|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
Hebrews yareah, from its paleness (Ezra 6:15), and lebanah, the "white" (Cant. 6:10; Isaiah 24:23), was appointed by the Creator to be with the sun "for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years" (Genesis 1:14-16). A lunation was among the Jews the period of a month, and several of their festivals were held on the day of the new moon. It is frequently referred to along with the sun (Joshua 10:12; Psalm 72:5, 7, 17; 89:36, 37; Ecclesiastes 12:2; Isaiah 24:23, etc.), and also by itself (Psalm 8:3; 121:6).
The great brilliance of the moon in Eastern countries led to its being early an object of idolatrous worship (Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3; Job 31:26), a form of idolatry against which the Jews were warned (Deuteronomy 4:19; 17:3). They, however, fell into this idolatry, and offered incense (2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 8:2), and also cakes of honey, to the moon (Jeremiah 7:18; 44:17-19, 25).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) The celestial orb which revolves round the earth; the satellite of the earth; a secondary planet, whose light, borrowed from the sun, is reflected to the earth, and serves to dispel the darkness of night. The diameter of the moon is 2,160 miles, its mean distance from the earth is 240,000 miles, and its mass is one eightieth that of the earth. See Month.
2. (n.) A secondary planet, or satellite, revolving about any member of the solar system; as, the moons of Jupiter or Saturn.
3. (n.) The time occupied by the moon in making one revolution in her orbit; a month.
4. (n.) A crescent like outwork. See Half-moon.
5. (v. t.) To expose to the rays of the moon.
6. (v. i.) To act if moonstruck; to wander or gaze about in an abstracted manner.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
moon (yareach; meaning obscure-probably "wanderer"; by some given as "paleness"; selene): The moon was very early worshipped by the nations of the Far East as a divinity or the representative of one or more deities. These deities were both masculine and feminine. In Assyria and Babylonia the most common name for the moon-god was Sin or Sen. In Babylonia he was also called Aku and Nannara. In Egypt the moon was representative of several deities, all masculine. The chief of these was Thoth the god of knowledge, so called because the moon was the measurer of time. Babylonia has, also, Aa, the goddess of the moon, as the consort of the sun, while her equivalent was known in Phoenicia as Ashtaroth-karnaim. This personification and worship of the moon among the nations who were neighbors to Palestine was but part of an elaborate Nature-worship found among these people. Nor was this worship always separated from Palestine by geographical lines. It crept into the thought and customs of the Hebrews and in a sense affected their religious conceptions and ceremonies. They fell into the habit of making direct homage to sun, moon and stars, as is evidenced by Job 31:26, 27 Jeremiah 44:17, and even Isaiah 8:18 (see CRESCENTS). Moses seems to have forewarned his people against the danger of this form of worship (Deuteronomy 4:19).
The actual worship of the moon and the idolatry consequent thereon seems to have touched the Hebrews, though this is disputed by some. It would seem difficult to explain 2 Kings 21:3 upon any other supposition, and in 2 Kings 23:4, 5 we have a clear statement that Josiah put down the worship of the moon among the people and silenced the priests of this form of worship.
Certain forms of the adoration of the moon, or superstitious fear of baneful influences as coming from the moon, still abound in some sections of the world. In fact in nearly all sections modified forms of old superstitions still hold sway and yield but slowly to scientific knowledge.
The eclipses of the moon were naturally given a religious significance inasmuch as the Hebrew knowledge of them did not rise much above awe and wonder (Isaiah 13:10 Joel 2:31 Matthew 24:29 Mark 13:24). Other passages causing interference with the constancy of the moon to foreshadow great events can be found in Jeremiah 13:16 Ezekiel 32:7, 8 Revelation 8:12. An interesting passage and most difficult of interpretation is Revelation 12:1. It is frequently interpreted as a revelation in symbolism of the glory of the church clothed with the light and radiating the truth of God.
See also ASTRONOMY; ASTROLOGY.
C. E. Schenk
See ASTROLOGY, sec. I, 6; ASTRONOMY, sec. I, 3, (1); FASTS AND FEASTS.
See MOON, NEW; FASTS AND FEASTS.
