|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) an organ situated in the floor of the mouth of most vertebrates and connected with the hyoid arch.
2. (n.) The power of articulate utterance; speech.
3. (n.) Discourse; fluency of speech or expression.
4. (n.) Honorable discourse; eulogy.
5. (n.) A language; the whole sum of words used by a particular nation; as, the English tongue.
6. (n.) Speech; words or declarations only; -- opposed to thoughts or actions.
7. (n.) A people having a distinct language.
8. (n.) The lingual ribbon, or odontophore, of a mollusk.
9. (n.) The proboscis of a moth or a butterfly.
10. (n.) The lingua of an insect.
11. (n.) Any small sole.
12. (n.) That which is considered as resembling an animal's tongue, in position or form.
13. (n.) A projection, or slender appendage or fixture; as, the tongue of a buckle, or of a balance.
14. (n.) A projection on the side, as of a board, which fits into a groove.
15. (n.) A point, or long, narrow strip of land, projecting from the mainland into a sea or a lake.
16. (n.) The pole of a vehicle; especially, the pole of an ox cart, to the end of which the oxen are yoked.
17. (n.) The clapper of a bell.
18. (n.) A short piece of rope spliced into the upper part of standing backstays, etc.; also. the upper main piece of a mast composed of several pieces.
19. (n.) Same as Reed, n., 5.
20. (v. t.) To speak; to utter.
21. (v. t.) To chide; to scold.
22. (v. t.) To modulate or modify with the tongue, as notes, in playing the flute and some other wind instruments.
23. (v. t.) To join means of a tongue and grove; as, to tongue boards together.
24. (v. i.) To talk; to prate.
25. (v. i.) To use the tongue in forming the notes, as in playing the flute and some other wind instruments.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
tung: Almost invariably for either lashon, or glossa the latter word with the cognates heteroglossos, "of strange tongues" (1 Corinthians 14:21), glossodes, "talkative," English Versions of the Bible "full of tongue" (Sirach 8:3; 9:18), glossotomeo, "to cut out the tongue" (2 Maccabees 7:4), diglossos, "double-tongued" (Sirach 5:9; 28:13). In 1 Timothy 3:8, however, "double-tongued" is for dilogos, literally, "two-worded." Where "tongue" in the King James Version translates dialektos (Acts 1:19; Acts 2:8; Acts 21:40; Acts 22:2; Acts 26:14), the Revised Version (British and American) has "language," while for the King James Version "in the Hebrew tongue" in John 5:2 Revelation 9:11; Revelation 16:16 (Hebraisti) the Revised Version (British and American) has simply "in Hebrew." In addition, in the Old Testament and Apocrypha, the King James Version uses "to hold one's tongue" as a translation for various verbs meaning "to be silent"; the Revised Version (British and American) in the Old Testament writes "to hold one's peace" and in the Apocrypha "to be silent," except in Sirach 32:8, where the King James Version is retained (siopao).
The various uses of "tongue" in English are all possible also for lashon and glossa, whether as the physical organ (Exodus 11:7 Mark 7:33, etc.) or as meaning "language" (Genesis 10:5 Acts 2:4, etc.) or as describing anything shaped like a tongue (Isaiah 11:15 Acts 2:3, etc.). In addition, both words, especially lashon appear in a wider range of meanings than can be taken by "tongue" in modern English. So the tongue appears as the specific organ of speech, where we should prefer "mouth" or "lips" (Exodus 4:10 Psalm 71:24; Psalm 78:36 Proverbs 16:1 Philippians 2:11, etc.), and hence, "tongue" is used figuratively for the words uttered (Job 6:30 Psalm 139:4 1 John 3:18, etc.). So the tongue can be said to have moral qualities (Psalm 109:2 Proverbs 15:4, etc.) or to be "glad" (Acts 2:26); to "love with the tongue" (1 John 3:18) is to love in word only, and to be "double-tongued" (Sirach 5:9; 28:13:00; 1 Timothy 3:8 is to be a liar. A further expansion of this figurative use has produced expressions that sound slightly bizarre in English, although their meaning is clear enough: e.g., "Who have whet their tongue like a sword" (Psalm 64:3); "His tongue is as a devouring fire" (Isaiah 30:27); "My tongue is the pen of a ready writer" (Psalm 45:1), and, especially, "Their tongue walketh through the earth" (Psalm 73:9).
In Job 20:12, "Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue," the figure is that of an uncultured man rolling a choice morsel around in his mouth so as to extract the utmost flavor. In Psalm 10:7; Psalm 66:17 (Revised Version margin), however "under the tongue" means "in readiness to utter," while in Songs 4:11, "Honey and milk are under thy tongue," the pleasure of a caress is described. To "divide their tongue" (Psalm 55:9) is to visit on offenders the punishment of Babel.
See TONGUES, CONFUSION OF.
