|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
A colonnade on the east of the temple, so called from a tradition that it was a relic of Solomon's temple left standing after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians. (Comp. 1 Kings 7:6.) The word "porch" is in the New Testament the rendering of three different Greek words:
(1.) Stoa, meaning a portico or veranda (John 5:2; 10:23; Acts 3:11; 5:12).
(2.) Pulon, a gateway (Matthew 26:71).
(3.) Proaulion, the entrance to the inner court (Mark 14:68).
Noah Webster's Dictionary
1. (n.) A covered and enclosed entrance to a building, whether taken from the interior, and forming a sort of vestibule within the main wall, or projecting without and with a separate roof. Sometimes the porch is large enough to serve as a covered walk. See Loggia.
2. (n.) A portico; a covered walk.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
porch: Chiefly in the Old Testament 'alam, used of the temples of Solomon and Ezekiel (see TEMPLE); once micderon, a "vestibule," in Judges 3:23. In the New Testament, the word occurs in connection with the high priest's palace (Matthew 26:71, pulon; Mark 14:68, proaulion), and as the rendering of stoa, a "portico," in John 5:2 (pool of Bethesda); and John 10:23 Acts 3:11; Acts 5:12.
See PORCH, PORTICO, SOLOMON'S.
PORCH, PORTICO, SOLOMON'S
por'-ti-ko, (he stoa he kaloumene Solomontos): This important element of Herod's temple, preserving in its name a traditional connection with Solomon, is thrice referred to in the New Testament, namely, in John 10:23 Acts 3:11, "the porch that is called Solomon's"; and Acts 5:12. In these passages the Greek word stoa is translated "porch" but in the Revised Version margin of Acts 3:11 more correctly "portico". In architecture a "porch" is strictly an exterior structure forming a covered approach to the entrance of a building; a "portico" is an ambulatory, consisting of a roof supported by columns placed at regular intervals-a roofed colonnade. The portico bearing Solomon's name was that running along the eastern wall in the Court of the Gentiles of Herod's temple. It had double columns, while that on the South known as the Royal Portico had four rows (compare Josephus, Ant, XV, xi, 3; BJ, V, v, and see TEMPLE, HEROD'S). The portico was the scene of Christ's teaching at the Feast of the Dedication (John 10:23), and was flocked to by the multitude after the healing of the lame man (Acts 3:11). There the apostles preached and wrought other miracles (Acts 5:12).
W. Shaw Caldecott
See PORCH, PORTICO, SOLOMON'S.
Porch (37 Occurrences)
Matthew 26:71 When he had gone out onto the porch, someone else saw him, and said to those who were there, "This man also was with Jesus of Nazareth." (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT RSV)
Mark 14:68 But he denied it, saying, "I neither know, nor understand what you are saying." He went out on the porch, and the rooster crowed. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT NAS)
Luke 16:20 and there was a certain poor man, by name Lazarus, who was laid at his porch, full of sores, (YLT)
John 10:23 It was winter, and Jesus was walking in the temple, in Solomon's porch. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Acts 3:11 As the lame man who was healed held on to Peter and John, all the people ran together to them in the porch that is called Solomon's, greatly wondering. (WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)
Acts 5:12 By the hands of the apostles many signs and wonders were done among the people. They were all with one accord in Solomon's porch. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)
Acts 12:13 And Peter having knocked at the door of the porch, there came a damsel to hearken, by name Rhoda, (YLT)
Acts 12:14 and having known the voice of Peter, from the joy she did not open the porch, but having run in, told of the standing of Peter before the porch, (YLT)
Judges 3:23 Then Ehud went forth into the porch, and shut the doors of the upper room on him, and locked them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV WBS YLT NIV)
1 Kings 6:3 The porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was its length, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was its breadth before the house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
1 Kings 7:6 He made the porch of pillars; its length was fifty cubits, and its breadth thirty cubits; and a porch before them; and pillars and a threshold before them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Kings 7:7 He made the porch of the throne where he was to judge, even the porch of judgment: and it was covered with cedar from floor to floor. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:8 His house where he was to dwell, the other court within the porch, was of the like work. He made also a house for Pharaoh's daughter (whom Solomon had taken as wife), like this porch. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT)
1 Kings 7:12 The great court around had three courses of cut stone, and a course of cedar beams; like as the inner court of the house of Yahweh, and the porch of the house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
1 Kings 7:19 The capitals that were on the top of the pillars in the porch were of lily work, four cubits. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
