|Noah Webster's Dictionary|
1. (n.) One who rules; one who exercises sway or authority; a governor.
2. (n.) A straight or curved strip of wood, metal, etc., with a smooth edge, used for guiding a pen or pencil in drawing lines. Cf. Rule, n., 7 (a).
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
1. In the Old Testament:
(1) moshel, "ruler," "prince," "master" (tyrant), applied to Joseph in Egypt (Genesis 45:8; compare Psalm 105:21); to the Philistines (Judges 15:11); to David's descendants, the future kings of Israel (2 Chronicles 7:18; compare Jeremiah 33:26); to Pharaoh (Psalm 105:20); to a wicked prince, a tyrant (Proverbs 28:15; compare Isaiah 14:5; Isaiah 49:7); to theocratic king, the Messiah (Micah 5:2); it is often used in general (Proverbs 6:7; Proverbs 23:1; Proverbs 29:12 Ecclesiastes 10:4 Isaiah 16:1, etc.).
(2) naghidh, "leader," "noble" (nobles), "prince." In a number of instances the Revised Version (British and American) renders it "prince," where the King James Version has ruler (1 Samuel 25:30 2 Samuel 6:21 1 Kings 1:35, etc.). It is used of Azrikam having charge of the palace of King Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:7, "governor" of the house, the King James Version); of Azariah (Seraiah, Nehemiah 11:11), who is called the "ruler of the house of God" (1 Chronicles 9:11; compare 2 Chronicles 31:13); he was the leader of a division or group of priests. In 2 Chronicles 35:8 the names of three others are given (Hilkiah, Zechariah and Jehiel).
(3) nasi, "prince" (so Numbers 13:2, the King James Version "ruler"); generally speaking, the nasi' is one of the public authorities (Exodus 22:28); the rulers of the congregation (Exodus 16:22; compare 34:31); "The rulers brought the onyx stones" (Exodus 35:27), as it was to be expected from men of their social standing and financial ability: "when a ruler (the head of a tribe or tribal division) sinneth" (Leviticus 4:22).
(4) caghan, the representative of a king or a prince; a vice-regent; a governor; then, in the times of Ezra and Nehemiah, a leader or principal of the people of Jerusalem under the general supervision of these two men. The English Versions of the Bible renders it "ruler" (Ezekiel 23:12, 23), "deputy" (Jeremiah 51:23, 28, 57), and, in most cases, "ruler" with "deputy" in margin (Ezra 9:2 Nehemiah 2:16; Nehemiah 4:14, 19; 5:7, 17; Nehemiah 7:5; Nehemiah 12:40; Nehemiah 13:11 Isaiah 41:25 Ezekiel 23:6) always used in plural
(5) qatsin, "a judge" or "magistrate" (Isaiah 1:10; Isaiah 3:6, 7; 22:3 Micah 3:1, 9); "a military chief" (Joshua 10:24).
(6) rodheh, one having dominion: "There is little Benjamin their ruler" (Psalm 68:27); the meaning is obscure; still we may point to the facts that Saul, the first one to conquer the heathen (1 Samuel 14:47 f), came of this the smallest of all the tribes, and that within its boundaries the temple of Yahweh was erected.
(7) rozen, a "dignitary," a "prince." "The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against Yahweh" (Psalm 2:2); in the New Testament the word is rendered archontes (Acts 4:26).
(8) sar, "chief," "head"; prince, king; a nobleman having judicial or other power; a royal officer. The Revised Version (British and American) renders it frequently "prince": "rulers over my cattle" ("head-shepherds," Genesis 47:6); "rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds," etc. (Exodus 18:21); they had to be men of good character because they were endowed with judicial power (Exodus 18:22); in Deuteronomy 1:15 the rendering of English Versions of the Bible is captains," etc.; they were military leaders. "Zebul the ruler of the city" (of Shechem, Judges 9:30), meaning "governor" (compare 1 Kings 22:26 2 Kings 23:8); "rulers (or captains; compare 1 Kings 16:9) of his (Solomon's) chariots" (1 Kings 9:22); the rulers of Jezreel (2 Kings 10:1) were, presumably, the ruler of the palace of the king and the ruler of the city of Samaria (compare 2 Kings 10:5). It is difficult to explain why they should be called the rulers of Jezreel; both Septuagint and Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) omit the word; "the rulers of the substance which was king David's" (1 Chronicles 27:31) overseers of the royal domain; "The rulers were behind all the house of Judah" (Nehemiah 4:16), the officers were ready to assume active command in case of an attack.
