|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
There are three Hebrew words used to denote the rains of different seasons,
(1.) Yoreh (Hosea 6:3), or moreh (Joel 2:23), denoting the former or the early rain.
(2.) Melqosh, the "latter rain" (Proverbs 16:15).
(3.) Geshem, the winter rain, "the rains." The heavy winter rain is mentioned in Genesis 7:12; Ezra 10:9; Cant. 2:11. The "early" or "former" rains commence in autumn in the latter part of October or beginning of November (Deuteronomy 11:14; Joel 2:23; Comp. Jeremiah 3:3), and continue to fall heavily for two months. Then the heavy "winter rains" fall from the middle of December to March. There is no prolonged fair weather in Palestine between October and March. The "latter" or spring rains fall in March and April, and serve to swell the grain then coming to maturity (Deuteronomy 11:14; Hosea 6:3). After this there is ordinarily no rain, the sky being bright and cloudless till October or November.
Rain is referred to symbolically in Deuteronomy 32:2; Psalm 72:6; Isaiah 44:3, 4; Hosea 10:12.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n. & v.) Reign.
2. (n.) Water falling in drops from the clouds; the descent of water from the clouds in drops.
3. (n.) To fall in drops from the clouds, as water; -- used mostly with it for a nominative; as, it rains.
4. (n.) To fall or drop like water from the clouds; as, tears rained from their eyes.
5. (v. t.) To pour or shower down from above, like rain from the clouds.
6. (v. t.) To bestow in a profuse or abundant manner; as, to rain favors upon a person.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ran (maTar, Arabic (?), maTar, "rain" geshem, "heavy rain" moreh, "early rain," yoreh, "former rain," malqosh, "latter rain"; brecho, huetos):
1. Water-Supply in Egypt and Palestine:
In Egypt there is little or no rainfall, the water for vegetation being supplied in great abundance by the river Nile; but in Syria and Palestine there are no large rivers, and the people have to depend entirely on the fall of rain for water for themselves, their animals and their fields. The children of Israel when in Egypt were promised by Yahweh a land which "drinketh water of the rain of heaven" (Deuteronomy 11:11). Springs and fountains are found in most of the valleys, but the flow of the springs depends directly on the fall of rain or snow in the mountains.
2. Importance of Rain in Season:
The cultivation of the land in Palestine is practically dry farming in most of the districts, but even then some water is necessary, so that there may be moisture in the soil. In the summer months there is no rain, so that the rains of the spring and fall seasons are absolutely essential for starting and maturing the crops. The lack of this rain in the proper time has often been the cause of complete failure of the harvest. A small difference in the amount of these seasonal rains makes a large difference in the possibility of growing various crops without irrigation. Ellsworth Huntington has insisted on this point with great care in his very important work, Palestine and Its Transformation. The promise of prosperity is given in the assurance of "rain in due season" (Leviticus 26:4 the King James Version). The withholding of rain according to the prophecy of Elijah (1 Kings 17:1) caused the mountain streams to dry up (1 Kings 17:7), and certain famine ensued. A glimpse of the terrible suffering for lack of water at that time is given us. The people were uncertain of another meal (1 Kings 17:12), and the animals were perishing (1 Kings 18:5).
3. Amount of Rainfall:
Palestine and Syria are on the borderland between the sea and the desert, and besides are so mountainous, that they not only have a great range of rainfall in different years, but a great variation in different parts of the country.
The amount of rain on the western slopes is comparable with that in England and America, varying from 25 to 40 inches per annum, but it falls mostly in the four winter months, when the downpour is often very heavy, giving oftentimes from 12 to 16 inches in a month. On the eastern slopes it is much less, varying from 8 to 20 inches per annum. The highest amount falls in the mountains of Lebanon where it averages about 50 inches. In Beirut the yearly average is 35, 87 inches. As we go South from Syria, the amount decreases (Haifa 27, 75, Jaffa 22, 39, Gaze 17, 61), while in the Sinaitic Peninsula there is little or none. Going from West to East the change is much more sudden, owing to the mountains which stop the clouds. In Damascus the average is less than 10 inches. In Jerusalem the average for 50 years is 26, 16 in., and the range is from 13, 19 in 1870 to 41, 62 in 1897. The yearly records as given by J. Glaisher and A. Datzi in Palestine Exploration Fund Quarterly from 1861 to 1910, 50 years, are given in the accompanying table.
