|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Soldier of Jehovah.
(1.) The father of Joab (1 Chronicles 4:13, 14).
(2.) The grandfather of Jehu (1 Chronicles 4:35).
(3.) One of David's scribes or secretaries (2 Samuel 8:17).
(4.) A Netophathite (Jeremiah 40:8), a chief priest of the time of Zedekiah. He was carried captive by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon, and there put to death (2 Kings 25:18, 23).
(5.) Ezra 2:2.
(6.) Father of Ezra the scribe (7:1).
(7.) A ruler of the temple (Nehemiah 11:11).
(8.) A priest of the days of Jehoiakim (Nehemiah 12:1, 12).
(9.) The son of Neriah. When Zedekiah made a journey to Babylon to do homage to Nebuchadnezzar, Seraiah had charge of the royal gifts to be presented on that occasion. Jeremiah took advantage of the occasion, and sent with Seraiah a word of cheer to the exiles in Babylon, and an announcement of the doom in store for that guilty city. The roll containing this message (Jeremiah 50:1-8) Seraiah was to read to the exiles, and then, after fixing a stone to it, was to throw it into the Euphrates, uttering, as it sank, the prayer recorded in Jeremiah 51:59-64. Babylon was at this time in the height of its glory, the greatest and most powerful monarchy in the world. Scarcely seventy years elapsed when the words of the prophet were all fulfilled. Jeremiah 51:59 is rendered in the Revised Version, "Now Seraiah was chief chamberlain," instead of "was a quiet prince," as in the Authorized Version.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
se-ra'-ya, se-ri'-a (serayahu, "Yah hath prevailed"; Septuagint Saraias, or Saraia):
(1) Secretary of David (2 Samuel 8:17); in 2 Samuel 20:25 he is called Sheva; in 1 Kings 4:3 the name appears as Shisha. This last or Shasha would be restored elsewhere by some critics; others prefer the form Shavsha, which is found in 1 Chronicles 18:16.
(2) A high priest in the reign of Zedekiah; executed with other prominent captives at Riblah by order of Nebuchadnezzar (2 Kings 25:18, 21 Jeremiah 52:24, 27). Mentioned in the list of high priests (1 Chronicles 6:14). Ezra claims descent from him (Ezra 7:1 (3)).
See AZARAIAS; SARAIAS.
(3) The son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and one of the heroic band of men who saved themselves from the fury of Nebuchadnezzar when he stormed Jerusalem. They repaired to Gedaliah, the son of Ahikam, but killed him on account of his allegiance to the Chaldeans (2 Kings 25:23, 25).
(4) Son of Kenaz, and younger brother of Othniel, and father of Joab, the chief of Ge-harashim (1 Chronicles 4:13, 14).
(5) Grandfather of Jehu, of the tribe of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:35).
(6) A priest, the third in the list of those who returned from Babylon to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:2 Nehemiah 7:7, here called Azariah; 12:1), and third also (if the same person is meant) in the record of those who sealed the covenant binding all Jews not to take foreign wives (Nehemiah 10:2). As the son of Hilkiah, and consequently a direct descendant of the priestly family, he became governor of the temple when it was rebuilt (Nehemiah 11:11). He is mentioned (under the name Azariah) also in 1 Chronicles 9:11. Nehemiah 12:2 adds that "in the days of Joiakim" the head of Seraiah's house was Meraiah.
(7) Son of Azriel, one of those whom Jehoiakim commanded to imprison Jeremiah and Baruch, the son of Neriah (Jeremiah 36:26).
(8) The son of Neriah, who went into exile with Zedekiah. He was also called Sar Menuchah ("prince of repose"). The Targum renders Sar Menuchah by Rabh Tiqrabhta, "prince of battle, and Septuagint by archon doron, "prince of gifts," reading Minchah for Menuchah. At the request of Jeremiah he carried with him in his exile the passages containing the prophet's warning of the fall of Babylon, written in a book which he was bidden to bind to a stone and cast into the Euphrates, to symbolize the fall of Babylon (Jeremiah 51:59-64).
Horace J. Wolf
Seraiah (18 Occurrences)
2 Samuel 8:17 and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Seraiah was scribe; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Kings 25:18 The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Kings 25:23 Now when all the captains of the forces, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of the Maacathite, they and their men. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:13 The sons of Kenaz: Othniel, and Seraiah. The sons of Othniel: Hathath. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:14 Meonothai became the father of Ophrah: and Seraiah became the father of Joab the father of Ge Harashim; for they were craftsmen. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:35 and Joel, and Jehu the son of Joshibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:14 and Azariah became the father of Seraiah, and Seraiah became the father of Jehozadak; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezra 2:2 who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number of the men of the people of Israel: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezra 7:1 Now after these things, in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia, Ezra the son of Seraiah, the son of Azariah, the son of Hilkiah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 10:2 Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 11:11 Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, the ruler of the house of God, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 12:1 Now these are the priests and the Levites who went up with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua: Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Nehemiah 12:12 In the days of Joiakim were priests, heads of fathers' houses : of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 36:26 The king commanded Jerahmeel the king's son, and Seraiah the son of Azriel, and Shelemiah the son of Abdeel, to take Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet; but Yahweh hid them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 40:8 then they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, to wit, Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan and Jonathan the sons of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth, and the sons of Ephai the Netophathite, and Jezaniah the son of the Maacathite, they and their men. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 51:59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Mahseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah to Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. Now Seraiah was chief quartermaster. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 51:61 Jeremiah said to Seraiah, When you come to Babylon, then see that you read all these words, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Jeremiah 52:24 The captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)