Moon (70 Occurrences)
Matthew 24:29 But immediately after the oppression of those days, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 13:24 But in those days, after that oppression, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 21:25 There will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars; and on the earth anxiety of nations, in perplexity for the roaring of the sea and the waves; (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 2:20 The sun will be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Corinthians 15:41 There is one glory of the sun, another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs from another star in glory. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Colossians 2:16 Let no one therefore judge you in eating, or in drinking, or with respect to a feast day or a new moon or a Sabbath day, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 6:12 I saw when he opened the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake. The sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became as blood. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 8:12 The fourth angel sounded, and one third of the sun was struck, and one third of the moon, and one third of the stars; so that one third of them would be darkened, and the day wouldn't shine for one third of it, and the night in the same way. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 12:1 A great sign was seen in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 21:23 The city has no need for the sun, neither of the moon, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated it, and its lamp is the Lamb. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 37:9 He dreamed yet another dream, and told it to his brothers, and said, "Behold, I have dreamed yet another dream: and behold, the sun and the moon and eleven stars bowed down to me." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 19:1 In the third month after the children of Israel had gone forth out of the land of Egypt, on that same day they came into the wilderness of Sinai. (See RSV)
Numbers 10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your appointed seasons, and in your new moons, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt-offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace-offerings; and they shall be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.' (Root in JPS DBY NIV)
Numbers 28:14 And their drink-offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bullock, and the third part of a hin for the ram, and the fourth part of a hin for a lamb: this is the burnt-offering of every month throughout the months of the year. (See JPS NIV)
Numbers 29:6 besides the burnt offering of the new moon, and the meal offering of it, and the continual burnt offering and the meal offering of it, and their drink offerings, according to their ordinance, for a pleasant aroma, an offering made by fire to Yahweh. (WEB JPS ASV BBE NAS RSV)
Deuteronomy 4:19 and lest you lift up your eyes to the sky, and when you see the sun and the moon and the stars, even all the army of the sky, you are drawn away and worship them, and serve them, which Yahweh your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole sky. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 17:3 and has gone and served other gods, and worshiped them, or the sun, or the moon, or any of the army of the sky, which I have not commanded; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Deuteronomy 33:14 for the precious things of the fruits of the sun, for the precious things of the growth of the moons, (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NIV)
Joshua 10:12 Then Joshua spoke to Yahweh in the day when Yahweh delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel; and he said in the sight of Israel, "Sun, stand still on Gibeon! You, moon, stop in the valley of Aijalon!" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joshua 10:13 The sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the nation had avenged themselves of their enemies. Isn't this written in the book of Jashar? The sun stayed in the midst of the sky, and didn't hurry to go down about a whole day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 20:5 David said to Jonathan, "Behold, tomorrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to dine with the king; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field to the third day at evening. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 20:18 Then Jonathan said to him, "Tomorrow is the new moon: and you will be missed, because your seat will be empty. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 20:24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat food. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Samuel 20:27 It happened on the next day after the new moon, the second day, that David's place was empty. Saul said to Jonathan his son, "Why doesn't the son of Jesse come to eat, neither yesterday, nor today?" (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV)
1 Samuel 20:34 And Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no meat the second day of the new moon; for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame. (DBY YLT NAS)
2 Kings 4:23 He said, "Why would you want go to him today? It is neither new moon nor Sabbath." She said, "It's alright." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 23:5 He put down the idolatrous priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places around Jerusalem; those also who burned incense to Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the planets, and to all the army of the sky. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 23:31 and to offer all burnt offerings to Yahweh, on the Sabbaths, on the new moons, and on the set feasts, in number according to the ordinance concerning them, continually before Yahweh; (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 8:13 even as the duty of every day required, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the Sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the set feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tents. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 3:5 and afterward the continual burnt offering, and the offerings of the new moons, and of all the set feasts of Yahweh that were consecrated, and of everyone who willingly offered a freewill offering to Yahweh. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 10:33 for the show bread, and for the continual meal offering, and for the continual burnt offering, for the Sabbaths, for the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 25:5 Behold, even the moon has no brightness, and the stars are not pure in his sight; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Job 26:9 He encloses the face of his throne, and spreads his cloud on it. free (See NAS RSV NIV)