(9), (10) shilTon, "a commander," "an officer": "the rulers of the provinces" (Daniel 3:2); shalliT, "a person in power," "a potentate" (Daniel 2:10); there seems to be little doubt that the Aramaic term is used as an adjective (compare the Revised Version margin); in Daniel 5:7 occurs the verb shelaT, "to have dominion," "he shall rule as the third in rank" (compare 5:16, 29).
(11) maghen, "shield": "Her rulers (shields) dearly love shame" (Hosea 4:18). Perhaps we ought to read (with Septuagint) migge'onam, "their glory," and to translate it "they love shame more than their glory"; they would rather have a good (!) time than a good name.
2. In the Apocrypha:
(1) archon, used of the "rulers" of the Spartans (1 Maccabees 14:20) and, in a general sense, of the priest Mattathias (1 Maccabees 2:17). the King James Version has the word also in a general sense in Sirach 41:18 (the Revised Version (British and American) "mighty man").
(2) hegoumenos, "one leading the way." A quite general term, Sirach 10:2 (ruler of a city); 17:17 (of Gentile nations); 46:18 (of the Tyrians). Also 2:17 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "he that ruleth"), and Sirach 32:1 the Revised Version (British and American) ("ruler of a feast," the King James Version "master").
(3) hoi megistanes, a rare word found only in the plural, for "rulers of the congregation" (Sirach 33:18). The same word in Mark 6:21 is translated "lords."
(4) 2 Maccabees 4:27 the King James Version for eparchos (the Revised Version (British and American) "governor").
(5) The King James Version inserts the word without Greek equivalent in 1 Maccabees 6:14; 11:57; 2 Maccabees 13:2.
3. In the New Testament:
(1) archon, "a person in authority," "a magistrate" "a judge," "a prince"; a councilor, a member of the supreme council of the Jews; a man of influence. "There came a ruler" (Matthew 9:18), meaning a ruler of the synagogue (compare Mark 5:22 Luke 8:41); see (2) below; "one of the rulers of the Pharisees" (Luke 14:1), perhaps a member of the Jewish council belonging, at the same time, to the Pharisees, or, more probably, one of the leading Pharisees; "the chief priests and the rulers" (Luke 23:13, 15; Luke 24:20; compare John 3:1; John 7:26, 48; 12:42 Acts 3:17; Acts 4:5, 8; 13:27; 14:5); the rulers were, with the chief priests and the scribes, members of the Sanhedrin, either of two councils of the Jews (the Great and the Lesser); they were lay-members (elders); "before the rulers" (Acts 16:19), the police magistrates (praetores, "praetors") of the city of Philippi; "Thou shalt not speak evil of a ruler of thy people" (Acts 23:5; compare Exodus 22:28, nasi'; see 1, (3) above), a magistrate, a person in authority (compare Acts 7:27, 35 Romans 13:3, the public authorities); "the rulers of this world" (1 Corinthians 2:6, 8), persons being mentally superior to their fellow-men, and so having great influence in shaping their opinions and directing their actions.
