|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) A son of Gershon, and grandson of Levi (Numbers 3:18; 1 Chronicles 6:17, 29); called Shimi in Exodus 6:17.
(2.) A Benjamite of the house of Saul, who stoned and cursed David when he reached Bahurim in his flight from Jerusalem on the occasion of the rebellion of Absalom (2 Samuel 16:5-13). After the defeat of Absalom he "came cringing to the king, humbly suing for pardon, bringing with him a thousand of his Benjamite tribesmen, and representing that he was heartily sorry for his crime, and had hurried the first of all the house of Israel to offer homage to the king" (19:16-23). David forgave him; but on his death-bed he gave Solomon special instructions regarding Shimei, of whose fidelity he seems to have been in doubt (1 Kings 2:8, 9). He was put to death at the command of Solomon, because he had violated his word by leaving Jerusalem and going to Gath to recover two of his servants who had escaped (36-46).
(3.) One of David's mighty men who refused to acknowledge Adonijah as David's successor (1 Kings 1:8). He is probably the same person who is called elsewhere (4:18) "the son of Elah."
(4.) A son of Pedaiah, the brother of Zerubbabel (1 Chronicles 3:19).
(5.) A Simeonite (1 Chronicles 4:26, 27).
(6.) A Reubenite (1 Chronicles 5:4).
(7.) A Levite of the family of Gershon (1 Chronicles 6:42).
(8.) A Ramathite who was "over the vineyards" of David (1 Chronicles 27:27).
(9.) One of the sons of Heman, who assisted in the purification of the temple (2 Chronicles 29:14).
(10.) A Levite (2 Chronicles 31:12, 13).
(11.) Another Levite (Ezra 10:23). "The family of Shimei" (Zechariah 12:13; R.V., "the family of the Shimeites") were the descendants of Shimei (1).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
shim'-e-i (shim`i, possibly "hear me (El)" or "(Jah)"; Semeei, Semei): A name of frequent occurrence throughout the Old Testament records, sometimes varying slightly in form in English Versions of the Bible. The King James Version has "Shimi" in Exodus 6:17; "Shimhi" in 1 Chronicles 8:21; "Shimeah" in 2 Samuel 21:21. the Revised Version (British and American) has "Shimeites" in Zechariah 12:13, where the King James Version has "Shimei," and Numbers 3:21 for the King James Version "Shimites." English Versions of the Bible has "Shema" in 1 Chronicles 8:13, 21 margin for the "Shimei" of 8:21. In all others of the many occurrences in the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) the form is "Shimei."
(1) A family name among the Levites before and after the exile, at least five of whom bore it:
(a) Son of Gershon and grandson of Levi (Exodus 6:17 Numbers 3:18 1 Chronicles 6:17; 1 Chronicles 23:7, 10). The text of 1 Chronicles 6 and 23 is corrupt, making difficult the tracing of the various genealogies and the identification of the several Shimeis. Evidently that of 23:9 is a scribe's error for one of the four sons of Ladan or Libni, whose names are given in the preceding verse.
(b) An ancestor of Asaph the musician (1 Chronicles 6:42), possibly the same as (a) above, Jahath the son of South (compare 1 Chronicles 23:10) being by a copyist's error transposed so as to read as if he were the father of South
(c) A descendant of the Merarite branch of the Levites (1 Chronicles 6:29).
(d) One of the 288 trained singers in the service of the sanctuary under Asaph (1 Chronicles 25:17).
(e) One of the Levites who helped to cleanse the Temple in Hezekiah's reformation (2 Chronicles 29:14). He was a descendant of Heman the musician. Hezekiah afterward appointed him with Conaniah to have chief oversight of "the oblations and the tithes and the dedicated things" which were brought into the chambers of Yahweh's house prepared for them (2 Chronicles 31:11, 12).
(f) A Levite who under Ezra put away his foreign wife (Ezra 10:23), "Semeis" in 1 Esdras 9:23.
