|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Hebrews tidhar, mentioned along with the fir-tree in Isaiah 41:19; 60:13. This is probably the cypress; or it may be the stone-pine, which is common on the northern slopes of Lebanon. Some suppose that the elm, others that the oak, or holm, or ilex, is meant by the Hebrew word. In Nehemiah 8:15 the Revised Version has "wild olive" instead of "pine." (see FIR.)
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) Woe; torment; pain.
2. (v.) To inflict pain upon; to torment; to torture; to afflict.
3. (v.) To grieve or mourn for.
4. (v. i.) To suffer; to be afflicted.
5. (v. i.) To languish; to lose flesh or wear away, under any distress or anxiety of mind; to droop; -- often used with away.
6. (v. i.) To languish with desire; to waste away with longing for something; -- usually followed by for.
7. (n.) Any tree of the coniferous genus Pinus. See Pinus.
8. (n.) The wood of the pine tree.
9. (n.) A pineapple.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
pin tre: (1) `ets shemen, translated the Revised Version (British and American) "wild olive," the King James Version "pine" (Nehemiah 8:15); the Revised Version (British and American) "oil-tree," m "oleaster" (Isaiah 41:19); "olive-wood" (1 Kings 6:23, 31-33). See OIL TREE. (2) tidhhar (Isaiah 41:19, margin "plane"; Isaiah 60:13); peuke, "fir." Lagarde, from similarity of tidhhar to the Syriac deddar, usually the "elm," considers this the best translation. Symmachus also translated tidhhar (Isaiah 41:19) by ptelea, the "elm." The elm, Ulmus campestris, is rare in Palestine and the Lebanon, though it is found today N. of Aleppo. Post (HDB, III, 592-93) considers that
(1) should be translated as "pine," which he describes as a "fat wood tree"; it is perhaps as probably a correct translation for
(2), but great uncertainty remains.
Two species of pine are plentiful in the Lebanon and flourish in most parts of Palestine when given a chance. These are the stone pine, Pinus pinea, and the Aleppo pine, P. halepensis; all the highlands looking toward the sea are suited to their growth.
E. W. G. Masterman
See PINING SICKNESS.
Pine (28 Occurrences)
Leviticus 26:16 I also will do this to you: I will appoint terror over you, even consumption and fever, that shall consume the eyes, and make the soul to pine away; and you will sow your seed in vain, for your enemies will eat it. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
Leviticus 26:39 Those of you who are left will pine away in their iniquity in your enemies' lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)
1 Kings 5:8 Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, "I have heard the message which you have sent to me. I will do all your desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. (See NIV)
1 Kings 5:10 So Hiram gave Solomon timber of cedar and timber of fir according to all his desire. (See NIV)
1 Kings 6:15 He built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar: from the floor of the house to the walls of the ceiling, he covered them on the inside with wood; and he covered the floor of the house with boards of fir. (See NIV)
1 Kings 9:11 (now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire), that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee. (See NIV)
2 Chronicles 2:8 Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees, out of Lebanon; for I know that your servants know how to cut timber in Lebanon: and behold, my servants shall be with your servants, (See NIV)
2 Chronicles 3:5 The greater house he made a ceiling with fir wood, which he overlaid with fine gold, and ornamented it with palm trees and chains. (See NIV)
Nehemiah 8:15 And that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth unto the mount, and fetch olive branches, and pine branches, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written. (KJV WBS)
Psalms 88:15 I 'am' afflicted, and expiring from youth, I have borne Thy terrors -- I pine away. (YLT)
Psalms 104:17 where the birds make their nests. The stork makes its home in the fir trees. (See NIV)
Song of Songs 1:17 Cedar-trees are the pillars of our house; and our boards are made of fir-trees. (See RSV)
Isaiah 19:8 The fishermen will be sad, and all those who put fishing-lines into the Nile will be full of grief, and those whose nets are stretched out on the waters will have sorrow in their hearts. (See NAS NIV)
Isaiah 24:16 From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs. Glory to the righteous! But I said, "I pine away! I pine away! woe is me!" The treacherous have dealt treacherously. Yes, the treacherous have dealt very treacherously. (WEB ASV RSV)
Isaiah 41:19 I will put cedar, acacia, myrtle, and oil trees in the wilderness. I will set fir trees, pine, and box trees together in the desert; (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Isaiah 44:14 When he heweth him down cedars, he taketh also a holm-oak and a terebinth he chooseth for himself among the trees of the forest: he planteth a pine, and the rain maketh it grow. (DBY NIV)
Isaiah 55:13 In place of the thorn will come up the fir-tree, and in place of the blackberry the myrtle: and it will be to the Lord for a name, for an eternal sign which will not be cut off. (See NIV)
Isaiah 60:13 "The glory of Lebanon shall come to you, the fir tree, the pine, and the box tree together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 14:18 If I go forth into the field, behold the slain with the sword! and if I enter into the city, behold them that pine away with famine! For both prophet and priest shall go about into a land that they know not. (DBY)
Lamentations 4:9 Those who are killed with the sword are better than those who are killed with hunger; For these pine away, stricken through, for want of the fruits of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 4:17 that they may want bread and water, and be dismayed one with another, and pine away in their iniquity. (WEB JPS ASV)
Ezekiel 24:23 Your tires shall be on your heads, and your shoes on your feet: you shall not mourn nor weep; but you shall pine away in your iniquities, and moan one toward another. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)
Ezekiel 27:5 They have made all your planks of fir trees from Senir; they have taken a cedar from Lebanon to make a mast for you. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 31:8 The cedars in the garden of God could not hide it; the fir trees were not like its boughs, and the plane trees were not as its branches; nor was any tree in the garden of God like it in its beauty. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 33:10 You, son of man, tell the house of Israel: Thus you speak, saying, Our transgressions and our sins are on us, and we pine away in them; how then can we live? (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS)
Hosea 14:8 Ephraim, what have I to do any more with idols? I answer, and will take care of him. I am like a green fir tree; from me your fruit is found." (See NIV)
Nahum 2:3 The shield of his mighty men is made red. The valiant men are in scarlet. The chariots flash with steel in the day of his preparation, and the pine spears are brandished. (WEB NIV)
Zechariah 11:2 Wail, fir tree, for the cedar has fallen, because the stately ones are destroyed. Wail, you oaks of Bashan, for the strong forest has come down. (See NIV)