(2) archisundgogos, "ruler of the synagogue." He was the presiding officer of a board of elders, who had charge of the synagogue. Sometimes they, also, were given the same name (compare "one of the rulers of the synagogue," Mark 5:22, 35 Luke 8:41, 49; in Matthew 9:18 Jairus is simply called archon); the ruler mentioned in Luke 13:14 was, of course, the president of the board (compare Acts 18:17, Sosthenes), while in Acts 13:15 the phrase "rulers of the synagogue" simply signifies the board. It was a deliberative body, but at the same time responsible for the maintenance of good order in the synagogue and the orthodoxy of its members; having, therefore, disciplinary power, they were authorized to reprimand, and even to excommunicate, the guilty ones (compare John 9:22; John 12:42; John 16:2).
(3) architriklinos, the ruler ("steward," the Revised Version margin) of the feast (John 2:8, 9). Seeseparate article.
(4) kosmokrator, a "world-ruler" (Ephesians 6:12). The angels of the devil (Matthew 25:41; Matthew 12:45) or Satan, the prince of this world (John 12:31), participate in his power; they are his tools, their sphere of action being "this darkness," i.e. the morally corrupt state of our present existence.
(5) politarches; the prefect of a city (Acts 17:6, 8). Luke being the only one of the Biblical authors to hand down to us this word, it is a noteworthy fact that, in relatively modern times, a Greek inscription Was discovered containing this very word and, moreover, having reference to the city of Thessalonica (AJT, 1898, II, 598-643). Here it was where Paul and Silas preached the gospel so successfully that the Jews, "being moved with jealousy," caused Jason and certain brethren to be dragged before the rulers of the city (epi tous politarchas). These magistrates suffered themselves to be made the tools of the unscrupulous Jews by demanding and getting security from Jason and the rest.
RULER OF THE FEAST
(architriklinos; the King James Version governor): The word occurs in the New Testament in the account of the wedding feast in Cana of Galilee (John 2:8, 9). According to Ecclesiasticus (32:1) it was customary to appoint a "master of the ceremonies" from among the invited guests. It was his duty to determine the places of the guests, to see that the ordinary rules of etiquette were observed, etc., and generally to supervise the arrangements. The Revised Version margin "steward" is possible if the "governor of the feast" meant the "head waiter" (Merx renders "head servant of the feast"), and not one of the guests appointed for the purpose. But the context is in favor of the view that the person in question was one of the prominent guests-an intimate friend or relative of the host.
See RULER, 2, (2).
RULER OF THE SYNAGOGUE
See RULER, 3, (1), (2).
Ruler (329 Occurrences)
Matthew 2:6 You Beth-lehem, in the land of Judah, are not the least among the chiefs of Judah: out of you will come a ruler, who will be the keeper of my people Israel. (BBE NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 9:18 While he told these things to them, behold, a ruler came and worshiped him, saying, "My daughter has just died, but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Matthew 9:23 When Jesus came into the ruler's house, and saw the flute players, and the crowd in noisy disorder, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Matthew 9:34 But the Pharisees said, By the ruler of evil spirits, he sends evil spirits out of men. (BBE YLT NAS)
Matthew 12:24 But the Pharisees, hearing of it, said, This man only sends evil spirits out of men by Beelzebub, the ruler of evil spirits. (BBE YLT NAS)
Matthew 24:45 Who then is a faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season? (KJV WBS)
Matthew 24:47 Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods. (KJV WBS)
Matthew 25:21 His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. (KJV WBS)
Matthew 25:23 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord. (KJV WBS)
Matthew 27:2 And they put cords on him and took him away, and gave him up to Pilate, the ruler. (BBE)
Matthew 27:11 And Jesus was before the ruler, who put a question to him, Are you the King of the Jews? And Jesus said to him, You say so. (BBE)
Matthew 27:14 And he gave him no answer, not even a word: so that the ruler was greatly surprised. (BBE)
Matthew 27:15 Now at the feast it was the way for the ruler to let free to the people one prisoner, at their selection. (BBE)
Matthew 27:21 But the ruler made answer and said to them, Which of the two is it your pleasure that I let go free? And they said, Barabbas. (BBE)
Mark 3:22 And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem, said, He has Beelzebub, and, By the ruler of evil spirits he sends evil spirits out of men. (BBE YLT NAS)
