|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) One of the five Midianite kings whom the Israelites destroyed (Numbers 31:8).
(2.) One of the sons of Hebron (1 Chronicles 2:43, 44).
(3.) A town of Benjamin (Joshua 18:27).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
re'-kem (rekem, "friendship"):
(1) One of the five kings of Midian slain by the Israelites under Moses (Numbers 31:8 Joshua 13:21 (Codex Vaticanus Rhobok; Codex Alexandrinus Rhokom)). Like his companions, he is called a "king" in Numbers, but a "prince" or "chieftain" in the passage in Josh. The two references are hardly related; both are based on an earlier tradition.glish Language, 398). the Revised Version (British and American) has, however, retained the older word, at least in the margin, in all passages in which it is found in the King James Version): According to Hebrew psychology the reins are the seat of the deepest emotions and affections of man, which God alone can fully know. Thus the Revised Version (British and American) has substituted "heart" for "reins" in the text of Job 19:27 Psalm 7:9; Psalm 16:7; Psalm 26:2; 73:21 Proverbs 23:16 Jeremiah 11:20; Jeremiah 12:2; Jeremiah 17:10; Jeremiah 20:12; the translation "inward parts" is found but once (Psalm 139:13). In one passage the King James Version has translated the Hebrew halac ("loins") with "reins" (Isaiah 11:5), where the Revised Version (British and American) has rightly substituted "waist" (which see). The Greek word nephros (which is etymologically allied to the Middle English nere, Get. Niere; see Skeat, ibid, 231, under the word "Kidney") is found in 1 Maccabees 2:24; Revelation 2:23. compare Micah 4:7); "Thy God reigneth" (Isaiah 52:7); "Thou hast taken thy great power and didst reign" (Revelation 11:17, meaning probably "thou didst assume thy might"); (2) the Messiah (Christ) as a just and righteous king (Jeremiah 23:5); an eternal king (Luke 1:33; compare Revelation 11:15); punishing and subduing His enemies (Luke 19:14, 27 1 Corinthians 15:25).
(2) Eponym of a Calebite family (1 Chronicles 2:43 (Rhekom). Probably a town in Southern Judah. A town of this name is given as belonging to Benjamin (Joshua 18:27).
(3) A city of Benjamin, mentioned with Irpeel and Taralah (Joshua 18:27); the site is unknown.
See also RAKEM.
Horace J. Wolf
Rekem (6 Occurrences)
Numbers 31:8 They killed the kings of Midian with the rest of their slain: Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, the five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they killed with the sword. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 13:21 all the cities of the plain, and all the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon, whom Moses struck with the chiefs of Midian, Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba, the princes of Sihon, who lived in the land. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Joshua 18:27 Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 2:43 The sons of Hebron: Korah, and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 2:44 Shema became the father of Raham, the father of Jorkeam; and Rekem became the father of Shammai. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 7:16 And Maacah the wife of Machir bare a son, and she called his name Peresh; and the name of his brother was Sheresh; and his sons were Ulam and Rakem. (See JPS)