|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Chief of the three
A title given to Adino the Eznite, one of David's greatest heroes (2 Samuel 23:8); also called Jashobeam (1 Chronicles 11:11).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The head or leader of any body of men; a commander, as of an army; a head man, as of a tribe, clan, or family; a person in authority who directs the work of others; the principal actor or agent.
2. (n.) The principal part; the most valuable portion.
3. (n.) The upper third part of the field. It is supposed to be composed of the dexter, sinister, and middle chiefs.
4. (a.) Highest in office or rank; principal; head.
5. (a.) Principal or most eminent in any quality or action; most distinguished; having most influence; taking the lead; most important; as, the chief topic of conversation; the chief interest of man.
6. (a.) Very intimate, near, or close.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
chef: The English word is in the King James Version of Old Testament the translation of some 17 different Hebrew words, most frequently of ro'sh, "head," sar, "prince," and re'shith, "beginning." The principal changes made by the Revised Version (British and American) are:
(1) Hebrew beth'abh, "house of a father," being recognized as a technical term denoting a subdivision of a tribe, ro'sh is rendered literally "head," when it occurs in connection with this phrase, so that "chief fathers" (Num 31:26) and "chief of the fathers" (Ezra 1:5) become "heads of fathers' houses";
(2) Hebrew naghidh and nasi' are more accurately translated "prince" in such passages as 1 Chronicles 5:2 Numbers 3:32;
(3) the misinterpretations which brought about the translation "chief" for 'atsilim, "corners," Isaiah 41:9, and for ma`aleh, "ascent," in 2 Chronicles 32:33, are corrected.
In the New Testament "chief" is in most of its appearances the translation of Greek protos, "first"; the Revised Version (British and American) reads "first" for the King James Version "chief," "chiefest," in Matthew 20:27 Mark 10:44 Acts 16:12. The reading in the latter passage is a difficult one, but the King James Version "Philippi, which is the chief city of that part of Macedonia," seems to imply a political authority which Philippi did not possess; the Revised Version (British and American) "a city of Macedonia, the first of the district." Greek archon, "prince," "ruler," is rendered by the King James Version "chief," by the Revised Version (British and American) "prince," in Luke 11:15; the King James Version "chief Pharisees," the Revised Version (British and American) "rulers of the Pharisees," in Luke 14:1.
The original meaning of "chief" having been weakened, the comparative and superlative were admitted into English, the latter only appearing in the King James Version or the Revised Version: 1 Samuel 2:29 Songs 5:10 2 Corinthians 11:5, etc. On "chief of Asia" (Acts 19:31 the King James Version) see ASIARCH.
F. K. Farr
CHIEF FRIENDS; GOOD MEN
See CHIEF FRIENDS; GOOD, CHIEF; CHIEF.
chef sets (protokathedria): It was one of the reproaches urged by our Lord against the scribes and Pharisees that they loved the chief seats in the synagogues (Matthew 23:6 Mark 12:39 Luke 11:43; Luke 20:46). These were special seats set in front of the ark containing the Scriptures and of the reader's platform, and facing the congregation. They were specially reserved for those who were held in the highest honor in the congregation. There were seventy-one such seats in the great synagogue of Alexandria, which were occupied by the members of the great Council in that city (see SYNAGOGUE).
J. Macartney Wilson
FRIENDS; CHIEF FRIENDS
(hoi philoi proton): Expressions used in 1 and 2 Maccabees to designate the favored courtiers of the Antiochi. Mattathias is promised enrollment among the king's Friends, to tempt him to apostatize (1 Maccabees 2:18); Alexander Balas writes Jonathan among his Chief Friends (1 Maccabees 10:65). Compare also 1 Maccabees 3:38; 6:10, 14; 0.458333333; 11:26, 27; 2 Maccabees 8:9.
What this consisted in was greatly discussed in ancient philosophy. Varro enumerated 288 answers to the question. By Plato "the good" was identified with God.