Mark 5:35 While he was still speaking, people came from the synagogue ruler's house saying, "Your daughter is dead. Why bother the Teacher any more?" (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Mark 5:36 But Jesus, when he heard the message spoken, immediately said to the ruler of the synagogue, "Don't be afraid, only believe." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Mark 5:38 He came to the synagogue ruler's house, and he saw an uproar, weeping, and great wailing. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Luke 2:2 This was the first numbering, which was made when Quirinius was ruler of Syria. (BBE)
Luke 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the rule of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being ruler of Judaea, and Herod being king of Galilee, his brother Philip king of the country of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias king of Abilene, (BBE)
Luke 8:41 Behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue. He fell down at Jesus' feet, and begged him to come into his house, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Luke 8:49 While he still spoke, one from the ruler of the synagogue's house came, saying to him, "Your daughter is dead. Don't trouble the Teacher." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Luke 11:15 But some of them said, He sends out evil spirits by Beelzebul, the ruler of evil spirits. (BBE YLT NAS)
Luke 12:42 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season? (KJV WBS)
Luke 12:44 Of a truth I say unto you, that he will make him ruler over all that he hath. (KJV WBS)
Luke 12:58 For if anyone has a cause at law against you, and you are going with him before the ruler, make an attempt, on the way, to come to an agreement with him, for if you do not, he may take you before the judge and the judge will give you up to the police, and they will put you in prison. (BBE YLT)
Luke 13:14 The ruler of the synagogue, being indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, said to the multitude, "There are six days in which men ought to work. Therefore come on those days and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day!" (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Luke 14:1 It happened, when he went into the house of one of the rulers of the Pharisees on a Sabbath to eat bread, that they were watching him. (Root in WEB WEY ASV DBY RSV)
Luke 18:18 A certain ruler asked him, saying, "Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 19:14 But his people had no love for him, and sent representatives after him, saying, We will not have this man for our ruler. (BBE)
Luke 19:19 And he said, You will be ruler over five towns. (BBE)
Luke 19:27 And as for those who were against me, who would not have me for their ruler, let them come here, and be put to death before me. (BBE)
Luke 20:20 And they kept watch on him, and sent out secret representatives, who were acting the part of good men, in order that they might get something from his words, on account of which they might give him up to the government and into the power of the ruler. (BBE)
John 2:8 He said to them, "Now draw some out, and take it to the ruler of the feast." So they took it. (WEB ASV)
John 2:9 When the ruler of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and didn't know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the ruler of the feast called the bridegroom, (WEB KJV ASV WBS)
John 3:1 Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
John 12:31 Now is this world to be judged: now will the ruler of this world be sent out. (BBE YLT NAS RSV)
John 14:30 After this I will not say much to you, because the ruler of this world comes: and he has no power over me; (BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV)
John 16:11 Of being judged, because the ruler of this world has been judged. (BBE DBY YLT NAS RSV)
Acts 5:31 Him God has put on high at his right hand, as a Ruler and a Saviour, to give to Israel a change of heart and forgiveness of sins. (BBE)
Acts 7:10 And made him free from all his troubles, and gave him wisdom and the approval of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made him ruler over Egypt and all his house. (BBE NIV)
Acts 7:18 until there arose a different king, who didn't know Joseph. (See NIV)
Acts 7:27 But he who did his neighbor wrong pushed him away, saying,'Who made you a ruler and a judge over us? (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 7:35 "This Moses, whom they refused, saying,'Who made you a ruler and a judge?'-God has sent him as both a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the angel who appeared to him in the bush. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 13:7 Who was with the ruler, Sergius Paulus, an able man. This man sent for Barnabas and Saul, desiring to have knowledge of the word of God. (BBE)
