|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) An elementary substance, as sodium, calcium, or copper, whose oxide or hydroxide has basic rather than acid properties, as contrasted with the nonmetals, or metalloids. No sharp line can be drawn between the metals and nonmetals, and certain elements partake of both acid and basic qualities, as chromium, manganese, bismuth, etc.
2. (n.) Ore from which a metal is derived; -- so called by miners.
3. (n.) A mine from which ores are taken.
4. (n.) The substance of which anything is made; material; hence, constitutional disposition; character; temper.
5. (n.) Courage; spirit; mettle. See Mettle.
6. (n.) The broken stone used in macadamizing roads and ballasting railroads.
7. (n.) The effective power or caliber of guns carried by a vessel of war.
8. (n.) Glass in a state of fusion.
9. (n.) The rails of a railroad.
10. (v. t.) To cover with metal; as, to metal a ship's bottom; to metal a road.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
met'-al (chashmal; elektron; the King James Version amber; Ezekiel 8:2, the Revised Version margin "amber"): The substance here intended is a matter of great uncertainty. In Egypt bronze was, called chesmen, which may be connected with the Hebrew chashmal; the Greek elektron too has generally been accepted as an alloy of gold or silver or other metals, but this is far from certain. Professor Ridgeway (EB, I, cols. 134-36) has conclusively shown, however, that amber was well known in early times and that there is nothing archaeologically improbable in the reading of the King James Version.
Amber is a substance analogous to the vegetable resins, and is in all probability derived from extinct coniferous trees. The best or yellow variety was obtained by the ancients from the coasts of the Baltic where it is still found more plentifully than elsewhere. A red amber has been found in South Europe and in Phoenicia. From earliest times amber has been prized as an ornament; Homer apparently refers to it twice. Amber bracelets and necklaces are highly prized by the Orientals-especially Jewesses-today, and they are credited with medicinal properties.
See ELECTRUM; STONES, PRECIOUS.
E. W. G. Masterman
See CRAFTS, 10; MINING.
Metal (69 Occurrences)
Exodus 25:31 And you are to make a support for lights, of the best gold; its base and its pillar are to be of hammered gold; its cups, its buds, and its flowers are to be made of the same metal. (BBE)
Exodus 25:36 The buds and the branches are to be made of the same metal; all together one complete work of hammered gold. (BBE)
Exodus 32:4 And he took the gold from them and, hammering it with an instrument, he made it into the metal image of a young ox: and they said, This is your god, O Israel, who took you out of the land of Egypt. (BBE)
Exodus 32:8 Even now they are turned away from the rule I gave them, and have made themselves a metal ox and given worship to it and offerings, saying, This is your god, O Israel, who took you up out of the land of Egypt. (BBE)
Exodus 34:17 Make for yourselves no gods of metal. (BBE)
Exodus 37:17 Then he made the support for the lights, all of the best gold; its base and its pillar were of hammered gold; its cups and buds and flowers were all made out of the same metal: (BBE)
Exodus 37:22 The buds and the branches were made of the same metal, all together one complete work of the best hammered gold. (BBE)
Leviticus 19:4 Do not go after false gods, and do not make metal images of gods for yourselves: I am the Lord your God. (BBE NIV)
Numbers 33:52 See that all the people of the land are forced out from before you, and put to destruction all their pictured stones, and all their metal images, and all their high places: (BBE)
Deuteronomy 9:12 And the Lord said to me, Get up now, and go down quickly from this place; for the people you have taken out of Egypt have given themselves over to evil; they have quickly been turned from the way in which I gave them orders to go; they have made themselves a metal image. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 9:16 And I saw that you had done evil against the Lord, and had made for yourselves a metal image of a young ox: you had quickly been turned from the way in which the Lord had given you orders to go. (BBE)
Deuteronomy 27:15 Cursed is the man who makes any image of wood or stone or metal, disgusting to the Lord, the work of man's hands, and puts it up in secret. And let all the people say, So be it. (BBE)
Judges 17:2 And he said to his mother, The eleven hundred shekels of silver which were taken from you, about which you took an oath and said in my hearing, I have given this silver to the Lord from my hand for myself, to make a pictured image and a metal image: see, I have the silver, for I took it: so now I will give it back to you. And his mother said, May the blessing of the Lord be on my son. (BBE)
Judges 17:4 So he gave the silver back to his mother. Then his mother took two hundred shekels of silver and gave them to a metal-worker who made a pictured image and a metal image from them: and it was in the house of Micah. (BBE)
