|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) One who tends; one who takes care of any person or thing; a nurse.
2. (n.) A vessel employed to attend other vessels, to supply them with provisions and other stores, to convey intelligence, or the like.
3. (n.) A car attached to a locomotive, for carrying a supply of fuel and water.
4. (v. t.) To offer in payment or satisfaction of a demand, in order to save a penalty or forfeiture; as, to tender the amount of rent or debt.
5. (v. t.) To offer in words; to present for acceptance.
6. (n.) An offer, either of money to pay a debt, or of service to be performed, in order to save a penalty or forfeiture, which would be incurred by nonpayment or nonperformance; as, the tender of rent due, or of the amount of a note, with interest.
7. (n.) Any offer or proposal made for acceptance; as, a tender of a loan, of service, or of friendship; a tender of a bid for a contract.
8. (n.) The thing offered; especially, money offered in payment of an obligation.
9. (superl.) Easily impressed, broken, bruised, or injured; not firm or hard; delicate; as, tender plants; tender flesh; tender fruit.
10. (superl.) Sensible to impression and pain; easily pained.
11. (superl.) Physically weak; not hardly or able to endure hardship; immature; effeminate.
12. (superl.) Susceptible of the softer passions, as love, compassion, kindness; compassionate; pitiful; anxious for another's good; easily excited to pity, forgiveness, or favor; sympathetic.
13. (superl.) Exciting kind concern; dear; precious.
14. (superl.) Careful to save inviolate, or not to injure; -- with of.
15. (superl.) Unwilling to cause pain; gentle; mild.
16. (superl.) Adapted to excite feeling or sympathy; expressive of the softer passions; pathetic; as, tender expressions; tender expostulations; a tender strain.
17. (superl.) Apt to give pain; causing grief or pain; delicate; as, a tender subject.
18. (superl.) Heeling over too easily when under sail; -- said of a vessel.
19. (n.) Regard; care; kind concern.
20. (v. t.) To have a care of; to be tender toward; hence, to regard; to esteem; to value.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ten'-der: The usua1 (11 out of 16 times) translation of rakh, "soft," "delicate," with the noun rokh, in Deuteronomy 28:56 and the verb rakhakh, in 2 Kings 22:19 parallel 2 Chronicles 34:27. Attention need be called only to the following cases: In Genesis 29:17, "Leah's eyes were tender," a physical defect is described ("weak-eyed"; see BLINDNESS). "Tender-hearted" in 2 Chronicles 13:7 means "faint-hearted," while in 2 Kings 22:19 parallel 2 Chronicles 34:27 ("because thy heart was tender"), it means "penitent." Contrast the modern use in Ephesians 4:32.
Throughout Psalms (10 times) and Proverbs (12:10), but not elsewhere (the King James Version has "tender love" in Daniel 1:9, the Revised Version (British and American) "compassion"), English Versions of the Bible translate rachamim, "bowels," by "tender mercies," and this translation has been carried into the New Testament as "tender mercy" (the Revised Version margin "heart of mercy") for the corresponding Greek phrase splagchna eleous ("bowels of mercy") in Luke 1:78; compare "tenderhearted" for eusplagchnos ("right boweled") in Ephesians 4:32, based upon the idea of psychology widely spread among Semitic people, which considers the "bowels" (qerebh) as the seat of all tender emotions of kindness and mercy: See BOWELS. the King James Version also has "of tender mercy" in James 5:11 without justification in the Greek (oiktirmon, the Revised Version (British and American) "merciful").
Other special phrases: "tender grape" in the King James Version, Songs 2:13, 15; Songs 7:12, for cemadhar. The meaning of the word is not quite certain, but Revised Margin's "blossom" (except 7:12 margin) is probably right. "Tender grass" in 2 Samuel 23:4 Proverbs 27:25; the Revised Version (British and American) Deuteronomy 32:2 (the King James Version "tender herb"); Isaiah 15:6; Isaiah 66:14 for deshe' "grass" (Aramaic dethe', Daniel 4:15, 23). The context in these passages and the meaning of the cognates of deshe' in other Semitic languages make this translation probable, but Revised Version's usage is not consistent (compare Genesis 1:11, 12 Job 6:5 Psalm 23:2, etc.). Isaiah, 53:2 has "tender plant" for yoneq, "a sapling," while Job 14:7 has "tender branch" for the allied word yoneqeth, usually rendered "shoot" (Job 8:16, etc.). Finally, "tender" in Mark 13:28 parallel Matthew 24:32 is for hapalos, "soft." The running sap of springtime softens the branches that were stiff during the winter.
The verb "tender" occurs in 2 Maccabees 4:2, the King James Version "(he had) tendered his own nation," in the modern sense of "tend." The translation is a paraphrase of the noun kedemon, "a protector," the Revised Version (British and American) "the guardian of his fellow-countrymen."