Acts 13:8 But Elymas, the wonder-worker (for that is the sense of his name), put himself against them, with the purpose of turning the ruler from the faith. (BBE)
Acts 13:12 Then the ruler, when he saw what was done, had faith, being full of wonder at the teaching of the Lord. (BBE)
Acts 18:8 Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed in the Lord with all his house. Many of the Corinthians, when they heard, believed and were baptized. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT RSV NIV)
Acts 18:12 But when Gallio was ruler of Achaia, all the Jews together made an attack on Paul, and took him to the judge's seat, (BBE)
Acts 18:17 Then all the Greeks laid hold on Sosthenes, the ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. Gallio didn't care about any of these things. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV NIV)
Acts 23:5 Paul said, "I didn't know, brothers, that he was high priest. For it is written,'You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.'" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Acts 23:24 And get beasts so that they may put Paul on them, and take him safely to Felix, the ruler. (BBE)
Acts 23:26 Claudius Lysias, to the most noble ruler, Felix, peace be with you. (BBE)
Acts 23:33 And they, when they came to Caesarea, gave the letter to the ruler, and took Paul before him. (BBE)
Acts 24:10 Then when the ruler had given him a sign to make his answer, Paul said, Because I have knowledge that you have been a judge over this nation for a number of years, I am glad to make my answer: (BBE)
Acts 26:30 And the king and the ruler and Bernice and those who were seated with them got up; (BBE)
Romans 13:1 Let every individual be obedient to those who rule over him; for no one is a ruler except by God's permission, and our present rulers have had their rank and power assigned to them by Him. (WEY)
Romans 13:2 Therefore the man who rebels against his ruler is resisting God's will; and those who thus resist will bring punishment upon themselves. (WEY)
Romans 13:3 For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. Do you desire to have no fear of the authority? Do that which is good, and you will have praise from the same, (Root in WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS RSV NIV)
Romans 15:12 And again Isaiah says, There will be the root of Jesse, and he who comes to be the ruler over the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles put their hope. (BBE)
2 Corinthians 6:18 and you shall be My sons and daughters,' says the Lord the Ruler of all." (WEY BBE)
2 Corinthians 11:32 In Damascus, the ruler under Aretas the king kept watch over the town of the people of Damascus, in order to take me: (BBE)
Ephesians 2:2 in which ye once walked according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience: (DBY YLT NIV)
1 Timothy 6:15 which in its own times he will show, who is the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings, and Lord of lords; (WEB BBE DBY NIV)
Hebrews 2:7 You made him a little lower than the angels; you gave him a crown of glory and honour, and made him ruler over all the works of your hands: (BBE)
Hebrews 2:8 You put all things under his feet. For in making man the ruler over all things, God did not put anything outside his authority; though we do not see everything under him now. (BBE)
1 Peter 2:13 Submit, for the Lord's sake, to every authority set up by man, whether it be to the Emperor as supreme ruler, (WEY)
2 John 1:1 I, a ruler in the church, send word to the noble sister who is of God's selection, and to her children, for whom I have true love; and not only I, but all who have knowledge of what is true; (BBE)
3 John 1:1 I, a ruler in the church, send word to the well loved Gaius, for whom I have true love. (BBE)
Revelation 1:5 and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth. To him who loves us, and washed us from our sins by his blood; (WEB WEY ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 1:8 "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "He who is and was and evermore will be--the Ruler of all." (WEY BBE)
Revelation 3:14 "To the angel of the assembly in Laodicea write: "The Amen, the Faithful and True Witness, the Head of God's creation, says these things: (See NIV)
Revelation 4:8 And each of the four living creatures had six wings, and in every direction, and within, are full of eyes; and day after day, and night after night, they never cease saying, "Holy, holy, holy, Lord God, the Ruler of all, who wast and art and evermore shalt be." (WEY BBE)
Revelation 6:10 And they gave a great cry, saying, How long will it be, O Ruler, holy and true, before you take your place as judge and give punishment for our blood to those on the earth? (BBE DBY)
