|Easton's Bible Dictionary|
(1.) The son of Jabesh, otherwise unknown. He "conspired against Zachariah, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead" (2 Kings 15:10). He reigned only "a month of days in Samaria" (15:13, marg.). Menahem rose up against Shallum and put him to death (2 Kings 15:14, 15, 17), and became king in his stead.
(2.) Keeper of the temple vestments in the reign of Josiah (2 Kings 22:14).
(3.) One of the posterity of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:40, 41).
(4.) A descendant of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:25).
(5.) One of the line of the high priests (1 Chronicles 6:13).
(6.) 1 Chronicles 7:13.
(7.) A keeper of the gate in the reign of David (1 Chronicles 9:17).
(8.) A Levite porter (1 Chronicles 9:19, 31; Jeremiah 35:4).
(9.) An Ephraimite chief (2 Chronicles 28:12).
(10.) The uncle of the prophet Jeremiah (Jeremiah 32:7).
(11.) A son of king Josiah (1 Chronicles 3:15; Jeremiah 22:11), who was elected to succeed his father on the throne, although he was two years younger than his brother Eliakim. He assumed the crown under the name of Jehoahaz (q.v.). He did not imitate the example of his father (2 Kings 23:32), but was "a young lion, and it learned to catch the prey; it devoured men" (Ezek. 19:3). His policy was anti-Egyptian therefore. Necho, at that time at Riblah, sent an army against Jerusalem, which at once yielded, and Jehoahaz was carried captive to the Egyptian camp, Eliakim being appointed king in his stead. He remained a captive in Egypt till his death, and was the first king of Judah that died in exile.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
shal'-um (shallum, shallum; various forms in the Septuagint): This is the name of not less than 12 Hebrew persons:
(1) The youngest son of Naphtali (1 Chronicles 7:13). He is also called "Shillem" in Genesis 46:24 Numbers 26:49.
(2) A descendant of Simeon, the son of Shaul and the father of Mibsam (1 Chronicles 4:25). He lived in 1618 B.C.
(3) The son of Sismai "son" of Shesham of the tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:40, 41). He lived in 1300 B.C.
(4) A son of Kore, a porter of the sanctuary during the reign of David (1 Chronicles 9:17, 19, 31 Ezra 2:42 Nehemiah 7:45). The name is also written "Meshullam" in Nehemiah 12:25, "Salum" in 1 Esdras 5:28, "Meshelemiah" in 1 Chronicles 26:1, 2, 9, and "Shelemiah" in 1 Chronicles 26:14. He lived about 1050 B.C.
(5) A son of Zadok and father of Hilkiah, a high priest and ancestor of Ezra the scribe (1 Chronicles 6:12, 13 Ezra 7:2). In the works of Josephus he is called "Sallumus"; in 1 Esdras 8:1, "Salem," and in 2 Esdras 1:1, "Salemas."
(6) The 15th king of Israel. See following article.
(7) A son of Bani, a priest who had taken a heathen wife and was compelled by Ezra the scribe to put her away (Ezra 10:42; omitted in 1 Esdras 9:34).
(8) The father of Jehizkiah, an Ephraimite in the time of Ahaz king of Israel (2 Chronicles 28:12).
(9) The husband of the prophetess Huldah (2 Kings 22:14 2 Chronicles 34:22). He was the keeper of the sacred wardrobe and was probably the uncle of Jeremiah the prophet (Jeremiah 32:7; compare Jeremiah 35:4).
(10) King of Judah and son of Josiah (Jeremiah 22:11 1 Chronicles 3:15), better known by the name Jehoahaz II. This name he received when he ascended the throne of the kingdom of Judah (2 Chronicles 36:1).
(11) A Levite who was a porter at the time of Ezra (Ezra 10:24; "Sallumus" in 1 Esdras 9:25).
(12) A ruler over a part of Jerusalem and a son of Hallohesh. He with his daughters aided in building the walls of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 3:12).
