in a spirit of competition, not from their hearts, but with the purpose of giving me pain in my prison. (BBE)
Philippians 1:29 Because to you it has been given in the cause of Christ not only to have faith in him, but to undergo pain on his account: (BBE)
Colossians 1:24 Now I have joy in my pain because of you, and in my flesh I undergo whatever is still needed to make the sorrows of Christ complete, for the salvation of his body, the church; (BBE)
1 Thessalonians 2:2 But after we had first undergone much pain and been cruelly attacked as you saw, at Philippi, by the help of God we gave you the good news without fear, though everything was against us. (BBE)
2 Thessalonians 1:5 Which is a clear sign of the decision which God in his righteousness has made; to give you a part in his kingdom, for which you have undergone this pain; (BBE)
2 Timothy 2:12 "If we patiently endure pain, we shall also share His Kingship; "If we disown Him, He will also disown us; (WEY)
2 Timothy 3:11 My punishments and pain; the things which came to me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra; the cruel attacks made on me: and the Lord made me free from them all. (BBE)
Hebrews 2:10 Because it was right for him, for whom and through whom all things have being, in guiding his sons to glory, to make the captain of their salvation complete through pain. (BBE)
Hebrews 2:18 For inasmuch as He has Himself felt the pain of temptation and trial, He is also able instantly to help those who are tempted and tried. (WEY)
Hebrews 5:8 And though he was a Son, through the pain which he underwent, the knowledge came to him of what it was to be under God's orders; (BBE)
Hebrews 11:25 Feeling that it was better to undergo pain with the people of God, than for a short time to have a taste of the pleasures of sin; (BBE)
Hebrews 11:37 They were stoned, they were cut up with knives, they were tested, they were put to death with the sword, they went about in sheepskins and in goatskins; being poor and in pain and cruelly attacked, (BBE)
James 5:10 Take as an example of pain nobly undergone and of strength in trouble, the prophets who gave to men the words of the Lord. (BBE)
James 5:11 We say that those men who have gone through pain are happy: you have the story of Job and the troubles through which he went and have seen that the Lord was full of pity and mercy in the end. (BBE)
1 Peter 2:19 For it is commendable if someone endures pain, suffering unjustly, because of conscience toward God. (WEB BBE RSV NIV)
1 Peter 2:23 To sharp words he gave no sharp answer; when he was undergoing pain, no angry word came from his lips; but he put himself into the hands of the judge of righteousness: (BBE)
1 Peter 3:14 But you are happy if you undergo pain because of righteousness; have no part in their fear and do not be troubled; (BBE)
1 Peter 3:17 Because if it is God's purpose for you to undergo pain, it is better to do so for well-doing than for evil-doing. (BBE)
1 Peter 3:18 Because Christ once went through pain for sins, the upright one taking the place of sinners, so that through him we might come back to God; being put to death in the flesh, but given life in the Spirit; (BBE)
1 Peter 5:10 And after you have undergone pain for a little time, the God of all grace who has given you a part in his eternal glory through Christ Jesus, will himself give you strength and support, and make you complete in every good thing; (BBE)
1 John 4:18 Love has in it no element of fear; but perfect love drives away fear, because fear involves pain, and if a man gives way to fear, there is something imperfect in his love. (WEY BBE)
Revelation 9:5 And orders were given them not to put them to death, but to give them great pain for five months: and their pain was as the pain from the wound of a scorpion. (BBE)
Revelation 12:2 She was with child. She cried out in pain, laboring to give birth. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Revelation 14:10 To him will be given of the wine of God's wrath which is ready unmixed in the cup of his wrath and he will have cruel pain, burning with fire before the holy angels and before the Lamb: (BBE)
Revelation 14:11 And the smoke of their pain goes up for ever and ever; and they have no rest day and night, who give worship to the beast and his image, and have on them the mark of his name. (BBE)
Revelation 16:10 The fifth poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom was darkened. They gnawed their tongues because of the pain, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS)
Revelation 16:11 and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores. They didn't repent of their works. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 18:7 As she gave glory to herself, and became more evil in her ways, in the same measure give her pain and weeping: for she says in her heart, I am seated here a queen, and am no widow, and will in no way see sorrow. (BBE)
Revelation 21:4 He will wipe away from them every tear from their eyes. Death will be no more; neither will there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain, any more. The first things have passed away." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 3:16 To the woman he said, "I will greatly multiply your pain in childbirth. In pain you will bring forth children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you." (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 3:17 And to Adam he said, Because you gave ear to the voice of your wife and took of the fruit of the tree which I said you were not to take, the earth is cursed on your account; in pain you will get your food from it all your life. (BBE NIV)
