|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Used in brick-making (Exodus 5:7-18). Used figuratively in Job 41:27; Isaiah 11:7; 25:10; 65:25.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (v. t.) To spread or scatter. See Strow.
2. (n.) A stalk or stem of certain species of grain, pulse, etc., especially of wheat, rye, oats, barley, more rarely of buckwheat, beans, and peas.
3. (n.) The gathered and thrashed stalks of certain species of grain, etc.; as, a bundle, or a load, of rye straw.
4. (n.) Anything proverbially worthless; the least possible thing; a mere trifle.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
stro, stub'-'-l: The cognates of Hebrew tebhen, "straw" and qash, "stubble," have been retained in the modern Arabic terms tibn and qashsh. Tibn applies to the straw which has been cut up into short pieces and more or less split by the threshing operations. It is commonly used throughout the East as a coarse fodder or roughage for domestic herbivorous animals (compare Genesis 24:25, 32 Judges 19:19 1 Kings 4:28; Isaiah 11:7; Isaiah 65:25). Hay and similar cured crops are practically unknown. Barley, peas and other grain, when fed to animals, are mixed with the tibn. The animals will frequently reject the tibn unless there is grain in it. They often nose about the tibn until the grain settles to the bottom so that they can eat the latter without the straw. Straw left in the manger is thrown out in the stall to form part of the bedding (compare Isaiah 25:10).
Tibn is mixed with clay for plastering walls or for making sun-dried bricks. It is also mixed with lime and sand for plastering. The children of Israel had their task of brickmaking made more arduous by being required to gather stubble and prepare it by chopping it up instead of being given the already prepared straw of the threshing-floors (Exodus 5:7).
Qashsh (literally, "dried up") refers to the stalks left standing in the wheat fields or to any dried-up stalks or stems such as are gathered for burning. Camels and other flocks sometimes supplement their regular meals by grazing on the stubble, otherwise it has no use. In the Bible stubble is used to typify worthless inflammable material (Exodus 15:7 Job 13:25; Job 41:28, 29 Psalm 83:13 Isaiah 5:24, etc.; 1 Corinthians 3:12, kalame).
mathben, is translated "straw" in Isaiah 25:10.
James A. Patch
Straw (21 Occurrences)
1 Corinthians 3:12 And whether the building which any one is erecting on that foundation be of gold or silver or costly stones, of timber or hay or straw-- (WEY DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 24:25 She said moreover to him, "We have both straw and provender enough, and room to lodge in." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 24:32 The man came into the house, and he unloaded the camels. He gave straw and provender for the camels, and water to wash his feet and the feet of the men who were with him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 5:7 "You shall no longer give the people straw to make brick, as before. Let them go and gather straw for themselves. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 5:10 The taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spoke to the people, saying, "This is what Pharaoh says:'I will not give you straw. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 5:11 Go yourselves, get straw where you can find it, for nothing of your work shall be diminished.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 5:12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 5:13 The taskmasters were urgent saying, "Fulfill your work quota daily, as when there was straw!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 5:16 No straw is given to your servants, and they tell us,'Make brick!' and behold, your servants are beaten; but the fault is in your own people." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 5:18 Go therefore now, and work, for no straw shall be given to you, yet you shall deliver the same number of bricks!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 19:19 Yet there is both straw and provender for our donkeys; and there is bread and wine also for me, and for your handmaid, and for the young man who is with your servants: there is no want of anything." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 4:28 Barley also and straw for the horses and swift steeds brought they to the place where the officers were, every man according to his duty. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 21:18 They are as straw before wind, And as chaff a hurricane hath stolen away, (YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 41:27 He counts iron as straw; and brass as rotten wood. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 41:29 Clubs are counted as stubble. He laughs at the rushing of the javelin. (See NIV)
Isaiah 11:7 The cow and the bear will graze. Their young ones will lie down together. The lion will eat straw like the ox. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 25:10 For in this mountain the hand of Yahweh will rest. Moab will be trodden down in his place, even like straw is trodden down in the water of the dunghill. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 33:11 Your designs will be without profit, and their effect will be nothing: you will be burned up by the fire of my breath. (See NIV)
Isaiah 65:25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox; and dust shall be the serpent's food. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain," says Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 13:24 Therefore will I scatter them, as the stubble that passes away, by the wind of the wilderness. (See NAS)
Jeremiah 23:28 The prophet who has a dream, let him tell a dream; and he who has my word, let him speak my word faithfully. What is the straw to the wheat? says Yahweh. (WEB JPS ASV YLT NAS RSV NIV)