|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (adv. & prep.) Formerly: (a) An enclosure which surrounded the mere homestead or dwelling of the lord of the manor. [Obs.] (b) The whole of the land which constituted the domain. [Obs.] (c) A collection of houses enclosed by fences or walls.
2. (adv. & prep.) Any number or collection of houses to which belongs a regular market, and which is not a city or the see of a bishop.
3. (adv. & prep.) Any collection of houses larger than a village, and not incorporated as a city; also, loosely, any large, closely populated place, whether incorporated or not, in distinction from the country, or from rural communities.
4. (adv. & prep.) The body of inhabitants resident in a town; as, the town voted to send two representatives to the legislature; the town voted to lay a tax for repairing the highways.
5. (adv. & prep.) A township; the whole territory within certain limits, less than those of a country.
6. (adv. & prep.) The court end of London;-- commonly with the.
7. (adv. & prep.) The metropolis or its inhabitants; as, in winter the gentleman lives in town; in summer, in the country.
8. (adv. & prep.) A farm or farmstead; also, a court or farmyard.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
toun: This word is used to represent a number of different Hob terms in the Old Testament.
(1) When any explanatory word or attendant circumstances show that a "city" was unwalled, and sometimes in the contrary case (1 Samuel 23:7), the Hebrew `ir is translated "town" by the King James Version, and the Revised Version (British and American) generally agrees with it (Deuteronomy 3:5 1 Samuel 27:5 Esther 9:19).
(2) Both the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) translate chawwoth by "towns" (Numbers 32:41 Joshua 13:30 1 Kings 4:13 1 Chronicles 2:23), while chatserim and perazoth both appear in the King James Version as "towns," but in the Revised Version (British and American) as "villages" (Genesis 25:16 Zechariah 2:4). See HAVVOTH-JAIR.
(3) Bath, literally, "daughter," is sometimes found in the plural between the name of a city and chatserim, "villages," as in Joshua 15:45 margin, "Ekron, with its daughters and its villages." "Towns" is evidently the appropriate translation, and, even without chatserim, bath is rendered "town" (the Revised Version (British and American) Numbers 21:25, etc.). The same use of "daughter" occurs also in the Greek of 1 Maccabees 5:65 (thugater), the King James Version "town," the Revised Version (British and American) "village," margin "daughter."
(4) the King James Version and the English Revised Version gloss qir, "wall" in Joshua 2:15 by rendering it "town wall"; the American Standard Revised Version omits.
(5) The Greek term komopoleis (Mark 1:38), being a combination of the words for "village" and "city," is a clear attempt to describe something between the two, and is well translated "town." (6) the King James Version uses "town" (Matthew 10:11 etc.) and "village" (Matthew 9:35, etc.) quite indifferently for kome; the Revised Version (British and American) has "village" throughout. For similar changes of the King James Version "town" compare 2 Maccabees 8:6 (chora); 11:05; 12:21 (chorion, the Revised Version (British and American) "place").
See CITY; VILLAGE.
W. M. Christie
klurk, klark (grammateus): The word "clerk," "writer," "town clerk," "scribe," is found in this meaning only in Acts 19:35, "when the townclerk had quieted the multitude." Cremer defines the word as signifying a "public servant among the Greeks and the reader of the legal and state-papers" (Lexicon of the New Testament). There was considerable difference between the authority of these "clerks" in the cities of Asia Minor and of Greece. Among the Greeks the grammateis were usually slaves, or at least persons belonging to the lower classes of society, and their office was a nominal, almost a mechanical, one. In Asia, on the contrary, they were officers of considerable consequence, as the passage quoted indicates (Thucidydes vii.19, "the scribe of the city") and the grammateus is not infrequently mentioned in the inscriptions and on the coins of Ephesus (e.g. British Museum Inscriptions, III, 2,482, 528). They had the supervision of the city archives, all official decrees were drawn up by them, and it was their prerogative to read such decrees to the assembled citizens. Their social position was thus one of eminence, and a Greek scribe would have been much amazed at the deference shown to his colleagues in Asia and at the power they wielded in the administration of affairs. See , further, Hermann, Staats Altertum, 127, 20; and EPHESUS.