Burton Scott Easton
Tongue (160 Occurrences)
Mark 7:33 He took him aside from the multitude, privately, and put his fingers into his ears, and he spat, and touched his tongue. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 7:35 Immediately his ears were opened, and the impediment of his tongue was released, and he spoke clearly. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 1:64 His mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue freed, and he spoke, blessing God. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 16:24 He cried and said,'Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue! For I am in anguish in this flame.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 5:2 Now there is at Jerusalem by the sheep market a pool, which is called in the Hebrew tongue Bethesda, having five porches. (KJV WBS)
Acts 1:19 And it was known unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; insomuch as that field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that is to say, The field of blood. (KJV WBS)
Acts 2:3 Tongues like fire appeared and were distributed to them, and one sat on each of them. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 2:8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? (KJV)
Acts 2:26 Therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced. Moreover my flesh also will dwell in hope; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 21:40 And when he had given him licence, Paul stood on the stairs, and beckoned with the hand unto the people. And when there was made a great silence, he spake unto them in the Hebrew tongue, saying, (KJV DBY)
Acts 22:2 (And when they heard that he spake in the Hebrew tongue to them, they kept the more silence: and he saith,) (KJV DBY)
Acts 26:14 And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? it is hard for thee to kick against the pricks. (KJV DBY)
Romans 14:11 For it is written, "'As I live,' says the Lord,'to me every knee will bow. Every tongue will confess to God.'" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:2 For he that speaketh in an unknown tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God: for no man understandeth him; howbeit in the spirit he speaketh mysteries. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:4 He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:9 So also you, unless you uttered by the tongue words easy to understand, how would it be known what is spoken? For you would be speaking into the air. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:11 If, however, I do not know the meaning of the particular language, I shall seem to the speaker of it, and he to me, to be merely talking some foreign tongue. (WEY)
1 Corinthians 14:13 Wherefore let him that speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he may interpret. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:14 For if I pray in an unknown tongue, my spirit prayeth, but my understanding is unfruitful. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:18 I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all: (Root in KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:19 Yet in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 14:27 If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course; and let one interpret. (KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Philippians 2:11 and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 1:26 If anyone among you thinks himself to be religious while he doesn't bridle his tongue, but deceives his heart, this man's religion is worthless. Peter's First Letter (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 3:5 So the tongue is also a little member, and boasts great things. See how a small fire can spread to a large forest! (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 3:6 And the tongue is a fire. The world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature, and is set on fire by Gehenna. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 3:8 But nobody can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, full of deadly poison. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Peter 3:10 For, "He who would love life, and see good days, let him keep his tongue from evil, and his lips from speaking deceit. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 John 3:18 My little children, let's not love in word only, neither with the tongue only, but in deed and truth. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Revelation 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. (KJV ASV)
Revelation 13:7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. (Root in KJV ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Revelation 14:6 And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, (KJV ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Revelation 16:16 And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon. (KJV WBS)
Genesis 10:5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Genesis 11:1 And all the earth had one language and one tongue. (BBE)
Exodus 4:10 Moses said to Yahweh, "Oh, Lord, I am not eloquent, neither before now, nor since you have spoken to your servant; for I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 11:7 But against any of the children of Israel a dog won't even bark or move its tongue, against man or animal; that you may know that Yahweh makes a distinction between the Egyptians and Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Deuteronomy 28:49 The LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand; (KJV JPS ASV DBY YLT)
Joshua 10:21 that all the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace. None moved his tongue against any of the children of Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Joshua 15:2 And their southern border was from the end of the salt sea, from the tongue that turns southward; (DBY)
Joshua 15:5 And the eastern border was the salt sea as far as the end of the Jordan. And the border on the north side was from the tongue of the salt sea, at the end of the Jordan; (DBY)
Judges 7:5 So he brought down the people to the water; and Yahweh said to Gideon, "Everyone who laps of the water with his tongue, like a dog laps, you shall set him by himself; likewise everyone who bows down on his knees to drink." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 23:2 "The Spirit of Yahweh spoke by me. His word was on my tongue. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 4:7 And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their companions, unto Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the Syrian tongue. (KJV JPS ASV)
Esther 1:22 and sendeth letters unto all provinces of the king, unto province and province according to its writing, and unto people and people according to its tongue, for every man being head in his own house -- and speaking according to the language of his people. (YLT NIV)
Esther 3:12 And scribes of the king are called, on the first month, on the thirteenth day of it, and it is written according to all that Haman hath commanded, unto lieutenants of the king, and unto the governors who 'are' over province and province, and unto the heads of people and people, province and province, according to its writing, and people and people according to its tongue, in the name of the king Ahasuerus it hath been written and sealed with the signet of the king, (YLT)
Esther 7:4 For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I had held my tongue, although the enemy could not countervail the king's damage. (KJV DBY WBS)
