|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc.
2. (n.) Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation of the state of the air.
3. (n.) Storm; tempest.
4. (n.) A light rain; a shower.
5. (v. t.) To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to air.
6. (v. t.) Hence, to sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist; as, to weather the storm.
7. (v. t.) To sail or pass to the windward of; as, to weather a cape; to weather another ship.
8. (v. t.) To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.
9. (v. i.) To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.
10. (a.) Being toward the wind, or windward -- opposed to lee; as, weather bow, weather braces, weather gauge, weather lifts, weather quarter, weather shrouds, etc.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
weth'-er (zahabh (Job 37:22), yom (Proverbs 25:20), translated "day"; eudia, "clear sky," cheimon, "tempest"): In the East it is not customary to talk of the weather as in the West. There seems to be no word in the Hebrew corresponding to "weather." In Job 37:22 the King James Version translates "Fair weather comes out of the north," but the Revised Version (British and American) translates more literally, "Out of the north cometh golden splendor." "As one that taketh off a garment in cold weather (or literally, "on a cold day"),.... so is he that singeth songs to a heavy heart" (Proverbs 25:20).
Jesus rebukes the Pharisees for their lack of spiritual foresight when they took such interest in natural foresight. He said, "When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the heaven is red. And in the morning, It will be foul weather to-day: for the heaven is red and lowering" (Matthew 16:2, 3). The general conditions of the weather in the different seasons are less variable in Palestine than in colder countries, but the precise weather for a given day is very hard to predict on account of the proximity of the mountains, the desert and the sea.
Alfred H. Joy
Weather (5 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:19 Make no store of wealth for yourselves on earth, where it may be turned to dust by worms and weather, and where thieves may come in by force and take it away. (BBE)
Matthew 16:2 But he answered them, "When it is evening, you say,'It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 16:3 In the morning,'It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.' Hypocrites! You know how to discern the appearance of the sky, but you can't discern the signs of the times! (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE WBS YLT)
Job 37:22 Fair weather cometh out of the north: with God is terrible majesty. (KJV WBS)
Proverbs 25:20 As one who takes away a garment in cold weather, or vinegar on soda, so is one who sings songs to a heavy heart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS)