|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Only once found, in Acts 1:3, meaning suffering, referring to the sufferings of our Lord.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress (as, a cardiac passion); specifically, the suffering of Christ between the time of the last supper and his death, esp. in the garden upon the cross.
2. (n.) The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition; -- opposed to action.
3. (n.) Capacity of being affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents.
4. (n.) The state of the mind when it is powerfully acted upon and influenced by something external to itself; the state of any particular faculty which, under such conditions, becomes extremely sensitive or uncontrollably excited; any emotion or sentiment (specifically, love or anger) in a state of abnormal or controlling activity; an extreme or inordinate desire; also, the capacity or susceptibility of being so affected; as, to be in a passion; the passions of love, hate, jealously, wrath, ambition, avarice, fear, etc.; a passion for war, or for drink; an orator should have passion as well as rhetorical skill.
5. (n.) Disorder of the mind; madness.
6. (n.) Passion week. See Passion week, below.
7. (v. t.) To give a passionate character to.
8. (v. i.) To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
pash'-un, pash'-unz: "Passion" is derived from Latin passio, which in turn is derived from the verb patior, with the root, pat-. The Latin words are connected with the Greek root, path-, which appears in a large number of derivatives. And in Greek, Latin, and English (with other languages in addition) words connected with this root, pat-, path-, are often susceptible of a great variety of meanings, for which the dictionaries must be consulted. For "passion," however, as it appears in English Versions of the Bible, only three of these meanings need be considered.
(1) Close to what seems to be the primary force of the root is the meaning "suffer," and in this sense "passion" is used in Acts 1:3, "to whom he also showed himself alive after his passion." This translation is a paraphrase (Greek: "after he had suffered"), due to the Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) (post passionem suam), and in English is as old as Wycliff, whom the subsequent English Versions of the Bible has followed. This is the only case in the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) where "passion" has this meaning, and it can be so used in modern English only when referring (as here) to the sufferings of Christ (compare "Passion play").
(2) "Suffering," when applied to the mind, came to denote the state that is controlled by some emotion, and so "passion" was applied to the emotion itself. This is the meaning of the word in Acts 14:15, "men of like passions," and James 5:17, "a man of like passions," Greek homoiopathes; the Revised Version margin "of like nature" gives the meaning exactly: "men with the same emotions as we."
(3) From "emotion" a transition took place to "strong emotion," and this is the normal force of "passion" in modern English the King James Version does not use this meaning, but in the Revised Version (British and American) "passion" in this sense is the translation of pathos, in its three occurrences: Romans 1:26 (the King James Version "affection"); Colossians 3:5 (the King James Version "inordinate affection"); 1 Thessalonians 4:5 (the King James Version "lust").
It is used also for two occurrences of pathema (closely allied to pathos) in Romans 7:5 (the King James Version "motions," the King James Version margin "passions") and in Galatians 5:24 (the King James Version "affection"). The fixing of the exact force in any of these cases is a delicate problem fully discussed in the commentaries. In Colossians 3:5 only does "passion" stand as an isolated term. The context here perhaps gives the word a slight sexual reference, but this must not be overstressed; the warning probably includes any violent over-emotion that robs a man of his self-control.
See AFFECTION; MOTION.
Burton Scott Easton
PASSION, GOSPEL OF THE
See APOCRYPHAL GOSPELS.
Passion (82 Occurrences)
Mark 14:31 But he said with passion, If I have to be put to death with you, I will not be false to you. And they all said the same. (BBE)
John 2:17 And it came to the minds of the disciples that the Writings say, I am on fire with passion for your house. (BBE)
Acts 1:3 To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God: (KJV ASV WBS RSV)
Acts 26:11 And I gave them punishment frequently, in all the Synagogues, forcing them to say things against God; and burning with passion against them, I went after them even into far-away towns. (BBE)
Romans 1:27 in just the same way--neglecting that for which nature intends women--burned with passion towards one another, men practising shameful vice with men, and receiving in their own selves the reward which necessarily followed their misconduct. (WEY RSV)
1 Corinthians 7:9 If, however, they cannot maintain self-control, by all means let them marry; for marriage is better than the fever of passion. (WEY NAS RSV NIV)
Galatians 5:20 enmity, strife, jealousy, outbursts of passion, intrigues, dissensions, factions, envyings; (WEY)
Ephesians 4:31 Let all bitterness and all passionate feeling, all anger and loud insulting language, be unknown among you--and also every kind of malice. (Root in WEY DBY)
Colossians 3:5 Put to death therefore your members which are on the earth: sexual immorality, uncleanness, depraved passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry; (WEB WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Colossians 3:8 But now you must rid yourselves of every kind of sin--angry and passionate outbreaks, ill-will, evil speaking, foul-mouthed abuse--so that these may never soil your lips. (Root in WEY BBE)
1 Thessalonians 4:5 not in the passion of lust, even as the Gentiles who don't know God; (WEB ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
James 1:15 Then the passion conceives, and becomes the parent of sin; and sin, when fully matured, gives birth to death. (WEY)
1 Peter 5:8 Curb every passion, and be on the alert. Your great accuser, the Devil, is going about like a roaring lion to see whom he can devour. (WEY)
2 Peter 1:4 by which he has granted to us his precious and exceedingly great promises; that through these you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped from the corruption that is in the world by lust. (See RSV)
2 Peter 2:10 but chiefly those who walk after the flesh in the lust of defilement, and despise authority. Daring, self-willed, they are not afraid to speak evil of dignitaries; (See RSV)
Revelation 14:8 Another, a second angel, followed, saying, "Babylon the great has fallen, which has made all the nations to drink of the wine of the wrath of her sexual immorality." (See NAS RSV)
Genesis 31:36 Then Jacob was angry with Laban, and said, What crime or sin have I done that you have come after me with such passion? (BBE)
Genesis 49:7 A curse on their passion for it was bitter; and on their wrath for it was cruel. I will let their heritage in Jacob be broken up, driving them from their places in Israel. (BBE)
Numbers 25:11 Through Phinehas, and because of his passion for my honour, my wrath has been turned away from the children of Israel, so that I have not sent destruction on them all in my wrath. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 29:28 Rooting them out of their land, in the heat of his wrath and passion, and driving them out into another land, as at this day. (BBE)
2 Samuel 21:2 Then the king sent for the Gibeonites; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but were the last of the Amorites, to whom the children of Israel had given an oath; but Saul, in his passion for the children of Israel and Judah, had made an attempt on their lives:) (BBE)
Job 5:2 For wrath is the cause of death to the foolish, and he who has no wisdom comes to his end through passion. (BBE)
Job 6:2 If only my passion might be measured, and put into the scales against my trouble! (BBE)
Job 18:4 But come back, now, come: you who are wounding yourself in your passion, will the earth be given up because of you, or a rock be moved out of its place? (BBE)
Job 36:33 The thunder makes clear his passion, and the storm gives news of his wrath. (BBE)
Job 39:24 Shaking with passion, he is biting the earth; he is not able to keep quiet at the sound of the horn; (BBE)
Psalms 6:1 <To the chief music-maker on corded instruments, on the Sheminith. A Psalm. Of David.> O Lord, do not be bitter with me in your wrath; do not send punishment on me in the heat of your passion. (BBE)
Psalms 38:1 <A Psalm. Of David. To keep in memory.> O Lord, be not bitter with me in your wrath; let not your hand be on me in the heat of your passion. (BBE)
Psalms 69:9 I am on fire with passion for your house; and the hard things which are said about you have come on me. (BBE)
Psalms 84:2 The passion of my soul's desire is for the house of the Lord; my heart and my flesh are crying out for the living God. (BBE)
Psalms 90:7 We are burned up by the heat of your passion, and troubled by your wrath. (BBE)
