|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (v. t.) To mingle in due proportion; to prepare by combining; to modify, as by adding some new element; to qualify, as by an ingredient; hence, to soften; to mollify; to assuage; to soothe; to calm.
2. (v. t.) To fit together; to adjust; to accommodate.
3. (v. t.) To bring to a proper degree of hardness; as, to temper iron or steel.
4. (v. t.) To govern; to manage.
5. (v. t.) To moisten to a proper consistency and stir thoroughly, as clay for making brick, loam for molding, etc.
6. (v. t.) To adjust, as the mathematical scale to the actual scale, or to that in actual use.
7. (n.) The state of any compound substance which results from the mixture of various ingredients; due mixture of different qualities; just combination; as, the temper of mortar.
8. (n.) Constitution of body; temperament; in old writers, the mixture or relative proportion of the four humors, blood, choler, phlegm, and melancholy.
9. (n.) Disposition of mind; the constitution of the mind, particularly with regard to the passions and affections; as, a calm temper; a hasty temper; a fretful temper.
10. (n.) Calmness of mind; moderation; equanimity; composure; as, to keep one's temper.
11. (n.) Heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; -- in a reproachful sense.
12. (n.) The state of a metal or other substance, especially as to its hardness, produced by some process of heating or cooling; as, the temper of iron or steel.
13. (n.) Middle state or course; mean; medium.
14. (n.) Milk of lime, or other substance, employed in the process formerly used to clarify sugar.
15. (v. i.) To accord; to agree; to act and think in conformity.
16. (v. i.) To have or get a proper or desired state or quality; to grow soft and pliable.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
tem'-per: The word is used in the King James Version to render different Hebrew words. In Ezekiel 46:14 for "temper" (racac) the Revised Version (British and American) substitutes "moisten." In So (5:2) a noun from the same stem means "dew-drops." In Exodus 29:2 the King James Version we read "cakes unleavened, tempered (balal, literally, "mixed") with oil," the Revised Version (British and American) "mingled." The word denotes "rough-and-ready mixing." In the recipe for the making of incense given in Exodus (30:35) occur the words "tempered together," malach (literally, "salted"; hence, the Revised Version (British and American) "seasoned with salt"). The word occurs in two interesting connections in The Wisdom of Solomon 15:7 (the Revised Version (British and American) "knead") and 16:21. In 1 Corinthians 12:24 it occurs in English Versions of the Bible as a rendering of the Greek word sugqerannumi, which meant to "mix together." Paul is arguing in favor of the unity of the church and of cooperation on the part of individual members, and uses as an illustration the human body which consists of various organs with various functions. It is God, argues the apostle, who has "tempered," "compounded" or "blended," the body. Each member has its place and function and must contribute to the welfare of the whole frame. The same Greek word occurs in Hebrews 4:2. The author urges the necessity of faith in regard to the gospel. The unbelieving Israelites had derived no benefit from their hearing of the gospel because their hearing of it was not "mixed" with faith.
Temper (14 Occurrences)
1 Corinthians 12:24 For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked. (Root in KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Ephesians 4:23 and to get yourselves renewed in the temper of your minds and clothe yourselves (WEY)
1 Timothy 6:11 But you, O man of God, must flee from these things; and strive for uprightness, godliness, good faith, love, fortitude, and a forgiving temper. (WEY)
Titus 1:7 For, as God's steward, a minister must be of blameless life, not over-fond of having his own way, not a man of a passionate temper nor a hard drinker, not given to blows nor greedy of gain, (WEY NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 8:3 Into your hand hath God given the heads of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb; and what have I been able to do like you?' Then their temper desisted from off him in his speaking this thing. (YLT)
1 Samuel 20:7 If he says,'It is well;' your servant shall have peace: but if he be angry, then know that evil is determined by him. (See NIV)
Job 21:4 I -- to man 'is' my complaint? and if 'so', wherefore May not my temper become short? (YLT)
Proverbs 14:17 Whoso is short of temper doth folly, And a man of wicked devices is hated. (YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 14:29 He who is slow to anger has great understanding, but he who has a quick temper displays folly. (WEB YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 16:32 He who is slow to be angry is better than a man of war, and he who has control over his spirit than he who takes a town. (See NIV)
Proverbs 17:27 He who spares his words has knowledge. He who is even tempered is a man of understanding. (Root in WEB YLT NIV)
Proverbs 29:11 A foolish man lets out all his wrath, but a wise man keeps it back quietly. (See NAS)
Ecclesiastes 10:4 If the wrath of the ruler is against you, keep in your place; in him who keeps quiet even great sins may be overlooked. (See NAS)
Ezekiel 46:14 And thou shalt prepare a meat offering for it every morning, the sixth part of an ephah, and the third part of an hin of oil, to temper with the fine flour; a meat offering continually by a perpetual ordinance unto the LORD. (KJV WBS YLT)