|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) Of cities, as of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 37:13; Nehemiah 1:3; 2:3; 3:3), of Sodom (Genesis 19:1), of Gaza (Judges 16:3).
(2.) Of royal palaces (Nehemiah 2:8).
(3.) Of the temple of Solomon (1 Kings 6:34, 35; 2 Kings 18:16); of the holy place (1 Kings 6:31, 32; Ezek. 41:23, 24); of the outer courts of the temple, the beautiful gate (Acts 3:2).
(4.) Tombs (Matthew 27:60).
(5.) Prisons (Acts 12:10; 16:27).
(6.) Caverns (1 Kings 19:13).
(7.) Camps (Exodus 32:26, 27; Hebrews 13:12).
The materials of which gates were made were,
(1.) Iron and brass (Psalm 107:16; Isaiah 45:2; Acts 12:10).
(2.) Stones and pearls (Isaiah 54:12; Revelation 21:21).
(3.) Wood (Judges 16:3) probably.
At the gates of cities courts of justice were frequently held, and hence "judges of the gate" are spoken of (Deuteronomy 16:18; 17:8; 21:19; 25:6, 7, etc.). At the gates prophets also frequently delivered their messages (Proverbs 1:21; 8:3; Isaiah 29:21; Jeremiah 17:19, 20; 26:10). Criminals were punished without the gates (1 Kings 21:13; Acts 7:59). By the "gates of righteousness" we are probably to understand those of the temple (Psalm 118:19). "The gates of hell" (R.V., "gates of Hades") Matthew 16:18, are generally interpreted as meaning the power of Satan, but probably they may mean the power of death, denoting that the Church of Christ shall never die.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A large door or passageway in the wall of a city, of an enclosed field or place, or of a grand edifice, etc.; also, the movable structure of timber, metal, etc., by which the passage can be closed.
2. (n.) An opening for passage in any inclosing wall, fence, or barrier; or the suspended framework which closes or opens a passage. Also, figuratively, a means or way of entrance or of exit.
3. (n.) A door, valve, or other device, for stopping the passage of water through a dam, lock, pipe, etc.
4. (n.) The places which command the entrances or access; hence, place of vantage; power; might.
5. (n.) In a lock tumbler, the opening for the stump of the bolt to pass through or into.
6. (n.) The channel or opening through which metal is poured into the mold; the ingate.
7. (n.) The waste piece of metal cast in the opening; a sprue or sullage piece.
8. (v. t.) To supply with a gate.
9. (v. t.) To punish by requiring to be within the gates at an earlier hour than usual.
10. (n.) A way; a path; a road; a street (as in Highgate).
11. (n.) Manner; gait.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
DUNG; DUNG GATE
dung ('ashpoth, domen, peresh; skubalon, etc.): Nine different words occurring in the Hebrew have been translated "dung" in the Old Testament. The word used to designate one of the gates of Jerusalem ('ashpoth, Nehemiah 2:13; Nehemiah 3:14) is more general than the others and may mean any kind of refuse. The gate was probably so named because outside it was the general dump heap of the city. Visitors in recent years riding outside the city walls of Jerusalem, on their way to the Mt. of Olives or Jericho, may have witnessed such a dump against the wall, which has existed for generations.
The first mention made of dung is in connection with sacrificial rites. The sacred law required that the dung, along with what parts of the animal were not burned on the altar, should be burned outside the camp (Exodus 29:14 Leviticus 4:11; Leviticus 8:17; Leviticus 16:27 Numbers 19:5). The fertilizing value of dung was appreciated by the cultivator, as is indicated by Luke 13:8 and possibly Psalm 83:10 and Isaiah 25:10.
Dung was also used as a fuel. Ezekiel 4:12, 15 will be understood when it is known that the dung of animals is a common fuel throughout Palestine and Syria, where other fuel is scarce. During the summer, villagers gather the manure of their cattle, horses or camels, mix it with straw, make it into cakes and dry it for use as fuel for cooking, especially in the winter when wood or charcoal or straw are not procurable. It burns slowly like peat and meets the needs of the kitchen. In Mesopotamia the writer saw it being used with forced draft to fire a steam boiler. There was no idea of uncleanness in Ezekiel's mind, associated with the use of animal dung as fuel (Ezekiel 4:15).
