|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (v.) To commend; to applaud; to express approbation of; to laud; -- applied to a person or his acts.
2. (v.) To extol in words or song; to magnify; to glorify on account of perfections or excellent works; to do honor to; to display the excellence of; -- applied especially to the Divine Being.
3. (v.) To value; to appraise.
4. (v.) Commendation for worth; approval expressed; honor rendered because of excellence or worth; laudation; approbation.
5. (v.) Especially, the joyful tribute of gratitude or homage rendered to the Divine Being; the act of glorifying or extolling the Creator; worship, particularly worship by song, distinction from prayer and other acts of worship; as, a service of praise.
6. (n.) The object, ground, or reason of praise.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
praz (tehillah, "psalm," "praise," todhah, "confession" "thanksgiving," shabhach, "to praise" "glorify," zamar, yadhah, "to stretch out the hand," "confess"; aineo, epaineo, (epainos):
1. Its Meaning:
The word comes from the Latin pretium, "price," or "value," and may be defined generally as an ascription of value or worth. Praise may be bestowed upon unworthy objects or from improper motives, but true praise consists in a sincere acknowledgment of a real conviction of worth. Its type may be seen in the representation given in the Apocalypse of the adoration of God and of the Lamb, which is inspired by a sense of their worthiness to be adored (Revelation 4:11; Revelation 5:12).
2. With Man as Its Object:
Man may be the object of praise, and may receive it either from God or from his fellow-men. In the former case (Romans 2:29 1 Corinthians 4:5) the praise is inevitably just, as resting on a divine estimate of worth; in the latter case its value depends upon the grounds and motives that lie behind it. There is a praise which is itself a condemnation (Luke 6:26), an honor which seals the eyes in unbelief (John 5:44), a careless use of the epithet "good" which is dishonoring to God (Luke 18:19). This is the "praise of men" which Jesus warned His followers to shun as being incompatible with the "praise of God" (Matthew 6:1-4; compare John 12:43 Galatians 1:10 1 Thessalonians 2:6). On the other hand, there is a praise that is the instinctive homage of the soul to righteousness (Luke 23:47), the acknowledgment given to well-doing by just government (Romans 13:3 1 Peter 2:14), the tribute of the churches to distinguished Christian service (2 Corinthians 8:18). Such praise, so far from being incompatible with the praise of God, is a reflection of it in human consciousness; and so Paul associates praise with virtue as an aid and incentive to holy living on which the mind should dwell (Philippians 4:8).
3. With God as Its Object:
In the Bible it is God who is especially brought before us as the object of praise. His whole creation praises Him, from the angels of heaven (Psalm 103:20 Revelation 5:11) to those lower existences that are unconscious or even inanimate (Psalm 19:1-4; Psalm 148:1-10 Revelation 5:13). But it is with the praises offered to God by man, and with the human duty of praising God, that the Scriptures are principally concerned. In regard to this subject the following points may be noticed:
(1) The Grounds of Praise.
Sometimes God is praised for His inherent qualities. His majesty (Psalm 104:1) or holiness (Isaiah 6:3) fills the mind, and He is "glorified as God" (Romans 1:21) in view of what He essentially is. More frequently He is praised for His works in creation, providence, and redemption. References may be dispensed with here, for the evidence meets us on almost every page of the sacred literature from Genesis to Revelation, and the Book of Psalms in particular, from beginning to end, is occupied with these themes. When God's operations under these aspects present themselves, not simply as general effects of His power and wisdom, but as expressions of His personal love to the individual, the nation, the church, His works become benefits, and praise passes into blessing and thanksgiving (Pss 34; 103; Ephesians 1:3 1 Peter 1:3).
(2) The Modes of Praise.
