|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Often referred to in Scripture (Job 40:9; Psalm 77:18; 104:7). James and John were called by our Lord "sons of thunder" (Mark 3:17). In Job 39:19, instead of "thunder," as in the Authorized Version, the Revised Version translates (ra'amah) by "quivering main" (marg., "shaking"). Thunder accompanied the giving of the law at Sinai (Exodus 19:16). It was regarded as the voice of God (Job 37:2; Psalm 18:13; 81:7; Comp. John 12:29). In answer to Samuel's prayer (1 Samuel 12:17, 18), God sent thunder, and "all the people greatly feared," for at such a season (the wheat-harvest) thunder and rain were almost unknown in Palestine.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The sound which follows a flash of lightning; the report of a discharge of atmospheric electricity.
2. (n.) The discharge of electricity; a thunderbolt.
3. (n.) Any loud noise; as, the thunder of cannon.
4. (n.) An alarming or startling threat or denunciation.
5. (n.) To produce thunder; to sound, rattle, or roar, as a discharge of atmospheric electricity; -- often used impersonally; as, it thundered continuously.
6. (n.) Fig.: To make a loud noise; esp. a heavy sound, of some continuance.
7. (n.) To utter violent denunciation.
8. (v. t.) To emit with noise and terror; to utter vehemently; to publish, as a threat or denunciation.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
thun'-der (ra`am (1 Samuel 2:10 Job 26:14; Job 39:19; Job 40:9 Psalm 77:18; Psalm 81:7; Psalm 104:7 Isaiah 29:6), qol, "a voice" (Exodus 9:23 1 Samuel 7:10; 1 Samuel 12:17 Job 28:26; Job 38:25)): Thunder is the noise resulting from the lightning discharge. It is very common in the winter storms of Syria and Palestine and occurs in the extra-season storms. Thunder accompanied the storm of hail in Egypt at the time of the plagues: "The Lord sent thunder and hail" (Exodus 9:23).
Lightning and thunder are indications of the power of Yahweh and His might. "The thunder of his power who can understand?" (Job 26:14); "The God of glory thundereth" (Psalm 29:3). Yahweh also confused the Philistines with thunder (1 Samuel 7:10), and His foes were "visited of Yahweh of hosts with thunder" (Isaiah 29:6). Thunder was regarded as the voice of Yahweh: "God thundereth with the voice of his excellency" (Job 37:4), and God spoke to Jesus in the thunder (bronte, John 12:29).
See also LIGHTNING.
Alfred H. Joy
Thunder (48 Occurrences)
Mark 3:17 James the son of Zebedee; John, the brother of James, and he surnamed them Boanerges, which means, Sons of Thunder; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 12:29 The multitude therefore, who stood by and heard it, said that it had thundered. Others said, "An angel has spoken to him." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 4:5 Out of the throne proceed lightnings, sounds, and thunders. There were seven lamps of fire burning before his throne, which are the seven Spirits of God. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 6:1 I saw that the Lamb opened one of the seven seals, and I heard one of the four living creatures saying, as with a voice of thunder, "Come and see!" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 8:5 The angel took the censer, and he filled it with the fire of the altar, and threw it on the earth. There followed thunders, sounds, lightnings, and an earthquake. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 10:3 He cried with a loud voice, as a lion roars. When he cried, the seven thunders uttered their voices. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 10:4 When the seven thunders sounded, I was about to write; but I heard a voice from the sky saying, "Seal up the things which the seven thunders said, and don't write them." (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 11:19 God's temple that is in heaven was opened, and the ark of the Lord's covenant was seen in his temple. Lightnings, sounds, thunders, an earthquake, and great hail followed. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 14:2 I heard a sound from heaven, like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of a great thunder. The sound which I heard was like that of harpists playing on their harps. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 16:18 There were lightnings, sounds, and thunders; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since there were men on the earth, so great an earthquake, so mighty. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 19:6 I heard something like the voice of a great multitude, and like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of mighty thunders, saying, "Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns! (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:23 Moses stretched forth his rod toward the heavens, and Yahweh sent thunder, hail, and lightning flashed down to the earth. Yahweh rained hail on the land of Egypt. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:28 Pray to Yahweh; for there has been enough of mighty thunderings and hail. I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:29 Moses said to him, "As soon as I have gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands to Yahweh. The thunders shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that you may know that the earth is Yahweh's. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:33 Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands to Yahweh; and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured on the earth. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 9:34 When Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 19:16 It happened on the third day, when it was morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain, and the sound of an exceedingly loud trumpet; and all the people who were in the camp trembled. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 19:19 When the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by a voice. (See NAS RSV)