Genesis 6:6 Yahweh was sorry that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him in his heart. (See NIV)
Genesis 34:25 And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city unawares, and slew all the males. (See JPS YLT NAS NIV)
Genesis 35:17 And when her pain was very great, the woman who was helping her said, Have no fear; for now you will have another son. (BBE YLT)
Exodus 15:14 Hearing of you the peoples were shaking in fear: the people of Philistia were gripped with pain. (BBE YLT)
Numbers 5:24 He shall make the woman drink the water of bitterness that causes the curse; and the water that causes the curse shall enter into her and become bitter. (See RSV)
Numbers 5:27 When he has made her drink the water, then it shall happen, if she is defiled, and has committed a trespass against her husband, that the water that causes the curse will enter into her and become bitter, and her body will swell, and her thigh will fall away: and the woman will be a curse among her people. (See RSV)
Deuteronomy 28:22 The Lord will send wasting disease, and burning pain, and flaming heat against you, keeping back the rain till your land is waste and dead; so will it be till your destruction is complete. (BBE)
1 Samuel 1:16 Do not take your servant to be a good-for-nothing woman: for my words have come from my stored-up sorrow and pain. (BBE)
1 Samuel 15:32 Then Samuel said, Make Agag, the king of the Amalekites, come here to me. And Agag came to him shaking with fear. And Agag said, Truly the pain of death is past. (BBE)
2 Samuel 1:9 Then he said to me, Come here to my side, and put me to death, for the pain of death has me in its grip but my life is still strong in me. (BBE)
1 Chronicles 4:9 And Jabez was more honorable than his brethren: and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, Because I bare him with sorrow. (See JPS DBY NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:10 And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my border, and that thy hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it be not to my sorrow! And God granted him that which he requested. (See JPS NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 6:29 what prayer and supplication soever be made by any man, or by all thy people Israel, who shall know every man his own plague and his own sorrow, and shall spread forth his hands toward this house: (See JPS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 21:19 And time went on, and after two years, his inside falling out because of the disease, he came to his death in cruel pain. And his people made no burning for him like the burning made for his fathers. (BBE NAS NIV)
Job 2:13 And they took their seats on the earth by his side for seven days and seven nights: but no one said a word to him, for they saw that his pain was very great. (BBE YLT NAS)
Job 3:26 I have no peace, no quiet, and no rest; nothing but pain comes on me. (BBE)
Job 5:18 For He doth pain, and He bindeth up, He smiteth, and His hands heal. (YLT NAS)
Job 6:10 Be it still my consolation, yes, let me exult in pain that doesn't spare, that I have not denied the words of the Holy One. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 7:3 So I have for my heritage months of pain to no purpose, and nights of weariness are given to me. (BBE)
Job 7:11 So I will not keep my mouth shut; I will let the words come from it in the pain of my spirit, my soul will make a bitter outcry. (BBE)
Job 14:22 But his flesh on him has pain, and his soul within him mourns." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 15:20 the wicked man writhes in pain all his days, even the number of years that are laid up for the oppressor. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Job 15:24 He is greatly in fear of the dark day, trouble and pain overcome him: (BBE)
Job 16:5 But I would encourage you with my mouth, and the solace of my lips should assuage your pain. (DBY NAS RSV)
Job 16:6 Though I speak, my grief is not assuaged; And though I forbear, what am I eased? (See JPS BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 17:7 My eyes have become dark because of my pain, and all my body is wasted to a shade. (BBE)
Job 24:12 From the town come sounds of pain from those who are near death, and the soul of the wounded is crying out for help; but God does not take note of their prayer. (BBE)
Job 30:17 In the night season my bones are pierced in me, and the pains that gnaw me take no rest. (Root in WEB ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Job 33:19 He is chastened also with pain on his bed, with continual strife in his bones; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 34:6 Though I am right, still I am in pain; my wound may not be made well, though I have done no wrong. (BBE)
Psalms 10:5 Pain do his ways at all times, On high 'are' Thy judgments before him, All his adversaries -- he puffeth at them. (YLT)
Psalms 13:2 How long shall I take counsel in my soul, having sorrow in my heart every day? How long shall my enemy triumph over me? (See RSV)
Psalms 22:24 For he has not been unmoved by the pain of him who is troubled; or kept his face covered from him; but he has given an answer to his cry. (BBE)
Psalms 25:18 Look upon mine affliction and my pain; and forgive all my sins. (KJV BBE WBS)
Psalms 38:7 For my waist is filled with burning. There is no soundness in my flesh. (See NIV)
Psalms 38:10 My heart goes out in pain, my strength is wasting away; as for the light of my eyes, it is gone from me. (BBE)
Psalms 38:17 For I am ready to fall. My pain is continually before me. (WEB JPS DBY YLT RSV NIV)
Psalms 39:2 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even from good; And my sorrow was stirred. (See JPS YLT) Continued...