True praise of God, as distinguished from false praise (Isaiah 29:13 Matthew 15:8), is first of all an inward emotion-a gladness and rejoicing of the heart (Psalm 4:7; Psalm 33:21), a music of the soul and spirit (Psalm 103:1 Luke 1:46 f) which no language can adequately express (Psalm 106:2 2 Corinthians 9:15). But utterance is natural to strong emotion, and the mouth instinctively strives to express the praises of the heart (Psalm 51:15 and passim). Many of the most moving passages in Scripture come from the inspiration of the spirit of praise awakened by the contemplation of the divine majesty or power or wisdom or kindness, but above all by the revelation of redeeming love. Again, the spirit of praise is a social spirit calling for social utterance. The man who praises God desires to praise Him in the hearing of other men (Psalm 40:10), and desires also that their praises should be joined with his own (Psalm 34:3). Further, the spirit of praise is a spirit of song. It may find expression in other ways-in sacrifice (Leviticus 7:13), or testimony (Psalm 66:16), or prayer (Colossians 1:3); but it finds its most natural and its fullest utterance in lyrical and musical forms. When God fills the heart with praise He puts a new song into the mouth (Psalm 40:3). The Book of Psalms is the proof of this for the Old Testament. And when we pass to the New Testament we find that, alike for angels and men, for the church on earth and the church in heaven, the higher moods of praise express themselves in bursts of song (Luke 2:14 Ephesians 5:19 Colossians 3:16 Revelation 5:9; Revelation 14:3; Revelation 15:3). Finally, both in the Old Testament and New Testament, the spirit of song gives birth to ordered modes of public praise. In their earlier expressions the praises of Israel were joyful outbursts in which song was mingled with shouting and dancing to a rude accompaniment of timbrels and trumpets (Exodus 15:20 2 Samuel 6:5, 14). In later times Israel had its sacred Psalter, its guilds of trained singers (Ezra 2:41 Nehemiah 7:44), its skilled musicians (Pss 42; 49, etc.); and the praise that waited for God in Zion was full of the solemn beauty of holiness (Psalm 29:2; Psalm 96:9). In the New Testament the Psalter is still a manual of social praise. The "hymn" which Jesus sang with His disciples after the Last Supper (Matthew 26:30) would be a Hebrew psalm, probably from the Hallel (Pss 113-118) which was used at the Passover service, and various references in the Epistles point to the continued employment of the ancient psalms in Christian worship (1 Corinthians 14:26 Ephesians 5:19 Colossians 3:16 James 5:13). But the Psalter of the Jewish church could not suffice to express the distinctive moods of Christian feeling. Original utterance of the spirit of Christian song was one of the manifestations of the gift of tongues (1 Corinthians 14:15-17). Paul distinguishes hymns and spiritual songs from psalms (Ephesians 5:19 Colossians 3:16); and it was hymns that he and Silas sang at midnight in the prison of Philippi (Acts 16:25 the Revised Version (British and American)). But from hymns and songs that were the spontaneous utterance of individual feeling the development was natural, in New Testament as in Old Testament times, to hymns that were sung in unison by a whole congregation; and in rhythmic passages like 1 Timothy 3:16 Revelation 15:3, we seem to have fragments of a primitive Christian hymnology, such as Pliny bears witness to for the early years of the 2nd century, when he informs Trajan that the Christians of Bithynia at their morning meetings sang a hymn in alternate strains to Christ as God (Ep. x.97).
(3) The Duty of Praise.
Praise is everywhere represented in the Bible as a duty no less than a natural impulse and a delight. To fail in this duty is to withhold from God's glory that belongs to Him (Psalm 50:23 Romans 1:20 f); it is to shut one's eyes to the signs of His presence (Isaiah 40:26), to be forgetful of His mercies (Deuteronomy 6:12), and unthankful for His kindness (Luke 6:35). If we are not to fall into these sins, but are to give to God the honor and glory and gratitude we owe Him, we must earnestly cultivate the spirit and habit of praise. From holy men of old we learn that this may be done by arousing the soul from its slothfulness and sluggishness (Psalm 57:8; Psalm 103:1), by fixing the heart upon God (Psalm 57:7; Psalm 108:1), by meditation on His works and ways (Psalm 77:11), by recounting His benefits (Psalm 103:2), above all, for those to whom He has spoken in His Son, by dwelling upon His unspeakable gift (2 Corinthians 9:15; compare Romans 8:31, 1John 3:1).
See also WORSHIP.
