|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
(n.) The stumps of wheat, rye, barley, oats, or buckwheat, left in the ground; the part of the stalk left by the scythe or sickle.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
stro, stub'-'-l: The cognates of Hebrew tebhen, "straw" and qash, "stubble," have been retained in the modern Arabic terms tibn and qashsh. Tibn applies to the straw which has been cut up into short pieces and more or less split by the threshing operations. It is commonly used throughout the East as a coarse fodder or roughage for domestic herbivorous animals (compare Genesis 24:25, 32 Judges 19:19 1 Kings 4:28; Isaiah 11:7; Isaiah 65:25). Hay and similar cured crops are practically unknown. Barley, peas and other grain, when fed to animals, are mixed with the tibn. The animals will frequently reject the tibn unless there is grain in it. They often nose about the tibn until the grain settles to the bottom so that they can eat the latter without the straw. Straw left in the manger is thrown out in the stall to form part of the bedding (compare Isaiah 25:10).
Tibn is mixed with clay for plastering walls or for making sun-dried bricks. It is also mixed with lime and sand for plastering. The children of Israel had their task of brickmaking made more arduous by being required to gather stubble and prepare it by chopping it up instead of being given the already prepared straw of the threshing-floors (Exodus 5:7).
Qashsh (literally, "dried up") refers to the stalks left standing in the wheat fields or to any dried-up stalks or stems such as are gathered for burning. Camels and other flocks sometimes supplement their regular meals by grazing on the stubble, otherwise it has no use. In the Bible stubble is used to typify worthless inflammable material (Exodus 15:7 Job 13:25; Job 41:28, 29 Psalm 83:13 Isaiah 5:24, etc.; 1 Corinthians 3:12, kalame).
mathben, is translated "straw" in Isaiah 25:10.
James A. Patch
stub'-'-l (qash (Exodus 5:12, etc.); kalame (The Wisdom of Solomon 3:7; 1 Corinthians 3:12)): These Hebrew and Greek forms are used of the stalks of wheat, etc., left knee-high in the field by the reapers. tebhen (Job 21:18), is a mixture of chopped straw and chaff produced in threshing, which is winnowed out by the fan (compare Jeremiah 23:28 Isaiah 5:24 Matthew 3:12). When tebhen was withheld from them the Israelites had to utilize qash for the manufacture of their bricks (Exodus 5:12).
Stubble (18 Occurrences)
1 Corinthians 3:12 But if anyone builds on the foundation with gold, silver, costly stones, wood, hay, or stubble; (WEB KJV ASV WBS)
Exodus 5:12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 15:7 In the greatness of your excellency, you overthrow those who rise up against you. You send forth your wrath. It consumes them as stubble. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Job 13:25 Will you harass a driven leaf? Will you pursue the dry stubble? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Job 21:18 How often is it that they are as stubble before the wind, as chaff that the storm carries away? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Job 41:28 The arrow cannot make him flee: slingstones are turned with him into stubble. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Job 41:29 Clubs are counted as stubble. He laughs at the rushing of the javelin. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 83:13 O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the tongue of fire devours the stubble, and as the dry grass sinks down in the flame, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust; because they have rejected the law of Yahweh of Armies, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 33:11 You will conceive chaff. You will bring forth stubble. Your breath is a fire that will devour you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Isaiah 41:2 Who has raised up one from the east? Whom called him to his foot in righteousness? He hands over nations to him, and makes him rule over kings. He gives them like the dust to his sword, like the driven stubble to his bow. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Isaiah 47:14 Behold, they shall be as stubble; the fire shall burn them; they shall not deliver themselves from the power of the flame: it shall not be a coal to warm at, nor a fire to sit before. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 64:2 (As fire kindleth stubble -- Fire causeth water to boil,) To make known Thy name to Thine adversaries, From Thy presence do nations tremble. (YLT)
Jeremiah 13:24 Therefore will I scatter them, as the stubble that passes away, by the wind of the wilderness. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Joel 2:5 Like the noise of chariots on the tops of the mountains do they leap, like the noise of a flame of fire that devours the stubble, as a strong people set in battle array. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Obadiah 1:18 The house of Jacob will be a fire, the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble. They will burn among them, and devour them. There will not be any remaining to the house of Esau." Indeed, Yahweh has spoken. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nahum 1:10 For entangled like thorns, and drunken as with their drink, they are consumed utterly like dry stubble. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Malachi 4:1 "For, behold, the day comes, it burns as a furnace; and all the proud, and all who work wickedness, will be stubble; and the day that comes will burn them up," says Yahweh of Armies, "that it shall leave them neither root nor branch. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)