In the Old Testament while the "good" of the nation consisted in earthly well-being or prosperity (Deuteronomy 28 etc.), that of the individual was to be found only in God Himself (Psalm 16:2 the Revised Version (British and American), "I have no good beyond thee"; Psalm 41:1-5; Psalm 43:5; Psalm 73:25-28 Jeremiah 31:33; Habakkuk 3:17-19). This implied godly conduct (Micah 6:8, etc.), and led to the experience described as "blessedness" (Psalm 1, etc.; Jeremiah 17:7, etc.). It is the "Wisdom" extolled in Proverbs 1:20; Proverbs 8:1 (compare Ecclesiasticus 1:1; 5:1), elsewhere described as "the fear of Yahweh." That God alone can be the true "good" of man is implied in the fact that man was created in the image of God (Genesis 1:27).
In the New Testament the true "good" is placed by Jesus in "the kingdom of God" (Matthew 6:33; Matthew 13:44, etc.). This means nothing earthly merely (Matthew 6:19), but heavenly and eternal. It implies the Old Testament conception that God is the true "good"; for to seek the Kingdom supremely means whole-hearted devotion to God as our heavenly Father and to His righteousness. It was also spoken of by Jesus, as sonship to the heavenly Father (Matthew 5:45, etc.). This "good" is not something merely to be given to men, but must be sought after and won through taking up a right attitude toward God and our fellows, cherishing the Love that God is, and acting it out in kindness and righteousness, in resemblance to our God and Father (Matthew 5:43-48; here Genesis 1:27 is implied).
In some of the epistles Christ is represented as the true "good" (Philippians 3:8 Colossians 3:1-4, 11). This is because in Him God was manifested in His Truth and Grace; in Him "the Kingdom" was present; through His cross the world is so reconciled to God that men can find acceptance and rest in Him as their "good"; Christ Himself in the Spirit is our Life; in Him we have "God with us." Having God as our "good," nothing but good, in the truest and highest sense, can come to us. Even the most seemingly adverse things are turned into good "to them that love God" (Romans 8:28).
Our true "good" is found thus in God even in this present life; but its fullness can be realized only in the eternal life beyond. Placing our "good" in God leads to such life in devotion to the "good" that God is, as tends to bring all that is best to this present world. It is men's failure to do this that is the source of our misery (Jeremiah 2:13, etc.). The ultimate ideal is that God shall be "all in all" (1 Corinthians 15:28).
W. L. Walker
See ASAPH; MUSIC; PSALMS.
See CHIEF SEATS.
Chief (696 Occurrences)
Matthew 2:4 Gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people, he asked them where the Christ would be born. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 6:33 But make His Kingdom and righteousness your chief aim, and then these things shall all be given you in addition. (WEY)
Matthew 16:21 From that time, Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 20:18 "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 20:27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant: (KJV WBS)
Matthew 21:15 But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying in the temple and saying, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 21:23 When he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, "By what authority do you do these things? Who gave you this authority?" (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 21:42 Jesus says to them, Did you never see in the Writings, The stone which the builders put on one side, the same has been made the chief stone of the building: this was the Lord's doing, and it is a wonder in our eyes? (BBE NAS)
Matthew 21:45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke about them. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 22:36 Master, which is the chief rule in the law? (BBE)
Matthew 23:6 And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, (KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Matthew 26:3 Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 26:14 Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 26:47 While he was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and clubs, from the chief priest and elders of the people. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 26:51 And lo, one of those with Jesus, having stretched forth the hand, drew his sword, and having struck the servant of the chief priest, he took off his ear. (YLT)
Matthew 26:57 And those laying hold on Jesus led 'him' away unto Caiaphas the chief priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together, (YLT)
Matthew 26:58 and Peter was following him afar off, unto the court of the chief priest, and having gone in within, he was sitting with the officers, to see the end. (YLT)
Matthew 26:62 And the chief priest having stood up, said to him, 'Nothing thou dost answer! what do these witness against thee? (YLT)
Matthew 26:63 and Jesus was silent. And the chief priest answering said to him, 'I adjure thee, by the living God, that thou mayest say to us, if thou art the Christ -- the Son of God.' (YLT)
Matthew 26:65 Then the chief priest rent his garments, saying, -- 'He hath spoken evil; what need have we yet of witnesses? lo, now ye heard his evil speaking; (YLT)