Job 31:26 if I have seen the sun when it shined, or the moon moving in splendor, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 8:3 When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have ordained; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 72:5 They shall fear you while the sun endures; and as long as the moon, throughout all generations. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 72:7 In his days, the righteous shall flourish, and abundance of peace, until the moon is no more. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 74:16 The day is thine, the night also is thine; thou hast prepared the moon and the sun: (DBY NIV)
Psalms 81:3 Blow the trumpet at the New Moon, at the full moon, on our feast day. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 89:37 It will be established forever like the moon, the faithful witness in the sky." Selah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 104:19 He appointed the moon for seasons. The sun knows when to set. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 121:6 The sun will not harm you by day, nor the moon by night. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 136:9 The moon and stars to rule by night; for his loving kindness endures forever: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Psalms 148:3 Praise him, sun and moon! Praise him, all you shining stars! (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Proverbs 7:20 He has taken a bag of money with him. He will come home at the full moon." (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ecclesiastes 12:2 Before the sun, the light, the moon, and the stars are darkened, and the clouds return after the rain; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Song of Songs 6:10 Who is she who looks forth as the morning, beautiful as the moon, clear as the sun, and awesome as an army with banners? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 1:13 Bring no more vain offerings. Incense is an abomination to me; new moons, Sabbaths, and convocations: I can't bear with evil assemblies. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 1:14 My soul hates your New Moons and your appointed feasts. They are a burden to me. I am weary of bearing them. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 3:18 In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon, (KJV BBE WBS YLT)
Isaiah 13:10 For the stars of the sky and its constellations will not give their light. The sun will be darkened in its going forth, and the moon will not cause its light to shine. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 24:23 Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed; for Yahweh of Armies will reign on Mount Zion, and in Jerusalem; and before his elders will be glory. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 30:26 Moreover the light of the moon will be like the light of the sun, and the light of the sun will be seven times brighter, like the light of seven days, in the day that Yahweh binds up the fracture of his people, and heals the wound they were struck with. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 58:13 If you keep the Sabbath with care, not doing your business on my holy day; and if the Sabbath seems to you a delight, and the new moon of the Lord a thing to be honoured; and if you give respect to him by not doing your business, or going after your pleasure, or saying unholy words; (BBE)
Isaiah 60:19 The sun shall be no more your light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light to you: but Yahweh will be to you an everlasting light, and your God your glory. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 60:20 Your sun shall no more go down, neither shall your moon withdraw itself; for Yahweh will be your everlasting light, and the days of your mourning shall be ended. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Isaiah 66:23 It shall happen, that from one new moon to another, and from one Sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me," says Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 8:2 and they shall spread them before the sun, and the moon, and all the army of the sky, which they have loved, and which they have served, and after which they have walked, and which they have sought, and which they have worshiped: they shall not be gathered, nor be buried, they shall be for dung on the surface of the earth. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 31:35 Thus says Yahweh, who gives the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, who stirs up the sea, so that its waves roar; Yahweh of Armies is his name: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 32:7 When I shall extinguish you, I will cover the heavens, and make its stars dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give its light. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 46:1 Thus says the Lord Yahweh: The gate of the inner court that looks toward the east shall be shut the six working days; but on the Sabbath day it shall be opened, and on the day of the new moon it shall be opened. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezekiel 46:6 On the day of the new moon it shall be a young bull without blemish, and six lambs, and a ram; they shall be without blemish: (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 2:11 I will also cause all her celebrations to cease: her feasts, her new moons, her Sabbaths, and all her solemn assemblies. Zephaniah (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Hosea 5:7 They are unfaithful to Yahweh; for they have borne illegitimate children. Now the new moon will devour them with their fields. (WEB JPS ASV BBE DBY NAS RSV NIV)
Joel 2:10 The earth quakes before them. The heavens tremble. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joel 2:31 The sun will be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of Yahweh comes. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Joel 3:15 The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Amos 8:5 Saying,'When will the new moon be gone, that we may sell grain? And the Sabbath, that we may market wheat, making the ephah small, and the shekel large, and dealing falsely with balances of deceit; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw you and were moved with fear; the clouds were streaming with water: the voice of the deep was sounding; the sun did not come up, and the moon kept still in her place. (BBE)
Habakkuk 3:11 The sun and moon stood still in the sky, at the light of your arrows as they went, at the shining of your glittering spear. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)