J. C. Lambert
Praise (487 Occurrences)
Matthew 5:16 Even so, let your light shine before men; that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is in heaven. (See NIV)
Matthew 5:47 And if you salute only your near relatives, what praise is due to you? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? (WEY)
Matthew 11:25 About that time Jesus exclaimed, "I heartily praise Thee, Father, Lord of Heaven and of earth, that Thou hast hidden these things from sages and men of discernment, and hast unveiled them to babes. (WEY BBE DBY NAS NIV)
Matthew 15:36 And he took the seven cakes of bread and the fishes; and having given praise, he gave the broken bread to the disciples, and the disciples gave it to the people. (BBE)
Matthew 21:16 and said to him, "Do you hear what these are saying?" Jesus said to them, "Yes. Did you never read,'Out of the mouth of babes and nursing babies you have perfected praise?'" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 26:27 And he took a cup and, having given praise, he gave it to them, saying, (BBE)
Matthew 26:30 And after a song of praise to God, they went out to the Mountain of Olives. (BBE)
Mark 8:6 And he made the people be seated on the earth: and he took the seven cakes and, having given praise, he gave the broken bread to his disciples to put before them; and they put it before the people. (BBE)
Mark 14:23 And he took a cup, and when he had given praise, he gave it to them: and they all had a drink from it. (BBE)
Mark 14:26 And after a song of praise to God they went out to the Mountain of Olives. (BBE)
Luke 1:64 And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, and praised God. (Root in KJV BBE WBS NAS)
Luke 1:67 And Zechariah his father was filled with the Holy Spirit, and spoke in a rapture of praise. (WEY)
Luke 1:68 Praise be to the Lord, the God of Israel, for he has come to his people and made them free, (BBE NIV)
Luke 2:13 And suddenly there was with the angel a great band of spirits from heaven, giving praise to God, and saying, (BBE)
Luke 2:20 Then the keepers of the sheep went back, giving glory and praise to God for all the things which had come to their ears and which they had seen, as it had been said to them. (BBE)
Luke 2:28 Then he took him in his arms and gave praise to God and said, (BBE NIV)
Luke 2:38 And coming up at that time, she gave praise to God, talking of him to all those who were waiting for the freeing of Jerusalem. (BBE DBY)
Luke 4:15 And He proceeded to teach in their synagogues, winning praise from all. (WEY BBE NAS NIV)
Luke 5:25 And straight away he got up before them, and took up his bed and went away to his house giving praise to God. (BBE)
Luke 5:26 Amazement took hold on all, and they glorified God. They were filled with fear, saying, "We have seen strange things today." (See NIV)
Luke 7:16 And fear came on all, and they gave praise to God, saying, A great prophet is among us: and, God has given thought to his people. (BBE NIV)
Luke 10:21 In that same hour he was full of joy in the Holy Spirit and said, I give praise to you, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because you have kept these things secret from the wise and the men of learning, and have made them clear to little children: for so, O Father, it was pleasing in your eyes. (BBE DBY NAS NIV)
Luke 13:13 And he put his hands on her, and she was made straight, and gave praise to God. (BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 17:9 Does he give praise to the servant because he did what was ordered? (BBE)
Luke 17:15 And one of them, when he saw that he was clean, turning back, gave praise to God in a loud voice; (BBE)
Luke 17:18 Were there none found who returned to give glory to God, except this stranger?" (See RSV NIV)
Luke 18:11 The Pharisee, taking up his position, said to himself these words: God, I give you praise because I am not like other men, who take more than their right, who are evil-doers, who are untrue to their wives, or even like this tax-farmer. (BBE)
Luke 18:43 Immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God. All the people, when they saw it, praised God. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 19:37 As he was now getting near, at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works which they had seen, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 22:17 And he took a cup and, having given praise, he said, Make division of this among yourselves; (BBE)
Luke 22:19 And he took bread and, having given praise, he gave it to them when it had been broken, saying, This is my body, which is given for you: do this in memory of me. (BBE)
Luke 23:47 And when the captain saw what was done, he gave praise to God, saying, Without doubt this was an upright man. (BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 24:53 And they were in the Temple at all times, giving praise to God. (BBE)
John 5:41 I don't receive glory from men. (See NIV)
John 5:44 How can you believe, who receive glory from one another, and you don't seek the glory that comes from the only God? (See NIV)
John 6:11 Then Jesus took the cakes and having given praise to God, he gave them to the people who were seated, and the fishes in the same way, as much as they had need of. (BBE)
John 6:23 Some other boats, however, came from Tiberias near to the place where they had taken the bread after the Lord had given praise. (BBE)