Henry E. Dosker
Town (861 Occurrences)
Matthew 2:23 and went and settled in a town called Nazareth, in order that these words spoken through the Prophets might be fulfilled, "He shall be called a Nazarene." (WEY BBE DBY NIV)
Matthew 4:5 Then the Evil One took him to the holy town; and he put him on the highest point of the Temple and said to him, (BBE)
Matthew 4:13 and leaving Nazareth He went and settled at Capernaum, a town by the Lake on the frontiers of Zebulun and Naphtali, (WEY)
Matthew 5:14 You are the light of the world; a town cannot be hid if built on a hill-top. (WEY BBE)
Matthew 5:35 Or by the earth, because it is the resting-place for his foot; or by Jerusalem, because it is the town of the great King. (BBE)
Matthew 8:33 The swineherds fled, and went and told the whole story in the town, including what had happened to the demoniacs. (WEY BBE NIV)
Matthew 8:34 And all the town came out to Jesus; and seeing him they made request that he would go away from their part of the country. (BBE NIV)
Matthew 9:1 Accordingly He went on board, and crossing over came to His own town. (WEY BBE NIV)
Matthew 10:5 These twelve Jesus sent on a mission, after giving them their instructions: "Go not," He said, "among the Gentiles, and enter no Samaritan town; (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:11 And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go thence. (KJV WEY BBE WBS RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:14 And whoever refuses to receive you or even to listen to your Message, as you leave that house or town, shake off the very dust from your feet. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:15 I solemnly tell you that it will be more endurable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of Judgement than for that town. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Matthew 10:23 Whenever they persecute you in one town, escape to the next; for I solemnly tell you that you will not have gone the round of all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes. (WEY BBE RSV)
Matthew 12:25 And having knowledge of their thoughts he said to them, Every kingdom having division in itself is made waste, and every town or house having division in itself will come to destruction. (BBE)
Matthew 21:2 Saying to them, Go into the little town in front of you, and straight away you will see an ass with a cord round her neck, and a young one with her; let them loose and come with them to me. (BBE)
Matthew 21:10 And when he came into Jerusalem, all the town was moved, saying, Who is this? (BBE)
Matthew 21:17 And he went away from them, and went out of the town to Bethany, and was there for the night. (BBE)
Matthew 21:18 Now in the morning when he was coming back to the town, he had a desire for food. (BBE)
Matthew 22:7 But the king was angry; and he sent his armies, and those who had put his servants to death he gave to destruction, burning down their town with fire. (BBE)
Matthew 23:34 "For this reason I am sending to you Prophets and wise men and Scribes. Some of them you will put to death--nay, crucify; some of them you will flog in your synagogues and chase from town to town; (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Matthew 26:18 And he said to them, Go into the town to such a man, and say to him, The Master says, My time is near: I will keep the Passover at your house with my disciples. (BBE)
Matthew 27:53 And coming out of their resting-places, after he had come again from the dead, they went into the holy town and were seen by a number of people. (BBE)
Matthew 28:11 Now, while they were going, some of the watchmen came into the town and gave news to the chief priests of all the things which had taken place. (BBE)
Mark 1:33 and the whole town was assembled at the door. (WEY BBE NIV)
Mark 1:45 But the man, when he went out, began to tell every one and to publish the matter abroad, so that it was no longer possible for Jesus to go openly into any town; but He had to remain outside in unfrequented places, where people came to Him from all parts. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Mark 5:14 The swineherds fled, and spread the news in town and country. So the people came to see what it was that had happened; (WEY BBE NIV)
Mark 6:10 He said to them, "Wherever you enter into a house, stay there until you depart from there. (See NAS NIV)
Mark 8:23 And he took the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the town; and when he had spit on his eyes, and put his hands upon him, he asked him if he saw ought. (KJV BBE WBS)
Mark 8:26 And he sent him away to his house, saying, Neither go into the town, nor tell it to any in the town. (KJV BBE WBS)
Mark 10:46 They came to Jericho; and as He was leaving that town--Himself and His disciples and a great crowd--Bartimaeus (the son of Timaeus) (WEY)
Mark 11:2 And said to them, Go into the little town opposite: and when you come to it, you will see a young ass with a cord round his neck, on which no man has ever been seated; let him loose, and come back with him. (BBE)
Mark 11:19 And every evening he went out of the town. (BBE)
