|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Dwelling, the sixth and youngest son of Jacob and Leah (Genesis 30:20). Little is known of his personal history. He had three sons (46:14).
Zebulun, Lot of
In Galilee, to the north of Issachar and south of Asher and Naphtali (Joshua 19:10-16), and between the Sea of Galilee and the Mediterranean. According to ancient prophecy this part of Galilee enjoyed a large share of our Lord's public ministry (Isaiah 9:1, 2; Matthew 4:12-16).
Zebulun, Tribe of
Numbered at Sinai (Numbers 1:31) and before entering Canaan (26:27). It was one of the tribes which did not drive out the Canaanites, but only made them tributary (Judges 1:30). It took little interest in public affairs. It responded, however, readily to the summons of Gideon (6:35), and afterwards assisted in enthroning David at Hebron (1 Chronicles 12:33, 40). Along with the other northern tribes, Zebulun was carried away into the land of Assyria by Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 15:29).
In Deborah's song the words, "Out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer" (Judges 5:14) has been rendered in the R.V., "They that handle the marshal's staff." This is a questionable rendering. "The word sopher (`scribe' or 'writer') defines the word shebhet (`rod' or `pen') with which it is conjoined. The `rod of the scribe' on the Assyrian monuments was the stylus of wood or metal, with the help of which the clay tablet was engraved, or the papyrus inscribed with characters. The scribe who wielded it was the associate and assistant of the `lawgivers.'" (Sayce).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
zeb'-u-lun (zebhulun, also written zebuwlun and zebuluwn; the first form occurs only in Judges 1:30; the other two are frequent, and are used interchangeably; Zaboulon): In Genesis 30:20 Leah exclaims, "God hath endowed me with a good dowry," which suggests a derivation of Zebulun from zabhadh, "to bestow," the (d) being replaced by (l). Again she says, "Now will my husband dwell with me (or "honor me"): and she called his name Zebulun"; the derivation being from zabhal, "to exalt" or "honor" (OHL, under the word).
Zebulun was the 10th son of Jacob, the 6th borne to him by Leah in Paddan-aram. Nothing is known of this patriarch's life, save in so far as it coincides with that of his brethren. Targum Pseudo-Jonathan says that he first of the five brethren was presented to Pharaoh by Joseph, when Israel and his house arrived in Egypt (Genesis 47:2). Three sons, Sered, Elon and Jahleel, were born to him in Canaan, and these became the ancestors of the three main divisions of the tribe (Genesis 46:14).
The position of the tribe of Zebulun in the wilderness was with the standard of the camp of Judah on the east side of the tabernacle (Numbers 2:7). This camp moved foremost on the march (Numbers 2:9). At the first census Zebulun numbered 57,400 men of war (Numbers 1:30), the prince of the tribe being Eliab, son of Helon (Numbers 1:9). At the second census the men of war numbered 60,500 (Numbers 26:27); see, however, NUMBERS. Among the spies Zebulun was represented by Gaddiel son of Sodi (Numbers 13:10). To assist in the division of the land Elizaphan son of Parnach was chosen (Numbers 34:25). At Shechem Zebulun, the descendants of Leah's youngest son, stood along with Reuben, whose disgrace carried with it that of his tribe, and the descendants of the sons of the handmaids, over against the other six, who traced their descent to Rachel and Leah (Deuteronomy 27:13). At the second division of territory the lot of Zebulun came up third, and assigned to him a beautifully diversified stretch of country in the North. The area of his possession is in general clear enough, but it is impossible to define the boundaries exactly (Joshua 19:10-16). It "marched" with Naphtali on the East and Southeast, and with Asher on the West and Northwest. The line ran northward from Mt. Tabor, keeping on the heights West of the Sea of Galilee, on to Kerr `Anan (Hannathon). It turned westward along the base of the mountain, and reached the border of Asher, probably by the vale of `Abilin. It then proceeded southward to the Kishon opposite Tell Kaimun (Jokneam). As the plain belonged to Issachar, the south border would skirt its northern edge, terminating again at Tabor, probably near Deburiyeh (Daberath), which belonged to Issachar (Joshua 21:28).
The details given are confusing. It is to be observed that this does not bring Zebulun into touch with the sea, and so is in apparent contradiction with Genesis 49:13, and also with Josephus (Ant., V, i, 22; BJ, III, iii, 1), who says the lot of Zebulun included the land which "lay as far as the Lake of Gennesareth, and that which belonged to Carmel and the sea." Perhaps, however, the limits changed from time to time. So far as the words in Genesis 49:13 are concerned, Delitzsch thinks they do not necessarily imply actual contact with the sea; but only that his position should enable him to profit by maritime trade. This it certainly did; the great caravan route, via maris, passing through his territory. Thus he could "suck the treasures of the sea." See also TABOR, MOUNT. Within the boundaries thus roughly indicated were all varieties of mountain and plain, rough upland country. shady wood and fruitful valley. What is said of the territory of Naphtali applies generally to this. Olive groves and vineyards are plentiful. Good harvests are gathered on the sunny slopes, and on the rich levels of the Plain of Asochis (el-BaTTauf).