Burton Scott Easton
Tender (66 Occurrences)
Matthew 24:32 "Now from the fig tree learn this parable. When its branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 13:28 "Now from the fig tree, learn this parable. When the branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near; (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 1:78 because of the tender mercy of our God, whereby the dawn from on high will visit us, (WEB KJV WEY ASV WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 4:21 Which shall it be? Shall I come to you with a rod, or in a loving and tender spirit? (WEY)
2 Corinthians 7:15 And his strong and tender affection is all the more drawn out towards you when he recalls to mind the obedience which all of you manifested by the timidity and nervous anxiety with which you welcomed him. (WEY WBS YLT)
Philippians 1:8 For God is my witness, how I long after all of you in the tender mercies of Christ Jesus. (WEB WEY ASV)
Philippians 2:1 If there is therefore any exhortation in Christ, if any consolation of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any tender mercies and compassion, (WEB WEY ASV NIV)
James 5:11 Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy. (KJV WEY DBY WBS)
1 Peter 3:8 Finally, be all like-minded, compassionate, loving as brothers, tenderhearted, courteous, (Root in WEB WEY ASV DBY RSV)
Genesis 1:11 And God saith, 'Let the earth yield tender grass, herb sowing seed, fruit-tree (whose seed 'is' in itself) making fruit after its kind, on the earth:' and it is so. (YLT)
Genesis 1:12 And the earth bringeth forth tender grass, herb sowing seed after its kind, and tree making fruit (whose seed 'is' in itself) after its kind; and God seeth that 'it is' good; (YLT)
Genesis 18:7 Abraham ran to the herd, and fetched a tender and good calf, and gave it to the servant. He hurried to dress it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 29:17 Leah was tender eyed; but Rachel was beautiful and well favored. (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 33:13 Jacob said to him, "My lord knows that the children are tender, and that the flocks and herds with me have their young, and if they overdrive them one day, all the flocks will die. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NIV)
Deuteronomy 20:3 and said unto them, Hear, Israel, ye are drawing near to-day to battle against your enemies, let not your hearts be tender, fear not, nor make haste, nor be terrified at their presence, (YLT)
Deuteronomy 20:8 And the authorities have added to speak unto the people, and said, Who 'is' the man that is afraid and tender of heart? -- let him go and turn back to his house, and the heart of his brethren doth not melt like his heart; (YLT)
Deuteronomy 28:54 The man who is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children whom he has remaining; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Deuteronomy 28:56 The tender and delicate woman among you, who would not adventure to set the sole of her foot on the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Deuteronomy 32:2 My doctrine shall drop as the rain. My speech shall condense as the dew, as the small rain on the tender grass, as the showers on the herb. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 3:39 and I to-day 'am' tender, and an anointed king: and these men, sons of Zeruiah, 'are' too hard for me; Jehovah doth recompense to the doer of the evil according to his evil.' (YLT)
2 Samuel 23:4 shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, when the tender grass springs out of the earth, through clear shining after rain.' (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NAS)
2 Kings 19:26 And their inhabitants 'are' feeble-handed, They were broken down, and are dried up, They have been the herb of the field, And the greenness of the tender grass, Grass of the roofs, And blasted corn -- before it hath risen up! (YLT RSV NIV)
2 Kings 22:19 because your heart was tender, and you humbled yourself before Yahweh, when you heard what I spoke against this place, and against its inhabitants, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and have torn your clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard you,' says Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
1 Chronicles 22:5 David said, Solomon my son is young and tender, and the house that is to be built for Yahweh must be exceedingly magnificent, of fame and of glory throughout all countries: I will therefore make preparation for it. So David prepared abundantly before his death. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Chronicles 29:1 David the king said to all the assembly, Solomon my son, whom alone God has chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great; for the palace is not for man, but for Yahweh God. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 13:7 There were gathered to him worthless men, base fellows, who strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted, and could not withstand them. (Root in WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
2 Chronicles 34:27 because your heart was tender, and you humbled yourself before God, when you heard his words against this place, and against its inhabitants, and have humbled yourself before me, and have torn your clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard you, says Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Job 6:5 Brayeth a wild ass over tender grass? Loweth an ox over his provender? (YLT)
Job 14:7 "For there is hope for a tree, If it is cut down, that it will sprout again, that the tender branch of it will not cease. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Job 15:30 He turneth not aside from darkness, His tender branch doth a flame dry up, And he turneth aside at the breath of His mouth! (YLT)
Job 38:27 to satisfy the waste and desolate ground, to cause the tender grass to spring forth? (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
Job 41:3 Doth he multiply unto thee supplications? Doth he speak unto thee tender things? (YLT)
Psalms 23:2 In pastures of tender grass He causeth me to lie down, By quiet waters He doth lead me. (YLT)