Mark 14:13 And he sent two of his disciples, and said to them, Go into the town, and there will come to you a man with a vessel of water: go after him; (BBE)
Mark 14:16 And the disciples went out and came into the town, and saw that it was as he had said: and they made ready the Passover. (BBE)
Luke 1:26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 1:39 Not long after this, Mary rose up and went in haste into the hill country to a town in Judah. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 2:3 and all went to be registered--every one to the town to which he belonged. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 2:4 So Joseph went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judaea, to David's town of Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 2:11 For a Saviour who is the Anointed Lord is born to you to-day, in the town of David. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 2:39 Then, as soon as they had accomplished all that the Law required, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 4:29 They rose, hurried Him outside the town, and brought Him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, to throw Him down the cliff; (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 4:31 So He came down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, where He frequently taught the people on the Sabbath days. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 4:42 Next morning, at daybreak, He left the town and went away to a solitary place; but the people flocked out to find Him, and, coming to the place where He was, they endeavoured to detain Him that He might not leave them. (WEY)
Luke 7:11 Shortly afterwards He went to a town called Nain, attended by His disciples and a great crowd of people. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 7:12 And just as He reached the gate of the town, they happened to be bringing out for burial a dead man who was his mother's only son; and she was a widow; and a great number of the townspeople were with her. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 7:37 And there was a woman in the town who was a notorious sinner. Having learnt that Jesus was at table in the Pharisee's house she brought a flask of perfume, (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 8:1 Shortly after this He visited town after town, and village after village, proclaiming His Message and telling the Good News of the Kingdom of God. The Twelve were with Him, (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 8:4 And when a great crowd was assembling, and was receiving additions from one town after another, He spoke a parable to them. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 8:27 Here, on landing, He was met by one of the townsmen who was possessed by demons--for a long time he had not put on any garment, nor did he live in a house, but in the tombs. (Root in WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 8:34 The swineherds, seeing what had happened, fled and reported it both in town and country; (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 8:39 "Return home," He said, "and tell there all that God has done for you." So he went and published through the whole town all that Jesus had done for him. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 9:4 Into whatever house you enter, stay there, and depart from there. (See NIV)
Luke 9:5 Wherever they refuse to receive you, as you leave that town shake off the very dust from your feet as a protest against them." (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 9:10 The Apostles, on their return, related to Jesus all they had done. Then He took them and withdrew to a quiet retreat, to a town called Bethsaida. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 9:52 And he sent men before: and they came to a small town of Samaria to make ready for him. (BBE)
Luke 9:56 And they went to another small town. (BBE)
Luke 10:1 After this the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them before Him, by twos, to go to every town or place which He Himself intended to visit. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 10:8 "And whatever town you come to and they receive you, eat what they put before you. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 10:9 Cure the sick in that town, and tell them, "'The Kingdom of God is now at your door.' (WEY)
Luke 10:10 "But whatever town you come to and they will not receive you, go out into the broader streets and say, (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 10:11 "'The very dust of your town that hangs about us we wipe off as a protest. Only be sure of this, that the Kingdom of God is close at hand.' (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 10:12 "I tell you that it will be more endurable for Sodom on the great day than for that town. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 10:38 Now, while they were on their way, he came to a certain town; and a woman named Martha took him into her house. (BBE)