John 9:24 Then again called they the man that was blind, and said unto him, Give God the praise: we know that this man is a sinner. (KJV WEY WBS RSV)
John 11:41 So they took away the stone. And Jesus, looking up to heaven, said, Father, I give praise to you for hearing me. (BBE)
John 12:43 for they loved men's praise more than God's praise. (WEB KJV BBE WBS RSV NIV)
Acts 2:47 Giving praise to God, and having the approval of all the people; and every day the number of those who had salvation was increased by the Lord. (BBE)
Acts 3:8 And, jumping up, he got on to his feet and went into the Temple with them, walking and jumping and giving praise to God. (BBE)
Acts 4:21 And when they had said more sharp words to them, they let them go, not seeing what punishment they might give them, because of the people; for all men were giving praise to God for what had taken place. (BBE RSV)
Acts 12:23 Immediately an angel of the Lord struck him, because he didn't give God the glory, and he was eaten by worms and died. (See NIV)
Acts 16:25 And at midnight Paul and Silas prayed, and sang praises unto God: and the prisoners heard them. (Root in KJV WBS NAS)
Acts 21:20 And hearing it, they gave praise to God; and they said to him, You see, brother, what thousands there are among the Jews, who have the faith; and they all have a great respect for the law: (BBE NIV)
Acts 27:35 And when he had said this and had taken bread, he gave praise to God before them all, and took a meal of the broken bread. (BBE)
Acts 28:15 And the brothers, when they had news of us, came out from town as far as Appii Forum and the Three Taverns to have a meeting with us: and Paul, seeing them, gave praise to God and took heart. (BBE)
Romans 1:8 First of all, I give praise to my God through Jesus Christ for you all, because news of your faith has gone into all the world. (BBE)
Romans 1:21 Because, having the knowledge of God, they did not give glory to God as God, and did not give praise, but their minds were full of foolish things, and their hearts, being without sense, were made dark. (BBE)
Romans 2:29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly, and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit not in the letter; whose praise is not from men, but from God. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 6:17 But praise be to God that though you were the servants of sin, you have now given yourselves freely to that form of teaching under which you were placed; (BBE)
Romans 7:25 I give praise to God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So with my mind I am a servant to the law of God, but with my flesh to the law of sin. (BBE)
Romans 13:3 For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. Do you desire to have no fear of the authority? Do that which is good, and you will have praise from the same, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Romans 14:6 He who keeps the day, keeps it to the Lord; and he who takes food, takes it as to the Lord, for he gives praise to God; and he who does not take food, to the Lord he takes it not, and gives praise to God. (BBE)
Romans 14:11 For it is written, "'As I live,' says the Lord,'to me every knee will bow. Every tongue will confess to God.'" (See NAS RSV)
Romans 15:7 Therefore accept one another, even as Christ also accepted you, to the glory of God. (See NIV)
Romans 15:9 and that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written, "Therefore will I give praise to you among the Gentiles, and sing to your name." (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 15:11 Again, "Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles! Let all the peoples praise him." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 1:4 I give praise to my God for you at all times, because of the grace of God which has been given to you in Christ Jesus; (BBE)
1 Corinthians 1:14 I give praise to God that not one of you had baptism from me, but Crispus and Gaius; (BBE)
1 Corinthians 4:5 Therefore judge nothing before the time, until the Lord comes, who will both bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and reveal the counsels of the hearts. Then each man will get his praise from God. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Corinthians 10:30 But if I give praise to God for the food which I take, let no man say evil of me for that reason. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 11:2 Now I praise you, brothers, that you remember me in all things, and hold firm the traditions, even as I delivered them to you. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Corinthians 11:17 But in giving you this command, I don't praise you, that you come together not for the better but for the worse. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Corinthians 11:22 What, don't you have houses to eat and to drink in? Or do you despise God's assembly, and put them to shame who don't have? What shall I tell you? Shall I praise you? In this I don't praise you. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Corinthians 11:24 And when it had been broken with an act of praise, he said, This is my body which is for you: do this in memory of me. (BBE)
1 Corinthians 14:15 How then does the matter stand? I will pray in spirit, and I will pray with my understanding also. I will praise God in spirit, and I will praise Him with my understanding also. (WEY)