Figuratively: Dung was frequently used figuratively to express the idea
(a) of worthlessness, especially a perishable article for which no one cares (1 Kings 14:10 2 Kings 6:25; 2 Kings 9:37 Job 20:7 Psalm 83:10 Jeremiah 8:2; Jeremiah 9:22; Jeremiah 16:4; Jeremiah 25:33 Zephaniah 1:17 Philippians 3:8 (the American Standard Revised Version "refuse")). Dunghill was used in the same way (1 Samuel 2:8 Ezra 6:11 Psalm 113:7 Isaiah 25:10 Daniel 2:5; Daniel 3:29 Luke 14:35 Lamentations 4:5);
(b) as an expression of disgust (2 Kings 18:27 Isaiah 36:12);
(c) of rebuke (Malachi 2:3).
James A. Patch
gat (Hebrew normally (over 300 times) sha`ar; occasionally deleth, properly, "gateway" (but compare Deuteronomy 3:5); elsewhere the gateway is pethach (compare especially Genesis 19:6); Aramaic tera`; Greek pulon, pule; the English Revised Version and the King James Version add caph, "threshold," in 1 Chronicles 9:19, 22; and the King James Version adds delathayim, "double-door," in Isaiah 45:1; thura, "door," Acts 3:2):
(1) The usual gateway was provided with double doors, swung on projections that fitted into sockets in the sill and lintel. Ordinarily the material was wood (Nehemiah 2:3, 17), but greater strength and protection against fire was given by plating with metal (Psalm 107:16 Isaiah 45:2). Josephus (BJ, V, v, 3) speaks of the solid metal doors of the Beautiful Gate (Acts 3:2) as a very exceptional thing. Some doors were solid slabs of stone, from which the imagery of single jewels (Isaiah 54:12 Revelation 21:21) was derived. When closed, the doors were secured with a bar (usually of wood, Nahum 3:13, but sometimes of metal, 1 Kings 4:13 Psalm 107:16 Isaiah 45:2), which fitted into clamps on the doors and sockets in the post, uniting the whole firmly (Judges 16:3). Sometimes, perhaps, a portcullis was used, but Psalm 24:7 refers to the enlargement or enrichment of the gates. As the gate was especially subject to attack (Ezekiel 21:15, 22), and as to "possess the gate" was to possess the city (Genesis 22:17; Genesis 24:60), it was protected by a tower (2 Samuel 18:24, 33 2 Chronicles 14:7; 2 Chronicles 26:9), often, doubtless, overhanging and with flanking projections. Sometimes an inner gate was added (2 Samuel 18:24). Unfortunately, Palestine gives us little monumental detail.
(2) As even farm laborers slept in the cities, most of the men passed through the gate every day, and the gate was the place for meeting others (Ruth 4:1 2 Samuel 15:2) and for assemblages. For the latter purpose "broad" or open places (distinguished from the "streets" in Proverbs 7:12) were provided (1 Kings 22:10 Nehemiah 8:1), and these were the centers of the public life. Here the markets were held (2 Kings 7:1), and the special commodities in these gave names to the gates (Nehemiah 3:1, 3, 18). In particular, the "gate" was the place of the legal tribunals (Deuteronomy 16:18; Deuteronomy 21:19; Deuteronomy 25:7, etc.), so that a seat "among the elders in the gates" (Proverbs 31:23) was a high honor, while "oppression in the gates" was a synonym for judicial corruption (Job 31:21 Proverbs 22:22 Isaiah 29:21 Amos 5:10). The king, in especial, held public audiences in the gate (2 Samuel 19:8 1 Kings 22:10 Jeremiah 38:7; compare Jeremiah 39:3), and even yet "Sublime Porte" (the French translation of the Turkish for "high gate") is the title of the Court of Constantinople. To the gates, as the place of throngs, prophets and teachers went with their message (1 Kings 22:10 Jeremiah 17:19 Proverbs 1:21; Proverbs 8:3; Proverbs 31:31), while on the other hand the gates were the resort of the town good-for-nothings (Psalm 69:12).
