|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Boughs of, were to be carried in festive procession on the first day of the feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 23:40). This was probably the olive tree (Nehemiah 8:15), although no special tree is mentioned.
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (adv.) Excellently.
2. (superl.) Pleasant; agreeable; desirable.
3. (superl.) of pleasing appearance or character; comely; graceful.
4. (superl.) Large; considerable; portly; as, a goodly number.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
good'-li Tobh; kalos, lampros): In the Old Testament various words are translated "goodly," the most of them occurring only once; Tobh (the common word for "good") is several times translated "goodly," chiefly in the sense of form or appearance e.g "a goodley child" (Exodus 2:2); "that goodly mountain" (Deuteronomy 3:25); yapheh ("fair") is similarly translated in Genesis 39:6, the Revised Version (British and American) "comely," and mar'oh in 2 Samuel 23:21. Other words, such as 'addir imply excellence, honor, etc., e.g. Ezekiel 17:23, "bear fruit, and be a goodly cedar"; hodh, "his goodly horse" (Zechariah 10:3); others imply beauty, ornament, such as peer "goodly bonnets," the Revised Version (British and American) "headtires" (Exodus 39:28); shaphar ("bright," "fair"), "a goodly heritage" (Psalm 16:6); once 'El ("God of might") is employed, the Revised Version (British and American) "cedars of God," margin "goodly cedars" (Psalm 80:10); renanim ("joyous soundings or shoutings") is translated in Job 39:13 "goodly wings," probably from the sound made in flying or flapping; the English Revised Version has "The wing of the ostrich rejoiceth," the American Standard Revised Version (wings) "wave proudly." For "goodly castles" (Numbers 31:10) the Revised Version (British and American) has "encampments"; "goodly vessels" (2 Chronicles 32:27) for "pleasant jewels"; "goodly" is substituted for "good" (Psalm 45:1 Songs 1:3); "goodly things" for "all the goods" (Genesis 24:10); "goodly frame," the American Standard Revised Version for "comely proportion" (Job 41:12).
In the New Testament kalos ("beautiful") is translated "goodly" in Matthew 13:45, "goodly pearls" and Luke 21:5 "goodly stones"; lampros ("bright") in James 2:2, "goodly apparel," the Revised Version (British and American) "fine clothing," and Revelation 18:14, "dainty and goodly" the Revised Version (British and American) "dainty and sumptuous." In Hebrews 11:23, the Revised Version (British and American) substitutes "goodly" for "proper."
"Goodly" occurs in Apocrypha, 1 Esdras 4:18; Judith 8:7 (horaios); 2 Maccabees 9:16, "goodly gifts," kallistos, the Revised Version (British and American) "goodliest."
W. L. Walker
(peri`ets hadhar, "the fruit (the King James Version "boughs") of goodly (= beautiful or noble) trees"): One of the four species of plants used in the Feast of Tabernacles (Leviticus 23:40). In the Talmud (Cukkdh 35a) this is explained to be the citron (Citrus medica) known in Hebrew as 'ethrogh. This tradition is ancient, at least as old as the Maccabees. Josephus (Ant., XIII, xiii, 5) records that Alexander Janneus, while serving at the altar during this feast, was pelted by the infuriated Jews with citrons. This fruit also figures on coins of this period. It is probable that the citron tree (Malum Persica) was imported from Babylon by Jews returning from the captivity. A citron is now carried in the synagogue by every orthodox Jew in one hand, and the lalabh (of myrtle, willow, and palm branch) in the other, on each day of the Feast of Tabernacles.
Originally the "goodly trees" had a much more generic sense, and the term is so interpreted by the Septuagint and Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.)
See FEASTS AND FASTS; BOOTH.
E. W. G. Masterman
See GOODLY TREES.