Luke 13:22 He was passing through town after town and village after village, steadily proceeding towards Jerusalem, (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Luke 14:21 And the servant came back and gave his master an account of these things. Then the master of the house was angry and said to the servant, Go out quickly into the streets of the town and get the poor, the blind, and those who are broken in body. (BBE NIV)
Luke 17:12 And when he went into a certain small town he came across ten men who were lepers, and they, keeping themselves at a distance, (BBE)
Luke 18:2 "In a certain town," He said, "there was a judge who had no fear of God and no respect for man. (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 18:3 And in the same town was a widow who repeatedly came and entreated him, saying, "'Give me justice and stop my oppressor.' (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 19:1 So He entered Jericho and was passing through the town. (WEY)
Luke 19:30 Saying, Go into the little town in front of you, and on going in you will see a young ass fixed with a cord, on which no man has ever been seated; let him loose and take him. (BBE)
Luke 19:41 And when he got near and saw the town, he was overcome with weeping for it, (BBE)
Luke 21:21 Then let those who are in Judaea go in flight to the mountains; and those who are in the middle of the town go out; and let not those who are in the country come in. (BBE)
Luke 22:10 And he said to them, When you go into the town you will see a man coming to you with a vessel of water; go after him into the house into which he goes. (BBE)
Luke 23:19 Now this man was in prison because of an attack against the government in the town, in which there had been loss of life. (BBE)
Luke 23:50 Behold, a man named Joseph, who was a member of the council, a good and righteous man (See RSV)
Luke 23:51 who came from the Jewish town of Arimathaea and was awaiting the coming of the Kingdom of God. He had not concurred in the design or action of the Council, (WEY BBE NIV)
Luke 24:13 And then, two of them, on that very day, were going to a little town named Emmaus, which was about seven miles from Jerusalem. (BBE)
Luke 24:28 And they came near the town to which they were going, and he seemed as if he was going on; (BBE)
Luke 24:49 And now I will send to you what my father has undertaken to give you, but do not go from the town, till the power from heaven comes to you. (BBE)
John 1:44 Now Philip's town was Beth-saida, where Andrew and Peter came from. (ASV RSV)
John 4:5 and so He came to Sychar, a town in Samaria near the piece of land that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. (WEY BBE NIV)
John 4:8 for His disciples were gone to the town to buy provisions. (WEY BBE NIV)
John 4:28 The woman however, leaving her pitcher, went away to the town, and called the people. (WEY BBE NIV)
John 4:30 They left the town and set out to go to Him. (WEY BBE NIV)
John 4:39 Of the Samaritan population of that town a good many believed in Him because of the woman's statement when she declared, "He has told me all that I have ever done." (WEY BBE NIV)
John 7:42 Hath not the scripture said, That Christ cometh of the seed of David, and out of the town of Bethlehem, where David was? (KJV BBE WBS NIV)
John 11:1 Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha. (KJV BBE WBS)
John 11:30 Now Jesus was not yet come into the town, but was in that place where Martha met him. (KJV BBE WBS)
John 11:54 Therefore Jesus no longer went about openly among the Jews, but He left that neighbourhood and went into the district near the Desert, to a town called Ephraim, and remained there with the disciples. (WEY BBE RSV)
John 19:20 The writing was seen by a number of the Jews, for the place where Jesus was put to death on the cross was near the town; and the writing was in Hebrew and Latin and Greek. (BBE)
Acts 4:27 For, truly, in this town, against your holy servant, Jesus, who was marked out by you as Christ, Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and the people of Israel, came together, (BBE)
Acts 7:58 Driving him out of the town and stoning him: and the witnesses put their clothing at the feet of a young man named Saul. (BBE)
Acts 8:8 And there was much joy in that town. (BBE)
Acts 8:40 but Philip found himself at Ashdod. Then visiting town after town he everywhere made known the Good News until he reached Caesarea. (WEY BBE RSV NIV)
Acts 9:6 But get up, and go into the town, and it will be made clear to you what you have to do. (BBE)
Acts 9:24 But Saul got knowledge of their design. And they kept watch day and night on the roads out of the town, so that they might put him to death: (BBE)
Acts 9:32 Now Peter, as he went to town after town, came down also to God's people at Lud. (WEY)
Acts 10:9 The next day, while they were still on their journey and were getting near the town, about noon Peter went up on the house-top to pray. (WEY BBE)
Acts 11:5 "While I was in the town of Jaffa, offering prayer," he said, "in a trance I saw a vision. There descended what seemed to be an enormous sail, being let down from the sky by ropes at the four corners, and it came close to me. (WEY BBE)
Acts 12:10 And when they had gone past the first and second watchmen they came to the iron door into the town, which came open by itself: and they went out and down one street; and then the angel went away. (BBE)