(3) "Gates" can be used figuratively for the glory of a city (Isaiah 3:26; Isaiah 14:31 Jeremiah 14:2 Lamentations 1:4; contrast Psalm 87:2), but whether the military force, the rulers or the people is in mind cannot be determined. In Matthew 16:18 "gates of Hades" (not "hell") may refer to the hosts (or princes) of Satan, but a more likely translation is `the gates of the grave (which keep the dead from returning) shall not be stronger than it.' The meaning in Judges 5:8, 11 is very uncertain, and the text may be corrupt.
See CITY; JERUSALEM; TABERNACLE; TEMPLE.
Burton Scott Easton
The expressions are found in Ezekiel: "Even the gate that looketh toward the east" (43:1); "The gate whose prospect is toward the east" (43:4); but the idea of a gate on the eastern side as the principal entrance to the court of the sanctuary goes back to the days of the tabernacle (Exodus 27:13-16). In addition to its use as admitting to the sanctuary enclosure, it may be presumed, in analogy with the general mode of the administration of justice, to have been the place where in earlier times cases were tried which were referred to the jurisdiction of the sanctuary (compare Exodus 18:19-22 Deuteronomy 17:8; Deuteronomy 19:16, 18 Numbers 27:2, 3, etc.).
1. The Tabernacle:
In Exodus 27:13-16 the "gate" by which the congregation entered the tabernacle is carefully described. An embroidered screen of the three sacred colors (blue, purple and scarlet), 20 cubits in width, hung from 4 pillars (really 5 pillars, 5 cubits apart; on the reckoning see TABERNACLE), in the center of the East side of the tabernacle court. This is further alluded to in Numbers 4:26, "the screen for the door of the gate of the court."
2. Solomon's Temple:
Nothing is said of the position of gates in connection with Solomon's temple, but there was an "inner" (1 Kings 6:36), and also an "outer" or "great" court (2 Chronicles 4:9), the latter with doors overlaid with brass, and analogy makes it certain that here also the chief gate (inner or outer court? see COURT) was on the East side. Provision was made by Solomon in his adjoining palace for the administration of justice in a hall or "porch of judgment" (1 Kings 7:7), but graver cases were still, apparently, referred for decision to the sanctuary (Jeremiah 26:10). The trial in Jeremiah's case, however, took place, not at the East gate, but at "the entry of the new gate of Yahweh's house" (Jeremiah 26:10; compare 36:10), probably Jotham's "upper gate" (2 Kings 15:35).
3. Ezekiel's Temple:
In Ezekiel's ideal temple, "the gate whose prospect was toward the east" was that by which the glory of Yahweh went up from the city (Ezekiel 11:23), and by which the prophet in vision saw it return (Ezekiel 43:4).
4. Second Temple:
Nothing is told of an East gate in the temple of Zerubbabel, but it may be assumed that there was one as in the other cases.
5. Herod's Temple:
The great East gate of the Herodian temple, which followed those above mentioned, was that "Beautiful Gate of the temple" where the miracle of the healing of the lame man was performed (Acts 3:1-10).
See GATE, THE BEAUTIFUL; HARSITH; SHECANIAH.
W. Shaw Caldecott
GATE, THE BEAUTIFUL
bu'-ti-fool (he horaia pule tou hierou):
This gate of Herod's temple is mentioned in the narrative of the healing of the lame man by Peter and John in Acts 3:2, 10. Little dispute exists as to the identification of the Beautiful Gate with the splendid "gate of Nicanor" of the Mishna (Mid., i.4), and "Corinthian Gate" of Josephus (BJ, V, v, 3), but authorities are divided as to whether this gate was situated at the entrance to the women's court on the East, or was the gate reached by 15 steps, dividing that court from the court of the men. The balance of recent opinion inclines strongly to the former view (compare Kennedy, "Problems of Herod's Temple," The Expositor Times, XX, 170); others take the opposite view (Waterhouse, in Sacred Sites of the Gospels, 110), or leave the question open (thus G. A. Smith, Jerusalem, II, 212). See TEMPLE, HEROD'S.