Psalms 25:6 Yahweh, remember your tender mercies and your loving kindness, for they are from old times. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 37:2 For as grass speedily they are cut off, And as the greenness of the tender grass do fade. (YLT)
Psalms 40:11 Don't withhold your tender mercies from me, Yahweh. Let your loving kindness and your truth continually preserve me. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 51:1 For the Chief Musician. A Psalm by David, when Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba. Have mercy on me, God, according to your loving kindness. According to the multitude of your tender mercies, blot out my transgressions. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 69:16 Answer me, Yahweh, for your loving kindness is good. According to the multitude of your tender mercies, turn to me. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 77:9 Hath God forgotten to be gracious? hath he in anger shut up his tender mercies? Selah. (KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 79:8 Don't hold the iniquities of our forefathers against us. Let your tender mercies speedily meet us, for we are in desperate need. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 103:4 who redeems your life from destruction; who crowns you with loving kindness and tender mercies; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 119:77 Let your tender mercies come to me, that I may live; for your law is my delight. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 119:156 Great are your tender mercies, Yahweh. Revive me according to your ordinances. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Psalms 145:9 Yahweh is good to all. His tender mercies are over all his works. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Proverbs 4:3 For I was a son to my father, tender and an only child in the sight of my mother. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 12:10 A righteous man respects the life of his animal, but the tender mercies of the wicked are cruel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Proverbs 27:25 The hay appeareth, and the tender grass sheweth itself, and herbs of the mountains are gathered. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Song of Songs 2:13 The fig tree putteth forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grape give a good smell. Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away. (KJV WBS)
Song of Songs 2:15 Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes. (KJV WBS)
Song of Songs 7:12 Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves. (KJV WBS)
Isaiah 15:6 For the waters of Nimrim will be desolate; for the grass has withered away, the tender grass fails, there is no green thing. (WEB ASV YLT NAS)
Isaiah 37:27 And their inhabitants are feeble-handed, They were broken down, and are dried up. They have been the herb of the field, And the greenness of the tender grass, Grass of the roofs, And blasted corn, before it hath risen up. (YLT RSV NIV)
Isaiah 47:1 "Come down, and sit in the dust, virgin daughter of Babylon; sit on the ground without a throne, daughter of the Chaldeans: for you shall no more be called tender and delicate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 53:2 For he grew up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of dry ground. He has no form nor comeliness. When we see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Isaiah 63:15 Look down from the heavens, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory! Where is thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy tender mercies? Are they restrained toward me? (DBY NIV)
Isaiah 66:14 You will see it, and your heart shall rejoice, and your bones shall flourish like the tender grass: and the hand of Yahweh shall be known toward his servants; and he will have indignation against his enemies. (WEB ASV YLT)
Jeremiah 16:5 For thus says Yahweh, Don't enter into the house of mourning, neither go to lament, neither bemoan them; for I have taken away my peace from this people, says Yahweh, even loving kindness and tender mercies. (WEB ASV DBY)
Jeremiah 50:11 Because thou rejoicest, because thou exultest, O spoilers of Mine inheritance, Because thou increasest as a heifer 'at' the tender grass, And dost cry aloud as bulls, (YLT)
Jeremiah 51:46 And lest your heart be tender, And ye be afraid of the report that is heard in the land, And come in a year hath the report, And after it in a year the report, And violence 'is' in the land, ruler against ruler; (YLT)
Lamentations 2:20 See, O Jehovah, and look attentively, To whom Thou hast acted thus, Do women eat their fruit, infants of a handbreadth? Slain in the sanctuary of the Lord are priest and prophet? (See RSV)
Ezekiel 17:4 The top of its tender twigs it hath cropped, And it bringeth it in to the land of Canaan. In a city of merchants it hath placed it. (YLT)
Ezekiel 17:22 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: I will also take of the lofty top of the cedar, and will set it; I will crop off from the topmost of its young twigs a tender one, and I will plant it on a high and lofty mountain: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Daniel 1:9 Now God had brought Daniel into favour and tender love with the prince of the eunuchs. (KJV WBS)
Daniel 4:15 Nevertheless leave the stump of its roots in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of the sky: and let his portion be with the animals in the grass of the earth: (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Daniel 4:23 Whereas the king saw a watcher and a holy one coming down from the sky, and saying, Cut down the tree, and destroy it; nevertheless leave the stump of its roots in the earth, even with a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field, and let it be wet with the dew of the sky: and let his portion be with the animals of the field, until seven times pass over him; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Hosea 11:8 "How can I give you up, Ephraim? How can I hand you over, Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I make you like Zeboiim? My heart is turned within me, my compassion is aroused. (See RSV)