S. L. Umbach
(shallum, shallum, "the requited one" (2 Kings 15:10-15)): The 15th king of Israel, and successor of Zechariah, whom he publicly assassinated in the 7th month of his reign. Nothing more is known of Shallum than that he was a son of Jabesh, which may indicate that he was a Gileadite from beyond Jordan. He is said to have made "a conspiracy" against Zechariah, so was not alone in his crime. The conspirators, however, had but a short-lived success, as, when Shallum had "reigned for the space of a month in Samaria," Menahem, then at Tirzah, one of the minor capitals of the kingdom, went up to Samaria, slew him and took his place.
It was probably at this time that Syria threw off the yoke of tribute to Israel (see JEROBOAM, II), as when next we meet with that kingdom, it is under its own king and in alliance with Samaria (2 Kings 16:5).
The 10 years of rule given to Menahem (2 Kings 15:17) may be taken to include the few months of military violence under Zechariah and Shallum, and cover the full years 758-750, with portions of years before and after counted as whole ones. The unsuccessful usurpation of Shallum may therefore be put in 758 B.C. (some date lower).
W. Shaw Caldecott
Shallum (27 Occurrences)
2 Kings 15:10 Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and struck him before the people, and killed him, and reigned in his place. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 15:13 Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned for a month in Samaria. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 15:14 Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and struck Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and killed him, and reigned in his place. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 15:15 Now the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Kings 22:14 So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asaiah, went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe (now she lived in Jerusalem in the second quarter); and they talked with her. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 2:40 and Eleasah became the father of Sismai, and Sismai became the father of Shallum, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 2:41 and Shallum became the father of Jekamiah, and Jekamiah became the father of Elishama. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 3:15 The sons of Josiah: the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 4:25 Shallum his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:12 and Ahitub became the father of Zadok, and Zadok became the father of Shallum, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 6:13 and Shallum became the father of Hilkiah, and Hilkiah became the father of Azariah, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 7:13 The sons of Naphtali: Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Bilhah. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV)
1 Chronicles 9:17 The porters: Shallum, and Akkub, and Talmon, and Ahiman, and their brothers (Shallum was the chief), (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 9:19 Shallum the son of Kore, the son of Ebiasaph, the son of Korah, and his brothers, of his father's house, the Korahites, were over the work of the service, keepers of the thresholds of the tent: and their fathers had been over the camp of Yahweh, keepers of the entry. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
1 Chronicles 9:31 Mattithiah, one of the Levites, who was the firstborn of Shallum the Korahite, had the office of trust over the things that were baked in pans. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 28:12 Then certain of the heads of the children of Ephraim, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth, and Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai, stood up against those who came from the war, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
2 Chronicles 34:22 So Hilkiah, and they whom the king had commanded, went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she lived in Jerusalem in the second quarter;) and they spoke to her to that effect. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 2:42 The children of the porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, in all one hundred thirty-nine. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 7:2 the son of Shallum, the son of Zadok, the son of Ahitub, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 10:24 Of the singers: Eliashib. Of the porters: Shallum, and Telem, and Uri. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Ezra 10:42 Shallum, Amariah, Joseph. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 3:12 Next to him repaired Shallum the son of Hallohesh, the ruler of half the district of Jerusalem, he and his daughters. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Nehemiah 3:15 And the gate of the fountain hath Shallum son of Col-Hozeh, head of the district of Mizpah, strengthened: he doth build it, and cover it, and set up its doors, its locks, and its bars, and the wall of the pool of Siloah, to the garden of the king, and unto the steps that are going down from the city of David. (YLT NAS RSV)
Nehemiah 7:45 The porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, one hundred thirty-eight. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 22:11 For thus says Yahweh touching Shallum the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father, and who went forth out of this place: He shall not return there any more. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 32:7 Behold, Hanamel the son of Shallum your uncle shall come to you, saying, Buy my field that is in Anathoth; for the right of redemption is yours to buy it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Jeremiah 35:4 and I brought them into the house of Yahweh, into the chamber of the sons of Hanan the son of Igdaliah, the man of God, which was by the chamber of the princes, which was above the chamber of Maaseiah the son of Shallum, the keeper of the threshold. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)