Judges 18:14 Then the five men who had gone to make a search through the country of Laish, said to their brothers, Have you knowledge that in these houses there is an ephod and family gods and a pictured image and a metal image? So now you see what to do. (BBE)
Judges 18:17 Then the five men who had gone to make a search through the land, went in and took the pictured image and the ephod and the family gods and the metal image; and the priest was by the doorway with the six hundred armed men. (BBE)
Judges 18:18 And when they went into Micah's house and took out the pictured image and the ephod and the family gods and the metal image, the priest said to them, What are you doing? (BBE)
1 Samuel 17:5 And he had a head-dress of brass on his head, and he was dressed in a coat of metal, the weight of which was five thousand shekels of brass. (BBE)
1 Samuel 17:38 Then Saul gave David his clothing of war, and put a head-dress of brass on his head and had him clothed with a coat of metal. (BBE)
1 Samuel 17:39 And David took Saul's sword and put the band round him over the metal coat, and was unable to go forward; for he was not used to them. Then David said to Saul, It is not possible for me to go out with these, for I am not used to them. So David took them off. (BBE)
1 Samuel 17:54 And David took the head of the Philistine to Jerusalem, but the metal war-dress and the arms he put in his tent. (BBE)
1 Kings 7:23 And he made a great metal water-vessel ten cubits across from edge to edge, five cubits high and thirty cubits round. (BBE NAS NIV)
1 Kings 7:24 And under the edge of it, circling it all round for ten cubits, were two lines of flower buds, made together with it from liquid metal. (BBE)
1 Kings 7:30 Every base had four wheels of brass, turning on brass rods, and their four angles had angle-plates under them; the angle-plates under the base were of metal, and there were ornaments at the side of every one. (BBE)
1 Kings 7:33 The wheels were made like carriage-wheels, the rods on which they were fixed, the parts forming their edges, their rods and the middle points of them, were all formed out of liquid metal. (BBE NIV)
1 Kings 7:39 He set the bases, five on the right side of the house, and five on the left side of the house: and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward, toward the south. (See NAS)
1 Kings 7:46 He made them of liquid metal in the lowland of Jordan, at the way across the river, at Adama, between Succoth and Zarethan. (BBE)
1 Kings 10:25 And everyone took with him an offering, vessels of silver and vessels of gold, and robes, and coats of metal, and spices, and horses, and beasts of transport, regularly year by year. (BBE)
1 Kings 14:9 But you have done evil more than any before you, and have made for yourself other gods, and images of metal, moving me to wrath, and turning your back on me. (BBE NIV)
2 Kings 17:16 And turning their backs on all the orders which the Lord had given them, they made for themselves images of metal, and the image of Asherah, worshipping all the stars of heaven and becoming servants to Baal. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 4:2 And he made the great water-vessel of metal, round in form, measuring ten cubits across from edge to edge; it was five cubits high and thirty cubits round. (BBE NAS NIV)
2 Chronicles 4:3 And under it was a design of flowers all round it, ten to a cubit, circling the water-vessel in two lines; they were made from liquid metal at the same time as the water-vessel. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 4:17 The king made them of liquid metal in the lowland of Jordan, in the soft earth between Succoth and Zeredah. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 9:24 And everyone took with him an offering, vessels of silver and vessels of gold, and robes, and coats of metal, and spices, and horses and beasts for transport, regularly year by year. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 26:14 And Uzziah had all these forces armed with body-covers and spears and head-covers and coats of metal and bows and stones for sending from leather bands. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 28:2 But he went in the ways of the kings of Israel and made images of metal for the Baals. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 34:3 In the eighth year of his rule, while he was still young, his heart was first turned to the God of his father David; and in the twelfth year he undertook the clearing away of all the high places and the pillars and the images of wood and metal from Judah and Jerusalem. (BBE)
2 Chronicles 34:4 He had the altars of the Baals broken down, while he himself was present; and the sun-images which were placed on high over them he had cut down; and the pillars of wood and the metal images he had broken up and crushed to dust, dropping the dust over the resting-places of the dead who had made offerings to them. (BBE)
Nehemiah 4:16 And from that time, half of my servants were doing their part of the work, and half kept the spears and body-covers and the bows and the metal war-dresses; and the chiefs were at the back of the men of Judah. (BBE)
Nehemiah 9:18 Even when they had made for themselves an ox of metal, and said, This is your God who took you up out of Egypt, and had done so much to make you angry; (BBE NAS)