The gate itself was of unusual size and splendor. It received the name "Nicanor" from its being the work, or having been constructed at the expense, of an Alexandrian Jew of this name. Lately an ossuary was discovered on Mt. Olivet bearing the Greek inscription: "The bones of Nicanor the Alexandrian, who made the doors."
Its other name, "Corinthian," refers to the costly material of which it was constructed-Corinthian bronze. Josephus gives many interesting particulars about this gate, which, he tells us, greatly excelled in workmanship and value all the others (BJ, V, v, 3). These were plated with gold and silver, but this still more richly and thickly. It was larger than the other gates; was 50 cubits in height (the others 40); its weight was so great that it took 20 men to move it (BJ, VI, vi, 3). Its massiveness and magnificence, therefore, well earned for it the name "Beautiful."
W. Shaw Caldecott
In Nehemiah 2:13 the King James Version, "gate of the valley."
HAMMIPHKAD, GATE OF
ha-mif'-kad (sha`ar ha-miphqadh, "Gate of the Muster"): One of the gates of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 3:31) not mentioned elsewhere; probably situated near the Northeast corner of the Temple area.
MIPHKAD; GATE OF
mif'-kad, (sha`ar ha-miphqadh; the Revised Version (British and American) "Hammiphkad" (Nehemiah 3:31)): A gate in, or near, the north end of the east wall of Jerusalem, rebuilt under Nehemiah. Its exact position is uncertain.
SHALLECHETH, THE GATE
shal'-e-keth, sha-le'-keth (sha`ar shallekheth, i.e. as in margin, "Casting forth"): A gate of the temple "at the causeway that goeth up" (1 Chronicles 26:16)-probably an ascent from the Tyropoeon Valley to the West of the temple. It has been supposed on account of the meaning of the name that the ashes and offal of the temple were cast forth there, but this is very unlikely-they were thrown into the Kidron valley to the East or Southeast. The Septuagint has pastophorion, which seems to point to a building with chambers; in consonance with this Cheyne reads in the Hebrew lishkoth, "(of) the chambers."
E. W. G. Masterman
(sha`ar ha-tso'-n (Nehemiah 3:1, 32; Nehemiah 12:39)): One of the gates of Jerusalem, probably near the northeast corner. See JERUSALEM. For the "sheep gate" of John 5:2, see BETHESDA; SHEEP MARKET.
(sha`ar ha-gay', "Gate of the Gai"): Is placed (Nehemiah 3:13) between the "tower of the furnaces" and the "dung gate"; from here Nehemiah (2:13) set out on his ride down the "Gai" (Hinnom) to Siloam, and, too (12:31, 38), from here the Levites commenced their compass of the city in two directions. It must have been an ancient gate, for Uzziah added towers to it (2 Chronicles 26:9). It was probably near the Southwest corner of the city and near to, if not identical with, the gate found by Bliss near (now in) the Protestant Cemetery.
See JERUSALEM, VI, 13.
E. W. G. Masterman
Gate (248 Occurrences)
Matthew 7:13 "Enter in by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter in by it. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 7:14 How narrow is the gate, and restricted is the way that leads to life! Few are those who find it. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 7:12 Now when he drew near to the gate of the city, behold, one who was dead was carried out, the only son of his mother, and she was a widow. Many people of the city were with her. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 13:24 Strive to enter in at the strait gate: for many, I say unto you, will seek to enter in, and shall not be able. (KJV WEY WBS YLT)
Luke 16:20 A certain beggar, named Lazarus, was laid at his gate, full of sores, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
John 5:2 Now in Jerusalem by the sheep gate, there is a pool, which is called in Hebrew, "Bethesda," having five porches. (WEB WEY ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 10:1 "Most certainly, I tell you, one who doesn't enter by the door into the sheep fold, but climbs up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber. (See NIV)
John 10:2 But one who enters in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. (See NIV)
John 10:3 The gatekeeper opens the gate for him, and the sheep listen to his voice. He calls his own sheep by name, and leads them out. (Root in WEB RSV NIV)
John 10:7 Jesus therefore said to them again, "Most certainly, I tell you, I am the sheep's door. (See NIV)
Acts 3:2 And a certain man lame from his mother's womb was carried, whom they laid daily at the gate of the temple which is called Beautiful, to ask alms of them that entered into the temple; (KJV WEY DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 3:10 They recognized him, that it was he who used to sit begging for gifts for the needy at the Beautiful Gate of the temple. They were filled with wonder and amazement at what had happened to him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 10:17 Now while Peter was very perplexed in himself what the vision which he had seen might mean, behold, the men who were sent by Cornelius, having made inquiry for Simon's house, stood before the gate, (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 12:10 When they were past the first and the second guard, they came to the iron gate that leads into the city, which opened to them by itself. They went out, and went down one street, and immediately the angel departed from him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 12:13 When Peter knocked at the door of the gate, a maid named Rhoda came to answer. (WEB KJV ASV WBS NAS RSV)
Acts 12:14 When she recognized Peter's voice, she didn't open the gate for joy, but ran in, and reported that Peter was standing in front of the gate. (WEB KJV ASV WBS NAS RSV)
Acts 16:13 On the Sabbath we went beyond the city gate to the riverside, where we had reason to believe that there was a place for prayer; and sitting down we talked with the women who had come together. (WEY ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Hebrews 13:12 Therefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people through his own blood, suffered outside of the gate. (WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 21:21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls. Each one of the gates was made of one pearl. The street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass. (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 19:1 The two angels came to Sodom at evening. Lot sat in the gate of Sodom. Lot saw them, and rose up to meet them. He bowed himself with his face to the earth, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 22:17 that I will bless you greatly, and I will multiply your seed greatly like the stars of the heavens, and like the sand which is on the seashore. Your seed will possess the gate of his enemies. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Genesis 23:10 Now Ephron was sitting in the middle of the children of Heth. Ephron the Hittite answered Abraham in the hearing of the children of Heth, even of all who went in at the gate of his city, saying, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 23:18 to Abraham for a possession in the presence of the children of Heth, before all who went in at the gate of his city. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 24:60 They blessed Rebekah, and said to her, "Our sister, may you be the mother of thousands of ten thousands, and let your seed possess the gate of those who hate them." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 28:17 He was afraid, and said, "How dreadful is this place! This is none other than God's house, and this is the gate of heaven." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 34:20 Hamor and Shechem, his son, came to the gate of their city, and talked with the men of their city, saying, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 34:24 All who went out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor, and to Shechem his son; and every male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 38:14 She took off of her the garments of her widowhood, and covered herself with her veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in the gate of Enaim, which is by the way to Timnah; for she saw that Shelah was grown up, and she wasn't given to him as a wife. (WEB ASV NAS)
Exodus 27:14 The hangings for the one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV)
Exodus 27:16 For the gate of the court shall be a screen of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, the work of the embroiderer; their pillars four, and their sockets four. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 32:26 then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, "Whoever is on Yahweh's side, come to me!" All the sons of Levi gathered themselves together to him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 32:27 He said to them, "Thus says Yahweh, the God of Israel,'Every man put his sword on his thigh, and go back and forth from gate to gate throughout the camp, and every man kill his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbor.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 35:17 the hangings of the court, its pillars, their sockets, and the screen for the gate of the court; (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 38:14 The hangings of the one side of the gate were fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. (KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV)
