|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (superl.) Having an acid or sharp, biting taste, like vinegar, and the juices of most unripe fruits; acid; tart.
2. (superl.) Changed, as by keeping, so as to be acid, rancid, or musty, turned.
3. (superl.) Disagreeable; unpleasant; hence; cross; crabbed; peevish; morose; as, a man of a sour temper; a sour reply.
4. (superl.) Afflictive; painful.
5. (superl.) Cold and unproductive; as, sour land; a sour marsh.
6. (n.) A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.
7. (v. t.) To cause to become sour; to cause to turn from sweet to sour; as, exposure to the air sours many substances.
8. (v. t.) To make cold and unproductive, as soil.
9. (v. t.) To make unhappy, uneasy, or less agreeable.
10. (v. t.) To cause or permit to become harsh or unkindly.
11. (v. t.) To macerate, and render fit for plaster or mortar; as, to sour lime for business purposes.
12. (v. i.) To become sour; to turn from sweet to sour; as, milk soon sours in hot weather; a kind temper sometimes sours in adversity.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
(1) bocer, "immature," "unripe": "The fathers have eaten sour grapes" (Jeremiah 31:29 Ezekiel 18:2; compare Isaiah 18:5 the King James Version).
(2) cur, "to turn aside," "degenerate": "Their drink is turned sour" (the King James Version margin "gone," the Revised Version margin "Their carouse is over").
Sour (15 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:16 And when ye may fast, be ye not as the hypocrites, of sour countenances, for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear to men fasting; verily I say to you, that they have their reward. (YLT)
Matthew 27:34 They gave him sour wine to drink mixed with gall. When he had tasted it, he would not drink. (WEB)
Matthew 27:48 One of them ran forthwith, and filling a sponge with sour wine put it on the end of a cane and offered it Him to drink; (WEY NAS)
Mark 15:36 Then a man ran to fill a sponge with sour wine, and he put it on the end of a cane and placed it to His lips, saying at the same time, "Wait! let us see whether Elijah will come and take him down." (WEY NAS)
Luke 23:36 And the soldiers also made sport of Him, coming and offering Him sour wine and saying, (WEY NAS)
John 19:29 Now a vessel full of vinegar was set there; so they put a sponge full of the vinegar on hyssop, and held it at his mouth. (See NAS)
John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, "It is finished." He bowed his head, and gave up his spirit. (See NAS)
Revelation 10:9 I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book. He said to me, "Take it, and eat it up. It will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey." (See NIV)
Revelation 10:10 I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up. It was as sweet as honey in my mouth. When I had eaten it, my stomach was made bitter. (See NIV)
Job 20:14 yet his food in his bowels is turned. It is cobra venom within him. (See NIV)
Isaiah 18:5 For afore the harvest, when the bud is perfect, and the sour grape is ripening in the flower, he shall both cut off the sprigs with pruning hooks, and take away and cut down the branches. (KJV WBS)
Jeremiah 31:29 In those days they shall say no more, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 31:30 But everyone shall die for his own iniquity: every man who eats the sour grapes, his teeth shall be set on edge. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 18:2 What do you mean, that you use this proverb concerning the land of Israel, saying, The fathers have eaten sour grapes, and the children's teeth are set on edge? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 4:18 Their drink has become sour. They play the prostitute continually. Her rulers dearly love their shameful way. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)