|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) Extreme and lofty contempt; haughty disregard; that disdain which springs from the opinion of the utter meanness and unworthiness of an object.
2. (n.) An act or expression of extreme contempt.
3. (n.) An object of extreme disdain, contempt, or derision.
4. (n.) To hold in extreme contempt; to reject as unworthy of regard; to despise; to contemn; to disdain.
5. (n.) To treat with extreme contempt; to make the object of insult; to mock; to scoff at; to deride.
6. (v. i.) To scoff; to mock; to show contumely, derision, or reproach; to act disdainfully.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
skorn: Fox Talbot connects this English word with the Danish skarn, "dirt," "ordure" "mud," "mire." As distinguished from such words as "mock," "deride," "scoff," all of which refer specifically to the various ways in which scorn finds outward expression, scorn itself denotes a subjective state or reaction.
Further, this state or reaction is not simple but complex. It includes a sense of superiority, resentment, and aversion. This reaction occurs when one is confronted with a person or a proposition that by challenging certain things for itself evokes a vivid sense of one's own superiority and awakens mingled resentment, repulsion and contempt by the hollowness of its claims and its intrinsic inferiority or worse. Scorn is a hotter, fiercer emotion than disdain or contempt. It is obvious that scorn may-indeed, it not uncommonly does-arise in connection with an not grounded, arrogant sense of self-esteem.
The word, outside of the phrase "laugh to scorn," is found only in the Old Testament, and then only 4 times (Esther 3:6; King James Version, Psalm 44:13; Psalm 79:4 Habakkuk 1:10), and it represents three different Hebrew words for none of which it is a suitable rendering. The two words "thought scorn" in Esther 3:6 represent but one in Hebrew, namely, bazah, for which "disdain" would be a nearer equivalent. In Habakkuk 1:10 (the King James Version) the word translated "scorn" is micchaq, "an object of laughter," "laughing-stock." In Psalm 44:13; Psalm 79:4 the Hebrew word is la`agh from a root, probably meaning "to stutter," "stammer," for which "mocking" is a better English equivalent. In the King James Version Job 34:7 Psalm 123:4, la`agh is rendered "scorning". (the rendering given in Proverbs 1:22 to latson, a word from a totally different root and one much more nearly approximating the fundamental idea of the English word "Scorn." In Proverbs 29:8 and Isaiah 28:14 latson is rendered "scornful").
As a verb the word is the translation given to la`agh, "to mock" (2 Kings 19:21 parallel Isaiah 37:22 Job 22:19 Nehemiah 2:19 Psalm 22:7, "all laugh to scorn"); qalas = "to scoff" (Ezekiel 16:31, margin "Greek: scoffeth," but text still "scorneth"); for the noun tsechoq, "laughter" (Ezekiel 23:32); sachaq = to laugh," "laugh at" (Job 39:7, 18 2 Chronicles 30:10), with the noun sechoq, "laugh to scorn" (the Revised Version (British and American) "laughing-stock," Job 12:4); luts = "to scoff" (as used in ethical and religious connections) (Job 16:20 Proverbs 3:34; Proverbs 9:12, all "scoff" in the Revised Version (British and American)); in Proverbs 19:28 the Revised Version (British and American), not happily, "mock at." the Revised Version (British and American) is warranted in substituting "scoff" for "scorn" because the context indicates some form of outward expression of the scorn.
The Revised Version (British and American) always (except Job 12:4; Sirach 6:4; 1 Maccabees 10:70) retains "laugh to scorn" (2 Kings 19:21 2 Chronicles 30:10 Nehemiah 2:19 Job 22:19 Psalm 22:7 Isaiah 37:22 Ezekiel 16:31; Ezekiel 23:32; 2Es 2:21 Jdt 12:12 Wis 4:18 Sir 7:11; Sir 13:7; Sir 20:17; Matthew 9:24 Mark 5:40 Luke 8:53). The verb in Apocrypha and the New Testament is usually katagelao, but in The Wisdom of Solomon 4:1 ekgelao; in Sirach 13:7 katamokomai; and in 2 Esdras 2:21 inrideo. In addition "scorn" is retained in Esther 3:6 Job 39:7, 18; 2Es 8:56 (contemno). In Proverbs 19:28 "scorn" is changed to "mock at" but elsewhere invariably to "scoff."
Scorner is the translation of the participle of luts and once of the participle of latsats. For "scorner" the Revised Version (British and American) everywhere substitutes-properly-"scoffer." Outside of Proverbs (and Hosea 7:5) the word is to be found only in Psalm 1:2. The force of the word has been well indicated by Cheyne, who says that the "scorner (scoffer) is one who despises that which is holy and avoids the company of the noble `wise men,' but yet in his own vain way seeks for truth; his character is marked by arrogance as that of the wise is characterized by devout caution."