Rain (118 Occurrences)
Matthew 5:45 that you may be children of your Father who is in heaven. For he makes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the just and the unjust. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 7:25 The rain came down, the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it didn't fall, for it was founded on the rock. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 7:27 The rain came down, the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat on that house; and it fell-and great was its fall." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 4:25 But I tell you in truth that there was many a widow in Israel in the time of Elijah, when there was no rain for three years and six months and there came a severe famine over all the land; (WEY)
Luke 12:54 Then he said to the people, When you see a cloud coming up in the west, straight away you say, There will be rain; and so it is. (BBE NIV)
Acts 14:17 Yet he didn't leave himself without witness, in that he did good and gave you rains from the sky and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 28:2 The natives showed us uncommon kindness; for they kindled a fire, and received us all, because of the present rain, and because of the cold. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 6:7 For the land which has drunk the rain that comes often on it, and brings forth a crop suitable for them for whose sake it is also tilled, receives blessing from God; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 5:7 Be patient therefore, brothers, until the coming of the Lord. Behold, the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient over it, until it receives the early and late rain. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 5:17 Elijah was a man with a nature like ours, and he prayed earnestly that it might not rain, and it didn't rain on the earth for three years and six months. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 5:18 He prayed again, and the sky gave rain, and the earth brought forth its fruit. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jude 1:12 These men--sunken rocks! --are those who share the pleasure of your love-feasts, unrestrained by fear while caring only for themselves; clouds without water, driven away by the winds; trees that cast their fruit, barren, doubly dead, uprooted; (Root in WEY NIV)
Revelation 8:7 And at the sounding of the first, a rain of ice and fire, mixed with blood, was sent on the earth: and a third part of the earth, and of the trees, and all green grass was burned up. (BBE)
Revelation 11:6 These have the power to shut up the sky, that it may not rain during the days of their prophecy. They have power over the waters, to turn them into blood, and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 11:19 And the house of God which is in heaven was open; and the ark of his agreement was seen in his house, and there were flames and voices and thunders and an earth-shock and a rain of ice. (BBE)
Genesis 2:5 No plant of the field was yet in the earth, and no herb of the field had yet sprung up; for Yahweh God had not caused it to rain on the earth. There was not a man to till the ground, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 7:4 In seven days, I will cause it to rain on the earth for forty days and forty nights. Every living thing that I have made, I will destroy from the surface of the ground." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 7:12 The rain was on the earth forty days and forty nights. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 8:2 The deep's fountains and the sky's windows were also stopped, and the rain from the sky was restrained. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 19:24 Then Yahweh rained on Sodom and on Gomorrah sulfur and fire from Yahweh out of the sky. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:18 Behold, tomorrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as has not been in Egypt since the day it was founded even until now. Leviticus (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Exodus 9:33 Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands to Yahweh; and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured on the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:34 When Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 16:4 Then said Yahweh to Moses, "Behold, I will rain bread from the sky for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law, or not. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 26:4 then I will give you your rains in their season, and the land shall yield its increase, and the trees of the field shall yield their fruit. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 11:11 but the land, where you go over to possess it, is a land of hills and valleys, and drinks water of the rain of the sky, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 11:14 that I will give the rain of your land in its season, the former rain and the latter rain, that you may gather in your grain, and your new wine, and your oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 11:17 and the anger of Yahweh be kindled against you, and he shut up the sky, so that there shall be no rain, and the land shall not yield its fruit; and you perish quickly from off the good land which Yahweh gives you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 28:12 Yahweh will open to you his good treasure in the sky, to give the rain of your land in its season, and to bless all the work of your hand: and you shall lend to many nations, and you shall not borrow. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 28:22 The Lord will send wasting disease, and burning pain, and flaming heat against you, keeping back the rain till your land is waste and dead; so will it be till your destruction is complete. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 28:24 Yahweh will make the rain of your land powder and dust: from the sky shall it come down on you, until you are destroyed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain. My speech shall condense as the dew, as the small rain on the tender grass, as the showers on the herb. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 32:23 I will send a rain of troubles on them, my arrows will be showered on them. (BBE)