Matthew 27:1 Now when morning had come, all the chief priests and the elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death: (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:3 Then Judas, who betrayed him, when he saw that Jesus was condemned, felt remorse, and brought back the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:6 The chief priests took the pieces of silver, and said, "It's not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is the price of blood." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:12 When he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:20 Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:41 Likewise the chief priests also mocking, with the scribes, the Pharisees, and the elders, said, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 27:62 Now on the next day, which was the day after the Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees were gathered together to Pilate, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 28:11 Now while they were going, behold, some of the guards came into the city, and told the chief priests all the things that had happened. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 2:26 how he went into the house of God, (at 'Abiathar the chief priest,') and the loaves of the presentation did eat, which it is not lawful to eat, except to the priests, and he gave also to those who were with him?' (YLT)
Mark 5:35 As he is yet speaking, there come from the chief of the synagogue's 'house, certain', saying -- 'Thy daughter did die, why still dost thou harass the Teacher?' (YLT)
Mark 5:36 And Jesus immediately, having heard the word that is spoken, saith to the chief of the synagogue, 'Be not afraid, only believe.' (YLT)
Mark 5:38 and he cometh to the house of the chief of the synagogue, and seeth a tumult, much weeping and wailing; (YLT)
Mark 6:21 Then a convenient day came, that Herod on his birthday made a supper for his nobles, the high officers, and the chief men of Galilee. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT)
Mark 8:31 He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 9:34 But they remained silent; for on the way they had debated with one another who was the chief of them. (WEY)
Mark 10:33 "Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem. The Son of Man will be delivered to the chief priests and the scribes. They will condemn him to death, and will deliver him to the Gentiles. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 10:44 And whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all. (Root in KJV WBS)
Mark 11:18 The chief priests and the scribes heard it, and sought how they might destroy him. For they feared him, because all the multitude was astonished at his teaching. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 11:27 They came again to Jerusalem, and as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders came to him, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 12:10 Have you not seen this which is in the Writings: The stone which the builders put on one side, the same was made the chief stone of the building: (BBE NAS)
Mark 12:28 Then one of the Scribes, who had heard them disputing and well knew that Jesus had given them an answer to the point, and a forcible one, came forward and asked Him, "Which is the chief of all the Commandments?" (WEY)
Mark 12:29 "The chief Commandment," replied Jesus, "is this: 'Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord; (WEY)
Mark 12:39 And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts: (KJV ASV BBE WBS NAS)
Mark 14:1 It was now two days before the feast of the Passover and the unleavened bread, and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might seize him by deception, and kill him. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 14:10 Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went away to the chief priests, that he might deliver him to them. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 14:43 Immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, came-and with him a multitude with swords and clubs, from the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 14:47 and a certain one of those standing by, having drawn the sword, struck the servant of the chief priest, and took off his ear. (YLT)
Mark 14:53 They led Jesus away to the high priest. All the chief priests, the elders, and the scribes came together with him. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 14:54 and Peter afar off did follow him, to the inside of the hall of the chief priest, and he was sitting with the officers, and warming himself near the fire. (YLT)
Mark 14:55 Now the chief priests and the whole council sought witnesses against Jesus to put him to death, and found none. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 14:60 And the chief priest, having risen up in the midst, questioned Jesus, saying, 'Thou dost not answer anything! what do these testify against thee?' (YLT)
Mark 14:61 and he was keeping silent, and did not answer anything. Again the chief priest was questioning him, and saith to him, 'Art thou the Christ -- the Son of the Blessed?' (YLT)
Mark 14:63 And the chief priest, having rent his garments, saith, 'What need have we yet of witnesses? (YLT)
Mark 14:66 And Peter being in the hall beneath, there doth come one of the maids of the chief priest, (YLT)
Mark 15:1 Immediately in the morning the chief priests, with the elders and scribes, and the whole council, held a consultation, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him up to Pilate. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:3 The chief priests accused him of many things. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:10 For he perceived that for envy the chief priests had delivered him up. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:11 But the chief priests stirred up the multitude, that he should release Barabbas to them instead. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 15:31 Likewise, also the chief priests mocking among themselves with the scribes said, "He saved others. He can't save himself. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being chief priests -- there came a word of God unto John the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness, (YLT)