1 Kings 7:21 He set up the pillars at the porch of the temple: and he set up the right pillar, and called its name Jachin; and he set up the left pillar, and called its name Boaz. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
1 Chronicles 28:11 Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern of the porch of the temple, and of its houses, and of its treasuries, and of the upper rooms of it, and of the inner chambers of it, and of the place of the mercy seat; (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
2 Chronicles 3:4 The porch that was before the house, its length, according to the breadth of the house, was twenty cubits, and the height one hundred twenty; and he overlaid it within with pure gold. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
2 Chronicles 8:12 Then Solomon offered burnt offerings to Yahweh on the altar of Yahweh, which he had built before the porch, (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
2 Chronicles 15:8 When Asa heard these words, and the prophecy of Oded the prophet, he took courage, and put away the abominations out of all the land of Judah and Benjamin, and out of the cities which he had taken from the hill country of Ephraim; and he renewed the altar of Yahweh, that was before the porch of Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
2 Chronicles 29:7 Also they have shut up the doors of the porch, and put out the lamps, and have not burned incense nor offered burnt offerings in the holy place to the God of Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
2 Chronicles 29:17 Now they began on the first day of the first month to sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month came they to the porch of Yahweh; and they sanctified the house of Yahweh in eight days: and on the sixteenth day of the first month they made an end. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 8:16 He brought me into the inner court of Yahweh's house; and see, at the door of the temple of Yahweh, between the porch and the altar, were about twenty-five men, with their backs toward the temple of Yahweh, and their faces toward the east; and they were worshipping the sun toward the east. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
Ezekiel 40:7 Every lodge was one reed long, and one reed broad; and the space between the lodges was five cubits; and the threshold of the gate by the porch of the gate toward the house was one reed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 40:8 He measured also the porch of the gate toward the house, one reed. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 40:9 Then measured he the porch of the gate, eight cubits; and its posts, two cubits; and the porch of the gate was toward the house. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 40:15 From the forefront of the gate at the entrance to the forefront of the inner porch of the gate were fifty cubits. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 40:39 In the porch of the gate were two tables on this side, and two tables on that side, to kill thereon the burnt offering and the sin offering and the trespass offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 40:40 On the one side outside, as one goes up to the entry of the gate toward the north, were two tables; and on the other side, which belonged to the porch of the gate, were two tables. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 40:48 Then he brought me to the porch of the house, and measured each post of the porch, five cubits on this side, and five cubits on that side: and the breadth of the gate was three cubits on this side, and three cubits on that side. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 40:49 The length of the porch was twenty cubits, and the breadth eleven cubits; even by the steps by which they went up to it: and there were pillars by the posts, one on this side, and another on that side. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 41:25 There were made on them, on the doors of the temple, cherubim and palm trees, like as were made on the walls; and there was a threshold of wood on the face of the porch outside. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 41:26 There were closed windows and palm trees on the one side and on the other side, on the sides of the porch: thus were the side chambers of the house, and the thresholds. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 44:3 As for the prince, he shall sit therein as prince to eat bread before Yahweh; he shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate, and shall go out by the way of the same. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 46:2 The prince shall enter by the way of the porch of the gate outside, and shall stand by the post of the gate; and the priests shall prepare his burnt offering and his peace offerings, and he shall worship at the threshold of the gate: then he shall go forth; but the gate shall not be shut until the evening. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Ezekiel 46:8 When the prince shall enter, he shall go in by the way of the porch of the gate, and he shall go forth by its way. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS)
Joel 2:17 Let the priests, the ministers of Yahweh, weep between the porch and the altar, and let them say, "Spare your people, Yahweh, and don't give your heritage to reproach, that the nations should rule over them. Why should they say among the peoples,'Where is their God?'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)