1 Samuel 12:17 Isn't it wheat harvest today? I will call to Yahweh, that he may send thunder and rain; and you shall know and see that your wickedness is great, which you have done in the sight of Yahweh, in asking for a king." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 12:18 So Samuel called to Yahweh; and Yahweh sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared Yahweh and Samuel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 1:21 You mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew nor rain on you, neither fields of offerings; For there the shield of the mighty was vilely cast away, The shield of Saul was not anointed with oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 21:10 And Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah, took haircloth, placing it on the rock as a bed for herself, from the start of the grain-cutting till rain came down on them from heaven; and she did not let the birds of the air come near them by day, or the beasts of the field by night. (Root in BBE NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 22:12 He made darkness pavilions around himself: gathering of waters, and thick clouds of the skies. (See NIV)
2 Samuel 23:4 shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, when the tender grass springs out of the earth, through clear shining after rain.' (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 8:35 "When the sky is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against you; if they pray toward this place, and confess your name, and turn from their sin, when you afflict them: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 8:36 then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of your servants, and of your people Israel, when you teach them the good way in which they should walk; and send rain on your land, which you have given to your people for an inheritance. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 17:1 Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the foreigners of Gilead, said to Ahab, "As Yahweh, the God of Israel, lives, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 17:7 It happened after a while, that the brook dried up, because there was no rain in the land. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 17:14 For thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel,'The jar of meal shall not empty, neither shall the jar of oil fail, until the day that Yahweh sends rain on the earth.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 18:1 It happened after many days, that the word of Yahweh came to Elijah, in the third year, saying, "Go, show yourself to Ahab; and I will send rain on the earth." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 18:41 Elijah said to Ahab, "Get up, eat and drink; for there is the sound of abundance of rain." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 18:44 It happened at the seventh time, that he said, "Behold, a small cloud, like a man's hand, is rising out of the sea." He said, "Go up, tell Ahab,'Get ready and go down, so that the rain doesn't stop you.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
1 Kings 18:45 It happened in a little while, that the sky grew black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. Ahab rode, and went to Jezreel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 3:17 For thus says Yahweh,'You will not see wind, neither will you see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, and you will drink, both you and your livestock and your animals. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 6:26 When the sky is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against you; if they pray toward this place, and confess your name, and turn from their sin, when you afflict them: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 6:27 then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of your servants, and of your people Israel, when you teach them the good way in which they should walk; and send rain on your land, which you have given to your people for an inheritance. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 7:13 If I shut up the sky so that there is no rain, or if I command the locust to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 10:9 Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered themselves together to Jerusalem within the three days; it was the ninth month, on the twentieth day of the month: and all the people sat in the broad place before the house of God, trembling because of this matter, and for the great rain. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 10:13 But the people are many, and it is a time of much rain, and we are not able to stand outside: neither is this a work of one day or two; for we have greatly transgressed in this matter. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 5:10 who gives rain on the earth, and sends waters on the fields; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 20:23 When he is about to fill his belly, God will cast the fierceness of his wrath on him. It will rain on him while he is eating. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 24:8 They are wet with the rain of the mountains, and get into the cracks of the rock for cover. (BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Job 28:26 When he made a decree for the rain, and a way for the lightning of the thunder; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 29:23 They waited for me as for the rain. Their mouths drank as with the spring rain. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 36:27 For he draws up the drops of water, which distill in rain from his vapor, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 37:6 For he says to the snow,'Fall on the earth;' likewise to the shower of rain, and to the showers of his mighty rain. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 38:25 By whom has the way been cut for the flowing of the rain, and the flaming of the thunder; (BBE DBY RSV NIV)