Luke 8:3 And Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod's chief house-servant, and Susanna and a number of others, who gave him of their wealth for his needs. (BBE)
Luke 8:41 and lo, there came a man, whose name 'is' Jairus, and he was a chief of the synagogue, and having fallen at the feet of Jesus, was calling on him to come to his house; (YLT)
Luke 8:49 While he is yet speaking, there doth come a certain one from the chief of the synagogue's 'house', saying to him -- 'Thy daughter hath died, harass not the Teacher;' (YLT)
Luke 9:22 saying, "The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, chief priests, and scribes, and be killed, and the third day be raised up." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 11:15 But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils. (KJV WBS)
Luke 11:43 Woe unto you Pharisees! for ye love the chief seats in the synagogues, and the salutations in the marketplaces. (ASV NAS)
Luke 12:31 But let your chief care be for his kingdom, and these other things will be given to you in addition. (BBE)
Luke 13:14 And the chief of the synagogue answering -- much displeased that on the sabbath Jesus healed -- said to the multitude, 'Six days there are in which it behoveth 'us' to be working; in these, then, coming, be healed, and not on the sabbath-day.' (YLT)
Luke 14:1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. (KJV BBE WBS YLT)
Luke 14:7 And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them. (KJV ASV WBS)
Luke 14:8 When thou art bidden of any man to a marriage feast, sit not down in the chief seat; lest haply a more honorable man than thou be bidden of him, (ASV)
Luke 19:2 There was a man named Zacchaeus. He was a chief tax collector, and he was rich. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 19:47 He was teaching daily in the temple, but the chief priests and the scribes and the leading men among the people sought to destroy him. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 20:1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders, (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 20:2 That the chief priests and the scribes and the rulers of the people came to him and said, Make clear to us by what authority you do these things and who gave you this authority. (BBE)
Luke 20:17 But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written,'The stone which the builders rejected, the same was made the chief cornerstone?' (WEB BBE NAS)
Luke 20:19 The chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him that very hour, but they feared the people-for they knew he had spoken this parable against them. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 22:2 The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put him to death, for they feared the people. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 22:4 He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 22:26 But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve. (KJV ASV BBE WBS)
Luke 22:50 And a certain one of them smote the servant of the chief priest, and took off his right ear, (YLT)
Luke 22:52 Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and elders, who had come against him, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs? (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 22:54 And having taken him, they led and brought him to the house of the chief priest. And Peter was following afar off, (YLT)
Luke 22:66 As soon as it was day, the assembly of the elders of the people was gathered together, both chief priests and scribes, and they led him away into their council, saying, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 23:4 Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, "I find no basis for a charge against this man." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 23:10 The chief priests and the scribes stood, vehemently accusing him. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 23:13 Pilate called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 23:23 But they were urgent with loud voices, asking that he might be crucified. Their voices and the voices of the chief priests prevailed. (WEB KJV DBY WBS YLT)
Luke 24:20 and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him up to be condemned to death, and crucified him. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 7:32 The Pharisees heard the multitude murmuring these things concerning him, and the chief priests and the Pharisees sent officers to arrest him. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 7:45 The officers therefore came to the chief priests and Pharisees, and they said to them, "Why didn't you bring him?" (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 11:47 The chief priests therefore and the Pharisees gathered a council, and said, "What are we doing? For this man does many signs. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 11:49 and a certain one of them, Caiaphas, being chief priest of that year, said to them, 'Ye have not known anything, (YLT)
John 11:51 And this he said not of himself, but being chief priest of that year, he did prophesy that Jesus was about to die for the nation, (YLT)
John 11:57 Now the chief priests and the Pharisees had commanded that if anyone knew where he was, he should report it, that they might seize him. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 12:10 But the chief priests conspired to put Lazarus to death also, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 12:42 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: (KJV WBS)
John 18:3 Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 18:10 Simon Peter, therefore, having a sword, drew it, and struck the chief priest's servant, and cut off his right ear -- and the name of the servant was Malchus -- (YLT)
John 18:12 So the band and the chief captain, and the officers of the Jews, seized Jesus and bound him, (ASV BBE)