Psalms 90:11 Who has knowledge of the power of your wrath, or who takes note of the weight of your passion? (BBE)
Psalms 102:10 Because of your passion and your wrath, for I have been lifted up and then made low by you. (BBE)
Psalms 119:139 My passion has overcome me; because my haters are turned away from your words. (BBE)
Proverbs 5:19 As a loving hind and a gentle doe, let her breasts ever give you rapture; let your passion at all times be moved by her love. (BBE)
Proverbs 14:30 A quiet mind is the life of the body, but envy is a disease in the bones. (See NAS RSV)
Isaiah 10:25 For in a very short time my passion will be over, and my wrath will be turned to their destruction. (BBE)
Isaiah 13:9 See, the day of the Lord is coming, cruel, with wrath and burning passion: to make the land a waste, driving the sinners in it to destruction. (BBE)
Isaiah 13:13 For this cause the heavens will be shaking, and the earth will be moved out of its place, in the wrath of the Lord of armies, and in the day of his burning passion. (BBE)
Isaiah 14:6 He whose rod was on the peoples with an unending wrath, ruling the nations in passion, with an uncontrolled rule. (BBE)
Isaiah 16:6 We have had word of the pride of Moab, how great it is; how he is lifted up in pride and passion: his high words about himself are false. (BBE)
Isaiah 27:4 My passion is over: if the thorns were fighting against me, I would make an attack on them, and they would be burned up together. (BBE)
Isaiah 30:27 See, the name of the Lord is coming from far, burning with his wrath, with thick smoke going up: his lips are full of passion, and his tongue is like a burning fire: (BBE)
Isaiah 63:6 And in my passion the peoples were crushed under my feet, and broken in my wrath, and I put down their strength to the earth. (BBE)
Isaiah 66:15 For the Lord is coming with fire, and his war-carriages will be like the storm-wind; to give punishment in the heat of his wrath, and his passion is like flames of fire. (BBE)
Jeremiah 2:24 An untrained ass, used to the waste land, breathing up the wind in her desire; at her time, who is able to send her away? all those who are looking for her will have no need to make themselves tired; in her month they will get her. (See NAS)
Jeremiah 7:20 So this is what the Lord God has said: See, my wrath and my passion will be let loose on this place, on man and beast, and on the trees of the field, and on the produce of the earth; it will be burning and will not be put out. (BBE)
Jeremiah 21:5 And I myself will be fighting against you with an outstretched hand and with a strong arm, even with angry feeling and passion and in great wrath. (BBE)
Jeremiah 32:31 For this town has been to me a cause of wrath and of burning passion from the day of its building till this day, so that I put it away from before my face: (BBE)
Jeremiah 32:37 See, I will get them together from all the countries where I have sent them in my wrath and in the heat of my passion and in my bitter feeling; and I will let them come back into this place where they may take their rest safely. (BBE)
Jeremiah 33:5 ... and to make them full of the dead bodies of men whom I have put to death in my wrath and in my passion, and because of whose evil-doing I have kept my face covered from this town. (BBE)
Jeremiah 36:7 It may be that their prayer for grace will go up to the Lord, and that every man will be turned from his evil ways: for great is the wrath and the passion made clear by the Lord against this people. (BBE)
Jeremiah 42:18 For this is what the Lord of armies, the God of Israel, has said: As my wrath and passion have been let loose on the people of Jerusalem, so will my passion be let loose on you when you go into Egypt: and you will become an oath and a cause of wonder and a curse and a name of shame; and you will never see this place again. (BBE)
Jeremiah 44:6 Because of this, my passion and my wrath were let loose, burning in the towns of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are waste and unpeopled as at this day. (BBE)
Lamentations 2:4 His bow has been bent for the attack, he has taken his place with his hand ready, in his hate he has put to death all who were pleasing to the eye: on the tent of the daughter of Zion he has let loose his passion like fire. (BBE)
Lamentations 2:6 And he has violently taken away his tent, as from a garden; he has made waste his meeting-place: the Lord has taken away the memory of feast and Sabbath in Zion, and in the passion of his wrath he is against king and priest. (BBE)
Lamentations 4:11 The Lord has given full effect to his passion, he has let loose his burning wrath; he has made a fire in Zion, causing the destruction of its bases. (BBE)
Ezekiel 5:13 So my wrath will be complete and my passion will come to rest on them; and they will be certain that I the Lord have given the word of decision, when my wrath against them is complete. (BBE)
Ezekiel 5:15 And you will be a name of shame and a cause of bitter words, an example and a wonder to the nations round about you, when I give effect to my judging among you in wrath and in passion and in burning protests: I the Lord have said it: (BBE)