Job 38:26 To cause it to rain on a land where no man is; on the wilderness, in which there is no man; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Job 38:28 Does the rain have a father? Or who fathers the drops of dew? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 11:6 On the wicked he will rain blazing coals; fire, sulfur, and scorching wind shall be the portion of their cup. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 18:11 He made darkness his hiding place, his pavilion around him, darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies. (See NIV)
Psalms 18:13 The Lord made thunder in the heavens, and the voice of the Highest was sounding out: a rain of ice and fire. (BBE)
Psalms 65:11 The year is crowned with the good you give; life-giving rain is dropping from your footsteps, (BBE)
Psalms 68:8 The earth trembled. The sky also poured down rain at the presence of the God of Sinai-- at the presence of God, the God of Israel. (WEB ASV NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 68:9 You, God, sent a plentiful rain. You confirmed your inheritance, when it was weary. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Psalms 72:6 He will come down like rain on the mown grass, as showers that water the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 78:24 He rained down manna on them to eat, and gave them food from the sky. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 78:27 He rained also flesh on them as the dust; winged birds as the sand of the seas. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 84:6 Passing through the valley of Weeping, they make it a place of springs. Yes, the autumn rain covers it with blessings. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 104:13 He sends down rain from his store-houses on the hills: the earth is full of the fruit of his works. (BBE)
Psalms 105:32 He gave them hail for rain, with lightning in their land. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 135:7 who causes the clouds to rise from the ends of the earth; who makes lightnings with the rain; who brings forth the wind out of his treasuries; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 147:8 who covers the sky with clouds, who prepares rain for the earth, who makes grass grow on the mountains. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 148:8 Fire and rain of ice, snow and mists; storm-wind, doing his word: (BBE)
Proverbs 16:15 In the light of the king's face is life. His favor is like a cloud of the spring rain. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 19:13 A foolish son is the destruction of his father; and the bitter arguments of a wife are like drops of rain falling without end. (BBE RSV)
Proverbs 25:14 As clouds and wind without rain, so is he who boasts of gifts deceptively. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 25:23 The north wind brings forth rain: so a backbiting tongue brings an angry face. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 26:1 Like snow in summer, and as rain in harvest, so honor is not fitting for a fool. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 27:15 A continual dropping on a rainy day and a contentious wife are alike: (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 28:3 A needy man who oppresses the poor is like a driving rain which leaves no crops. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ecclesiastes 11:3 If the clouds are full of rain, they empty themselves on the earth; and if a tree falls toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falls, there shall it be. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ecclesiastes 12:2 Before the sun, the light, the moon, and the stars are darkened, and the clouds return after the rain; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 2:11 For, behold, the winter is past. The rain is over and gone. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 4:6 There will be a pavilion for a shade in the daytime from the heat, and for a refuge and for a shelter from storm and from rain. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 5:6 I will lay it a wasteland. It won't be pruned nor hoed, but it will grow briers and thorns. I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain on it." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 25:4 For you have been a strong place for the poor and the crushed in their trouble, a safe place from the storm, a shade from the heat, when the wrath of the cruel ones is like a winter storm. (See NAS)
Isaiah 28:2 See, the Lord has a strong and cruel one; like a rain of ice, a storm of destruction, like the overflowing of a strong river, he will violently overcome them. (BBE NIV)
Isaiah 30:23 He will give the rain for your seed, with which you will sow the ground; and bread of the increase of the ground will be rich and plentiful. In that day, your livestock will feed in large pastures. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 30:30 And Jehovah will cause his glorious voice to be heard, and will show the lighting down of his arm, with the indignation of his anger, and the flame of a devouring fire, with a blast, and tempest, and hailstones. (See JPS BBE)
Isaiah 44:14 He cuts down cedars for himself, and takes the cypress and the oak, and strengthens for himself one among the trees of the forest. He plants a fir tree, and the rain nourishes it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 45:8 Let righteousness come down, O heavens, from on high, and let the sky send it down like rain: let the earth be open to give the fruit of salvation, causing righteousness to come up with it; I the Lord have made it come about. (BBE RSV NIV)
Isaiah 55:10 For as the rain comes down and the snow from the sky, and doesn't return there, but waters the earth, and makes it bring forth and bud, and gives seed to the sower and bread to the eater; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there has been no latter rain; yet you have a prostitute's forehead, you refused to be ashamed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 5:24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear Yahweh our God, who gives rain, both the former and the latter, in its season; who preserves to us the appointed weeks of the harvest. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV) Continued...