Elon the Zebulunite was the only leader given by the tribe to Israel of whom we have any record (Judges 12:11 f); but the people were brave and skillful in war, furnishing, according to the So of Deborah, "(them) that handle the marshal's staff" (Judges 5:14). The tribe sent 50,000 single-hearted warriors, capable and well equipped, to David at Hebron (1 Chronicles 12:33). From their rich land they brought stores of provisions (1 Chronicles 12:40). Over Zebulun in David's time was Ishmaiah, son of Obadiah (1 Chronicles 27:19). Although they had fallen away, Hezekiah proved that many of them were capable of warm response to the appeal of religious duty and privilege (2 Chronicles 30:10, 18). They are not named, but it is probable that Zebulun suffered along with Naphtali in the invasion of Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 15:29). In later days the men from these breezy uplands lent strength and enterprise to the Jewish armies. Jotapata (Tell Jifat), the scene of Josephus' heroic defense, was in Zebulun. So was Sepphoris (Seffuriyeh), which was for a time the capital of Galilee (Ant., XVIII, ii, 1; BJ, VII; III, ii, 4). Nazareth, the home of our Saviour's boyhood, is sheltered among its lower hills.
Zebulun (46 Occurrences)
Matthew 4:13 Leaving Nazareth, he came and lived in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali, (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS NIV)
Matthew 4:15 "The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, toward the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles, (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS NIV)
Revelation 7:8 of the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand, of the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand, of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand. (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS NIV)
Genesis 30:20 Leah said, "God has endowed me with a good dowry. Now my husband will live with me, because I have borne him six sons." She named him Zebulun. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Genesis 35:23 The sons of Leah: Reuben (Jacob's firstborn), Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Genesis 46:14 The sons of Zebulun: Sered, Elon, and Jahleel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Genesis 49:13 "Zebulun will dwell at the haven of the sea. He will be for a haven of ships. His border will be on Sidon. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Exodus 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 1:9 Of Zebulun: Eliab the son of Helon. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 1:30 Of the children of Zebulun, their generations, by their families, by their fathers' houses, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all who were able to go out to war; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 1:31 those who were numbered of them, of the tribe of Zebulun, were fifty-seven thousand four hundred. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 2:7 The tribe of Zebulun: and the prince of the children of Zebulun shall be Eliab the son of Helon. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 7:24 On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 10:16 Eliab the son of Helon was over the army of the tribe of the children of Zebulun. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 13:10 Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 26:26 The sons of Zebulun after their families: of Sered, the family of the Seredites; of Elon, the family of the Elonites; of Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 26:27 These are the families of the Zebulunites according to those who were numbered of them, sixty thousand five hundred. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Numbers 34:25 Of the tribe of the children of Zebulun a prince, Elizaphan the son of Parnach. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Deuteronomy 27:13 These shall stand on Mount Ebal for the curse: Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Deuteronomy 33:18 Of Zebulun he said, "Rejoice, Zebulun, in your going out; and Issachar, in your tents. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 19:10 The third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families. The border of their inheritance was to Sarid. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 19:16 This is the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 19:27 It turned toward the sunrise to Beth Dagon, and reached to Zebulun, and to the valley of Iphtah El northward to Beth Emek and Neiel. It went out to Cabul on the left hand, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 19:34 The border turned westward to Aznoth Tabor, and went out from there to Hukkok. It reached to Zebulun on the south, and reached to Asher on the west, and to Judah at the Jordan toward the sunrise. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 21:7 The children of Merari according to their families had twelve cities out of the tribe of Reuben, out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Joshua 21:34 To the families of the children of Merari, the rest of the Levites, out of the tribe of Zebulun, Jokneam with its suburbs, Kartah with its suburbs, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 1:30 Zebulun didn't drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites lived among them, and became subject to forced labor. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 4:6 She sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedesh Naphtali, and said to him, "Hasn't Yahweh, the God of Israel, commanded,'Go and draw to Mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 4:10 Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali together to Kedesh; and there went up ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 5:14 Those whose root is in Amalek came out of Ephraim, after you, Benjamin, among your peoples. Governors come down out of Machir. Those who handle the marshal's staff came out of Zebulun. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 5:18 Zebulun was a people that jeopardized their lives to the deaths; Naphtali also, on the high places of the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 6:35 He sent messengers throughout all Manasseh; and they also were gathered together after him: and he sent messengers to Asher, and to Zebulun, and to Naphtali; and they came up to meet them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Judges 12:12 Elon the Zebulunite died, and was buried in Aijalon in the land of Zebulun. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 2:1 These are the sons of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:63 To the sons of Merari were given by lot, according to their families, out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:77 To the rest of the Levites, the sons of Merari, were given, out of the tribe of Zebulun, Rimmono with its suburbs, Tabor with its suburbs; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 12:33 Of Zebulun, such as were able to go out in the army, who could set the battle in array, with all manner of instruments of war, fifty thousand, and who could order the battle array, and were not of double heart. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 12:40 Moreover those who were near to them, even as far as Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, brought bread on donkeys, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, food of meal, cakes of figs, and clusters of raisins, and wine, and oil, and cattle, and sheep in abundance: for there was joy in Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Chronicles 27:19 of Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah: of Naphtali, Jeremoth the son of Azriel: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 30:10 So the posts passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, even to Zebulun: but they ridiculed them, and mocked them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 30:11 Nevertheless certain men of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves, and came to Jerusalem. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 30:18 For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the Passover otherwise than it is written. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, The good Yahweh pardon everyone (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Psalms 68:27 There is little Benjamin, their ruler, the princes of Judah, their council, the princes of Zebulun, and the princes of Naphtali. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 48:26 By the border of Issachar, from the east side to the west side, Zebulun, one portion. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 48:27 By the border of Zebulun, from the east side to the west side, Gad, one portion. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 48:33 At the south side four thousand and five hundred reeds by measure, and three gates: the gate of Simeon, one; the gate of Issachar, one; the gate of Zebulun, one. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)