|Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia|
ja'-zer (ya`zer or ya`zeyr; Septuagint Iazen in Codex Alexandrinus; Iazer): In some cases, e.g. Numbers 21:32, the King James Version reads "Jaazer." This was a city of the Amorites East of the Jordan taken, along with its towns, by Moses, and occupied by the tribe of Gad (Numbers 21:32; Numbers 32:35). The country was very fertile, and its spacious pasture-lands attracted the flock-masters of Gad (Numbers 32:1), the southern border of whose territory it marked (Joshua 13:25). It was assigned to the Merarite Levites (Joshua 21:39 1 Chronicles 6:81). The place was reached by Joab when taking the census (2 Samuel 24:5). In the 40th year of King David mighty men of valor were found here to whom he entrusted the oversight in Reuben and Gad "for every matter pertaining to God, and run the affairs of the king" (1 Chronicles 26:32 f). The fruitfulness of the country is alluded to in Isaiah 16:8 f; Jeremiah 48:32. (Note: "Sea of" Jazer in this verse has arisen through accidental repetition of yam, "sea," from the preceding clause.) The city was taken from the Ammonites by Judas Maccabeus, and burned (1 Maccabees 5:7, 8; Ant, XII, viii, 1).
Onomasticon places Jazer 10 Roman miles West of Philadelphia (`Amman), and about 15 miles from Heshbon, where a great stream rises, which flows into the Jordan. Many would identify it with Khirbet Car, on the South of Wady Cir, about 5 miles West of `Amman. The perennial stream from Wady Cir reaches the Jordan by Wady el-Kefrein. Cheyne (EB, under the word) suggests Yajuz on Wady Zorby, tributary of the Jabbok, with extensive Roman remains. It lies a little way to the East of el Jubeihat ("Jogbehah," Numbers 32:35). It is situated, however, to the North and not to the West of `Amman, where Eusebius, Onomasticon, places it. Neither identification is certain.
SEA OF JAZER
(yam ya`zer): This is a scribal error (Jeremiah 48:32), yam ("sea") being accidentally imported from the preceding clause.
See JAZER; SEA.
Jazer (13 Occurrences)
Numbers 21:24 Israel struck him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, even to the children of Ammon; for the border of the children of Ammon was strong. (See NAS RSV)
Numbers 21:32 Moses sent to spy out Jazer; and they took its towns, and drove out the Amorites who were there. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 32:1 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of livestock: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that behold, the place was a place for livestock; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 32:3 "Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Sebam, and Nebo, and Beon, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 32:35 and Atrothshophan, and Jazer, and Jogbehah, (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 13:25 Their border was Jazer, and all the cities of Gilead, and half the land of the children of Ammon, to Aroer that is before Rabbah; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 21:39 Heshbon with its suburbs, Jazer with its suburbs; four cities in all. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Samuel 24:5 They passed over the Jordan, and encamped in Aroer, on the right side of the city that is in the middle of the valley of Gad, and to Jazer: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:81 and Heshbon with its suburbs, and Jazer with its suburbs. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 26:31 Of the Hebronites was Jerijah the chief, even of the Hebronites, according to their generations by fathers' houses. In the fortieth year of the reign of David they were sought for, and there were found among them mighty men of valor at Jazer of Gilead. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 16:8 For the fields of Heshbon languish with the vine of Sibmah. The lords of the nations have broken down its choice branches, which reached even to Jazer, which wandered into the wilderness. Its shoots were spread abroad. They passed over the sea. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 16:9 Therefore I will weep with the weeping of Jazer for the vine of Sibmah. I will water you with my tears, Heshbon, and Elealeh: for on your summer fruits and on your harvest the battle shout has fallen. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 48:32 With more than the weeping of Jazer will I weep for you, vine of Sibmah: your branches passed over the sea, they reached even to the sea of Jazer: on your summer fruits and on your vintage the destroyer is fallen. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)