W. M. McPheeters
Scorn (65 Occurrences)
Matthew 9:24 He said unto them, Give place: for the maid is not dead, but sleepeth. And they laughed him to scorn. (KJV ASV)
Mark 5:40 And they laughed him to scorn. But when he had put them all out, he taketh the father and the mother of the damsel, and them that were with him, and entereth in where the damsel was lying. (KJV WEY ASV)
Luke 6:22 Blessed are you when men shall hate you, and when they shall exclude and mock you, and throw out your name as evil, for the Son of Man's sake. (See NAS)
Luke 8:53 And they laughed him to scorn, knowing that she was dead. (KJV ASV)
Luke 16:13 "No servant can be in bondage to two masters. For either he will hate one and love the other, or else he will cling fast to one and scorn the other. You cannot be bondservants both of God and of gold." (WEY)
Luke 23:11 Then, laughing to scorn the claims of Jesus, Herod (and his soldiers with him) (WEY)
Galatians 4:14 That which was a temptation to you in my flesh, you didn't despise nor reject; but you received me as an angel of God, even as Christ Jesus. (See RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 28:37 You shall become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all the peoples where Yahweh shall lead you away. (See NIV)
2 Kings 19:21 This is the word that the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin the daughter of Zion hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
2 Chronicles 29:8 Therefore the wrath of Yahweh was on Judah and Jerusalem, and he has delivered them to be tossed back and forth, to be an astonishment, and a hissing, as you see with your eyes. (See NIV)
2 Chronicles 30:10 So the posts passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh even unto Zebulun: but they laughed them to scorn, and mocked them. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 2:19 But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard it, they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What is this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king? (KJV JPS ASV WBS)
Esther 3:6 But he scorned the thought of laying hands on Mordecai alone, for they had made known to him Mordecai's people. Therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the Mordecai's people. (Root in WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NIV)
Job 12:4 I am as one mocked of his neighbour, who calleth upon God, and he answereth him: the just upright man is laughed to scorn. (KJV)
Job 16:10 They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek scornfully; they gather themselves together against me. (Root in JPS NIV)
Job 16:20 My friends scorn me: but mine eye poureth out tears unto God. (KJV WBS RSV)
Job 19:18 Even young children despise me. If I arise, they speak against me. (See NIV)
Job 22:19 The righteous see it, and are glad: and the innocent laugh them to scorn. (KJV JPS ASV DBY RSV)
Job 34:7 What man is like Job, who drinks scorn like water, (WEB KJV JPS DBY WBS NIV)
Psalms 22:7 All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, (KJV JPS ASV DBY)
Psalms 31:11 Because of all my adversaries I have become utterly contemptible to my neighbors, A fear to my acquaintances. Those who saw me on the street fled from me. (See RSV)
Psalms 39:8 Deliver me from all my transgressions. Don't make me the reproach of the foolish. (See RSV NIV)
Psalms 44:13 Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us. (KJV JPS WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Psalms 64:8 Their own tongues shall ruin them. All who see them will shake their heads. (See NIV)
Psalms 69:7 Because for your sake, I have borne reproach. Shame has covered my face. (See NIV)
Psalms 69:10 When I wept and I fasted, that was to my reproach. (See NIV)
Psalms 71:13 Let my accusers be disappointed and consumed. Let them be covered with disgrace and scorn who want to harm me. (WEB RSV NIV)
Psalms 79:4 We are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us. (KJV JPS WBS YLT NIV)
Psalms 80:6 You make us a source of contention to our neighbors. Our enemies laugh among themselves. (See RSV)
Psalms 89:41 All who pass by the way rob him. He has become a reproach to his neighbors. (See RSV NIV)
Psalms 109:25 I have also become a reproach to them. When they see me, they shake their head. (See RSV NIV)
Psalms 119:22 Take reproach and contempt away from me, for I have kept your statutes. (See RSV NIV)
Psalms 123:4 Our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, and with the contempt of the proud. (Root in KJV JPS DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Proverbs 3:34 Surely he scorneth the scorners: but he giveth grace unto the lowly. (Root in KJV JPS DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Proverbs 18:3 When the evil-doer comes, a low opinion comes with him, and with the loss of honour comes shame. (See NAS)
Proverbs 23:9 Say nothing in the hearing of a foolish man, for he will put no value on the wisdom of your words. (See NIV)
Isaiah 37:22 This is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee. (KJV JPS ASV DBY RSV)
Isaiah 43:28 Your chiefs have made my holy place unclean, so I have made Jacob a curse, and Israel a thing of shame. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 6:10 To whom am I to give word, witnessing so that they may take note? see, their ears are stopped, and they are not able to give attention: see, the word of the Lord has been a cause of shame to them, they have no delight in it. (See RSV)