Revelation 11:17 saying, "We give thee thanks, O Lord God, the Ruler of all, Who art and wast, because Thou hast exerted Thy power, Thy great power, and hast become King. (WEY BBE)
Revelation 15:3 And they were singing the song of Moses, God's servant, and the song of the Lamb. Their words were, "Great and wonderful are Thy works, O Lord God, the Ruler of all. Righteous and true are Thy ways, O King of the nations. (WEY BBE)
Revelation 16:7 And I heard a voice from the altar say, "Even so, O Lord God, the Ruler of all, true and righteous are Thy judgments." (WEY BBE)
Revelation 16:14 For they are the spirits of demons working marvels--spirits that go out to control the kings of the whole earth, to assemble them for the battle which is to take place on the great day of God, the Ruler of all. (WEY BBE)
Revelation 19:6 And I seemed to hear the voices of a great multitude and the sound of many waters and of loud peals of thunder, which said, "Hallelujah! Because the Lord our God, the Ruler of all, has become King. (WEY BBE)
Revelation 19:15 From His mouth there comes a sharp sword with which He will smite the nations; and He will Himself be their Shepherd, ruling them with a scepter of iron; and it is His work to tread the winepress of the fierce anger of God, the Ruler of all. (WEY BBE)
Revelation 21:22 I saw no sanctuary in the city, for the Lord God, the Ruler of all, is its Sanctuary, and so is the Lamb. (WEY BBE)
Genesis 1:16 And God made the two great lights: the greater light to be the ruler of the day, and the smaller light to be the ruler of the night: and he made the stars. (BBE)
Genesis 17:1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord came to him, and said, I am God, Ruler of all; go in my ways and be upright in all things, (BBE)
Genesis 28:3 And may God, the Ruler of all, give you his blessing, giving you fruit and increase, so that you may become an army of peoples. (BBE)
Genesis 34:2 Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her. He took her, lay with her, and humbled her. (See NIV)
Genesis 35:11 And God said to him, I am God, the Ruler of all: be fertile, and have increase; a nation, truly a group of nations, will come from you, and kings will be your offspring; (BBE)
Genesis 41:43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt. (KJV BBE WBS)
Genesis 42:6 Now Joseph was ruler over all the land, and it was he who gave out the grain to all the people of the land; and Joseph's brothers came before him and went down on their faces to the earth. (BBE YLT NAS)
Genesis 42:30 The man who is the ruler of the country was rough with us and put us in prison, saying that we had come with a secret evil purpose. (BBE)
Genesis 42:33 And the ruler of the land said, In this way I may be certain that you are true men; let one of you be kept here with me, while you go and take grain for the needs of your families; (BBE)
Genesis 43:14 And may God, the Ruler of all, give you mercy before the man, so that he may give you back your other brother and Benjamin. If my children are to be taken from me; there is no help for it. (BBE)
Genesis 43:16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house, Bring these men home, and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine with me at noon. (KJV WBS)
Genesis 45:8 So now it wasn't you who sent me here, but God, and he has made me a father to Pharaoh, lord of all his house, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 45:9 Now go quickly to my father, and say to him, Your son Joseph says, God has made me ruler over all the land of Egypt: come down to me straight away: (BBE)
Genesis 45:26 They told him, saying, "Joseph is still alive, and he is ruler over all the land of Egypt." His heart fainted, for he didn't believe them. (WEB JPS ASV BBE YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 48:3 And Jacob said to Joseph, God, the Ruler of all, came to me in a vision at Luz in the land of Canaan, and gave me his blessing, (BBE)
Genesis 49:25 Even by the God of your father, who will be your help, and by the Ruler of all, who will make you full with blessings from heaven on high, blessings of the deep stretched out under the earth, blessings of the breasts and of the fertile body: (BBE)
Exodus 2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? Thinkest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely the thing is known. (See JPS BBE DBY NIV)
Exodus 6:3 I let myself be seen by Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, as God, the Ruler of all; but they had no knowledge of my name Yahweh. (BBE)
Exodus 22:28 "You shall not blaspheme God, nor curse a ruler of your people. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE WBS NAS RSV NIV)