Exodus 38:15 and so for the other side: on this hand and that hand by the gate of the court were hangings of fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 38:18 The screen for the gate of the court was the work of the embroiderer, of blue, purple, scarlet, and fine twined linen. Twenty cubits was the length, and the height in the breadth was five cubits, like to the hangings of the court. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 38:31 the sockets around the court, the sockets of the gate of the court, all the pins of the tabernacle, and all the pins around the court. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 39:40 the hangings of the court, its pillars, its sockets, the screen for the gate of the court, its cords, its pins, all the instruments of the service of the tabernacle, for the Tent of Meeting, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 40:8 You shall set up the court around it, and hang up the screen of the gate of the court. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Exodus 40:33 He raised up the court around the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the screen of the gate of the court. So Moses finished the work. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Numbers 4:26 and the hangings of the court, and the screen for the door of the gate of the court, which is by the tabernacle and around the altar, and their cords, and all the instruments of their service, and whatever shall be done with them. Therein shall they serve. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 17:5 then you shall bring forth that man or that woman, who has done this evil thing, to your gates, even the man or the woman; and you shall stone them to death with stones. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 21:19 then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out to the elders of his city, and to the gate of his place; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 22:15 then shall the father of the young lady, and her mother, take and bring forth the tokens of the young lady's virginity to the elders of the city in the gate; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 22:24 then you shall bring them both out to the gate of that city, and you shall stone them to death with stones; the lady, because she didn't cry, being in the city; and the man, because he has humbled his neighbor's wife: so you shall put away the evil from the midst of you. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 25:7 If the man doesn't want to take his brother's wife, then his brother's wife shall go up to the gate to the elders, and say, "My husband's brother refuses to raise up to his brother a name in Israel; he will not perform the duty of a husband's brother to me." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 2:5 It happened about the time of the shutting of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out. Where the men went, I don't know. Pursue them quickly; for you will overtake them." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 2:7 The men pursued them the way to the Jordan to the fords: and as soon as those who pursued them had gone out, they shut the gate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 7:5 The men of Ai struck about thirty-six men of them, and they chased them from before the gate even to Shebarim, and struck them at the descent. The hearts of the people melted, and became like water. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 8:29 He hanged the king of Ai on a tree until the evening, and at the sundown Joshua commanded, and they took his body down from the tree, and threw it at the entrance of the gate of the city, and raised a great heap of stones on it that remains to this day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 20:4 He shall flee to one of those cities, and shall stand at the entrance of the gate of the city, and declare his cause in the ears of the elders of that city. They shall take him into the city with them, and give him a place, that he may live among them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 9:35 Gaal the son of Ebed went out, and stood in the entrance of the gate of the city: and Abimelech rose up, and the people who were with him, from the ambush. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 9:40 Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him, and many fell wounded, even to the entrance of the gate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 9:44 Abimelech, and the companies that were with him, rushed forward, and stood in the entrance of the gate of the city: and the two companies rushed on all who were in the field, and struck them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 16:2 It was told the Gazites, saying, "Samson is here!" They surrounded him, and laid wait for him all night in the gate of the city, and were quiet all the night, saying, Let be until morning light, then we will kill him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 16:3 Samson lay until midnight, and arose at midnight, and laid hold of the doors of the gate of the city, and the two posts, and plucked them up, bar and all, and put them on his shoulders, and carried them up to the top of the mountain that is before Hebron. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 18:16 The six hundred men girt with their weapons of war, who were of the children of Dan, stood by the entrance of the gate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Judges 18:17 The five men who went to spy out the land went up, and came in there, and took the engraved image, and the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image: and the priest stood by the entrance of the gate with the six hundred men girt with weapons of war. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ruth 3:11 And now, my daughter, fear not: all that thou sayest will I do to thee; for all the gate of my people knows that thou art a woman of worth. (DBY JPS YLT)
Ruth 4:1 Now Boaz went up to the gate, and sat down there. Behold, the near kinsman of whom Boaz spoke came by; to whom he said, "Ho, such a one! Turn aside, sit down here." He turned aside, and sat down. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ruth 4:10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, I have purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead on his inheritance, that the name of the dead not be cut off from among his brothers, and from the gate of his place. You are witnesses this day." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Ruth 4:11 All the people who were in the gate, and the elders, said, "We are witnesses. May Yahweh make the woman who has come into your house like Rachel and like Leah, which two built the house of Israel; and treat you worthily in Ephrathah, and be famous in Bethlehem. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 4:18 It happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell from off his seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck broke, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. He had judged Israel forty years. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 9:18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and said, "Tell me, please, where the seer's house is." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 21:13 He changed his behavior before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down on his beard. