|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (v. i.) To turn up the earth with the snout, as swine.
2. (v. i.) Hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or groveling servility; to fawn servilely.
3. (v. t.) To turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots the earth.
4. (n.) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or the sweet flag.
5. (n.) The descending, and commonly branching, axis of a plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity only, not divided into joints, leafless and without buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall, etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air, as in some epiphytic orchids.
6. (n.) An edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the root crop.
7. (n.) That which resembles a root in position or function, esp. as a source of nourishment or support; that from which anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like.
8. (n.) An ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a stem.
9. (n.) A primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms employed in language; a word from which other words are formed; a radix, or radical.
10. (n.) The cause or occasion by which anything is brought about; the source.
11. (n.) That factor of a quantity which when multiplied into itself will produce that quantity; thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27.
12. (n.) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed.
13. (n.) The lowest place, position, or part.
14. (n.) The time which to reckon in making calculations.
15. (v. i.) To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.
16. (v. i.) To be firmly fixed; to be established.
17. (v. t.) To plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth; to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted trees or forests; rooted dislike.
18. (v. t.) To tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; -- with up, out, or away.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DAVID, ROOT OF
root (he rhiza Daueid, Revelation 5:5; Revelation 22:16): Root here means stock, family, descendant, hence, "the Root of David" is that which descended from David, not that from which David descended. Jesus Christ in His human nature and family connections was a descendant of David, a member of his family.
root (shoresh; rhiza): Frequently mentioned in the Old Testament and New Testament, but almost always in a figurative sense, e.g. "root of the righteous" (Proverbs 12:3, 12); "root that beareth gall" (Deuteronomy 29:18); "Their root shall be as rottenness" (Isaiah 5:24); "root of bitterness" (Hebrews 12:15). Also of peoples: "they whose root is in Amalek" (Judges 5:14); of Assyria (Ezekiel 31:7); "Ephraim is smitten, their root is dried up" (Hosea 9:16); "Judah shall again take root downward" (2 Kings 19:30; compare Isaiah 27:6; Isaiah 37:31); the root of Jesse (Isaiah 11:10 Romans 15:12); root of David (Revelation 5:5; Revelation 22:16).
ROOT OF JESSE
(shoresh yishay (Isaiah 11:10); rhiza tou Iessai (Romans 15:12)): The Hebrew and Greek words are practically the same in meaning. "Root" means descendant, branch of the family or stock. The Messianic king was to be of the family of Jesse the father of David. In Romans 15:12 Paul quotes the Septuagint of Isaiah 11:10. Jesus is a branch or descendant of the family of Jesse, as well as of David.
See also DAVID, ROOT OF.
ROOT OF DAVID
See DAVID, ROOT OF.
Root (54 Occurrences)
Matthew 3:10 "Even now the axe lies at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that doesn't bring forth good fruit is cut down, and cast into the fire. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 13:6 When the sun had risen, they were scorched. Because they had no root, they withered away. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 13:21 yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he stumbles. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 13:29 "But he said,'No, lest perhaps while you gather up the darnel weeds, you root up the wheat with them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 4:6 When the sun had risen, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 4:17 They have no root in themselves, but are short-lived. When oppression or persecution arises because of the word, immediately they stumble. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 3:9 Even now the axe also lies at the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that doesn't bring forth good fruit is cut down, and thrown into the fire." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 8:13 Those on the rock are they who, when they hear, receive the word with joy; but these have no root, who believe for a while, then fall away in time of temptation. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 17:6 The Lord said, "If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you would tell this sycamore tree,'Be uprooted, and be planted in the sea,' and it would obey you. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 11:16 If the first fruit is holy, so is the lump. If the root is holy, so are the branches. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 11:17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive, were grafted in among them, and became partaker with them of the root and of the richness of the olive tree; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Romans 11:18 don't boast over the branches. But if you boast, it is not you who support the root, but the root supports you. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 15:12 Again, Isaiah says, "There will be the root of Jesse, he who arises to rule over the Gentiles; in him the Gentiles will hope." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Timothy 6:10 For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some have been led astray from the faith in their greed, and have pierced themselves through with many sorrows. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 12:15 looking carefully lest there be any man who falls short of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and many be defiled by it; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 5:5 One of the elders said to me, "Don't weep. Behold, the Lion who is of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome; he who opens the book and its seven seals." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 22:16 I, Jesus, have sent my angel to testify these things to you for the assemblies. I am the root and the offspring of David; the Bright and Morning Star." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 29:18 lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turns away this day from Yahweh our God, to go to serve the gods of those nations; lest there should be among you a root that bears gall and wormwood; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 5:14 Those whose root is in Amalek came out of Ephraim, after you, Benjamin, among your peoples. Governors come down out of Machir. Those who handle the marshal's staff came out of Zebulun. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 14:15 For Yahweh will strike Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water; and he will root up Israel out of this good land which he gave to their fathers, and will scatter them beyond the River, because they have made their Asherim, provoking Yahweh to anger. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 19:30 The remnant that has escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 5:3 I have seen the foolish taking root, but suddenly I cursed his habitation. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 14:8 Though its root grows old in the earth, and its stock dies in the ground, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 15:29 He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall their possessions be extended on the earth. (See RSV)
Job 19:28 If you say,'How we will persecute him!' because the root of the matter is found in me, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Job 28:9 He puts forth his hand on the flinty rock, and he overturns the mountains by the roots. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Job 29:19 My root is spread out to the waters. The dew lies all night on my branch. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 30:4 They pluck salt herbs by the bushes. The roots of the broom are their food. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 31:12 For it is a fire that consumes to destruction, and would root out all my increase. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 52:5 God will likewise destroy you forever. He will take you up, and pluck you out of your tent, and root you out of the land of the living. Selah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 80:9 You cleared the ground for it. It took deep root, and filled the land. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 80:15 And the root that Thy right hand planted, And the branch Thou madest strong for Thee, (YLT NIV)
Proverbs 12:3 A man shall not be established by wickedness, but the root of the righteous shall not be moved. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 12:12 The wicked desires the plunder of evil men, but the root of the righteous flourishes. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 15:25 Yahweh will uproot the house of the proud, but he will keep the widow's borders intact. (Root in WEB ASV BBE)
Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the tongue of fire devours the stubble, and as the dry grass sinks down in the flame, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust; because they have rejected the law of Yahweh of Armies, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 11:10 It will happen in that day that the nations will seek the root of Jesse, who stands as a banner of the peoples; and his resting place will be glorious. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 14:29 Don't rejoice, O Philistia, all of you, because the rod that struck you is broken; for out of the serpent's root an adder will emerge, and his fruit will be a fiery flying serpent. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 14:30 The firstborn of the poor will eat, and the needy will lie down in safety; and I will kill your root with famine, and your remnant will be killed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 27:6 In days to come, Jacob will take root. Israel will blossom and bud. They will fill the surface of the world with fruit. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 37:31 The remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah will again take root downward, and bear fruit upward. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 40:24 They are planted scarcely. They are sown scarcely. Their stock has scarcely taken root in the ground. He merely blows on them, and they wither, and the whirlwind takes them away as stubble. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 53:2 For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no form nor comeliness. When we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 1:10 See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant. (KJV JPS BBE WBS NIV)
Jeremiah 12:2 You have planted them, yes, they have taken root; they grow, yes, they bring forth fruit: you are near in their mouth, and far from their heart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Lamentations 3:15 He has made my life nothing but pain, he has given me the bitter root in full measure. (BBE)
Lamentations 3:19 Keep in mind my trouble and my wandering, the bitter root and the poison. (BBE)
Ezekiel 31:7 Thus was it beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches; for its root was by many waters. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 9:16 Ephraim is struck. Their root has dried up. They will bear no fruit. Even though they bring forth, yet I will kill the beloved ones of their womb." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 14:5 I will be like the dew to Israel. He will blossom like the lily, and send down his roots like Lebanon. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Amos 2:9 Yet I destroyed the Amorite before them, whose height was like the height of the cedars, and he was strong as the oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots from beneath. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Micah 5:14 I will uproot your Asherim out of your midst; and I will destroy your cities. (Root in WEB NAS RSV NIV)
Malachi 2:12 The Lord will have the man who does this cut off root and branch out of the tents of Jacob, and him who makes an offering to the Lord of armies. (BBE)
Malachi 4:1 "For, behold, the day comes, it burns as a furnace; and all the proud, and all who work wickedness, will be stubble; and the day that comes will burn them up," says Yahweh of Armies, "that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)