(2) The best-known Bible character of this name is the Benjamite, of the family of Saul (2 Samuel 16:5-12; 2 Samuel 19:16-20 1 Kings 2:8, 9, 36-46), who met David at Bahurim as he was fleeing from Absalom, and in bitter and cowardly fashion cursed and attacked the hard-pressed king. Apparently David's flight to the Jordan led through a narrow ravine, on one side of which, or on the ridge above, stood Shimei in safety as he cast stones at David and his men, cursing as he threw (2 Samuel 16:5, 6). His hatred of David who had displaced his royal kinsman Saul had smouldered long in his mean heart; and now the flame bursts out, as the aged and apparently helpless king flees before his own son. Shimei seizes the long-coveted opportunity to pour out the acid hate of his heart. But when David's faithful companions would cross the ravine to make quick work of Shimei, the noble king forbade them with these remarkable words: "Behold, my son, who came forth from my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more may this Benjamite now do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for Yahweh hath bidden him. It may be that Yahweh.... will requite me good for his cursing" (2 Samuel 16:11, 12). After Absalom's overthrow, as the king was returning victorious and vindicated, Shimei met him at the Jordan with most abject confession and with vows of allegiance (2 Samuel 19:16-23).
The king spared his life; but shortly before his death charged his son Solomon to see that due punishment should come to Shimei for his sins: "Thou shalt bring his hoar head down to Sheol with blood" (1 Kings 2:9). When he came to the throne Solomon summoned Shimei and bade him build a house in Jerusalem, to which he should come and from which he must not go out on pain of death (1 Kings 2:36-38). Feeling secure after some years, Shimei left his home in Jerusalem to recapture some escaped slaves (1 Kings 2:39-41), and in consequence he was promptly dispatched by that gruesome avenger of blood, the royal executioner, "Benaiah the son of Jehoiada," who "fell upon him," as he had upon Adonijah and Joab, "so that he died" (1 Kings 2:46).
(3) Another Benjamite, mentioned with Rei as an officer in the king's bodyguard, who was faithful to David in the rebellion of Adonijah (1 Kings 1:8). Josephus reads Rei as a common noun, describing Shimei as "the friend of David." He is to be identified with the son of Elah (1 Kings 4:18), whom Solomon, probably because of his fidelity, named as one of the 12 chief commissary officers appointed over all Israel, "who provided victuals for the king and his household."
(4) A man of some prominence in the tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:21), whose home was in Aijalon, where he was a "head of fathers' houses" (1 Chronicles 8:13); but his descendants lived in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 8:28). In the King James Version he is called "Shimhi"; in 1 Chronicles 8:13 he is called "Shema."
(5) Another Benjamite, an ancestor of Mordecai (Esther 2:5), "Semeias" in Additions to Esther 11:2.
(6) A brother of David (2 Samuel 21:21, the King James Version "Shimeah"); in 1 Samuel 16:9 he is called "Shammah"; compare "Shimeah," "Shimea."
(7) A man of Judah, called "the Ramathite," who was "over the vineyards" in David's reign (1 Chronicles 27:27).
(8) A Simeonite living in the time of David (1 Chronicles 4:26, 27), whose chief claim to distinction was that he was father of 16 sons and 6 daughters. The descendants of such a numerous progeny, not being able to maintain themselves in their ancestral home in Beer-sheba, in the days of Hezekiah fell upon Gerar, and dispossessed "the sons of Ham" (1 Chronicles 4:39, the Septuagint), and upon Mt. Seir, driving out the Amalekites (1 Chronicles 4:43).
(9) A man of Reuben, son of Gog (1 Chronicles 5:4).
(10), (11) Two men of "Israel," i.e. not priests or Levites, one "of the sons of Hashum" (Ezra 10:33), the other "of the sons of Bani" (Ezra 10:38), who put away their foreign wives at Ezra's command, in 1 Esdras called respectively "Semei" (9:33) and "Someis" (9:34).
(12) A brother of Zerubbabel (1 Chronicles 3:19).
The Shimeites were descendants of Shimei, grandson of Levi; compare (1) (a) above (Numbers 3:21 Zechariah 12:13).