Jeremiah 18:16 to make their land an astonishment, and a perpetual hissing; everyone who passes thereby shall be astonished, and shake his head. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 19:8 I will make this city an astonishment, and a hissing; everyone who passes thereby shall be astonished and hiss because of all its plagues. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 25:9 behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, says Yahweh, and I will send to Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant, and will bring them against this land, and against its inhabitants, and against all these nations around; and I will utterly destroy them, and make them an astonishment, and a hissing, and perpetual desolations. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 25:18 to wit, Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and its kings, and its princes, to make them a desolation, an astonishment, a hissing, and a curse, as it is this day; (See NIV)
Jeremiah 29:18 I will pursue after them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and will deliver them to be tossed back and forth among all the kingdoms of the earth, to be an object of horror, and an astonishment, and a hissing, and a reproach, among all the nations where I have driven them; (See NIV)
Jeremiah 48:27 For wasn't Israel a derision to you? was he found among thieves? for as often as you speak of him, you shake your head. (See NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 51:37 Babylon shall become heaps, a dwelling place for jackals, an astonishment, and a hissing, without inhabitant. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 16:31 in that you build your vaulted place at the head of every way, and make your lofty place in every street, and have not been as a prostitute, in that you scorn pay. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 22:4 You have become guilty in your blood that you have shed, and are defiled in your idols which you have made; and you have caused your days to draw near, and are come even to your years: therefore have I made you a reproach to the nations, and a mocking to all the countries. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 23:32 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou shalt drink of thy sister's cup deep and large: thou shalt be laughed to scorn and had in derision; it containeth much. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NIV)
Ezekiel 25:6 For thus says the Lord Yahweh: Because you have clapped your hands, and stamped with the feet, and rejoiced with all the despite of your soul against the land of Israel; (See NAS)
Ezekiel 25:15 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Because the Philistines have dealt by revenge, and have taken vengeance with despite of soul to destroy with perpetual enmity; (See NAS)
Ezekiel 28:26 They shall dwell securely therein; yes, they shall build houses, and plant vineyards, and shall dwell securely, when I have executed judgments on all those who do them despite all around them; and they shall know that I am Yahweh their God. (See NAS)
Ezekiel 34:29 I will raise up to them a plantation for renown, and they shall be no more consumed with famine in the land, neither bear the shame of the nations any more. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 36:4 Therefore, O mountains of Israel, Hear a word of the Lord Jehovah: Thus said the Lord Jehovah, to mountains, and to hills, To streams, and to valleys, And to wastes that 'are' desolate, And to cities that are forsaken, That have been for a prey, And for a scorn, to the remnant of the nations who 'are' round about. (YLT)
Ezekiel 36:5 therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh: Surely in the fire of my jealousy have I spoken against the residue of the nations, and against all Edom, that have appointed my land to themselves for a possession with the joy of all their heart, with despite of soul, to cast it out for a prey. (See NAS)
Ezekiel 36:6 Therefore prophesy concerning the land of Israel, and tell the mountains and to the hills, to the watercourses and to the valleys, Thus says the Lord Yahweh: Behold, I have spoken in my jealousy and in my wrath, because you have borne the shame of the nations: (See NIV)
Ezekiel 36:7 therefore thus says the Lord Yahweh: I have sworn, saying, Surely the nations that are around you, they shall bear their shame. (See NIV)
Ezekiel 36:15 neither will I let you hear any more the shame of the nations, neither shall you bear the reproach of the peoples any more, neither shall you cause your nation to stumble any more, says the Lord Yahweh. (See NIV)
Daniel 9:16 Lord, according to all your righteousness, let your anger and please let your wrath be turned away from your city Jerusalem, your holy mountain; because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and your people have become a reproach to all who are around us. (See NIV)
Daniel 11:18 After this shall he turn his face to the islands, and shall take many: but a prince shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; yes, moreover, he shall cause his reproach to turn on him. (See NAS)
Joel 2:17 Let the priests, the ministers of Yahweh, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, "Spare your people, Yahweh, and don't give your heritage to reproach, that the nations should rule over them. Why should they say among the peoples,'Where is their God?'" (See NIV)
Joel 2:19 Yahweh answered his people, "Behold, I will send you grain, new wine, and oil, and you will be satisfied with them; and I will no more make you a reproach among the nations. (See NIV)
Micah 6:16 For the statutes of Omri are kept, and all the works of the house of Ahab. You walk in their counsels, that I may make you a ruin, and her inhabitants a hissing; And you will bear the reproach of my people." (See RSV NIV)
Habakkuk 1:10 And they shall scoff at the kings, and the princes shall be a scorn unto them: they shall deride every strong hold; for they shall heap dust, and take it. (KJV DBY WBS)
Habakkuk 2:6 Won't all these take up a parable against him, and a taunting proverb against him, and say,'Woe to him who increases that which is not his, and who enriches himself by extortion! How long?' (See NIV)