Ezekiel 6:12 He who is far away will come to his death by disease; he who is near will be put to the sword; he who is shut up will come to his death through need of food; and I will give full effect to my passion against them. (BBE)
Ezekiel 7:8 Now, in a little time, I will let loose my passion on you, and give full effect to my wrath against you, judging you for your ways, and sending punishment on you for all your disgusting works. (BBE)
Ezekiel 13:13 For this reason, the Lord has said: I will have it broken in two by a storm-wind in my passion; and there will be an overflowing shower in my wrath, and you, O ice-drops, will come raining angrily down. (BBE)
Ezekiel 13:15 So I will let loose my passion on the wall in full measure, and on those who put whitewash on it; and I will say to you, Where is the wall, and where are those who put whitewash on it? (BBE)
Ezekiel 16:38 And you will be judged by me as women are judged who have been untrue to their husbands and have taken life; and I will let loose against you passion and bitter feeling. (BBE)
Ezekiel 20:8 But they would not be controlled by me, and did not give ear to me; they did not put away the disgusting things to which their eyes were turned, or give up the images of Egypt: then I said I would let loose my passion on them to give full effect to my wrath against them in the land of Egypt. (BBE)
Ezekiel 20:13 But the children of Israel would not be controlled by me in the waste land: they were not guided by my rules, and they were turned away from my orders, which, if a man does them, will be life to him; and they had no respect for my Sabbaths: then I said that I would let loose my passion on them in the waste land, and put an end to them. (BBE)
Ezekiel 21:31 And I will let loose my burning passion on you, breathing out on you the fire of my wrath: and I will give you up into the hands of men like beasts, trained to destruction. (BBE)
Ezekiel 22:20 As they put silver and brass and iron and lead and tin together inside the oven, heating up the fire on it to make it soft; so will I get you together in my wrath and in my passion, and, heating the fire with my breath, will make you soft. (BBE)
Ezekiel 22:22 As silver becomes soft in the oven, so you will become soft in it; and you will be certain that I the Lord have let loose my passion on you. (BBE)
Ezekiel 22:31 And I let loose my passion on them, and have put an end to them in the fire of my wrath: I have made the punishment of their ways come on their heads, says the Lord. (BBE)
Ezekiel 23:11 And her sister Oholibah saw this, and was more corrupt in her passion than she, and in her fornications more than the whoredoms of her sister. (DBY)
Ezekiel 23:25 And my bitter feeling will be working against you, and they will take you in hand with passion; they will take away your nose and your ears, and the rest of you will be put to the sword: they will take your sons and daughters, and the rest of you will be burned up in the fire. (BBE)
Ezekiel 24:13 As for your unclean purpose: because I have been attempting to make you clean, but you have not been made clean from it, you will not be made clean till I have let loose my passion on you in full measure. (BBE)
Ezekiel 25:14 I will take payment from Edom because of my people Israel; and I will take Edom in hand in my wrath and in my passion: and they will have experience of my reward, says the Lord. (BBE)
Ezekiel 38:18 And it will come about in that day, when Gog comes up against the land of Israel, says the Lord, that my wrath will come up, and my passion and my bitter feeling. (BBE)
Daniel 3:13 Then Nebuchadnezzar in his wrath and passion gave orders for Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego to be sent for. Then they made these men come in before the king. (BBE)
Daniel 9:16 O Lord, because of your righteousness, let your wrath and your passion be turned away from your town Jerusalem, your holy mountain: because, through our sins and the evil-doing of our fathers, Jerusalem and your people have become a cause of shame to all who are round about us. (BBE)
Hosea 7:6 For they have made ready their heart like an oven, while they lie in wait. Their baker sleeps all the night. In the morning it burns as a flaming fire. (See NIV)
Nahum 1:6 Who may keep his place before his wrath? and who may undergo the heat of his passion? his wrath is let loose like fire and the rocks are broken open by him. (BBE)
Habakkuk 2:15 A curse on him who gives his neighbour the wine of his wrath, making him overcome with strong drink from the cup of his passion, so that you may be a witness of their shame! (BBE)
Habakkuk 3:12 You went stepping through the land in wrath, crushing the nations in your passion. (BBE)
Zephaniah 3:8 For this reason, go on waiting for me, says the Lord, till the day when I come up as a witness: for my purpose is to send for the nations and to get the kingdoms together, so that I may let loose on them my passion, even all my burning wrath: for all the earth will be burned up in the fire of my bitter passion. (BBE)