Job 37:18 Can you, with him, spread out the sky, which is strong as a cast metal mirror? (WEB)
Job 38:38 When the earth becomes hard as metal, and is joined together in masses? (BBE)
Job 40:24 Will anyone take him when he is on the watch, or put metal teeth through his nose? (BBE)
Psalms 106:19 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshiped a molten image. (See NIV)
Psalms 119:119 All the sinners of the earth are like waste metal in your eyes; and for this cause I give my love to your unchanging word. (BBE)
Isaiah 1:22 Your silver is no longer true metal, your wine is mixed with water. (BBE)
Isaiah 1:25 And my hand will again be on you, washing away what is unclean as with soap, and taking away all your false metal; (BBE)
Isaiah 41:7 So the metal-worker put heart into the gold-worker, and he who was hammering the metal smooth said kind words to the iron-worker, saying of the plate, It is ready: and he put it together with nails, so that there might be no slipping. (BBE NAS)
Isaiah 41:29 Truly they are all nothing, their works are nothing and of no value: their metal images are of no more use than wind. (BBE)
Isaiah 42:17 They will be turned back and be greatly shamed who put their hope in pictured images, who say to metal images, You are our gods. (BBE)
Isaiah 44:10 Whoever makes a god, makes nothing but a metal image in which there is no profit. (BBE)
Isaiah 44:12 The iron-worker is heating the metal in the fire, giving it form with his hammers, and working on it with his strong arm: then for need of food his strength gives way, and for need of water he becomes feeble. (BBE)
Isaiah 48:5 For this reason I made it clear to you in the past, before it came I gave you word of it: for fear that you might say, My god did these things, and my pictured and metal images made them come about. (BBE NIV)
Jeremiah 6:29 The blower is blowing strongly, the lead is burned away in the fire: they go on heating the metal to no purpose, for the evil-doers are not taken away. (BBE)
Jeremiah 10:14 Then every man becomes like a beast without knowledge; every gold-worker is put to shame by the image he has made: for his metal image is deceit, and there is no breath in them. (BBE)
Jeremiah 51:3 Against her the bow of the archer is bent, and he puts on his coat of metal: have no mercy on her young men, give all her army up to the curse. (BBE)
Jeremiah 51:17 Then every man becomes like a beast without knowledge; every gold-worker is put to shame by the image he has made: for his metal image is deceit, and there is no breath in them. (BBE)
Ezekiel 1:4 I looked, and behold, a stormy wind came out of the north, a great cloud, with flashing lightning, and a brightness around it, and out of its midst as it were glowing metal, out of the midst of the fire. (WEB ASV NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 1:27 I saw as it were glowing metal, as the appearance of fire within it all around, from the appearance of his waist and upward; and from the appearance of his waist and downward I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness around him. (WEB ASV NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 8:2 Then I saw, and behold, a likeness as the appearance of fire; from the appearance of his waist and downward, fire; and from his waist and upward, as the appearance of brightness, as it were glowing metal. (WEB ASV NAS NIV)
Ezekiel 22:18 Son of man, the children of Israel have become like the poorest sort of waste metal to me: they are all silver and brass and tin and iron and lead mixed with waste. (BBE)
Ezekiel 22:19 For this cause the Lord has said: Because you have all become waste metal, see, I will get you together inside Jerusalem. (BBE)
Ezekiel 23:24 And they will come against you from the north on horseback, with war-carriages and a great band of peoples; they will put themselves in order against you with breastplate and body-cover and metal head-dress round about you: and I will make them your judges, and they will give their decision against you as seems right to them. (BBE)
Ezekiel 38:5 Persia, Cush, and Put with them; all of them with body-cover and metal head-dress: (BBE)
Daniel 11:8 And their gods and their metal images and their fair vessels of silver and gold he will take away into the south; and for some years he will keep away from the king of the north. (BBE NAS NIV)
Hosea 13:2 And now their sins are increased; they have made themselves a metal image, false gods from their silver, after their designs, all of them the work of the metal-workers; they say of them, Let them give offerings, let men give kisses to the oxen. (BBE)
Nahum 1:14 The Lord has given an order about you, that no more of your name are to be planted: from the house of your gods I will have the pictured and metal images cut off; I will make your last resting-place a place of shame; for you are completely evil. (BBE)
Nahum 2:3 The shield of his mighty men is made red. The valiant men are in scarlet. The chariots flash with steel in the day of his preparation, and the pine spears are brandished. (See NIV)
Habakkuk 2:18 What profit is the pictured image to its maker? and as for the metal image, the false teacher, why does its maker put his faith in it, making false gods without a voice? (BBE RSV)