Esther 8:9 And the scribes of the king are called, at that time, in the third month -- it 'is' the month of Sivan -- in the three and twentieth of it, and it is written, according to all that Mordecai hath commanded, unto the Jews, and unto the lieutenants, and the governors, and the heads of the provinces, that 'are' from Hodu even unto Cush, seven and twenty and a hundred provinces -- province and province according to its writing, and people and people according to its tongue, and unto the Jews according to their writing, and according to their tongue. (YLT)
Job 5:21 You shall be hidden from the scourge of the tongue, neither shall you be afraid of destruction when it comes. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 6:24 Teach me, and I will hold my tongue: and cause me to understand wherein I have erred. (KJV DBY WBS)
Job 6:30 Is there injustice on my tongue? Can't my taste discern mischievous things? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Job 12:11 Doesn't the ear try words, even as the palate tastes its food? (See NIV)
Job 13:19 Who is he that will plead with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost. (KJV WBS)
Job 15:5 For thy mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and thou choosest the tongue of the crafty. (KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Job 20:12 "Though wickedness is sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 20:16 He shall suck cobra venom. The viper's tongue shall kill him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Job 27:4 surely my lips shall not speak unrighteousness, neither shall my tongue utter deceit. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 29:10 The voice of the nobles was hushed, and their tongue stuck to the roof of their mouth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 33:2 See now, I have opened my mouth. My tongue has spoken in my mouth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 34:3 For the ear tries words, as the palate tastes food. (See NIV)
Job 41:1 "Can you draw out Leviathan with a fishhook, or press down his tongue with a cord? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 41:2 Will you put a cord into his nose, or take him away with a cord round his tongue? (BBE)
Psalms 5:9 For there is no faithfulness in their mouth. Their heart is destruction. Their throat is an open tomb. They flatter with their tongue. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 10:7 His mouth is full of cursing, deceit, and oppression. Under his tongue is mischief and iniquity. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 12:3 May Yahweh cut off all flattering lips, and the tongue that boasts, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 12:4 who have said, "With our tongue we will prevail. Our lips are our own. Who is lord over us?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 15:3 He who doesn't slander with his tongue, nor does evil to his friend, nor casts slurs against his fellow man; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 16:9 Therefore my heart is glad, and my tongue rejoices. My body shall also dwell in safety. (WEB NIV)
Psalms 22:15 My strength is dried up like a potsherd. My tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth. You have brought me into the dust of death. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 34:13 Keep your tongue from evil, and your lips from speaking lies. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 35:28 My tongue shall talk about your righteousness and about your praise all day long. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 37:30 The mouth of the righteous talks of wisdom. His tongue speaks justice. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 39:1 For the Chief Musician. For Jeduthun. A Psalm by David. I said, "I will watch my ways, so that I don't sin with my tongue. I will keep my mouth with a bridle while the wicked is before me." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 39:3 My heart was hot within me. While I meditated, the fire burned: I spoke with my tongue: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 45:1 For the Chief Musician. Set to "The Lilies." A contemplation by the sons of Korah. A wedding song. My heart overflows with a noble theme. I recite my verses for the king. My tongue is like the pen of a skillful writer. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 50:19 "You give your mouth to evil. Your tongue frames deceit. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 51:14 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, the God of my salvation. My tongue shall sing aloud of your righteousness. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 52:2 Your tongue plots destruction, like a sharp razor, working deceitfully. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 52:4 You love all devouring words, you deceitful tongue. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 55:9 Destroy, O Lord, and divide their tongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the city. (Root in KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Psalms 57:4 My soul is among lions. I lie among those who are set on fire, even the sons of men, whose teeth are spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 64:3 who sharpen their tongue like a sword, and aim their arrows, deadly words, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 64:8 Their own tongues shall ruin them. All who see them will shake their heads. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 66:17 I cried to him with my mouth. He was extolled with my tongue. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 68:23 That you may crush them, dipping your foot in blood, that the tongues of your dogs may have their portion from your enemies." (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 71:24 My tongue will also talk about your righteousness all day long, for they are disappointed, and they are confounded, who want to harm me. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 73:9 They have set their mouth in the heavens. Their tongue walks through the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 78:36 But they flattered him with their mouth, and lied to him with their tongue. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 81:5 He gave it to Joseph as a witness, when he went out over the land of Egypt; then the words of a strange tongue were sounding in my ears. (BBE)
Psalms 109:2 for they have opened the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of deceit against me. They have spoken to me with a lying tongue. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 114:1 When Israel went forth out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of foreign language; (See NIV)
Psalms 119:172 Let my tongue sing of your word, for all your commandments are righteousness. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 120:2 Deliver my soul, Yahweh, from lying lips, from a deceitful tongue. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 120:3 What will be given to you, and what will be done more to you, you deceitful tongue? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 126:2 Then our mouth was filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing. Then they said among the nations, "Yahweh has done great things for them." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 137:6 Let my tongue stick to the roof of my mouth if I don't remember you; if I don't prefer Jerusalem above my chief joy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 139:4 For there is not a word on my tongue, but, behold, Yahweh, you know it altogether. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 140:3 They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent. Viper's poison is under their lips. Selah. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 140:11 Let not a man of evil tongue be safe on earth: let destruction overtake the violent man with blow on blow. (BBE DBY)