Exodus 20:18 All the people perceived the thunderings, the lightnings, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking. When the people saw it, they trembled, and stayed at a distance. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 2:10 Those who strive with Yahweh shall be broken to pieces. He will thunder against them in the sky. "Yahweh will judge the ends of the earth. He will give strength to his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 7:10 As Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel; but Yahweh thundered with a great thunder on that day on the Philistines, and confused them; and they were struck down before Israel. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 12:17 Isn't it wheat harvest today? I will call to Yahweh, that he may send thunder and rain; and you shall know and see that your wickedness is great, which you have done in the sight of Yahweh, in asking for a king." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 12:18 So Samuel called to Yahweh; and Yahweh sent thunder and rain that day: and all the people greatly feared Yahweh and Samuel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 22:14 Yahweh thundered from heaven. The Most High uttered his voice. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 26:14 Behold, these are but the outskirts of his ways. How small a whisper do we hear of him! But the thunder of his power who can understand?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 28:26 When he made a decree for the rain, and a way for the lightning of the thunder; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 36:33 The thunder makes clear his passion, and the storm gives news of his wrath. (BBE DBY NIV)
Job 37:2 Hear, oh, hear the noise of his voice, the sound that goes out of his mouth. (See NAS RSV)
Job 38:25 Who has cut a channel for the flood water, or the path for the thunderstorm; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Job 39:19 Hast thou given the horse strength? hast thou clothed his neck with thunder? (KJV WBS)
Job 39:25 As often as the trumpet sounds he snorts,'Aha!' He smells the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Job 40:9 Or do you have an arm like God? Can you thunder with a voice like him? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 18:13 Yahweh also thundered in the sky. The Most High uttered his voice: hailstones and coals of fire. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 42:7 Deep calls to deep at the noise of your waterfalls. All your waves and your billows have swept over me. (See RSV)
Psalms 77:17 The clouds poured out water. The skies resounded with thunder. Your arrows also flashed around. (WEB RSV NIV)
Psalms 77:18 The voice of your thunder was in the whirlwind. The lightnings lit up the world. The earth trembled and shook. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 81:7 You called in trouble, and I delivered you. I answered you in the secret place of thunder. I tested you at the waters of Meribah." Selah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 93:4 Above the voices of many waters, the mighty breakers of the sea, Yahweh on high is mighty. (See RSV NIV)
Psalms 104:7 At your rebuke they fled. At the voice of your thunder they hurried away. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 17:12 Ah! the voice of peoples, like the loud sounding of the seas, and the thundering of great nations rushing on like the bursting out of waters! (Root in BBE RSV)
Isaiah 29:6 She will be visited by Yahweh of Armies with thunder, with earthquake, with great noise, with whirlwind and storm, and with the flame of a devouring fire. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 33:3 At the noise of the thunder, the peoples have fled. When you lift yourself up, the nations are scattered. (WEB RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 25:30 Therefore prophesy you against them all these words, and tell them, Yahweh will roar from on high, and utter his voice from his holy habitation; he will mightily roar against his fold; he will give a shout, as those who tread the grapes, against all the inhabitants of the earth. (See NIV)
Jeremiah 31:35 These are the words of the Lord, who has given the sun for a light by day, ordering the moon and stars for a light by night, who puts the sea in motion, causing the thunder of its waves; the Lord of armies is his name. (BBE)
Jeremiah 47:3 At the noise of the stamping of the feet of his war-horses, at the rushing of his carriages and the thunder of his wheels, fathers will give no thought to their children, because their hands are feeble; (BBE)
Jeremiah 50:42 Bows and spears are in their hands; they are cruel and have no mercy; their voice is like the thunder of the sea, and they go on horses; everyone in his place like men going to the fight, against you, O daughter of Babylon. (BBE)
Ezekiel 1:24 When they went, I heard the noise of their wings like the noise of great waters, like the voice of the Almighty, a noise of tumult like the noise of an army: when they stood, they let down their wings. (See RSV)
Joel 3:16 Yahweh will roar from Zion, and thunder from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth will shake; but Yahweh will be a refuge to his people, and a stronghold to the children of Israel. (WEB BBE NIV)