Shimei (43 Occurrences)
Exodus 6:17 The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimei, according to their families. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS NIV)
Numbers 3:18 These are the names of the sons of Gershon by their families: Libni and Shimei. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 16:5 When king David came to Bahurim, behold, a man of the family of the house of Saul came out, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera. He came out, and cursed still as he came. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 16:7 Shimei said when he cursed, "Be gone, be gone, you man of blood, and base fellow! (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 16:13 So David and his men went by the way; and Shimei went along on the hillside opposite him, and cursed as he went, threw stones at him, and threw dust. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 19:16 Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite, who was of Bahurim, hurried and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 19:18 A ferry boat went to bring over the king's household, and to do what he thought good. Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, when he was come over the Jordan. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 19:21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered, "Shall Shimei not be put to death for this, because he cursed Yahweh's anointed?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 19:23 The king said to Shimei, "You shall not die." The king swore to him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Samuel 21:21 When he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David's brother, killed him. (WEB ASV BBE NAS)
1 Kings 1:8 But Zadok the priest, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei, and Rei, and the mighty men who belonged to David, were not with Adonijah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:8 "Behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite, of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at the Jordan, and I swore to him by Yahweh, saying,'I will not put you to death with the sword.' (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:36 The king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, "Build yourself a house in Jerusalem, and dwell there, and don't go out from there anywhere. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:38 Shimei said to the king, "The saying is good. As my lord the king has said, so will your servant do." Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:39 It happened at the end of three years, that two of the servants of Shimei ran away to Achish, son of Maacah, king of Gath. They told Shimei, saying, "Behold, your servants are in Gath." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:40 Shimei arose, and saddled his donkey, and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his servants; and Shimei went, and brought his servants from Gath. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:41 It was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath, and was come again. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:42 The king sent and called for Shimei, and said to him, "Didn't I adjure you by Yahweh, and warn you, saying,'Know for certain, that on the day you go out, and walk abroad any where, you shall surely die?' You said to me,'The saying that I have heard is good.' (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:44 The king said moreover to Shimei, "You know all the wickedness which your heart is privy to, that you did to David my father. Therefore Yahweh shall return your wickedness on your own head. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Kings 2:46 So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he went out, and fell on him, so that he died. The kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon. (See NIV)
1 Kings 4:18 Shimei the son of Ela, in Benjamin; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 3:19 The sons of Pedaiah: Zerubbabel, and Shimei. The sons of Zerubbabel: Meshullam, and Hananiah; and Shelomith was their sister; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:26 The sons of Mishma: Hammuel his son, Zaccur his son, Shimei his son. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:27 Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters; but his brothers didn't have many children, neither did all their family multiply like the children of Judah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 5:4 The sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:17 These are the names of the sons of Gershom: Libni and Shimei. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:29 The sons of Merari: Mahli, Libni his son, Shimei his son, Uzzah his son, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:42 the son of Ethan, the son of Zimmah, the son of Shimei, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 8:21 and Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of Shimei, (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 23:7 Of the Gershonites: Ladan and Shimei. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 23:9 The sons of Shimei: Shelomoth, and Haziel, and Haran, three. These were the heads of the fathers' houses of Ladan. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 23:10 The sons of Shimei: Jahath, Zina, and Jeush, and Beriah. These four were the sons of Shimei. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 25:3 Of Jeduthun, the sons of Jeduthun: Gedaliah, and Zeri, and Isaiah, Hashabiah, and Mattithiah, and Shimei six, under the direction of their father Jeduthun, who prophesied with the harp, to give thanks and to praise Jehovah. (DBY NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 25:17 the tenth to Shimei, his sons and his brothers, twelve: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 27:27 and over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite: and over the increase of the vineyards for the winecellars was Zabdi the Shiphmite: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 29:14 and of the sons of Heman, Jehuel and Shimei; and of the sons of Jeduthun, Shemaiah and Uzziel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 31:12 They brought in the offerings and the tithes and the dedicated things faithfully: and over them Conaniah the Levite was ruler, and Shimei his brother was second. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 31:13 Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and Mahath, and Benaiah, were overseers under the hand of Conaniah and Shimei his brother, by the appointment of Hezekiah the king, and Azariah the ruler of the house of God. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezra 10:23 Of the Levites: Jozabad, and Shimei, and Kelaiah (the same is Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezra 10:33 Of the sons of Hashum: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, Shimei. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezra 10:38 and Bani, and Binnui, Shimei, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Esther 2:5 There was a certain Jew in the citadel of Susa, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Zechariah 12:13 the family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of the Shimeites apart, and their wives apart; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)