1 Corinthians 14:18 I give praise to God that I am able to make use of tongues more than you all: (BBE)
1 Corinthians 14:26 What then, brethren? Whenever you assemble, there is not one of you who is not ready either with a song of praise, a sermon, a revelation, a 'tongue,' or an interpretation. Let everything be done with a view to the building up of faith and character. (WEY)
1 Corinthians 15:57 But praise be to God who gives us strength to overcome through our Lord Jesus Christ. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 1:3 Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and the God of all comfort; (BBE NIV)
2 Corinthians 1:11 You at the same time helping together by your prayer for us; so that for what has been given to us through a number of persons, praise may go up to God for us from all of them. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 2:14 But praise be to God who makes us strong to overcome in Christ, and makes clear through us in every place the value of the knowledge of him. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 4:15 For we go through all things on account of you, because the greater the number to whom the grace is given, the greater is the praise to the glory of God. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 6:8 through honour and ignominy, through calumny and praise. We are looked upon as impostors and yet are true men; (WEY)
2 Corinthians 8:16 But praise be to God, who puts the same care for you into the heart of Titus. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 8:18 We have sent together with him the brother whose praise in the Good News is known through all the assemblies. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NIV)
2 Corinthians 9:5 So it seemed to me wise for the brothers to go before, and see that the amount which you had undertaken to give was ready, so that it might be a cause for praise, and not as if we were making profit out of you. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 9:11 Your wealth being increased in everything, with a simple mind, causing praise to God through us. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 9:12 For this work of giving not only takes care of the needs of the saints, but is the cause of much praise to God; (BBE)
2 Corinthians 9:13 For, by the practical proof of it which you exhibit in this service, you cause God to be extolled for your fidelity to your professed adherence to the Good News of the Christ, and for the liberality of your contributions for them and for all who are in need, (See NIV)
2 Corinthians 9:15 Praise be to God for what he has given, which words have no power to say. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 11:31 The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, to whom be praise for ever, is witness that the things which I say are true. (BBE NIV)
2 Corinthians 12:11 I have been forced by you to become foolish, though it was right for my praise to have come from you: for in no way was I less than the chief of the Apostles, though I am nothing. (BBE)
Ephesians 1:3 Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has given us every blessing of the Spirit in the heavens in Christ: (BBE NIV)
Ephesians 1:6 to the praise of the glory of his grace, by which he freely bestowed favor on us in the Beloved, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ephesians 1:12 to the end that we should be to the praise of his glory, we who had before hoped in Christ: (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ephesians 1:14 who is a pledge of our inheritance, to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of his glory. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ephesians 1:16 Give praise without end for you, keeping you in mind in my prayers; (BBE)
Ephesians 5:4 And let there be no low behaviour, or foolish talk, or words said in sport, which are not right, but in place of them the giving of praise. (BBE)
Ephesians 5:19 but drink deeply of God's Spirit. Speak to one another with psalms and hymns and spiritual songs. Sing and offer praise in your hearts to the Lord. (WEY BBE)
Ephesians 5:20 Giving praise at all times for all things in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, to God, even the Father; (BBE)
Philippians 1:3 I give praise to my God at every memory of you, (BBE)
Philippians 1:11 being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Philippians 4:6 Have no cares; but in everything with prayer and praise put your requests before God. (BBE)
Philippians 4:8 Finally, brothers, whatever things are true, whatever things are honorable, whatever things are just, whatever things are pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever things are of good report; if there is any virtue, and if there is any praise, think about these things. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Colossians 1:3 We give praise to God the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, making prayer for you at all times, (BBE)
Colossians 1:12 Giving praise to the Father who has given us a part in the heritage of the saints in light; (BBE)
Colossians 2:7 Rooted and based together in him, strong in the faith which the teaching gave you, giving praise to God at all times. (BBE)