Goodly (46 Occurrences)
Matthew 13:45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls: (KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Luke 21:5 And as some spake of the temple, how it was adorned with goodly stones and gifts, he said, (KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Hebrews 11:23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months by his parents, because they saw he was a goodly child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment. (ASV)
James 2:2 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; (KJV WBS)
Revelation 18:14 And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all. (KJV WBS)
Genesis 24:10 And the servant took ten camels, of the camels of his master, and departed, having all goodly things of his master's in his hand. And he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor. (ASV JPS)
Genesis 27:15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son: (KJV ASV WBS)
Genesis 39:6 And he left all that he had in Joseph's hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did eat. And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favored. (KJV WBS)
Genesis 49:21 Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Exodus 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. (KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)
Exodus 39:28 And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen, (KJV JPS ASV WBS)
Leviticus 23:40 You shall take on the first day the fruit of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before Yahweh your God seven days. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)
Numbers 24:5 How goodly are your tents, Jacob, and your tents, Israel! (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS)
Numbers 31:10 And they burnt all their cities wherein they dwelt, and all their goodly castles, with fire. (KJV WBS)
Deuteronomy 3:25 Please let me go over and see the good land that is beyond the Jordan, that goodly mountain, and Lebanon." (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Deuteronomy 6:10 It shall be, when Yahweh your God shall bring you into the land which he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give you, great and goodly cities, which you didn't build, (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)
Deuteronomy 8:12 lest, when you have eaten and are full, and have built goodly houses, and lived therein; (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS RSV)
Deuteronomy 21:11 and seest among the captives a beautiful woman, and thou hast a desire unto her, and wouldest take her to thee to wife; (See JPS)
Joshua 7:21 When I saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them; and, behold, they are hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
1 Samuel 9:2 And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people. (KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT)
1 Samuel 16:12 He sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful face, and goodly to look on. Yahweh said, "Arise, anoint him; for this is he." (WEB KJV JPS ASV)
2 Samuel 23:21 He killed an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and killed him with his own spear. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS)
1 Kings 1:6 And his father had not displeased him at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so? and he also was a very goodly man; and his mother bare him after Absalom. (KJV JPS ASV WBS)
2 Chronicles 32:27 Hezekiah had exceeding much riches and honor: and he provided him treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of goodly vessels; (WEB JPS ASV)
2 Chronicles 36:10 At the return of the year king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of Yahweh, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS)
2 Chronicles 36:19 They burnt the house of God, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all its palaces with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels of it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS)
Job 39:13 Gavest thou the goodly wings unto the peacocks? or wings and feathers unto the ostrich? (KJV WBS)
Job 41:12 "I will not keep silence concerning his limbs, nor his mighty strength, nor his goodly frame. (WEB ASV RSV)
Psalms 16:6 The lines are fallen unto me in pleasant places; yea, I have a goodly heritage. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV)
Psalms 21:3 For Thou puttest before him blessings of goodness, Thou settest on his head a crown of fine gold. (See RSV)
Psalms 45:1 My heart overfloweth with a goodly matter; I speak the things which I have made touching the king: My tongue is the pen of a ready writer. (ASV RSV)
Psalms 80:10 The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars. (KJV WBS)
Proverbs 28:10 Whoso causeth the upright to go astray in an evil way, he shall fall himself into his own pit; but the whole-hearted shall inherit good. (See RSV)
Song of Songs 1:3 Thine oils have a goodly fragrance; Thy name is as oil poured forth; Therefore do the virgins love thee. (ASV JPS)
Jeremiah 3:19 But I said, How I would put you among the children, and give you a pleasant land, a goodly heritage of the armies of the nations! and I said, You shall call me My Father, and shall not turn away from following me. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS)
Jeremiah 11:16 Yahweh called your name, A green olive tree, beautiful with goodly fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he has kindled fire on it, and its branches are broken. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV)
Jeremiah 25:34 Wail, you shepherds, and cry; and wallow in ashes, you principal of the flock; for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are fully come, and you shall fall like a goodly vessel. (WEB ASV)
Ezekiel 17:8 It was planted in a good soil by many waters, that it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, that it might be a goodly vine. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Ezekiel 17:23 in the mountain of the height of Israel will I plant it; and it shall bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and be a goodly cedar: and under it shall dwell all birds of every wing; in the shade of its branches shall they dwell. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Daniel 1:4 youths in whom was no blemish, and of goodly countenance, and skilful in all wisdom, and acquainted with knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king's palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the language of the Chaldeans. (DBY)
Daniel 11:8 Also their gods, with their molten images, and with their goodly vessels of silver and of gold, shall he carry captive into Egypt; and he shall refrain some years from the king of the north. (WEB ASV)
Hosea 10:1 Israel is an empty vine, he bringeth forth fruit unto himself: according to the multitude of his fruit he hath increased the altars; according to the goodness of his land they have made goodly images. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Hosea 13:15 Though he be fruitful among his brethren, an east wind shall come, the breath of Jehovah coming up from the wilderness; and his spring shall become dry, and his fountain shall be dried up: he shall make spoil of the treasure of all goodly vessels. (ASV)
Joel 3:5 Because ye have taken my silver and my gold, and have carried into your temples my goodly pleasant things: (KJV JPS ASV WBS)
Nahum 2:9 Take the spoil of silver. Take the spoil of gold, for there is no end of the store, the glory of all goodly furniture. (WEB ASV)
Zechariah 11:13 And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD. (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)