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 3:27 When Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside into the midst of the gate to speak with him quietly, and struck him there in the body, so that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 10:8 The children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entrance of the gate: and the Syrians of Zobah and of Rehob, and the men of Tob and Maacah, were by themselves in the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 11:23 The messenger said to David, "The men prevailed against us, and came out to us into the field, and we were on them even to the entrance of the gate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 15:2 Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate. It was so, that when any man had a suit which should come to the king for judgment, then Absalom called to him, and said, "What city are you from?" He said, "Your servant is of one of the tribes of Israel." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 18:4 The king said to them, "I will do what seems best to you." The king stood beside the gate, and all the people went out by hundreds and by thousands. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 18:24 Now David was sitting between the two gates: and the watchman went up to the roof of the gate to the wall, and lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, a man running alone. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 18:26 And the watchman seeth another man running, and the watchman calleth unto the gatekeeper, and saith, 'Lo, a man running by himself;' and the king saith, 'Also this one is bearing tidings.' (Root in YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 18:33 The king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept. As he went, he said, "My son Absalom! My son, my son Absalom! I wish I had died for you, Absalom, my son, my son!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 19:8 Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. They told to all the people, saying, "Behold, the king is sitting in the gate." All the people came before the king. Now Israel had fled every man to his tent. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 23:15 David longed, and said, "Oh that one would give me water to drink of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 23:16 The three mighty men broke through the army of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: but he would not drink of it, but poured it out to Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 4:13 Ben Geber, in Ramoth Gilead (to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; even to him pertained (See NIV)
1 Kings 17:10 So he arose and went to Zarephath; and when he came to the gate of the city, behold, a widow was there gathering sticks: and he called to her, and said, "Please get me a little water in a vessel, that I may drink." (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS NAS RSV NIV)
1 Kings 22:10 Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in their robes, in an open place at the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets were prophesying before them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 7:1 Elisha said, "Hear the word of Yahweh. Thus says Yahweh,'Tomorrow about this time a measure of fine flour will be sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 7:3 Now there were four leprous men at the entrance of the gate. They said one to another, "Why do we sit here until we die? (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 7:17 The king appointed the captain on whose hand he leaned to be in charge of the gate: and the people trod on him in the gate, and he died as the man of God had said, who spoke when the king came down to him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 7:18 It happened, as the man of God had spoken to the king, saying, "Two measures of barley for a shekel, and a measure of fine flour for a shekel, shall be tomorrow about this time in the gate of Samaria;" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 7:20 It happened like that to him; for the people trod on him in the gate, and he died. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 9:31 As Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, "Do you come in peace, Zimri, you murderer of your master?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 10:8 A messenger came, and told him, "They have brought the heads of the king's sons." He said, "Lay them in two heaps at the entrance of the gate until the morning." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:6 A third part shall be at the gate Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard. So you shall keep the watch of the house, and be a barrier. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 11:19 He took the captains over hundreds, and the Carites, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the house of Yahweh, and came by the way of the gate of the guard to the king's house. He sat on the throne of the kings. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 14:13 Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Beth Shemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, four hundred cubits. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 15:35 However the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burned incense in the high places. He built the upper gate of the house of Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 23:8 He brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beersheba; and he broke down the high places of the gates that were at the entrance of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on a man's left hand at the gate of the city. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 25:4 Then a breach was made in the city, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden (now the Chaldeans were against the city around it); and the king went by the way of the Arabah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 9:18 who hitherto waited in the king's gate eastward: they were the porters for the camp of the children of Levi. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 11:17 David longed, and said, "Oh that one would give me water to drink of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 11:18 The three broke through the army of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: but David would not drink of it, but poured it out to Yahweh, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 16:42 and with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should sound aloud, and with instruments for the songs of God; and the sons of Jeduthun to be at the gate. (WEB JPS ASV DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 19:9 The children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the gate of the city: and the kings who had come were by themselves in the field. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS)
1 Chronicles 26:13 They cast lots, the small as well as the great, according to their fathers' houses, for every gate. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 26:14 The lot eastward fell to Shelemiah. Then for Zechariah his son, a wise counselor, they cast lots; and his lot came out northward. (See NIV)
1 Chronicles 26:15 to Obed-Edom southward, and to his sons, the house of the gatherings; (See NIV) Continued...